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Medieval Sourcebook:
Court Rolls of The Manor of Wakefield, 1274-1297


WAKEFIELD COURT ROLLS.

The Yorkshire Archaelogical Society, Record Series vol. 29, 1900.

Court Rolls of The Manor of Wakefield Vol. 1 1274-1297

By William Paley Bailon.

1274.

COURT at Birton, on Thursday in the feast of S. Luke the Evangelist [Oct 18tb], in the said year 1274.

HOLNE--Richard de Rodes gives 2 s to have license of concord with Elias del Barneside in a complaint that he called him a robber; pledge, Richard the Grave.

The same Richard de Rodes gives 2 s. to have license of concord with Thomas son of Elias del Barnedeside in the same plea. Same pledge.

Elias del Barnedeside and Thomas his son give 2 s. to have license of concord with Richard de Rodes Same pledge.

William son of William, one of the ilnquiisition presented at the preceding Court, as there appears pays fine of 4 s pledge Richard the Grave.

Presented by Thomas de Fenton, the forester, that a stag was found killed in the forest. An inquisition was held thereupon by the townships of Holne Alstanley, Thwnge and Cartewrth who are on their oath that they know not who is guilty thereof but that they believe that the stag was wounded outside the liberty of the Earl and then entered the liberty, and died of the wound The flesh is putrid.

Richard the Grave of Scoles, Richard the Grave of Byrkes Hanne de Wledale John son of Mary de Wlvedale William de Thweng Adam de Heppewrth Nicholas Kenward, and Nicholas the Miller give 20 marks for having the mill of Cartewrth this year, under their own pledge payable half on S. Giless day [Sept. 1st] and half ,at Michaelmas.

Total: 10 s.

COURT at Halifax, on Tuesday before the feast of a Luke the Evangelist [Oct. 18th], Edward I 1274.

RASTRIK.--Sim on the Grave of Hipperholme, John de Stanclif, Mathew de Sundreland, Alecok del Clif Richard de Northouerum, Roger the Fuller, Waiter de Schepeley, Elias del Grene, Gilbert Bothe, Henry son of Richard de Northouerum, Richard de Thothyll, John del Wode Roger son of Walter, Adam Stel, Henry son of William Leysing, John son of Hanne son of Ketyl Henry the late Grave, Thomas Undreclif Peter Pil´ Adam and John del Botherode give 20 marks for having the mill of Raastrik this year, payable half at pentecost and half at Michaelmas, under their own pledge.

SOUREBY.-Robert the Forester of Soureby Philip the forester, William the Grave of Soureby, Soyer de Soureby, William de Saltonestall and Roger his brother, give 73 s 4 d for having the mill of Soureby and Werloweley this year, payablee half at Pentecost and halff at michaelmas, pledge, the Grave.

John de Miggeley against John son of Robert de Soureby, says that John called him a usurer, which the defendant denies. The defendant duely waged his law, and therefore goes quit. The plaintiff is amerced 12d

.

An inquisition was granted by the Earl to Michael de Helistontes to to inquire whether he had lost 60 s through the pledge of John de Helistones or not, as appears at the preceding Court at Soureby The inguisition comes by Hugh son of Alan de Northland, Hugh son of Mathew, Henry del Ridyng, William son of Alan Henry de Halifax, Ivo de Soland, Philip le Waleys Henry de Soland, Adam de Werloweley John de Miggeley Soyer de Soureby, Richard son of Thomas Robert the Grave, Ivo de Werloweley Nelle the Grave, and William the Grave. The inquisition is ordered to come at the next Court at Wakefield.

RASTRIK.--Maude wife of John de Horton in full Court granted, released, and quit-claimed for herself and her heirs to Beatrice and Cicely daughters of William de Bosco, all right which she has or can have in a bovate of land for which Eva, wife of William de Bosco, their mother, paid a relief for their use in the time of Richard de Heydon, on condition that the said Eva shall pay 6 s 8 d for the said Maude which she is to pay for having an inquisition as to the said bovate of land, and shall give her a super-tunic worth 3 s, or else 3 s. They [Beatrice and Cicely] give 2 s. for having seisin.

SOUREBY.--The attaint of Soureby is adjourned to the next Court, at the instance of William de Langfeud.

HYPERUM Agnes daughter of John del Barm [?Barn] gives 2 s. as her relief for five acres of land which were her father's, doing [services and customs]. Pledges, Adam and Jordan de Northuuerum. Jordan son of Thomas de Northuuerum complains of John son of Roger de Northuuerum pledge for the prosecution, Adam de Northuuerum. The same Jordan against the said John says that he killed a mare of his, inasmuch as he chased it and drove it until it died. John comes and denies it. They put themselves on an inquisition of their neighbours who say on their oath that it is true. John is ordered to pay Jordan for his mare and to be amerced; pledge, Adam de Ouerum. Condoned because he is poor.

HYPERUM. --Jordan de Schakeltonstal, Nelle de Wynter John Luvekyn and William son of Elkoe de Schakeltonstal, accused of taking a stag, remain under the surety of Sir Richard de Thornhyll until the next Court at Wakefield.

HYPERUM Gilbert del Bothes and lohn le Barn are chosen to be foresters in the wood of Hyperum and Schipeden; they have made oath well and faithfully to keep the Earl's forest and warren, and to present attachments.

Jordan del Dene gives half a mark for not coming to the Tourn, and for breaking the Earl´s fold, and for making a rescue against the beadles; pledge, Richard de Coppeley. Jordan finds pledges, Henry de Coppeley and Richard de Coppeley for his good and peaceful behaviour towards the beadles and all others.

RASTRIK John son of Reymund de Rastrik gives 2 s. for being in peace touching certain land which his brother claimed pledge, Henry The Grave.

HYPERUM.--Hugo de Suthclif gives 12 d. for having an inguisition whether he bought a bough in Hyperum wood or not The inquisition is to come at the next Court at Wakefield .

Total: 13 s 8 d.

COURT at Wakefeud on Friday in the feast of S. Luke the Evangelist Oct. 18th the said year 1274.

ESSOIGNS--John de Eland, for the first time touching suit [of Court], by william de Swynesheved; pledge, william de Ecelisley. John de Birstal, for the first time for the same by Richard, his man;pledge William de Trimigham. Ralph de Schefeld, for the first time for the same by Roger the Grave of Ecclishyll; pledge William de Trimigham. Thomas de Burgo for the first time for the same by Peter de Waleton; pledge Baldlwin de Seyville. John de Caylly, for the second time for the same by Roger, his man; pledge Baldwin de Seyville William le Flemang for the first time for the same by Richard de Clifton; pledge William de Ecclesley Agnes Peronell, for the second time for the same by John del Fyney; pledge John de Querneby.

Michael the Clerk, for the first time against Adam the Grave of Newbyggin in a plea of trespass, by William Franceys pledge Baldwin de Seyville Sir John de Horbiry, for the first time touching suit [of Court], by William son of John de Bateley; pledge Richard de Bateley.

Thomas the man of Richard de Bateley, defends his essoign for the first time in a plea of trespass, by Richard de Bateley; pledge John de Mora. William the Champion, for the second time touching by Robert Pes; pledge Henry de Goukethorpe.

SANDAL-- It is presented that Alice wife of Baugecler broke the barn of Robert son of Henry de Crigeliston, and stole four sheaves of corn; Robert pursued her, and took the corn from her, and allowed her to go. Fine I3 s. 4 d.; pledge Richard the.Grave .

WAKEFEUD.--Robert Faukes against Gerbot de Alvinthorpe and William Ferthyng, says that on the Sunday before S Lukes day Oct. 18 they seized a cow of William Fullers in pledge by the pledge of the said Robert, for an oak tree value 4s., forcibly and unjustly and detained it.......contrary to the pledge until it was delivered up by John de Raven[esfeud]. The defendants said that they justly seized it for the 4 s, because Robert was bound to them in that amount for the said oak tree. Robert comes and says that he was not bound to them for anything Therefore to their law; pledge Richard the Clerk.

HYPERUM.-- Order to distrain John son of Alote de Hyperum, as before to answer Thomas Richard de Bateleys man, in a plea of drawing blood.

RAVENESFEUD.-- Richard son of John de Bateley came and released a certain law to John son of Henry le Hewere and gives 2 s for license of concord with him; pledge, William de Birton.

ALVIRTHORPE-- Agnes Lambot against Adam son of Richard de Alvirnhorpe, says that he beat her, which he denies and they put themselves on an inquisition. The inquisition comes by the township of Alvirthorpe, and says that he did beat her because she used insulting words to his wife. He is amerced 12 d, and must pay her her damages Adam's wife is amerced 12 d. for using insulting words to the plaintiff and the plaintiff is amerced rzd. for the like to Adams wife. Pledge, Gerbot the Grave.

SANDALE--Adam son of William de Sandale comes in full Court and finds pledges, viz, Peter de Waleton and others, as appears below.

RAVENSFEUD--Adam the Grave of Rowell (Rothwell?), came and proved a bay foal to belong to Lady Aleysia de Lascy, and found pledge, John de Ravenesfeud, to produce it or its value, 5 s, within a year and a day, if necessary; pledges, Adam de Alverthorpe and William Pescy.

Sir Geomey de Neville has appointed Thomas Sampson his attorney to do suit of Court for him this year, and he is admitted.

SANDALE--Thomas son of Pelle and Robert son of Simon give 8 s. for leave to exchange their lands and houses for ever, doing rents and services.

WAKEFEUD--Order to distrain William the Tanner to warrant to Thomas le Ragged certain land which he sold him by his charter. William admits [his liability] in full Court.

SPINETUM--William the Clerk against Richard Swerd and Philip the Tailor in a plea of land; they have a love-day, at the request of the parties till the next Court, saving the lords right.

ALVIRTHORPE--Peter the son-in-law of Philip atte Lidgate his wife and her sister, plaintiffs, and Agnes wife of Peter atte I,idgate, defendant: put themselves on an inquisition as to which of them has the better right to the crop of a bovate of land which the said Peter, his wife and her sister recovered trough an inquisition last year, as appears in the Roll of Alexander Lucas, the Steward The inquisition comes by the whole neighbourhood, and they say on their oath that Agnes, the wife of Philip atte Lidgate, who lost the land should have the crop off it; and also that she ought to have one crop after the land was lost, wherever it was sown with wheat or barley on account of her manure.

ALVINTHORPE--Walter de Flanshowe gives 2 s. for license to take two acres of land in Flanshowe from Jonetta, doing [services and customals, etc.]; pledge, Walter son of Gemme. He is to find a house for Jonetta in which she may dwell all the days of her life.

SANDAL--Robert son of Henry de Crigeliston gives 2 s. for license

to take all the land which Alice wife of Elias de Baugecler, a fugitive, held of the Earl in Crigeliston, for ever, doing services and customs; pledges, John de Ravenesfeud and Payne de Crigeliston.

Adam son of Henry Tubbing gives 12 d. for license to take four acres of land fron Robert Nyrp the smith, in Crigeliston, for a term of fifteen years. Robert shall do the services and customs for the last three years, and Adam for twelve years. Pledge Richard the Grave.

RAVENESFEUD--Ralph de Schfeld gives 12 d for making default at the last Court; pledge, William de Barneby.

SOURBY--Matthew son of John de Rastrik complains of William the Chaplain of Halifax, in a plea of drawing blood; pledge, William le Engleys

Sir Richard de Thornhill, charged with taking a stag in Sourby forest, gives 6 s 8 d. for respite until the next Court.

Jordan de Schakeltonstal, Nelle de Wynter, John Luvekyn, and William son of of Elkoc charged with taking the same stag in the forest of Sourebyschire, give 100 s. to be under the surety of Sir Richard de Thornhyll until the first coming of the Earl into those parts and then they will satisfy the Earl at his pleasure.

WAKEFEUD.--The matters pertaining to the millers of Wakefeud are respited till the next Court.

SOUREBY--Elias de Sckyrecote finds a pledge Thomas de Coppeley, for his coming to Wakefeud at the next Court to wage his law that he did not beat the Earls fishernan at Halifax Adam Slaybrand.

RAVENSFEUD--To be remembered the fine of Thomas de Coppeley for suing the Earls men elsewhere thn in the Earls Court.

WAKEFEUD--Ralph de Hybernia Richard de Castelford, Henry de Holebroke Robert son of Philip Adam the Smith, Henry Hod Hycke Schym, Roger Hog, Robertt son of Ede Alice at the bar, and Richard the Carter, distrained to answer as to a trespass charged against them at the Tourn at Wakefeud, as appears below, came and made oath as they ought, and they did suit at the Earls mill. T'herefore they are quit.

Margery de Thurstanland complains of William son of Adam de ???, for trespass. Pledge, Richard theClerk. [William]is attached by Peter Brun.

OSSETE-- Richard Modisaule complains of William the Clerk of Dewesbiry, for drawing blood; pledge, Hugh the Carter. William is attached by Robed the Lister.

Richard son of Meriilda complains of Gilbert de Bouderode for trespass; pledge Hugh Agath.

Total: 8 17s. 6d.

Sum total of both parts: 10 puntaa 2 s. 6 d Wakefeud; 3 Edward; Alexander Lucas Steward.

COURT at Wakefeud on the Friday the feast of S. Edmund of Pontigny [November 22], the year aforesaid 1274 in the time of the said [Steward].

ESSOINGS Thomas de Burgo essoings the second time touching suit of Court by Walter de Stanley; pledge, Peter de de Weston.

Sir Richard de Thornhyll essoings for the first time for the like, by Hycke the servant of John de Ravenesfeud: pledge Robert Alayn.

Michael the Clerk of Wlveley essoings the second time against Adam the Grave of Neubigging in a plea of trespass, by Robert Faukes; pledge, John de Rastrikt day is given.

Ralph de Schefeud essoings the second time touching suit [of court] by Roger his man; pledge Robert Alayn.

John de Birstal essoings the second time for the like by Adam his man; pledge John de Ravenesfeud.

Agnes Peronell essoings the third time for the like, by Roger de Hudresfeld; pledge, John de Querneby.

SANDAL. Adam the Grave of Neubygging gives 12d. For license to take one acre [of land] from William Corre in Crigeliston. doing [service and customs]; pledge Richard the Grave.

HYPERUM. Hugh son of Henry de Stanclif gives 2s for licence to take 5 acres of land from Henry his father in Schipeden, doing [service and customs]; pledge Henry de Stanclif.

HOLNE The inquisition taken by the whole neighbourhood ofHolnesfrith as to whether Adam Strekayse is guilty of any misdeed touching a broken arrow found in the Forest at Holne says on oath that he is not guilty, and that he knew nothing of the arrow until he found it all bloody, and by his own carelessness concealed it and took it to his house He therefore goes quit.

SOUREBY It is presented by the forester that Nelle del Thorneleye had two stray sheep among his own sheep, and that he delivered them without license He comes and denies it. Let an inquisition come at the next Court.

William Stelyng 6d for an escape.

Ivo the Stocker of Soureby gives 2s for license to take half a bovate in Werloweley from Richard del Pendant for a term of 12 years, doing service and customs; pledge William the Grave.

RAVENESFEUD Rikhard de Bretton came in full Court, and proved a black ox to be his; and he found Robert the Baker of Bretton and John the Clerk of Cuthewrth as pledges for producing it or 7s 6d its value within a year and a day,.

