The Citizens of Brunswick:
Grant of a Goldsmiths Gild, 1231
The goldsmiths made vessels and ornaments of gold, and engaged in enamel work. By
the very nature of their work they were called upon to undertake the assaying and minting
of the precious metals.
The advocate, consuls, and burgesses in Brunswick to all our successors....
We, the burgesses of the ancient city, of our free will, and with common consent, have
given the right to form a craft to those goldsmiths who wish to work in the ancient city;
and we have granted that they shall possess the right forever that no one may presume
against their will, and without permission, to put himself to work at their craft, except
he previously pay to them at their wish the fee which they have decreed....
From: F. Keutgen, ed., Urkunden zur Städtischen Verfassungsgeschichte, (Berlin:
Emil Felber, 1901), p. 356, reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source
Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936;
reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), p. 246.
Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by
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© Paul Halsall, September 1998