SANDAL William son Of John del Wro, gives 12d for license to take an acre of land in Crigeliston from William Core to himself and his heirs for ever, doing service and customs; pledge Richard the Grave.

Thomas de Thorneton, charged with the taking of a stag by his mainpast, has respite until the next Court.

SANDALE Robert son of Henry de Crikeliston, charged with taking a hare in the warren, gives 2s to be under the surety of Adam Tubbing until the next Court.

RAVENESFEUD. Margery de Thurstanland plaintiff and William son of Adam de Heley, defendant, in a plea of trespass, are both in mercy for not coming, and they are to be distrained to make fine for their amercement, and also to answer as to the main plea Sir Richard de Thornhyll, charged with taking a stag in the Forest of Soureby, has respite as before until the next Court.

SOUREBY Jordan de Schakeltonstall and his accomplices charged with taking a stag in the Forest of Soureby, have respite until the Earls coming.

William de Schakeltonstall, charged with the like offence has the like respite.

RAVENESFEUD. Thomas de Coppeley has respite for having theopinion of the Court as to whether he has offended the Earl or not in suing the Earl's men elsewhere than in the Earl's Court.

SPINETUM The township of Thornes John with-the-hounds Richard de Witfeld, and Thomas Dade, who pastured their cattle in the Earl's meadow, have respite until the Epiphany in order that the Earl's pleasure may be inquired.

RAVENESFEUD The Granger of Bradeley has respite until the next Court for entering 9 beasts taken in distress for wounds inflicted on the Earl's men; plege Thomas le Raggede.

SOUREBY Henry Urebrother finds these sureties, namely, Ivo the Stocker of Soureby John at Town end of Soureby, and William the Crave, that he will answer before the Earl as to the false presentment made by him against the Foresters of Soureby, as presented by the inquisition at the Court at Rastrik.

SANDALE The inquisition made as to the men of Sandale comes by the whole township of Sandale, and says on oath that they have nothing.

SANDALE Ranulf de Crosland gives the lord 2s for license to take 3.5 acres in Crikeliston from William the smith doing service and customs, namely, a rent of 21d yearly, and all other customs belonging to that land; pledge Adam son of Henry.

Defaults William FitzThomas Sir John de Heton, Sir Adam de Everingham, William de Northlaund, another William de Northlaund, Agnes Panell and Alice le Fleming, made default at this Court. let them be distrained.

Roger son of Christiana, complains of Philip de Alvirthorp for seizing cattle; pledge Robert son of Edmund.

Adam the Grave of Neubigging complains of William son of Christiana in a plea of agreement; pledge for the prosecution, the said Crave; pledge for the answering, John Palmer.

COURT at Wakefeud on the Friday after the feast of S. HilaryJan. 13th in the year aforesaid 1275 and in the time of the said [Steward].

ESSOIGNS John de Querneby the first time as to suit [of Court] by Stephen, his man; pledges Richard de Bateley.

Ralph de Schefeud, the like, by John son of Roger de Eccleshull;pledge, John de Birstall.

William le Flemang, the like, by Richard de Clifton; pledge, Thomas de Thorneton.

Sir Thomas de Burgo the like by Hugh de Walton; pledge, Peter de Walton.

John le Normaund, the like, by Alan de Crikeliston; pledge, Clement the Clerk.

COURT at Wakefeud on the Friday after the Purification of BlessedMary [Feb. 2nd) in the year aforesaid 1275 and in the time of the said [Steward].

Essoigns Sir Thomas de Burgo the second time as to snit of Court, by Peter de Walton; pledge, Robert de Wambewell John le Roller, the first time, against Clement the Clerk in a plea of land.

John le Normand, the second time, as to suit of Court by Thomas his Crave; pledge Pagan de Crigeliston.William le Flemang the like by Richard del Clif; pledge John de Querneby.

Baldwin de Seyville the first time as to suit, by William his son; pledqe Robert Pes.

Philip de Alvirthorp, the first time against Roger son of Kytte in a plea of seizing cattle, by Roger Hog; pledge Adam de Alvirthorp.

SANDALE The suit between Adam de Neubigging, plaintiff and Michael the Clerk of Wlveley defendant, in a plea of trespass, is respited until the Steward of Pontefract can be spoken with concerning that case and others.

RASTRIK John de Querneby makes fine of 2s for release of his essoign; pledge Richard de Thornhyll.

HOLNE Nicholas son of Hugh de Littlewode [plaintiff], and William de Thwong and his accomplices [defendants], in a plea of trespass, have a love-day at their own request, saving the rights (of the Earl).

SOUREBY The inquisition as to whether Nelle de Thornyley had two stray sheep among his own sheep, or not, is respited until the next Court.

WAKEFEUD The inquisition to be taken by the Earl's commandto certain articles presented against William the Parker by Richard Peny, is respited until the next Court. Richard Peny is to be summoned to verify the same.

Isolda de St. Oswald against Jack de Ireland, who was seized and imprisoned for larceny, says that on the Sunday before Christmas, in the night, he stole a robe of burrell, trimmed with black lamb-skin, value 8s 6d, which was in her keeping. He came in full Court, before the Steward and before John de Horbiry, the King's Coroner, and all the suitors of the Court, and confessed it with his own lips. Therefore let him be hanged.

WAKEFEUD Clement the Clerk against John le Ronller in a plea touching a certain meadow. John did not come at this Court, nor at the four preceding Courts He is therefore to be distrained to make fine for his defaults, and also to answer Clement in his plea.

HOLNE Afterwards come William de Thwong John son of William Willia, son of Henry, Adam Prudfot, and Robert de Thwong and give 5s for license of concord with Nicholas son of Hugh de Lyttlewode in a plea of trespass.

William son of Adam de Heley males fine of 4s for his defaults; pleddge, Richard del Rodes.

Margery de Thurstanland makes fine of 12d for withdrawing [her complaint] against the said William, and for her defaults; pledge William son of Adam de Heley.

RAVENESFEUD Thomas de Coppeley had respite until this Court for having the opinion of the Court as to whether he has offended the Earl or not in suing the Earl's men elsewhere than in the Earl's court. He did not come and is therefore to be distrained.

SPINETUM The township of Thornes John with-the-hounds and others ,as before distrained for pasturing their cattle in the Earl's meadow after the hay was carried, have respite until the Earl's coming. .

RAVENESFEUD Thomas le Ragged is in mercy for not producing at this Court the Granger of Bradeley, for whom he was pledge. Respited until [lthe next Court at Rastrik].

The Granger of Bradeley has respite until the nexy Court at Rastrik, by the pledge of Thomas le Ragged, for entering taken in distress for wounds inflicted on the Earl´s men.

SOUREBY Hemy Urebrother and Richard Hodde remain undersurety, as at the last Court, to answer before the Earl as to a false presentment made by them against the Foresten of Soureby until the Earl's coming.

Sir Richard de Thornhyll, Jordan de Schakeltonstall, and others, - - and William de Schakeltonstall, charged with taking a stag in the Forest of Soureby have respite until the Earl's coming.

HYPERUM Ralph de Ovenden gives 3s for license to take four acres of land in Clegclyve from Hugh de Ovenden, for ever, doing service and customs; pledge, Simon the Crave.

SANDALE John Stel complains of Thomas son of John de Langefeld, in a plea of robbery; pledge, Ralph Feldefare. [Thomas] is attached by his body, and imprisoned. The plaintiff says that Thomas took from him a bay horse (he knows not by what warrant or by whose order), also 15d worth of cloth from his daughter, half a lump of iron, a saddle and a bit; but he does not name the price of anything except the iron Thomas denies it, and craves judgment because John did not name his proper name, nor the day, nor the hour, nor the words which belong to the Court. Thomas therefore goes quit, and John must go to prison for his false complaint He made fine of 6s 8d pledge Ralph Feldefare.

BARONY John de Wllehuses finds a pledge Roger de Heyleye for his acquitting himself before the Steward at Pontefract and before Peter de Santon, the Steward of Pontefract, on a charge of putting three pigs in the great wood to steal the Earl´s pannage; he states that they escaped into the wood without his knowledge. Respited until a day [to be appointed], before the Steward of Pontefract.

Robert de Marchesden comes, together with Walter de Marchesden, Elias de Marchesdenand William de Gretton, and proves that 2 cows and 1 bullock belong to Bate, his sister's son; they were in the cus;tody of Henry Godley in Soureby, and are delivered to him.

SPINETUM William Prudfot withdraws from his complaint against Thomas Peqere and Philip de Mora. Fine 1s pledge, John son of Nalle.

RASTRIK William son of Jordan de Lynley, withdraws from hisplea against Thomas del Slac of Querneby and Agnes del Wroe and his pledges are in mercy; pledge, Hugh de Lynley. He is pardoned because he is poor.

SANDALE Order to distrain William son of Christiana to answer Adam del Neubigging in a plea of agreement because he did not come He and his pledges are in mercy for the default.

SOUREBY Thomas de Roaldesete is distrained by all his chattels, mhich are assessed at 18s to answer the Earl for having delivered out of his custody five beasts which belonged to Roger Wlf (who is indicted of larceny) at Almanbury, without the order of the Steward or the Bailiff.

Richard Hodde is in mercy for taking a heifer, which he says is his out of the Earls custody in the forest of Soureby; pledge, William de Saltonstall; [fine] 2s.

Henry Urebrother is in mercy for throwing down a bull in the Forest of Soureby; pledge, \Villiam de Nuteschawe; fine, 2s.

Henry de Stodley 2s for an escape.

John son of Elias, 12d for the like.

RASTRIK William de Sculecote 12d for vert.

Richard le Barm, Adam son of Henry, Peter son of Alice Peter de Thorp, Adam le Hayre Henry son of Thomas, Richard de riggehuses, and Robert le Meleemaker 6d each for the like.

WAKEFEUD William More, 6d for the like in the park.

Henry Schorthose, 6d for the like.

Alan Fix 6d for the like; pledge, Roger Hog.

Robert son of Alexander, 6d. for the like in the great wood; pledge, Richard son of Emma.

HOLNE Richard del Stockes 12d for the escape of 16 sheep Richard de Brocheles charged with taking a hind, remains in the custody of John de Ravenefeud until [the Earl's coming]. He afterwards gives 20s to be under the surety of Richard de Rodes until the next Court.

RAVENESFEUD Thomas de Thorneton, charged with the taking of a stag by his mainpast, as above, has respite until tbe next Court.

SOUREBY Thomas de Langfeud, son of John, charged with a trespass in the Forest of Soureby, finds these pledges, namely, Henry de Stodley Robert de l,angfeud, Richard del Syk John de Miggeley Geppe de Wytewrth and William the Fuller, that he will put himself upon an inquisition at Rastrik, as to whether he be guilty or not.

OSSETE Thomas de Bouderode gives 4s for license to take 9acres of land in Dewysbiry from Margery de Dewysbiry, for ever, doing service etc.

SPINEUM John le Gayne gives 3s for license to marry his daughter; pledge William de Lupesheved.

HOLNE Thomas de Cartewrth gives 10s for license to take 9 acres of land in Cartewrth from Hawisia, daughter of Alan de Denton, for ever, doing service and customs; pledge Richard the Grave.

John son of Simon de Scolis gives 2s to have an inquistion, as to an acre of land and a rood, of which Matthew del Scolis deforces him, as he says; pledge Richard the Grave.

STANLEY Philip son of Geoffrey ie Syur, charged with a trespass in the forest, gives 6s 8d to be under pledge until the next Court; pledge Adam de Alvirthorp.

ALVIRTHORP Peter son-in-law of Phillip atte-Lidgate gives 12d. for license to take 1,5 acres of land in Alvirthorp from John son of Walter doing service and customs; pledge Gerbot, and John son of alter.

SANDALE Robert son of Henry de Crikeliston, charged with taking a hare as appears before puts himself on an inquisition whether he be guilty or not The inquisition comes by John de Ketelesthorp, Adam Tubbing, Ralph Federale Adam Long Adam son of Penne Robert Pirny, Hugh del Helgrene Thomas son of Pelle Robert son of Simon, Thomas the Grave Bate de Crikeliston and Richard the Grave who say that the said Robert is not guilty of taking the hare nor of any other trespass, but is in all things good and true towards the Earl and others. He is therefore quit.

Adam Tubbing gives 6s 8d for license to take 5 acres of land in Crikeliston from Robert son of Henry, for ever, doing service and a customs; pledge Richard the Grave. .

ALVIRTHORP Henry de Swylington gives 4s for license to take 5 acres of land from Adam son of Magge for a term of 20 years, doing service and customs; pledge Robert son of Philip.

SPINETUM Peter Tyrsi gives 2s for license to take half a bovate of land in Thornes [Spinetum] from William Pimerith for a term of 8 years, doing service and customs; pledge Nigel the Grave .

COURT at Wakefeud on the Friday before Ascension Day [May 23rd]in the 3rd year of King Edward, in the time of Alexander Lucas, the Steward.

Essoiongs John de Kaylli the second time as to suit of Court, by Adam his man of Medeley; pledge John de Mora.

Ralph de Schefeud the first time as to the like, by Waiter de Stanley; pledge Bate son of William de Stanley The essoign was accepted under a challenge for warranty.

SANDALE The suit between Adam de Neubigging, plaintiff and Michael the Clerk, defendant, is still in respite as before until the next court.

SPINETUM The township of Thornes and the others who pastured their cattle in the Earl's meadow after the hay was carried, have a day for making fine until the next Court.

SOUREBY Henry Hourebrother is in mercy for his false presentment against the Foresters of Sourbyschyre and because he was presented of this by the inquisition of the neighbourhood, as appears before; pledge John the Grave He made fine of 6s 8d.

Richard Hodde is in mercy for the same presentment; pledge John the Grave. He made fine of 20s.

SANDALE Robert de Wambewelle withdraws his complaint against Sir Thomas de Burgo for seizing cattle. He is in mercy for a false claim; pledge Thomas de Erdeslawe; fine 4s.

SOUREBY Sir Richard de Thornil Jordan de Saltonstall and others, who were charged with taking a hart, are pardoned that trespass by the Earl, and are therefore quit.

SANDALE Adam de Neubigging against William son of Christiana in a plea of agreement. The defendant does, not Come and is therefore to be distrained.

RASTRIK --The township of Fekesby, and John Petit of Presteley have respite until the Steward's coming to Rastrik, to make fine for withdrawing from suit at the mill of Rastrik.

SOUREBY The townships of Bothemlei and Barkesland have respite until the Steward's coming to Soureby, to make fine for withdrawing from suit at the mill of Soureby.

RAVENESFEUD The Granger of Bradeley has respite until thenext Court, to make fine for his default and also for his pledges who did not produce him.

John de Lethe, Adam de Lethe and Robert son of Agnes plaintiffs, against Adam the Miller, for debt The defendant did not come, and is therefore to be distrained.

SOUREBY.-Margery de Wllewro has respite until the Steward's coming into the parts of Sourby, as to a certain stray. .

RAVENESFEUD ALan son of Adam, William son of Emma, John b Franceys, and Adam le Franceys plaintiffs, against John de Eland have a love-day at their own request until the next Court at Rastrik or Halifax, saving [the Earls] right.

SOURBY Jordan de Werloweley fined 6d for chattering in Court. .

SANDALE Robert Nirp gives 12d for license of concord with William tile Smith in a plea of trespass; pledge, William the Smith.

RAVENESFEUD Thomas de Coppeley gives 12d for license of concord with Henry de Rissewrth in a plea of trespass; pledge, Henry de Rissewrth; he must also make satisfaction to the Steward for the despite done in the presence of [to] the Steward before the Sheriff.

SANDALE Robert de Donecastre gives 12d for license to take 6 acres and I rood of land in Crigileston from William le Syur for ever, doing service and customs; pledge, Richard the Grave.

OSSETT Hanne de Goukethorp gives 2s for license to take a bovate of land in Sothyll from the Earl, which belonged to Henry de Chydeshyll to hold to himself and his heirs for ever, doing service, etc; pledge, Robert Pes.

ALVERTHORP Gerbot de Alvirthorp gives 5s for license a bovate of land to his sons, Richard and John, namely, half to each, doing service and customs pledge, Gerbot.

The same Gerbot gives 3s for license to take the same bovate of land back from his said two sons, for the term of his life, doing service and customs he paying to them 3d a year during his life.

WAKEFEUD Philip son of Moye 12d., and the widow of Geoffrey le Syur 6d for vert.

Roger Godsoule 6d for old brushwood.

Adam the Smith of Horbiry 6d for vert; pledqe Adam Dipsy.

John Graffard, 12d because his dog chased the Earls game in the forest.

SPINETUM Thomas son of Thomas Dade, complains of JohnGraffard for throwing down the Earl's hedge on villeinland pledge John with-the-hounds The defendant comes, and they put themselves on an inquisition, which is ordered for the next Court.

The inquisition as to a bovate of land which Margery Stute and her sister claim against Adam de Lictheseles, comes by William the Grave of Soureby, Seyer de Soureby, John de Nuteschawe, Robert son of Roger, William son of Thomas, Ilo de Soland, Philip le Waleys, Matthew son of Cicely, Ivo de Werloweley, Jordan son of John, John the Smith, and Henry de Licheseles, who say on their oath that one William the Gardener took that bovate from the Steward in open Court, and he held it for days and years, and afterwards allowed it to become waste for a long time, and the service due for it to get into arrears afterwards, when summoned to pay the arrears of service due, he neither came nor paid; and so the Steward then in open Court demised the bovate to Adam de Lictheseles, he doing service and customs Judgment is reserved until further inquiry can be made.

STANLEY Ralph de Uchethorp gives 5s for license to take 3 acres of land in Stanley from John Walhot doing service, etc; pledge, Philip the Grave.

SANDALE The land of Adam son of William de Sandale, is still in the Earl's hands, because he is dead.

William son of Henry de Sandale is in mercy for beating and illtreating the men of the Earl and those of the Prior of S. Oswald's pledges, Richard the Crave and Henry de Osset; fine 40d.

John son of Henry de Sandale fine 40d for the like offence and has the same pledges.

HOLNE The inquisition between Emma daughter of Thomas de Eppewrth claiming land in Holnefrith and Robert son of Mary defendant is respited until the Steward's coming to Holne.

DEFAULTS Sir John de Heton Sir Adam de Everingham John le Normaund Wlliam de Connhale William de Norlaund and William del Grene of Ossete (he is pardoned because he is ill) still made default as before. They are to be distrained.

Sir William FitzThomas has respite for doing suit of Court, by the Earl, until, etc.

HYPERUM Three perches of free land and one perch of villeinland, which were Richard de Coppeleys are taken into the Eadhands until some one shall speak for it.

Thomas son of Richard de Coppele admits that he has no share in a stray mere with her foal at Hyperum nor Thomas son of Thomas de Coppele who claimed them by a jury of the neighbourhood. They are therefore to be sent to Wakefield and taken into the Earls hands as strays. Thomas son of Thomas afterwards comes and gives 2s to have them back, in peace and quit.

COURT at Rastrik on the Monday after Ascension Day [May 23rd] in the year aforesaid 1275 and in the time of the said.

HYPERUM John son of Alice de Hyperum, complains of Thomas son of Richard de Coppeley for trespass; and because they settled it, they are both in mercy. John finds Richard son of Emma as pledge; he made fine of 12d Thomas's pledge, Ivo de Weeloley he made fine of 2s.

Richard de Houerum is in mercy for attending an inquisition without license, wherefore he was not sworn pledge, Simon de Bothes fine 23d.

Roger de Hyperum complains of Thomas son of Richard de Coppele for assault. It is found by an inquisition of the township of Northouerum that Thomas did insult him with evil words, calling him idle and a robber, because the hedge of his [Rogers] court was defective so that the neighbours cattle pastured in his [Thomas] corn Thomas is therefore in mercy; pledge John de Haldewvrth fine 2s.

Thomas son of Richard de Coppeley complains of Roger de Hyperum in a plea of agreement and says that he arranged with him in the presence of many persons to satisfy Roger as to all trespasses charged against him, Thomas, and this by the opinion of the neighbours and Thomas found pledges for the faithful perform- ance thereof and Roger gave security and found the Earl's Bailiff aspledge Roger comes and admits that be received pledge fromThomas as to accepting amends from him, as aforesaid Roger is therefore in mercy; pledge Simon de Bothes fine 12d.

John son of Richard complains of William de Langefeud, the Earls Serjeant [or servant], and gives 6d to have an inquisition whether William took his neighbour's goose feathers to his house in his despite and whether he drove his, John's, wife and son, aged six months from his house or not The inquisition comes by the township of Northouerum, and says that so far as they know, William never entered John's house nor turned out his wife and child, but he did strike John with his hand on account of ill and insulting words used between them. John is therefore in mercy for a false complaint pledge Simon de Bothes; fine 12d William is also in mercy for the assault pledge John le Barn the fine is pardoned.

William son of Adam, complains of Hudde son of Henry de Stancliff for trespass and says that at Christmas last year he came to his house and carried off wood from his barn, which had been blown down by the wind; he claims tor damages Hugh denies it and they put themselves on an inquisition. The inquisition comes by the township of Northouerum, and says that the said Henry did take wood from Williams house and without his leave as he said, but that the wood is only worth a farthing, and that William has received no damage William is therefore in mercy for a false complaint; pledge Simon the Grave of Bothes fine 6d Hudde is also in mercy for taking the wood pledge, Richard son of Richard fine 12d.

Richard son of John del Brickhouses is in mercy for throwing down an oak in the wood of the Abbat of Fonteyns near the grange [or barn] at Bradeley which he confessed with his own lips; pledge John, his father; fine 12d.

HYPERUM Alkoc del Clif is in mercy for breaking his oath and for a concealment fine 6d.

Alice de Goldeley 6d for vert pledge Adam de Goldeley.

Bate de Aldewrth, 12d for vert; pledge John de Aldewrth.

Henry de Lache of the same 12d for the like; pledge John de Lache .

Bate de Halifax, 12d for the escape of 11 sheep pledge John the Grave.

William Drake 12d for vert pledge Thomas de CoppeleJohn son of Jordan, 12d for the like; pledge Jordan Coleman. Henry del Rode 12d for the like; pledge, John de Horton. Elias de Schelf complains of Richard de Prestley his brother, in a plea of land and debt; pledge, Thomas son of Richard de Coppeley; and he gives 12d to have an inquisition, which is ordered for the next Court.

TOURN there the same day The Jury of Hyperum Robert del Stokkis, John de Locwode Richard de Hyperum John de Querneby, Henry de Dalton William de Bradeley Henry le Fraunceys of Staynland, Adam de Northouerum, Jordan del Rokis Alan de Fekesby Gilbert le Dyne Adam de Mallesheved, and John son of Hugh de Rastrik.

HYPERUM They say on their oath that Peter del Scoles gave 6d to William de Langefeud the Earl's Serjeant, who had charged him with larceny and they say that Peter is a good and true in all things. Therefore etc.

They say also that William del Ghdehul gave 12d to the same.

William de Langefeud to have peace with him. Therefore, etc They say also that Elias del Gren had a stray sheep in his keeping for a year and more, by the view of Simon the Grave; and after wards William de Langfeud came and took it; and first he sold the skin of the sheep, and afterwards he sold the sheep itself to Thomas the Webster of Hyperum, but they know not for what price. They say also that the said William de Langefeud came to the towns of Staynland and Barkesland and claimed an aid and money from the men of those towns, because he was in contumely and error for a certain fine against Robert Bulle of Wakefeud, but they know not the amount.

They say also that the said William carried two pillows an iron candlestick, and an iron tang from the home of Avice wife of Adam de Dalton, but they know not where he took them to, nor their value. He is therefore in mercy, and made fine of as.; pledges, William de Langefeud and John de Ravenesfeud.

.

 

1275.

RAVENESFEUD They say also that Philip de Fresley raised abank in their common, where there was none before It is ordered that the bank be pulled down, and that Philip be distarained to make fine for his amercement See below in the Court.

They also say that the house of Henry son of Thomas de Schelf was burgled by night and that Henry raised the hue; and the townships came and followed up the hue to the boundary of the Earl's fee and into another fee So nothing was done in the matter.

HYPERUM They say also that Richard son of Henry de Northouerum, diverted a footpath, leading towards the church, from his own land on to the land of Adam de Northouerum It is ordered that the footpath be put back into its proper place and that Richard be in mercy. He made fine of 2s.

They say also that Jordan son of Henry moved his fence beyond its proper place and appropriated to himself land of the Earl's. is ordered that the fence be pulled down, and that Jordan be in ! mercy. He made fine of 12d.

Also, that Simon the Grave moved his fence and appropriated to himself land of the Earl's. It is ordered that the fence be pulled down, and that Simon be in mercy. He made fine of 6s 8d.

They say also that Hugh de Stanclif and Henry his brother ,have done the like. The like order is made They made fine of 12d.

They say also that the men of Hovirschelf made a footpath towards the church, in the Brereforlong, where there was none before It is ordered that the footpath be stopped, and that they be in mercy for the trespass They mode fine of 4s.

They say also that Henry de Totil went away from the Earl's land, and dwells in Horton on the land of the Abbat of Fountains in the fee of Sir Henry de Lascy. It is ordered that he be arrested if found within the Earl's liberty.

They say also that Thomas de Thoung went away from the Earls land and dwells at Helaund without license. The like order is made.

They also say that Bate del Bothes the Earl's villein went away from the Earl's land without license and dwells at Haldewrth The like order is made.

Thomas Wyndelester 12d for not coming.

Agnes de Litheseles dwelling in Hartesheved, 6d for brewing contrary to the assize.

Robert Bate 6d for brewing and selling contrary to the assize Maude de Crosland, 6d Henry le Fraunceys 6d Thomas del Rode 6d and Hugh de Suthclif 6d for the like.

The township of Eckleleshull is in mercy for not coming. It had no complaint at the Tourn at Wakefeud.

DEFAULTS John de Eland, William de Marton and William de Ecclesey did not come They are to be distrained to make fine therefor.

RAVENESFEUD Phillip de Frechley for his contempt and despite this day in open Court before the Steward, and because he wished to contradict the Steward's order, finds these pledges to make amends to the Earl, namely, William de Trimingham and William de Ecclesley He made fine of 6s 8d.

RASTRIK Richard del Wode of Rastrik was elected Grave to keep his Graveship faithfully, and to make attachments and presentments.

Memorandum as to timber. There remained at Rastrik on the retirement of Master Richard the Carpenter in the thid year of King Edward by a tally made with the Crave 67 pieces of wood, both great and small.

 

COURT at Halifax, on the Tuesday before Ascension Day May 23rd in the year aforesaid 1275 and in the time of the said Steward.

SOUREBY Ivo son of Alan de Soureby gives 2s for license to take 3 acres in Werlole from Thomas son of Ivett to hold to Ivo and his heirs for ever after the death of Thomas doing service and customs; pledges, William the Crave and Richard son of John.

Elias the Tinker of Sourby, in order to be under the protection of the Earl gives 2s on coming in, and is to pay 12d a year henceforward on Ascension Day; pledge William the Grave.

The inquisition taken to inquire as to the offenders in the Earl's forest in Sourbyschire and also touching an arrow found in a hind who drew the arrow, or owned it, or carried it-comes by the townships of Soland and Richewrth and says on oath that they know of no offender of this kind in the neighbourhood, nor in the forest nor in any other place nor who drew the arrow, nor do they recognise it. Therefore nothing is done.

Ivo the Stocker of Sourby has license to take one-third of a roodof land in Hastele from Richard de Holdfeld doing service and customs pledge William the Grave.

Peter son of Alice and Roger de Lithclif give 2s for license to exchange one acre of land for another, doing service and customs pledge the one for the other.

HYPERUM Henry son of Adam de Hastey gives 2s for license to take 1.5 acres of land without pasture in Gamelrode from Peter son of Alice de Hyperum doing service and customs; pledge William de Astey.

Rikhard de Barm gives 4s for license to take 8 acres of land in Barm from Agnes daughter of William son of John doing service and customs pledge John the Grave.

Thomas son of Richard de Coppeley gives 12d for license to take a rood of land with a barn in Hyperum, from Thomas son of Thomas doing service and customs pledge William de Astey.

The same Thomas son of Richard de Coppeley is in mercy for a license of concord with the said Thomas in a plea of trespass pledge John the Grave he made fine of 12d.

SOURBY Maude wife of William Brun complains of Pouwe and says that her husband made an agreement with him to the effect ihat Powe dimised and sold to William for ever a bovate of land with a garden and a stubbing after the agreement was made Pore came and threw down the stubbing and carried it away and also dug up and carried away encas in the garden unjustly. Pouwe denies the whole of it, and they put themselves on an inquisition. The inquisition comes by the townships of Sourby and Soland and says ihat an agreement between William and Pouwe was in fact made as stated, but that Pouwe was to have the stubbing for two years after the date of the agreement so that he might fairly take it down and carry it away Maude is therefore in mercy for a false claim pledge William the Grave fine 6d.

The inquisition also says that Pouwe did enter Maude's yard unjustly and contrary to the agreement and there he cut down and threw down her encas by which she suffered serious damage :herefbre in mercy; pledge William the Grave; fine 6d.

RASTRIK Jordan son of Robert de Saltthwayth gives 13s 4d tobe under the protection of the Earl and bailiffs as to his land, paying 6d a year at the three terms usual on the Earl's land; pledge, Robert de Salttheweyf living at Querneby.

HYPERUM Hugh son Of Hugh de Bothes gives 20s 6d to have seisin of his fathers lands in Hyperum reserving to Simon de Bothes the crop and the hay this year doing service and customs pledge, John de Haldewrth.

SOURBY Received 3s for two pigs found at Sourby, and sold as strays by the Steward to Thomas de la Garderobe.

Robert del Brig of Stanesfeld gives 12d as a relief for his father's lands in Soureby doing service and customs pledge William the Grave.

TOURN at Halifax on Tuesday before Ascension Day May 23rdin the said year 1275.

Adarn de Waddeswrth Roger de Rastrick Adam de Miggele Henry de Rischewrth John de Aldewrth John de Miggeley Hugh son of Alan de Northlaund John dd Grenhirst Henry de Stodley Elias the Grave of Werloley Michael de Routonstal and Ivo de Solaund, sworn etc.

They say on their oath that Cicely daughter of William Norman burgled the house of Margery del Pendaunt by night, and took flour butter cheese and a smock and carried them all to the house of John son of Adam the Miller her husband without his knowledge She is to be arrested if she can be found.

They say also that John Lovekyn harboured for one night the men of Sir Stephen le Waleyys who killed a hart in Crumliswrthebouthum He is to be arrested if he can be found.

Also that Nalle daughter of Richard the Kittewritt of Norlaund, stole a sheet from the hedge of Robert de Saltunstal and a hood and a ring from the chamber of Adam de Miggele and 4.5 ells of linen from John de Noteschawe She is to be arrested if she can be found. They do not know where she was harboured.

Also that Bate son of Hugh del Bothes is the Earl's villein, and has gone from the Earl's land without license He is to be arrested if found within the Earls liberty. He is living at Haldewrth.

Also that John the Smith of Staynesfeud is the Earl's villein, and holds free land in Stanesfeud He is to be distrained to answer how and wherefore he went out from villeinage into freedom.

SOURBY Also that Simon de Bothes holds a held without a fencewhich is a nuisance to the neighbours as he impounds their cattle there and therefore they consider that he is levying a new toll and customs He is ordered to make a fence as his neighbours have done and is in mercy for the trespass; fine 2s.

SOURBY Also that Robert de Saltonstal has appropriated land to his bank in the common of that town, to the extent of two feet It is ordered to be reinstated, and he is in mercy for the trespass; fine 6s 8d.

John son of Elais Richard the Harper Adam del Holirakes Richard son of Ellen and Hugh del Foldis are fined 12d each for not coming.

Ellen Schort 12d for brewing contrary to the assize.

Roger Fulmont 6d Richard Brun 6d William Brese miller 12d Robert de Langefeud 12d and Thomas del Grene, 6d for not coming.

Henry de Stodley 2s for 4 calves in the forest.

Adam le Ward, 6d Thomas de Connhal 12d Adam the Miller 6d William brother of Hugh de Norlaund 6d and Adam de Connhale 12d for not coming.

John son of Elias 2s for 6 beasts escaped into the forest.

The inquisition as to a stray mare at Sourby appears below also the names of the jurors. It was sold.

Pouwe 6d for 2 pigs escaped into the forest.

John at Townend 12d for 4 oxen escaped.

Alkoc de Sourby, 12d, for 3 oxen escaped.

Peter son of Wymark 6d for 3 pigs escaped.

John de Miggele took three cow-pastures of the Earl's at Sourby, paying 10.5 marks therefor this year he finds these pledges namely William the Grave and Nelle the Forester that he will faithfully, well and safely keep the Earls beasts and cattle in the same way as others have done before him, and will faithfully present attachments.

RAVENESFEUD Henry de Emeley who was arrested for inflicting wounds on Roger de Brerley servant of the Abbat of Roche gives 13s 4d to be under the surety of Simon de Chyvet John de Kirkeby Simon son of Henry Richard de Rodes and Robert del Stokis, so that if it should happen that Roger, should die of the wounds or through the infliction of the wounds which God forbid that then they will answer for Henry, body for body, that he shall surrender himself to prison (from which he has been let out on their security) and will answer anyone who shall make any charge against him.

COURT at Birton on the Monday before Pentecost [June 2nd] inthe year aforesaid [1275] and in the time of the said [Steward].

HOLNE The inquisition between Robert son of Cicely and Emma daughter of Thomas de Eppewrth his wife plaintiffs and Robert son of Mary defendant concerning half a bovate of land in Heppewrth, comes by Hugh de Wlvedale Robert of the Chapel Adam soil of Richard del Scoles, Simon de Heppewrth, Thomas son of Elias, Robert son of Adam, Thomas de Cartewrth, Geoffrey de Litelwode, John son of Geoffey, Nicholas de Litelwode, Brun de Holne, Benedict de Holne, William de Litelwode, Hudde son of Alice, William Morsel, Gamel de Alstanley, Hugh son of Robert, Thomas son of Daniel, Robert Brun, Nicholas de Thoung, Adam son of John Lovekoc de Wlvedale, Adam de Wlvedale, Henry del Grene, Richard Wadlok, Richard del Birkes, Matthew del More, William de Buterle, Roger de Buterle, John de Fouleston, Adam de Almanbiry, Adam de Eldwardholes, Richard de Horn, Simon son of Adam, Warin de Heppewrth, John son of Gilbert, Henry de Quickeleden, Adam de Hodresfeld, Thomas son of Sarah de Fouleston, John son of Annabel de Fouleston, and John de Helwardholes who say upon their oath that Robert son of Mary who now holds that land has more right to it than Emma and Robert the claimants. They say that one William son of Soygnif had two sons Richard the ancestor of Robert son of Mary and Thomas the ancestor of Emma and Thomas was the firstborn. And William son of Soignyf had two bovates of land, and in open Court he granted one bovate to Thomas his firstborn son, and the other to Richard his younger son, with Thomas consent. And after the death of William their father, the said Thomas and Richard came in open Court and paid 16s as a relief for the said two bovates of land and the Steward, holding a rod in his hand of which one end was black and the other white gave seisin to Richard with the white end, because he was fair in colour, and gave seisin to Thomas with the black end. And because the Steward perceived that Richard was yet within age and that he could not hold or keep the land, appointed that Richard should be under the guardianship of his brother Thomas until he came of full age andthat Thomas should keep Richard land as well as his own until Richard should come of age and that Thomas should then give up to Richard the land which his father had given him, without any contradiction or hindrance In the meantime Thomas who was the father of Emma, the claimant died, and he had no other right in that land except as has been stated Wherefore Emma and Robert, her husband, cannot claim any right It a therefore ordered that Robert son of Mary who is the successor of Richard may hold the land as he held it before and may have full seisin thereof all and inpeace doing services, etc, as he did before; and that Robert son of Cicely and Emma his wife, be in mercy for a false claim pledge John del Scoles Nicholas del Clif and John son of Gilbert. [Their fine] is pardoned because they are poor, and because they gave permission to have the inquisition.

And Alice mother of the said Emma who unjustly claimed dower in the said land after the death of Thomas, her husband, is in mercy, because she has no right except as aforesaid; pledge Warin de Eppewrth. Fine 4s.

HOLNE Herbert de Butterley complaining of Richard son of William de Pouleston says that he illtreated him, beating him, and wounding him in the head with an axe thereby drawing blood, as could be plainly seen They have a love-day and license of concord, at their own request, saving the lord's rights. Richard comes and puts himself in mercy; pledge Gamel de Alstanley Fine 4s Agnes de Hoverthoung gives 12d to have an inquisition to inquire whether she has any right to a barn and half a toft which Adam Prudfot holds, or not Ordered for the next Court. Pledge William de Alstanley.

BARONY Robert de Neusom for 2 bullocks escaped; pledge Henry at Townend.

Thomas Robug for 2 cows escaped; pledge Richard Brun.

Richard son of Sweyn, for 2 beasts escaped.

Emma daughter of Gilbert for 4 bullocks escaped; pledge Henry de Wlvedale.

William Curly for 2 beasts escaped.

Roger the Fuller for the like.

All these are respited because they are of the Earl of Lincolns tenure until that Earls Steward has been spoken with.

HOLNE Jordan Schaward 6d for a cow escaped pledgeAlexander de Wlvedale.

William Kenbod 12d for 4 beasts escaped; pledge William de Buterle.

Lovecok son of Agnes de Schepele 12d for a mare pledge John de Fouleston.

Herbert de Buterle 2s for vert.

Geppe de Litelwode 12d for cutting broom in Cartewrth.

Hugh de Litelwode gives 4s for license to take 3.5 acres of land from John de Litelwode doing service and customs pledge Richard Brun the Grave.

TOURN there the same day. Twelve jurors: William de Thorniceley Robert de Wlvewro William de Birton Adam de Helay Richard de Brocholis Adam de Wodehuses Thomas son of John de Fouleston Adam the Forester of Eppewrth Richard the Grave of Scoles John son of Mary de Wlvedale Hugh de Litelwode and John son of Robert de Holne.

They say on their oath that on Quadragesima Sunday this year, a house in the torn of Schelfley was burgled by four robbers, and goods were carried off The hue was raised, and followed up to the bounds of the Earl's liberty, by four townships. They do not know who the robbers were Therefore nothing is done.

They say also that Richard del Rodes is a clerk, and the Earls villein, inasmuch as his father, Serlo de Ossete by name was the Earl's native yet he holds himself for a free man because he took free land with his wife in marriage and with a part of that land he has now endowed his daughter. He has a day at the next Court to answer this or to make fine.

They say also that Matthew de Stordes unjustly impounded the cattle of the men of Birton on the high way. He is therefore in mercy Pine 2s.

They say also that John the Miller took some bran in a sieve from the bran of Hugh de Litelwode at Cartewrth mill and Hugh himself, who was one of the tithing-men testifies to it. John is to be arrested if he can be found. He was not found. They also say that Peter Brun killed a foal belonging to John deSchepley in Emley Park while he was servant to Sir William Fitz Thomas and afterwards Sir Williams dogs eat it. He must pay John his damages, and is in mercy for the trespass; pledges Robert Crab of Birton, Richard son of Henry Adam de Heleys and Thomas son of Christina. He made fine.

They also say that Parnell Blome brewed contrary to the assize She is therefore in mercy. The fine is pardoned because she is poor.

HOLNE Richard the Clerks wife 6d for the like.

RAVENESFEUD And because they [the jurors] presented nothing else, although the townships presented to them the defaults of those who did not come to the Tourn as appears below and also concerning some measures found and proved to be false, therefore all the jurors are in mercy. They made fine of 13s 4d.

HOLNE Fines for not coming Richard del Rode 12d Richard de Cartewrth 12d Adam de Cartewrth 12d Adam Strekeys 12d Adam Prudfote 12d John Mour 12d.

Thomas son of Elias is in mercy for taking land for a term without license of the Court. Fine 12d.

Matthew de Mora 6d for the like.

Agnes de Hoverthoung complains of Adam Prudfote touching a certain barn of which he deforces her unjustly inasmuch as William her brother whose heir she is died vested and seised thereof Adam denies it, and they put themselves on an inquisition of the neigh bourhood of the townships of Holne Alstanley and Thoung The inquisition says that one Jordan sold 4.5 acres with a barn and a toft to William, Agnes brother for 14s and when they came to the Earls Court Jordan denied the sale and refused to surrender more than the 4.5 acres and William accepted seisin thereof without the barn and the toft. And a long time afterwards Jordan wished in his necessity to sell his land [he came to the Tourn, entered into the barn with the toft and held them all his life without license, which he remised] and surrendered 2.5 acres of land, together with the barn and the toft in question, to Adam Prudfote and Adam took a full surrender of the same in open Court, and in this way held the2.5 acres of land and the barn and toft and not otherwise It is considered that Adam do hold his said land, with the barn and toft inasmuch as he and no other took seisin thereof in Court, and that Agnes be in mercy for a false claim; pledge, Adam Prudfote. Fine 12d which was paid by the said Adam.

COURT at Wakefeud on Friday in Whit week, 3 Edward I [1275]in the time of Alexander Lucas, the Steward.

Essoigns William le Flemang essoigned the first time as to suit of Court, by Richard the Grave pledge William de Ecclesley Ralph de Schefeud the second time as to suit by Peter Vigerus pledge, Walter de Stanley.

The suit between Adam de Neubigging, plaintiff and Michael the Clerk defendant is still in respite, as above.

Adam de Neubigging plaintiff offers himself against William son of Christiana in a plea of agreement The defendant did not come and no distress could be found It is ordered that he be distrained if distress can be found.

Order to distrain the township of Fekesby and John Petit of Presteley to make fine for withdrawing from suit at Rastrik mill Order to distrain the townships of Bothemley and Barkesland to make fine for withdrawing from suit at Soland mill.

The Granger of Bradeley has respite for making his fine for his defaults, and also for his pledges (who did not produce him) because he is on the Earl's service, about carrying timber by water from Rastrik to Sandale.

John de Legthe and Adam de Legthe and Robert son of Agnes plaintiffs offered themselves against Adam the Miller in a plea of debt The defendant did not come, and no distress could be found. He is to be distrained if distress can be found.

Alan son of Adam William son of Emma John h Franceys and Adam Franceys plaintiffs against John de Eland in a plea of seizure of cattle offered themselves. They had a love-day at the last Court and now have one until the next Court at their own request.

It is charged against John de Querneby that he seized and caused to be seized the cattle of the aforesaid Alan son of Adam.

full surrender of the same in open Court, and in this way held the2.5 acres of land and the barn and toft and not otherwise It is considered that Adam do hold his said land, with the barn and toft inasmuch as he and no other took seisin thereof in Court, and that Agnes be in mercy for a false claim; pledge, Adam Prudfote. Fine 12d which was paid by the said Adam.

COURT at Wakefeud on Friday in Whit week, 3 Edward I [1275]in the time of Alexander Lucas, the Steward.

Essoigns William le Flemang essoigned the first time as to suit of Court, by Richard the Grave pledge William de Ecclesley Ralph de Schefeud the second time as to suit by Peter Vigerus pledge, Walter de Stanley.

The suit between Adam de Neubigging, plaintiff and Michael the Clerk defendant is still in respite, as above.

Adam de Neubigging plaintiff offers himself against William son of Christiana in a plea of agreement The defendant did not come and no distress could be found It is ordered that he be distrained if distress can be found.

Order to distrain the township of Fekesby and John Petit of Presteley to make fine for withdrawing from suit at Rastrik mill Order to distrain the townships of Bothemley and Barkesland to make fine for withdrawing from suit at Soland mill.

The Granger of Bradeley has respite for making his fine for his defaults, and also for his pledges (who did not produce him) because he is on the Earl's service, about carrying timber by water from Rastrik to Sandale.

John de Legthe and Adam de Legthe and Robert son of Agnes plaintiffs offered themselves against Adam the Miller in a plea of debt The defendant did not come, and no distress could be found. He is to be distrained if distress can be found.

Alan son of Adam William son of Emma John h Franceys and Adam Franceys plaintiffs against John de Eland in a plea of seizure of cattle offered themselves. They had a love-day at the last Court and now have one until the next Court at their own request.

It is charged against John de Querneby that he seized and caused to be seized the cattle of the aforesaid Alan son of Adam.

William son of Emma John le Franceys and Adam le Franceys,upon the fee of the Earl of Warren and carried them off to the fee of the Earl of Lincoln in despite of the Earl of Warren He denies it, and must therefore wage his law pledges of the Iaw Richard de Bateley and Thomas Sampson.

SPINETUM Thomas son of Thomas Dade and John Graffard at the last Court put themselves on an inquisition as to the throwing down of Thomas fence Thomas now offers himself and the inquisition likewise but John does not come and has sent no essoign He is therefore to be distrained for his defaults and an inquisition of the graveships of Thornes and Alvirthorpe is ordered for the next court.

SANDALE The land of Adam son of William de Sandale is still in the Earl hands because he is dead.

RAVENESFEUD Order to distrain John de Eland William de Marton and William de Ecclisley to make fine for their defaults in not coming to the Tourn at Rastrik.

ALVIRTHORPE Walter son Of Gemma Grove of Alvirthorpe 6d for not coming to choose the inquisition.

Richard de Bretton against William de Letteby says for himself and Michael his son and mainpast that on Whitmonday this year he sent his son to a certain essart called Stonyrode to distrain for a rent due to him, to wit 2d from one part and 6d from the other part Michael made the distress and took a steer and a cow and two heifers and drove the cattle towards his fathers fold and William de Letteby came on the Kings high way with a bow and arrows and beat and wounded Michael, and drew blood from him and took the cattle away from him by force and made rescue of them by force and unjustly, and against the peace he claims 33s 4d damages and produces his suit Wilham comes and denies the force, etc and says that he holds nothing of Richard in that essart for which he ought to pay the rent of the law 2d and 6d as Richard says, and denies the rest of it word by word He must therefore wage his law pledges of the law Peter de Bretton and Luvecok de Bretton de who are also pledges for William good behaviour towards Richard de Brctton and his son. Richard finds Henry de Bir as pledge for his good behaviour against William and all others.

HYPERUM Elyas de Schelf gives 2s for license of concord with Richard de Prestlay in pleas of land and of debt pledges, Richard de Presteley and Jordan del Rokes.

SOUREBY Agnes relict of William the Gardener quit claims toAdam de Lictheseles all the right which she has or could have in a bovate of land which William the Gardener her late husband held in Sourebyschire Adam shall do the services and customs and he gives 2s for seisin pledge Henry de Rischewrth.

ALVIRTHORPE Philip de Alvirthorpe gives 2s to have an inquisition as to a bovate of land, of which William de Lupeshevedousts (?) him as he says The inquisition comes by William de Uchethorp Roger son of Albray Robert son of Walter John Walhot John son of Walter Thomas son of Gilbert Gerbot Walter son of Gemma Henry de Osset and Ralph Bulloc And because this is not sufficient another inquisition is ordered for the next Court.

SOURBY Elias de Richewrt gives 10s for license to take 12 acres of land in Litheseles from Adam de Litheseles doing services and customs, but reserving to Adam the crop of what has been sown this year pledge William the Grave.

HYPERUM Thomas son of Henry de Coppeley gives 4s for license to take 6 acres of land in Hyperum from Hugh de Suthclif doing services and customs but reserving to Hugh the crop for this year pledge John de Stanclif.

RAVENESFEUD John son of Richard le Normaund gives 6s 8d for his defaults of suit of Court and to have an attorney Clement the Clerk is admitted as his attorney up to Michaelmas next.

RASTRIK Warin de Marcheden gives 12d for replevying 2 stots and a foal which were seized in the Earls liberty until the next Court and also that he will then come and prove them by true men to be his beasts pledges, Walter de Marcheden and Hugh de Bothemley.

Hugh son of Juliana makes fine of 6s 8d for a false claim against Walter de Marcheden in that he stated that Walter had impeded the common in Scambanden and had taken amercements from himself and others all of which he afterwards withdrew in open Court. Pledge John de Barkesland .

HYPERUM William the Cobbler admitted that he beat and wounded Gilbert de Hasteye He is therefore in mercy pledge William Hamelin fine 6d.

William Hamelin gives 12d for licence of concord with John the Miller in a plea of agreement pledge the said John William Hamelin also dyes 12d for license of concord with Adam son of John the Miller; pledge the said John.

BARONY Maude wife of Robert son of Hugh de Loftus is in mercy for the escape of two horses.

Anabel de Loftus the like for the escape of two cows These two cases are respited as touching the Barony until the Steward has been spoken with.

RAVENESFEUD Richard de Rodes is charged with being by birth a villein of the Earl's; he admits it, and gives as a recognition 13s 4d and will be henceforth in the yoke of villeinage paying yearly 12d pledge Henry Gangel .

WAKEFEUD Robert Ereward of Wakefeud is charged with being a villein and the son of the Earl villein he admits it, and gives as a recognition 13s 4d etc, paying yearly 12d pledge Robertus le Herl.

SOURBY John de Ovenden is in mercy for making himself a bailiff to deliver the cattle of Warin de Marcheden which had been seized and impounded whereas he had neither order nor leave from any bailiff to do so 6s 8d pledge William de Halifax.

RAVENESFEUD Memorandum as to two stots seized at Lockwode and taken to Wakefeud as strays They remain in the keeping of John de Ravenesfeud until more shall be done therein.

SANDALE Order to distrain the whole township of Walton on account of a stray bullock which remained there from S. Giles Day until Christmas which they concealed and would not present to the Earls bailiff They must make fine.

HYPERUM John de Halifax 6d for the escape of a horse pledge Ivo the Smith.

William de Ovenden 12d for the escape of 3 bullocks pledge Alkoc del Clif.

SOURBY For a stray hone sold at Sourby and valued 7s pledge William the Grave.

For a stray mare there sold and valued 3s pledge William the Grave.

Henry de Stodley 12d for the escape of 6 beasts into the forest pledge William de Stodley.

William de Stodley 12d for the escape of 6 bullocks into the forest; pledge Henry de Stodley.

John de Holgate 12d for the like as to 6 pigs; pledge William del Hirst. John del Grenwode 2s for the escape of 3 beasts into thee meadowat Rontonstal pledge, William Scab .

Warin de Marcheden 12d for the escape of 1 horses and a foal pledge, William the Grave.

RAVENESFEUD It is presented that Gilbert Walding is gravely suspected and not altogether faithful he is attached and arrested He afterwards comes, and gives 6s 8d to be under the surety of William de Birton until the next Court, when he will put himself on an inquisition whether he be such an one or not.

HYPERUM Henry son of Thomas del Rode 2s for going out with bludgeons to beat Gilbert de Hasteye pledge William the Cobbler.

Henry de Willeys clerk appointed the Earls receiver by his letters patent finds these pledges namely Sir Richard de Thornhill William de Langefeud William de Birton John de Birstall Baldwin de Seyvile Thomas de Coppeley John de la More and William de Trimingham that he will well and faithfully bear himself towards the Earl and others and that he will fully answer for all receipts payments and expenses and for all his acts if he shall make default in anything.

SPINETUM The township of Thornes and the others who pastured their cattle in the Earls meadow after the hay was carried are respited until the Earls coming into those parts.

DEFAULTS Sir Williaml Fitz Thomas still has respite as to suit of Court.

Sir John de Heton Sir Adam de Everingham John de Elaunde William de Connhale and William de Norlaund made defaults at this Court, as before They are therefore to he distrained Alicia le Flemang complains of Elias Pirnel in a plea of agreement and also of Michael de Elistones in a plea of trespass pledge Thomas de la Garderoba.

ALVINTHORPE William Russel of Normanton complais of Adam son of Richard de Alverthorpe for debt pledge Thomas the Cook.

SOURBY William de Hirst complains of William son of Adam de Waddeswrth John son of Thomas Bust John Momil Adam del Brodbothem John da Brodbothem Alan del Brodbothem and William son of Alkoc the Forester for assault and drawing blood and of Adam de Waddeswrth for counselling and ordering the others pledge Robert Aleyn.

Thomas the servant of Thomas de Coppele complains of Peter son of Aloc for drawing blood pledge, Thomas de Coppeley TOURN at Wakefield on the monday in the morrow of Holy TrinityJune 9th in the year aforesaid 1275.

Twelve jurors from without: William Russel of Normanton Baldwin de Ceyville John de Caylly William son of Thomas de Erdeslew Henry de Wodhusum Richard de Bretton Peter Coleman Richard son of John de Dewysbyry John de Bretton John de Kyrkeby Michael de Floketon and John de la More.

Who say that Richard Pykard was killed in the town of Normanton at Christmas last they know not by whom but as Robert son of Adam Wymes of Staynford was standing near Richard at the time he ought to answer it Therefore let him be arrested.

They say also that a stray heifer was in Walton from the day of S. Peter [August 1st] until Christmas and then Richard Pykard and Alkoc his servant seized it and took it away without the license of the bailiff or of any other to the town of Normanton what afterwards became of it they do not know Therefore let Alkoc be arrested.

They say also that the Parson of Hemmeley obstructed the high way leading through the middle of his courtyard recently and unjustly and to the damage of the neighbourhood which is well testified by the neighbours Therefore let him be distrained.

OSSETE They say also that Adam Mal servant of the late Parson of Dewy[s]byry stole 3 bushells of oats in a sack from the barn of the said Parson in the winter and Waiter Garaches servant of the said parson perceiving this came and found him with the stolen goods upon him and struck him and beat him and Adam fearing to receive further punishment for the same afterwards took his clothes and fled the country Therefore nothing is done.

ALVERTHORPE They say also that Agnes Kaynel has a key made to open and shut the doors of the neighbours and she deceives the neighbours children and takes from them whole loaves barley and oats to their serious damage Therefore let her be arrested. She was not found.

They say also that an agreement was made between Adam the Smith of Wakefeud and Ralph Ters to the effect that Adam should make a new cart from Ralph iron and Adam dishonestly took fourpieces of the said iron and he afterwards made fine with Ralph for 4s Therefore let Adam be attached Afterwards it was presented that it was false Therefore he is quit.

They also say that Alice at the Bar holds one third of a bovate of land for which she owes suit at the Wakefeud mill and she with- drew herself from the suit to the mill She is therefore in mercy 6d.

STANLEY They say also that John Walhot obstructed a path leading from his house towards the town which was previously public It is ordered that the obstruction be removed and that he be in mercy for the trespass 6d.

They say also that Agnes wife of Robert de Lofhus entered into the great wood and there killed a lamb and carried it to the house of Philip Moye She was insane at the time and is so still Therefore nothing is done.

They say also that Elias son of Thomas Spynk killed Roger de Wyrunthorpe and fled to the Liberty of Rypon. Therefore nothing is done.

They say also that Robert son of John del Ker is the Earl native and that he left the Earl land without license and dwells at Byrle Therefore let him be arrested if found within the Earl liberty He was not found.

They say also that Christiana daughter of Richard at Kirk was deflowered without licenseTherefore leirwyte She made fine of 6d.

They say also that the wife of Richard at Kirk brewed contrary to the assize Therefore in mercy 6d.

ALVERTHORPE They say also that Agnes Lamboc took a house with a croft from Agnes her sister for a term of four years without license. In mercy fine 6d pledge Gerbot.

They say also that Thomas son of Thomas Dade unjustly cut down part of John Gerard thorns. In mercy fine 12d.

They say also that John Graffard did the like. In mercy fine I2d.

Richard the Woodward 6d for not coming.

Roger de Houwrth Henry Maruwe Henry Kaynel Adam Lupus Robert son of Elias le Syur and John his brother 6d each for the like

OSSETE They say also that Jordan son of Robert de Goukethorpe and Robert his brother are the Earl natives and that they live in Roudeclif and Snayth Therefore let them be arrested if found.

Also that Henry de Ossete and Eugina and Juliana his sisters are the Earl natives and live at Pontefract Let them be arrested.

SPINETUM They say also that William de Lopisheved sold 3 acres of native land, formerly belonging to Adam le Trikur by charter as they believe, of which Alice le Trikur holds 2 acres and Philip son of Thomas Sare one acre Therefore let them be distrained to answer it . Walter son of Magge de Thornes is the Earl native and lives at Pontefract Let him be arrested if found.

They say also that William Scutard while he was keeper of the windmill dealt falsely with the stones in order to steal the flour of the customary tenants He lives out of the fee Therefore nothing is done.

Alan the Smith and Richard the Smith 12d for not coming.

RAVENESFEUD Roger the Grave of Heckeshill 6d for not coming William son of Richard de Heckeshill 6d, and Alan de Grimeston in Normanton 12d for the like.

They say also that Juliana wife of Richard Pykard brewed contrary to the assize and that when the ale-tasters appointed to look after the assize of ale came Juliana said that she would sell ale against the will of them and of the bailiffs, in despite of the Earl In mercy fine 12d.

The township of Normanton is in mercy for concealing that she and the others following brewed contrary to the assize; fine 4s.

Isolda le Heud 6d Agnes wife of Robert the Cobbler 6d and the wife of Hugh Marmium 6d for brewing contrary to the assize.

SANDALE Simon son of Serlo de Walton 6d Matthew son of Agnes 6d Adam Syeger of Crigelston 6d and Thomas son of Parnell 6d for not coming.

Alice le Western 6d for brewing contrary to the assize.

Simon son of Maude 6d Adam Springald 6d Thomas de Thomil 6d and Richard Styrke 6d for not coming

OSELSET the wife Of Richard Modisoule 6d and the wife of William the Shepherd 6d for brewing contrary to the assize.

Twelve jurors from within John Wytlof Clement the Clerk Henry son of Robert Henry le Gylur Thomas Dernelof Richard de Castilf[ord] Henry le Rest William de Bridelington William the Tanner Roger Gergot Robert called the Elr.... and John Kyde sworn.

Who say on their oath that Roger Hog broke the assize of bread by presentment In mercy fine 4s.

They say also that John le Roller Clement the Clerk and Robert A..... hold a burgage which used to pay 6d a year to the Earl and now only pays 4.5d They are in mercy for the concealment they made fine of... and they are to he distrained to make fine for the arrears of the rent.

They says also that Philip the Tailor holds a piece of burgage, It feet square which used to pay to the Earl and now pays nothing He must be distrained to make fine for the arrears of the rent and for the concealment.

They say also that Adam the Smith holds a house, which used to pay 6d a year to the lord and nor pays only 3d He must be distrained etc.

WAKEFEUD They say also as the other jurors have done that Walter de Thornes is the Earl native that he fled without license and is now living at Pontefract and that he used to pay the lord 6d a year Let him be arrested if found within the Earl liberty to make fine for carrying himself off and also to answer for his trespass.

They say also that Hugh the Cowherd is the Earl native and is able to take and hold land but holds none Therefore etc.

They say also of Adam the Smith as the other jurors have said.

They say also that Henry Schorthose wrongfully acquired what he has according to the statement of his father and mother To be attached.

They say also that Henry son of Peter Coldecol is charged with many petty larcenies and that he sometimes comes and sometimes not Let him be seized if he can be found.

Robert de la More is in mercy for not coming No fine because he is poor Thomas de Loudeham 12d Adam the Smith 6d Henry deHelbroke 6d Ralph de Lopissheved 6d Ralph de Stanley 6d Rikhard son of Henry and Thomas Wykes 12d John le Roller 6d and Gilbert Goye 6d for not coming.

They say also that William Hylwyly and Roger son of Philip in the time of the war were going towards the church and on their way William found a treasure but it is not known what it was and after- wards Roger claimed part of the treasure found and said to William that he William should have nothing unless he Roger, had a share the matter was first made known by a statement of Roger Let them both be attached to answer and also to verify the finding of treasure.

Twelve jurors from within John Wytlof .

They say that Robert Albin took an acre and a half of land on Schytarhille for a term of to years from William Hereward a certain sum of money.

They say also that the same Robert holds part of his house from Adam de Alverthorpe the Earl native for 18d a year.

They say also that John son of William sold a house in Kergate to Thomas le Ragged and that John gave 5 acres of land with his daugter in marriage but it is not known if he gave merchet or not.

They say also that Robert Hereward bought a house in Kergate from William, his brother [Struck out].

They say also that Richard de Louthe bought a house in Kergate from the same William.

They say also that William Grenehode is the Earl native and also Henry Stert they live within the town.

They say also that William the Lorriner bought a piece of land from Philip de Aivirthorpe for a certain yearly rent and that Henry de Goukerthorpe bought that rent from Philip.

They say also that Philip Tyrsy is a native and lives in the town and is a merchant of the borough within the town.

They say also that Hamdin is a native and lives in the town.

Also John With the hounds They say also that Ralph Aliday is a native and has married awife in another fee.

They say also that Lance del Clyf is a native and lives in the town.

They say also that Roger Hog has married a wife who is the daughter of a native of the Earl.

They say also that William de Castelford lately bought half an acre of land in Morcroft from Adam de Monte.

They say also that Thomas the Tailor is the Earl native and lives in the town.

They say also that Ralph Hering sold a piece of land in North gate which Philip holds to Henry Merrond.

They say also that William de Bridelington holds land which belonged to Walter the Clerk the Earl native.

They say also that Philip the Mercer bought a piece of land from Philip Torald who was the Earl native.

They say also that Robert Fotihose bought a piece [of land] from Torald de Snayppethorp the Earl native.

COURT at Wakefeud on the Friday in the Vigil of S. Peter theApostle [June 29th in the said year of King Edward 1275 and in the time of the said Steward.

ESSOIGNS Richard de Thornhyll the first time as to suit of Court by Richard son of John de Hecmundewyk pledge William de Trimigham.

Sir Henry de Kyrkeby the first time in a plea of trespass against John de Birstall by William Russel pledge Geoffrey de Northmanton And because he [John] essoigned himself as below a day is given.

Richard de Bretton and Michael his son the first time against William de Letteby as to receiving a [wager of] law by Pagan de Crigeliston and John de Bretton pledge Robert Alayn And because [William] offered himself he has a day at the next Court John de Birstall the first time as to suit of Court by Walter his son pledge, John de Querneby.

SANDALE The suit between Adam del Neubigging plaintiffand Michael the Clerk of Wlveley defendant is still in respite as above.

Adam del Neubiging offered himself against William son of Christiana in a plea of agreement William did not come and it has not been possible to dstrain upon him Let him be distrained when distress can be found.

RAVENESFEUD The distress which was ordered upon the townshipof Fekesby and John Pitit of Prestley to make fine for withdrawing from suit to Rastrik mill is respited until the next Court The distress upon the townships of Bothemley and Barkesland or withdrawing from suit to Soland mill is respited until the next Court.

The Granger of Bradley still has respite to make fine for his defaults because he is on the Earl service.

John de Lethe, Adam de Lethe and Robert son of Agnes plaintiffs in a plea of debt offer themselves against Adam the Miller who did not come nor has any distress been found Let him be distrained when it can be done.

Alan son of Adam, William son of Emma, John Franceys, and Adam Franceys plaintiffs against John de Eland in a plea of seizing cattle offered themselves they had a love-day, and still have it at their own request until the next Court.

John de Querneby has respite for wagering his law against the Earl until the next Court .

WAKEFEUD John Graffard came and made fine of 6d for his defauts as appears at the last Court pledge John Underwood.

ALVIRTHORPE Walter son of Gemme de Neuton Grave of Alvirthorpe is in mercy for not having an inquiation at this Court as ordered by the Steward to ascertain the truth between Thomas son of Thomas Dade plaintiff and John Graffard defendant as to throwing down a fence he is ordered to have it at the next court he made fine of 12d.

WAKEFEUD Thomas son of Thomas Dade and John Graffard have respite until the next Court because the iquistion was not provided through the default of the Grave of Alvirthorp.

SANDALE The land which belonged to Adam son of William de Sandale is still in the Earl hands because he is dead.

RAVENESFEUD Warin de Marchesden came and proved that twostots and a foal were his and he found these pledges John dwl Clif and Walter de Marchesden that he will answer for them or their value 6s if any one claims them within a year and a day.

ALVIRTHORPE The inquisition between Philip de Alvirthorpe claimant and William de Lupisheved defendant touching a bovate of land in Thornes is respited until the next Court........came and proved two stots to be his and he found a pledge Thomas de Dranefeld that he will answer for them or their value within a year and a day.

RAVENESFEUD Thomas the servant of Thomas de Coppeley against Peter son of Alice de Hyperum says that a fortnight ago this day in Wakefield market there many were playing at throwing the stone a quarrel arose among them and thereupon came Peter with a drawn knife and wounded the plaintiff in the head he claims 6s 8d for the damage and 6s 8d for the affront and produces suit thereof.

ALVIRTHORPE William Russel of Northmanton plaintiff offers himself against Adam son of Richard who does not come..... Thomas Sampson came and made a statement in open Court on behalf of William son of Adam de Waddiswrth and his fellows as appears above against William del Hirst William demanded whether he was empowered [by them] to do so or not and they said that he was not Thomas is therefore in mercy pledge Adam de Waddiswrth fine 6d.

William del Hirst offered himself against William son of Adam de Waddeswrth John son of Thomas Bust ,4dam de Brodbothem John de Brodbothem Alan de Brodbothem .

William son of Alkoc the Forester and against John Momil who did not come and against Adam de Waddeswrth he says that William son of Adam and the others together with John Momil by the counsel and order of Adam de Waddeswrth forcibly and unjustly in the Earl's peace on the Tuesday after Trinity Sunday last by night came upon him in a house in the town of Waddeswrth and [broke]the doors and entered therein and beat him and drew blood from him and dragged him from his bed naked save for his shirt and breeches and when he fled from them they chased him to a wood near the said town on the south side and pelted him with stones until through the darkness of the night he escaped them and they kept among them his belt worth 2d his boots worth 8d and his hose worth 4d he claims 39s damages, and 13s 4d for the affront and he produced suit thereof. Afterwards all the defendants came save John Momil and denied the injury and the breach of the Earl peace and any kind of violence and everything which he charged against them against him and his suit William says that the defence was not sufficient because they began to disclaim word by word but said nothing as to the damages and losses and upon this he claims judgment. The judgment is respited until the next Court.

RAVENESFEUD Order to distrain John de Heland and William de Marton to make fine for their defaults in not coming to the Tourn at Rastric.

Order to distrain the whole township of Walton to answer before the Steward at the next Court for a stray bullock which was among them from the feast of S. Giles until Christmas and was afterwards sent away by them into whosesoever hands it shall have come.

Gilbert Walding still remains under the same surety as before that he will put himself on an inquisition at the next Court whether he be of good chracter or not.

SPINETUM The township of Thornes and the others who pastured their cattle in the Earl meadow after the hay was carried have respite until the Earl coming into those parts.

RAVENESFEUD John de Heland who made default at the last Court came and put himself in mercy at the will of the Steward It is condoned.

There was a "pluries" order to distrain Sir John de Heton to make fine for his defaults At length came Baldwin de Ceyville [Saville] and Mathew the Grave of Sothil, and undertook that John before the next Court should bring in 4 oxen and 2 horses or make fine for them if so be that he could have speech with the Steward in the meantime Adam de Miggele gives 12d to replevy until the next Court fourbeasts which were seized and distrained upon Sir Adam de Everingham for suit of Court he must bring them into the pound before the next Court.

Order to distrain die tenants fee and lands of William de Norland to make fine for his defaults at this Court and also to distrain Sir William Fitz Thomas and William de Connal to make fine for the like.

Alkoc the servant of Richard Pykard still remains under the pledge of Juliana wife of Richard Pykard and others until the next Court to answer before the Steward for a heifer which he ought to have seized in the town of Walton and which he took to Normanton into whosesoever hands it shall have come.

Robert son of Adam Wymes of Staynford is to be arrested to confess the truth as to the death of Richard Pykard as applears at the Tourn at the last Court if he can be found He was not found so nothing was done.

All other persons attached for trespasses presented against them at the Tourn whose names appear above have respite until the Stewards coming which will be before the next Court.

Henry son of Matthew the Crave of Sothill attached on suspicion of having committed trespasses in the forest remains under the surety of Matthew his father and Robert Pes until the next Court he gives 13s 4d for having the pledge and also that he will put himself on an inquisition.

Wymark the relict of Robert Bordhee attached for a hare found in her yard finds pledges Lance del Clyf and Roger Hog to answer before the Steward at the nest Court.

William son Of Amabel remains in prison for a leveret which he found in the fields Therefore etc.

Michael de Helyson 3s for the escape of 6 oxen into the Banynges .

Thomas del Grene 6d. for the escape of a mart there.

John son of Alice de Soland is. for the escape of 6 beasts at Marchehale.

Robert de Satunstal 6d for the escape of a mate into the forest Henry de Helgate 12d for the escape of 4 pigs into the forest Pledge for these five Matthew Rory.

Thomas son of John son of Hugh de Mankanholes 6d .......

Agnes del Bothun 12d for the escape of 13 pigs .......

Ralph de Colley 6d for vert Henry son of Alice for the escape of sheep......

Jordan de Karleton for the escape of 3 beasts....

William Assolf for the escape of sheep......

Roger son of Henry de Almeley and Adam.....

 

[Some Lines torn away here]

COURT at Wakefeud on the Friday in the eve of S. Margaret theVirgin [July 13th] Edwvard I 1275 in the time of the said [Steward].

Essoigns John de Byrstal essoigned himself the second time as to suit [of Court] by Alan the servant of John de Ravenesfeud pledge Peter de Walton.

Sir Henry de Kyrkeby the second time by William de Aynesford in a plea of land against John de Birstal who is essoigned as above pledge Ralph de Chefeud [Sheffield] As both parties are essoigned a day is given.

Richard de Bretton the second time against William de Letteby as to a wager of law by John de Bretton pledge Robert Aleyn Michael his son the like against the same William, by Henry de Byry As he William offered himself a day is given at the next Court.

SANDALE The suit between Adam de Neubiggeng plaintiff and Michael the Clerk of Wlveley defendant is still respited as above Adam de Neubiggeng offered himself in a plea of agreement against William son of Christiana who did not come and no distress could be found Let him be distrained when distress can be found.

RAVENESFEUD The distress ordered on the townships of Fekesby and John Petit of Presteley to make fine for withdrawing from suit to Rastric mill is respited until the next Court.

The distress on the townships of Bothemley and Barkesland withdrawing from suit to Soland mill is respited until the next Court.

The Granger of Bradley still has respite for making fine for his defaults because he is on the Earl service.

John de Lethe Adam de Lethe and Robert son of Agnes plaintiffs in a plea of debt against Adam the Miller offered themselves Adam did not come and no distress could be found Let him be distrained when distress can be found Alan son of Adam William son of Emma John le Franceys andAdam le Franceys plaintiffs against John de Eland for seizing cattle offered themselves They had a love-day before and still have it until the next Court.

John de Querneby offered himself to wage his law against the Earl touching a trespass charged against him as appears before Respited until the next Court.

ALVIRTHORPE Phillip de Alvirthorpe gives 13s 4d for license of concord with William de Loppesheved in a plea of a bovate of land in Thornes as appears above the land is to remain to Philip and his heirs for ever discharged from any claim by William and Alice his wife or their heirs Philip is to do services and customs and is to have seisin in consideration of the above payment · Pledges John de Mora and Philip de Mora.

SANDALE The land of Adam son of William de Sandale is still in the Earl hands because he is dead.

RAVENESFEUD Thomas the servant of Thomas de Coppeley offered himself against Peter son of Alice de Hyperum the defendant in a plea of drawing blood Peter did not come therefore let him be distrained.

SPINETUM Thomas son Of Thomas Dade offered himself against John Graffard for throwing down his fences on the Earl villein land The inquisition comes by Gerbot de Alvirthorpe John son of Walter Adam de Monte Ralph de Colley Walter son of Jerman John Underwode Richard son of Geoffrey Philip de Mora Roger de Loppisheved Robert son of Malle and William de Loppisheved who say that five years ago John Graffard unjustly removed the metes and bounds placed between their lands by the township of Thornes and threw down Thomas fences John is in mercy for removing the bounds and throwing down the fences He made fine of 2s pledge, John Underwode.

SOURBY Alice le Flemang against Elias Pyrneys and Michael de Helystones says that Thomas her father and Elias made an agreement that Thomas should demise a bovate of land to Elias for a term of 20 years but Elias was not to let the land to any one nor demise it in any way except to his next heirs for the time being and by giving to him as much as any one else would be wiling to pay.

RASTRIK Alice widow of Thomas de Stanland gives 12d tohave an inquisition as to one-third of half a bovate of land which John son of Thomas de Stanland holds unjustly as she says and of which he deforces her Let there be an inquisition at the next Court Pledge Walter del Fritht.

SOURBY Alexander the Forester of Sourby gives 4s for license to take 3 acres of land in Benteleyrode from John son of Robert and 3 acres in Hadirchelf from Robert the Crave of Sourby doing services and customs etc pledge William the Grave.

ALVIRTHORPE Peter de Metheley gives 6d for license to take 2 acres of land in Alvirthorpe from Alice daughter of Henry de Snaypthorp doing services and customs etc pledge William de Loppesheved.

RAVENESFEUD Further order to distrain John de Eland and William de Marton to make fine for their defaults in not coming to the Tourn at Rastrik. It is condoned because they came to Sourby. The township of Walton distrained to answer as to a heifer which was there from S. Giles day until Christmas now comes. The jury say that the heifer was there going about in the town and in the fields but it was not in anybodys custody who could be made responsible for it but afterwards Ralph Pykard of Northemanton claimed it as his own and took it away It is considered that the township do go quit and that the heifer be required from the said Richard and his mainpast.

Alkoc the servant of Richard Pykard remains under the pledge of Juliana widow of Richard Pykard that she will produce him at the next Court to answer in respect of the above-mentioned heifer which by the order of Richard Pykard his master he took from Walton to Northemanton.

RAVENESFEUD Gilbert Walding remains under the same pledge as before until the next Court at Birton that he will put himself on an inquisition to inquire if he be of good character or not.

SPINETUM The township of Thornes and the others who pastured their cattle in the Earl meadow after the hay was carried have respite until the Earl coming into those parts.

RAVENESFEUD Baldwin le Sceyville and MAtthew the Grave of Sothill who were sureties for Sir John Heton up to this Court that he should either make fine for his defaults or else bring in RASTRIK--Avice widow of 'Thomas de Stanland gives 1 I·r~ tohave an inquisition as to one-third of half a bovate of land, which John son of Thomas de Stanland holds unjustly, as she says, and of which he deforces her. I,et there be an inquisition at the next Court. Pledge, Walter del Fritht.

SOUREBY--Alexander the Foresterr of Sourby gives 4s for license to take 3 acres of land in Bentleyrode from John son of Robert, and 3 acres, in Hadirchelf from Robert the Grave of Sourby, doing services and customs, etc pledge, William the Grave.

ALVIRTHORPE--Peter de Metheley gives 6d. for license to take 2 acres of land in Alvirthorpe from Alice daughter of Henry de Snaypthorp doing services and customs, etc pledge Williamr de Loppesheved.

RAVENESFEUD- Further Order to distrain John de Eland and William de Marton to make fine for their defaults in not coming to the 'I'ourn at Rastrik. It is condoned, because they came to Sourby The township of Walton, distrained to answer as to a heifer, Which was there from S. Giles's day until Christmas nov comes. The jury say that the heifer was there, going about in the town and in the fields, but it was not in anybody's custody who could be made resposible for it but afterwards Ralph Pykard of Northemanton claimed it as his own, and took it away. It is considered that the township do go quit, and that the heifer be required from the said Richard and his mainpast.

Alkoc the servant of Richard Pykard remains under the Pledge of Juliana widow of Richard Pykard that she will produce him at the next Court to answer in respect of the above mentioned heifer, which, by the order of Richard Pykard, his master, he took from Walton to Northemanton.

RAVENESFEUD Gilbert Walding· remains under the same pledge as before until the next Court at Birton that he will put himself on an inquisition to inquire if he be of good character or not.

SPINETUM-- The township of Thornes and the others, who pastured their cattle in the Earl's meandow after the hay was carried, have respite until the Earls coming into those Parts.

RAVENESFEUD Baldwin le Seyville and Matthew the Grave of Sothill who were sureties for Sir John Heton up to this Court, that he should either make fine for his defaults or else bring in a oxen and 2 horses taken in distress came and brought in thesaid cattle. and they have respite until the next Court on condition that they then produce the said cattle at Wakefeud to do and receive the Steward will.

Adam de Miggdey came and brought in 4 beasts replevied by him until this Court which were taken in distress upon Sir Adam de Heveringham for suit of Court He has further respite until the next Court on condition that he brings them in then.

All others attached for trespasses presented against them at the Tourn and whose names appear in the Tourn have respite until the Steward coming.

OSSET Henry son of matthew the Grave of Sothill attached on suspicion and report of a trespass in the forest still remains under same surety as before until the next Court that he will put on an inquisition in the matter and he finds these pledges de Heley John son of William Sping and Matthew his father.

WAKEFEUD Wymark widow of Robert Blodhehe still remainsunder the same surety as before as to the taking of a hare found in her yard that she will answer therefore and put herself on an inquisition She lay in prison for three weeks and has no goods let her go quit.

William son of Amabel still remains in the Earl prison on account a leveret which he found in the fields Therefore etc He lay prison for a month, and has no goods Let him go quit.

RAVENESFEUD Roger son of Henry de Ammeley and Adam his brother who at the last Court were released on the pledge of Henry son of Roger de Ammeley and others as there appears who are charged with having wounded Roger de Brereley are respited on the same condions.

DEFAULTS Order to distrain the tenants fee and lands which formely belonged to William de Northland to make fine for defaults of [suit of Court] as appears before.

Sir William Fitz Thomas Sir John de Heton Sir Adam de Heveringham and William de Connale still make default as before let them be distrained.

Sir Richard de Thornhil and Ralph de Sefeud who were previously essoigned as to suit of Court offered themselves to make warranty they have respite for so doing until the next Court.

RASTRIK Adam de Norland gives 2s for license to marry Agnesde Castello pledge, Richard del Bosco the Grave.

RAVENESFEUD Alice wife of Ralph le Halt is in mercy for not properly keeping the assize of ale Fine 6d The wife of John Cort 6d the wife of Richard Brid 6d the wife of Thomas de Aula 6d and the wife of Hugh the Deans-man 12d for the like.

HOLNE Thomas Brum gives 12d to have an inquisition as to half an acre of land which Thomas Fernhoule holds unjustly as he says pledge Richard Brum Let there be an inquisition at the next Court.

RAVENESFEUD William del Hirst offered himself against William son of Adam de Waddesrwrth John son of Thomas Bud Adam del Brodbothem John del Brodbothem Alan del Brodbothem William son of Alkoc the Forester, and against John Momil who did not come and against Adam de Waddeswrth; and his complaint and their answer having been recorded as appears at another Court it is considered that they must wage their law pledges the one for the other.

HOLNE Adam de Queneby received a stolen chest from a robber of which be says he is seised After consideration by the inquisition he gives 6s 8d to the lord for the trespass and goes quit.

OSSET Adam son of Richard arrested on suspicion of a trespass in the forest gives 2s to be under the surety of Adam de Heton John son of Henry de Heton and Gerbot until the next Court that he will put himself on an inquisition whether he be good or not.

HOLNE Richard Brum complains of Thomas de Halumschyre of Bradeford for assault pledge Thomas Brum pledge for the answering Roger de Cartewrth.

Thomas de Halumschyre of Bradeford complains of Richard Brum for trespass Pledge Adam de Cartewrth.

SOURBY Henry Hourebrother and Richard Hodde complain of William and John de Noteschawe Robert son of Roger Richard de Eastwode and Robert de Saltonstal for trespass pledge William the Grave.

SPINETUM William Prudfote complains of John with-the-hounds for assault pledge Richard de Lupesheved SOURBY John Lovekyn charged with a trespass of the Forestof Sourebyschyre gives 6s 8d to be under the pledge and surety of Adam de Miggele William de Schypeden and William son of Alkoc de Chaketonstell that he will well and faithfully bear himself towards the Earl and all others the pledges shall answer for the above fine and for all his defaults.

WAKEFEUD William the Clerk complains of Ralph Bukke for trespass pledge John de Ravenesfeud.

The same William complains of Robert Prest and Gdh Bakur for debt pledge John de Ravenesfeud.

SOURBY William del Hirst offers himself against William son of bothem de Waddeswrth John son of Thomas Bust Adam del Brode- bothem John and Alan del Brodebothem William son of Alkoc the Forrester, and against John Momil (who did not come) and against Adam de Waddeswrth to recieve judgement as to a suit contained in the previous roll. It is considered that they have sufficently answered and defended, therefore they must wage their law.

Alkoc the Forester and against John Momil who did not come and against Adam de Waddeswrth to receive judgment as to the suit contained in a previous Roll it is considered that they have sufficiently answered and defended therefore they must wage their law pledges the one for the other.

COURT at Wakefeud on Friday the eve of S. Laurence [August10th] in the said year 1275.

ESSOIGNS Sir Henry de Normanton essoigned himself by Williamde Fetherstan against John de Byrstall in a plea of trespass on the ground of being on the Kings service pledge William Russel The defendant did not come and must be distrained A day is given at the next Court.

Sir Richard de Thornhill essoigned himself for the first time as to suit of Court, by Adam de Waddeswrth pledge John de Caylly.

William de Birton the like by Elias his son pledge Elias de Schelfley.

William le Flemang the like by Richard his man pledge John de Ravenesfeud Richard de Bateley attorney of Sir John de Horbiry the like,by William de Bateley; pledge, John de Heland.

William del Hyrst the first time, as to a wager of law against William son of Adam de Waddeswrth, by Robert Aleyn and against John son of Thomas Buste, by Henry de Byrry and against John Momyl, who did not come, by Richard de Bretton and against Adam del Brodbothem, by Robert Aleyn; and against John del Brodhothem, by John del Stabulo and against Alan del Brodbothem, by Roger del Foldes; and against William son of Alkoc, by John de Wrenneclyf; and against Adam de Waddeswrth, by Peter de Hyperum. Pledge, Robert Aleyn.

SANDALE. The suit between Adam de Neubigging, plaintiff; and Michael the Clerk of Wlveley, defendant, is respited, as above. Adam del Neubigging offered himself against William son of Christiana, in a plea of agreement. William did not come and no distress could be found. Let him be distrained when possible.

RAVENESFEUD-- The distress ordered on the township of Fekesby and John Petit of Presteley, to make fine for withdrawing Irom suit to Rastrik Mill is respited until the Earl comes.

The distress ordered on the townships of Bothemeley and Barkesland for withdrawing from suit to Soland mill, is respited until the Earl comes.

The Granger of Bradeley still has respite for making Fine for his defaults, because he is on the Earl's service.

John de Leth Adara de Leth and Robert son of Agnes Plaintiifs offer themselves against WiIIiam the miller in a plea of debt. The defendant did not come, and no distress could be found. Let him be distrained when possible.

John de Querneby came: and offered himself` to wage law against the Earl twelve-handed concerning trespasses charged against him as appears before. He waged his Iaw and therefore goes quit.

Alan son of Adam, William son of Emma, John le Franceys and Adam le Franceys against John de Eland, say that on the Wednesday before the Chair of Peter this year defendant seized or caused to be seized two red oxen and a black cow, by Hugh his grave, and others in the Earl of Warrens fee and took them to John de Eland's house in the Earl of Lincolns fee they are worth 18s And on the Tuesday in the first week of Lent Hugh son of John de Eland, Roger de Helelyes, and others unknown,came by the advice and order of the said John, and took from them in the Earl of Warren's fee seven cattle, worth 33s 4d and a bow and 10 arrows, which they seized as robbers, and they took the cattle into the Earl of Lincoln's fee, and kept them until they were delivered hy the Earl of Wrarren's sworn bailiff. They claim 20s. for the damage and affront. John comes and denies any violence; and submits that he is not bound to answer their complaint because they have been charged with robbery witch cannot be dealt with by this Court, and on another point, because they have not stated the The Court considers that Alan and coplaintiffs. must be in mercy because they hare brought a naccusation of robbery, which this Court cannot judge, and because they have not put a value on the bow and arrows, and have not named the day when the cattle were delivered up. Pledges, the one for the other; fine, 4s. John de Eland goes quit, and may have a return of the cattle.

Richard de Bretton and Michael his son are in mercy for with- drawing themselves from receiving a wager of law by William de Letteby touching a seizure of cattle; pledge, John son of Swayn de Bretton. Fine 2s.

SANDALE.--The land which belonged to Adam son of William de Sandale is still in the Earl's hands, because he is dead.

OSSETE.--Elias le Chaumpion of Ossete, is in mercy for chattering in open Court. Fine, 12d.

HYPERUM--Peter son of Alice de Hyperum pays fine of 12d. for his defaults against Thomas the servant of Thomas de Coppeley; pledge, John de Rastrick.

The said Thomas offers himself against the said Peter, and says that on the Friday before S. Barnabas' Day [June 11th], he was in Wakefield Market, where many persons were playing at throwing the stone and a quarrel arose between himself and Peter, and Peter came running with a drawn knife, and wounded Thomas in the jaw, against the peace, etc., to his damage and affront of 13s 4d Peter denies it, word by word. Therefore let him wage his law; pledges, William son of Hugh de Schipeden and Robert de Soureby.

RASTRICK. Avice widow of Thomas de Staynland offers to putherself on an inquisition as to one-third of half a bovate of land, which John son of Thomas unjustly holds and keeps from her, as she says. John did not come on the first summons, therefore let him be resummoned.

RAVENESFEUD. --Thomas de Opton, plaintiff; offers himself against John de Norlaund in a plea of trespass. The defendant did not come on the first summons nor on the resummons. Therefore let him be distrained.

Gilbert Walding, arrested on suspicion, as appears before, still remains under the same sureties as before until the next Court at Wakefield, that he will put himself on an inquisition.

The township of Thornes and the others who pastured their cattle in the Earl's meadow after the hay was carried, are respited until the Earl's coming into those parts.

Roger son of Henry de Emeley, Adam his brother, and Henry de Emeley, their father, have license......by license with Roger de Brerely, the serjeant of Tymberwode, in a plea of assault; pledges, John de Kirkeby and Adam de Heton.

Peter Brun gives 12d. for license of concord with John de Birton in a plea of trespass; pledge, John de Birton.

RASTRIK.-- Reyner the Chaplain of Kyrkeleyes, complainant against Susannah del Brighuses for trespass, has a day until the next Court at Rastrik; pledges, William le Engleys and William his partner.

SANDALE.--Richard the Grave of Rastrik, because he ordered Thomas son of Nelle, Thomas de Thornhill, and Adam S.....for the use of the Earl at Rastrik, without license...., they are amerced at 2S......

Maude relict of Robert the Cook of Horbyry complains of Hugh the Cook of Horbyry, in a plea of agreement. Hugh did not come on the first summons, therefore let him be resummoned.

HOLNE-- Alan son of Roger de Wlveley gives 12d. for license to take two.......

......de Everingham gives 6s.8d. to have respite of suit of Court until......; pledges,.....de Miggeley and Michael son of R....de Miggeley .

Sir Hugh de Heton gives 40s. to have respite of suit of Court until Michaelmas twelvemonth, by the pledge of Baldwin de Seyvile and Matthew de Sothil, so that he shall not be distrained for suit of Court for the land belonging to the tenement he holds of Sir Johnde.Heton up to the same time; and also that William de Heton may be admitted as his attorney to do suit of Court in that year .....and he is so admitted.

It is presented that Juliana relict of Richard Pikard took away a young heifer from Walton to Normanton, without license of the Earl's Bailiffs. Let her be distrained to make fine therefor.

Thomas de Cartewrth gives 6s.8d. for license to take half an acre of land and a toft in Cartewrth from Roger de Cartewrth, doing services and customs; pledge, Richard Brun.

Alexander de Farneley, 6d. for the escape of two horses pledge, Adam de Wlvedale.

Hugh de Cumberworth, 6d. for five sheep pledge, Michael de Fuleston.

William de Staneley, 12d. for five beasts; pledge, Matthew de Holne.

Elias del Apelyerd.....for five beasts.....

Roger the Fuller.....for four beasts.....

Henry de.....keley of Bradeforth, 6s.8d. for trespass in taking heath on Hyperum Moor; pledges, Henry de Leyton and......de Sculecotes.

Hugh Leggard of Bradeforth..... for trespass in taking rushes; pledge, William de Sculecotes.

Alkoc Brok,....for the escape of three cows; pledge, Adam de Wlvedale.

Richard de Cumbrewrth, .........for the escape of five sheep.

William Drake of Schipeden.....

Hugh de Staneclyf,.....for a horse.....

Alkoc de Sunderland,.....for two bullocks.

Robert de Saltonstall, 12d. for the escape of three pigs.....

Robert de Miggle, 12d. for the escape of two oxen; pledge, William the Grave.

Alkoc del Frith, 12d. for a mare; pledge,.....the Forester.

Robert de Sourby, 4s. for..... and for taking a bough.

John son of Robert de Heton, 6d. for.....; pledge, William de Saltonstal. COURT at Birton on Sunday, the morow of S. Laurence[August 10th], in the said year 1275.

HOLNE.-The inquisition between Thomas Brun, claiming half an acre of land, and Thomas Fernhoule, defendant, comes by Richard del Scoles, Henry at Town-end John son of Mary, Alkoc de Wlvedale, Robert de Capella, Reginald de Wlvedale, Matthew del Scoles, Adam Cusyn, Thomas de Wlvedale, John de Eldwardholes, Thomas son of Agge, and Hugh de Lytelwode, who say upon their oath that Adam son of Godyth formerly had by the gift of Godith his mother 4.5 acres of the new Iand, and half an acre of the Earl's native land by the gift of Thomas his brother, who was their father's heir, and Adam held those lands for a long time; afterwards, in his great necessity, Adam sold the 4.5 acres and another half acre to Richard Aleys, the plaintiffs uncle, and surrendered the land to him in Court, and Richard died vested and seised thereof, without heir of his body. And afterwards came one William, the plaintiffs brother, and paid a relief for that land, and held it. And the said Thomas Fernhoule came, and spoke with Alexander Lucas, the then Steward, for having an inquisition concerning a whole bovate of land, and by that inquisition he got it all excepting that half acre of land which Thomas Brun now claims. And they say that the said Thomas Brun, after the death of his brother William, was the next heir, and that he ought to hold and enjoy that half acre together with the four acres given to him by his mother Thomas Brun is to recover his land and have it in peace, and Thomas Fernhoule is in mercy for the unjust detention. The amercement is condoned because he is poor. Thomas Brun gives 12d. for seisin, doing services and customs, etc.; pledge, Michael de Fouleston.

William de Holne as, for the escape of three bullocks; pledge, John son of Nicholas de Holne.

DECREE.--It is adjudged in the Court at Birton, held in the church before Alexander I.ucas, the then Steward, the whole neigh- bourhood being present, that if it so happen that any one shall implead another for land or the retention of land, or in any other way, and the person in possession shall have sown it and incurred expenses and then the other party shall have recovered it, in such case he who has sown the land shall have the crop sown by him and the expenses, and the other shall take his land bare, without having any other assistance.

Robert de Harop gives 12d for license to take a site in Alstanley (which formerly belonged to Richard Dykeler), containing 2 rods in :length and 2 rods in breadth from Gilbert de Alstanley, doing services and customs, etc.; pledge, John son of William.

Richard Fraunceys gives 20s. for license to take two acres of new land in Heppewth from the Earl, which Richard has held for two years from the time of Richard de Heton until now, without paying anything either for seisin or by way of rent; he must do services and pay 8d. yearly; pledges, Thomas de Holne, John de Holne Robert son of Mary, Henry the Miller of Wlvedale.

Thomas de Halumschyre gives 12d. for license of concord with Richard Brun, in the matter of two complaints for trespass; pledge, Richard Brun.

COURT at Rastrik on the Monday before the Assumption of BlessedMary [August 15th, the year aforesaid I275.

HYPERUM.--ThomaS Miles gives 2s. for license to take a toft and 2 acres of land in Northorum from Henry son of Richard, doing services and customs, etc, pledge, John de Stanclyf.

Reyner the Chaplain of Kyrkeleys against Susannah del Brig- huses, says that he delivered a heifer into her charge, and that she bled it, whereby it was damaged to the amounth of 2s.; she also insulted him with bad words, in order to make him angry, calling him a lazy little man, to his damage, etc. Susannah comes and denies the whole of it, word by word, and puts herself on an inquisition. The inquisition comes by the whole township of Brighuses, and says that it is true that Susannah drew blood from the heifer, but that it was not damaged thereby, nor was Reyner, but they know nothing of any bad words nor of any violence. Reyner and his pledges are in mercy for a false claim. The fine is condoned at the instance of William, the officer of York. It was presented that Thomas son of Richard de Coppeley tookan acre of land from Hugh de Stanclyf, according to an agreement first made between them. He comes and admits it, and gives 12d. for license to take the land, doing services and customs, etc. The inquisition taken touching the townships of Staynland, Barkesland, Fekesby, and Bothemley, as to a hue raised in the neighbourhood, namely, which of them raised it, against whom, and for what cause. The inquisition comes, and says on oath that on the Wednesday before the Chair of Peter [February 22nd] certain men, by the consent, advice and order of John de Eland, came into the fee of the Earl of Warren at Staynland, and there seized two beasts, and took them to Elaund, within the fee of the Earl of Lincoln, and kept them until the third hour of the next day, when they were delivered up by means of Thomas del Slac, the grave of John de Querneby; and not being pleased at this, there came John Pudding and Hudde the Grave, and others, on the Wednesday in the first week of Lent, into the fee of the Earl of Warren where the people of Staynland were assembled at their ploughs, seeking to take their cattle in distress for 6s. 8d. which John de Querneby had promised to the said [John de Eland] as an aid towards making his eldest son a knight, and they took the cattle away beyond the boundaries of [the fee of] John, Earl of Warren, and there they [the cattle] remained. In the meantime came John de Eland, Roger de Heleyes, Hugh son of the said John [de Eland], Ralph de Moscroft, and others, with force and arms, and they beat, wounded, and ill-· treated the people of the Earl of Warren there found, against the peace, and took from them and retained a bow worth 2d. and 10 arrows worth 4d. And when the Earl of Warren's men perceived that John, Roger, and the other men of the aforesaid Earl [of Lincoln] began to shoot, they raised the hue and cry against them. Perceiving this, John and Roger carried off the cattle, and sent them back to Staynland, from which place they departed and drove the cattle to Norlaund, in his [John de Eland's] fee, and there the cattle remained until they were delivered up by means of John de Ravenesfeud; Bailiff of the Earl [of Warren] Therefore, etc. The inquisition taken touching a merlin's nest in Hyperum,which was lost and stolen, comes by the whole township of Northouerum, and says that this year a merlin's nest was found in Bynsrode, and the fact was made known to the Chief Forester, Thomas de la Garderobe, and on his view it was delivered in charge to John de Stanclyf, the Grave of Hyperum, whereupon he became responsible for it; and while it was in his charge, the nest was stolen, and so lost. And a contention arose between the Forester and the Grave as to which of them ought to have charge when the nest of a sparrow-hawk or other fowl was found, and this was referred to the inquisition. Which came, and said on oath that when a nest is found in any wood in the neighbourhood, the Forester is bound to appoint and assign someone to have charge of it, while the Grave ought to pay the costs and expenses of the care of the nest out of the Earl's moneys. It is therefore considered that John de Stanclyf be in mercy, he having been in charge of the nest by delivery from the Forester, and the nest~having been lost through his neglect, and that he do pay the Earl at his pleasure for the value of the nest and the birds, at his next coming. He made fine of 6d.

COURT at Halifax on the Tuesday before the Assumption of theBlessed Mary [August I5th], in the third year of King Edward 1275.

SOUREBY.--Henry Hourebrother and Richard Hodde offer them- selves against William de Noteschawe, John de Noteschawe Robert son of Roger, Richard de Estwode, and Robert de Saltonstal, and say the defendants were aiders and abettors together with the plaintiffs themselves in causing a certain accusatory writing to be presented against the Foresters of Sourby, and that William and the others, his accomplices, made the plaintiffs their messengers in presenting the accusation to the Steward and the Bailiffs of the Earl; and that owing to such presentation, the plaintiffs were heavily amerced by an inquisition of the neighbourhood, as appears above; and they claimed 40s. for the damages, opprobrium, and annoyance they had suffered. William and the other defendants came and denied the whole of it, word by word, and put themselves on an inquisition of the neighbourhood. Which comes by Roger del Helm, Henry de Litheseles, William del Helm, Ivo de Soland, Philip de Soland, Johnde Neuriding, Elias the Grave, Richard del Pendaunt, Richard del Dene, Michael de Cliftones, William son of Roger, Jordan de Werloley, and Adam de Waddeswrth, who say on their oath that William de Noteschawe, John de Noteschawe (who did not come), and the other defendants, were all accessory and consenting to the aforesaid presentation to the Earl's Bailiffs of the charges against the Foresters, though they knew not the hour of the writing of it, and that they did make the plaintiffs their messengers, whereby the plaintiffs were heavily amerced. It is therefore considered that the defendants, for their wrong-doing, and for denying the presentation and their assent to it, be in mercy, and that they do pay the plaintiffs their damages. Pledges for the damages and the amercement, the one for the other. They make fine of 10s. They must also contribute equally to the fine previously paid by the plaintiffs, as though they had been originally co-defendants with them.

SOUREBY.-The inquisition taken concerning burgled houses in the neighbourhood, and the beating of the Earl's men, and the hue raised in the night, and the assault within the houses at night, comes by John del Grenhirst, Roger son of John, Henry de Stodley, Richard 'I'alevaz, Michael de Sothill, Robert del Grenhirst, Richard del Rediker, Alkoc de Sourby, John de Miggele, William son of Thomas, Richard Brun, and Henry de Holgate; who come and say upon their oath that such a clamour was raised in the neighbourhood that the hue was raised, but they know not by whom nor wherefore; and as to the burglaries, the beating of the men, and the assaults in the houses, they know no one guilty of such; but a certain man of the neigh- bourhood made complaint that he had been beaten by others of the neighbourhood, but [the jury] say that he was not beaten so as to entitle him to make complaint. They say altogether that they know of no one guilty of the matters presented, but that all these are good and true men. Therefore nothing is done therein.

SOUREBY.--Philip de Soland gives 12d. for license to take 4 acres of land in Soland from Alot de Heley for a term of 8 years, doing services and customs, etc.; pledge, William de Werloley.

William son of Thomas the Smith of Miggeley gives 10s. for license to take a bovate of land from William son of Richard del Pendaunt, part of his own land, which he has in his own possession, free from the dower of any women, doing services and customs, etc.; pledge, William the Grave. COURT at Wakefeud on Friday, the eve of S. Matthew the Apostle[September 21st], in the said year [12751, and in the time of the said [Steward].

ESSOINGS.--Robert son of Anot de Stanley, essoigned the first time touching suit of Court, by Walter de Stanley; pledge, Peter de Walton.

Ralph de Schefeld, the like, by William de Aynesford; pledge, Peter de Walton.

John Buste, the first time, by Adam de Waddiswrth, touching a wager of law against William del Hyrst; pledge, Adam del Brode- bothem; and as William offered himself a day is given. [Added The law was condoned by William, therefore nothing appears below.].

Alice la Flemang, the first time, touching suit [of Court], by William Hendebody pledge, John de Ravenesfeud.

Peter son of Alice de Hyperum the first time, touching a wager of law against Thomas the servant of Thomas de Coppeley, by William del Hirst; pledge, Robert Alayn. Thomas did not come, but essoigned the first time touching receiving the said law, by Baldwin de Sayville; pledge, William de Eclisley.

William de Trimigham, the first time, touching suit [of Court], by John de Waddiswrth; pledge, Adam de Waddiswrth.

Thomas de Garderoba, the first time, by Alan servant of John de Ravenesfeud, against Margery de Dervisbiry in a plea of trespass; pledge, Peter de Walton. As she offered herself, a day is given.

SANDALE.-- The suit between Adam del Neubigging, plaintiff, and Michael the Clerk of Wlveley, defendant, for trespass, is still respited, as above.

Adam del Neubigging offers himself against William son of Christiana in a plea of agreement. The defendant did not come, and no distress could be found. Let him be distrained when possible.

RAVENESFEUD.--The distress ordered on the township of Fekesby and John Petit of Prestley, to make fine for withdrawing from suit to Rastrik Mill, is respited until the Earl's coming.

The like as to the distress on the townships of Bothemley and Barkesland, for the like.

The Granger of Bradeley has respite as to his many defaults, because he is on the Earl's service. John de Letthe, Adam de Letthe, and Robert son ofAgnes, plaintiffs in a plea of debt, offer themselves against Adam the Miller. He did not come, and no distress could be found. Let him be distrained when possible.

SANDALE.--The land which belonged to Adam son of William de Sandale, is still in the Earl's hands, because he is dead.

RASTRIK.-- Avice relict of Thomas de Staynland offers to put herself on an inquisition respecting one-third of a bovate of land, which John son of Thomas de Staynland unjustly with- holds from her, as she says. John did not come on the first summons, nor on tile resummons, therefore let him be distrained.

RAVENESFEUD.- Thomas de Hopton complains of John de Northland in a plea of debt. John comes, and admits that he owes 4s. He must pay it, and 2s. fine for his amercement; pledge, Hayne the Forester.

John de Birstall, defendant, offers himself against Sir Henry de Northmanton in a plea of detention of cattle. The plaintiff, who had previously made essoign as being on the King's service, did not come, nor proffer any writ. Therefore let him be distrained to come to hear judgment; John goes quit, without day, and may have the cattle returned to him. William Russel, the pledge of the last essoigner is to be summoned to hear judgment, and William de Phetherstan, the essoigner, is to be attached. [He was not found therefore nothing was done.].

Gilbert Walding, arrested on suspicion, still remains until the next Court under the same surety as before, that he will put himself on an inquisition, whether he be a true man or not. It is ordered that he be attached, because his pledges are insufficient.

SP1NETUM.-- Touching the township of Thornes and the others who pastured their cattle in the Earl's meadow, the fine and the trespass are condoned by the Earl on condition that their cattle do not hereafter enter that meadow.

RAVENESFEUD.--Hugh the Cook of Horbiry, defendant, offers himself against Maude the relict of Robert the Cook of Horbiry, plaintiff, in a plea of agreement. As Maude does not come, it is ordered that Hugh go quit without pay, and that Maude and her pledges be in mercy. Pledge, John de Ravenesfeud. fine, 6d.

William Proudfut offers himself against John With-the-hounds who does not come, but makes default, as before. Let him be distrained. Let Juliana, relict of Richard Pycard, be distrained to make fine,and to answer respecting a certain young heifer, which she took from Walton to Northmanton without license of the Bailiffs, which was presented against her, as appears above.

SPINETUM-- William Proudfot against Philip de Mora and William his brother in a plea of assault, says that on the Sunday before the ssumption of blessed Mary[August 15th], before the ninth hour, he was coming in God's peace from church towards the inn between the town of Wakefield and Thornes they wounded him in the head and badly beat him on account of a debt; he claims 20S. damages, and 100s. for the arrront. They deny it, and put themselves on all inquisition. Let there he an inquisition at the nextCourt.

John son of Nalle colmplains of Gelle the Miller for assault; pledge, Thomas the man of Lettice.

SANDALE.--RObert Parvus of Crigeliston gives 6s. 8d. to have an Inquisition respecting a bovate of land, which belonged to Ralph Asprit, and which Robert son of Henry unjustly withholds from him, as he says. Let there be an inquisition at the next Court, and let Robert be attached.

STANLEY.--RObert son of Bateman Tagge gives 3s. as a relief for all a bovate of land which was his father's, doing services and customs; pledge, Philip the Grave.

ALVIRTHORPE. -Margery daughter of Philip atte Lidgate gives 2s. for license to marry; pledge, Walter the Grave.

RAVENESFEUD --Sir Richard de Thornhyll gives 6s. 8d. for release of a warranty of an essoign from suit of Court pledge, William le Flemang. .

William le Flemang gives 2s. for the like; pledge, Sir Richard de Thornhill.

SOUREBY --William son Of Adam de Waddiswrth, Adam del Brode- bothem, John del Brodebothem John son of Thomas Bust,Alan del Brodebothem , William son of Alkoc the Forester, John Momil, and Adam de Waddeswrth, offered themselves Against William del Hirst to wage their law,and they waged it. Therelore William is in mercy for his unjust plaint, and the others go quit Pledge, Adam de Waddeswrth Fine 5s.

William de Barkesland is in mercy for the escape of a mare and a foal in Mareschawe; pledge, Mokoc Elias de Lye is in mercy for the escape of a foal in the sameplace; pledge, Roger de Schelton; fine 6d.

STANLEY-- Bateman Gerong, plaintiff, offered himself against Robert Anot in a plea of assault. He did not come, but was essoigned from suit, as above. The question whether that essoign good as against Bateman, is reserved until the next Court. Pledgr Robert the Carpenter. [Added: It was considered afterwards Robert should be summoned.].


Source.

WAKEFIELD COURT ROLLS,

The Yorkshire Archaelogical Society, Record Series vol. 29, 1900. Court Rolls of The Manor of Wakefield Vol. 1 1274-1297, by William Paley Bailon.

This was scanned in by Esa Kärkkäinen [esakark@cc.jyu.fi ]. Efforst have been made to remove scanning errors, but there are still quite a few in this document.


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© Paul Halsall, January 1999
halsall@fordham.edu