Fordham University            The Jesuit University of New York
 


 
 

Physical Chemistry II

www.fordham.edu/academics/programs_at_fordham_/chemistry/courses/physical_chemistry_i/lectures/index.asp


Readings: M = Mcmahon, J.; Physical Chemistry, Reason and Experiment
Supplemental Readings : A = Atkins, P.; dePaula, Julio; Physical ChemistrY

Lec.# Date Readings

TOPIC

1. 1/14 Tue. (M) 318-328
(A) 21-24, 42-43, 74-76, 91-93
Description of the course, partial derivatives and line integrals in thermodynamics; relationships among partial derivatives; exact and inexact differentials; state functions; definitions; units and dimensions, thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, empirical temperature scales.
2. 1/15 Wed. (M) 329-332
(A) 24-37
Equations of state; gas laws; virial equation; real gases; critical constants; reduced variables.
3. 1/17 Fri. (M) 332-336
(A) 44-53
Work and internal energy; heat; first law of thermodynamics; reversible and irreversible paths;
4. 1/21 Tue. (M) 336-342
(A) 53-56, 63-64, 76-79, 84

heat capacity; expansion coefficient, Joule experiment, processes, adiabats and isotherms.

5. 1/22 Wed. (M) 342-345
(A) 56-63, 79-83, 84

Homework Set#1 DUE.

Enthalpy; Joule-Thomson experiment, variation of enthalpy with temperature and pressure, the relation between Cv and Cp, heat capacity ratio.

6. 1/24 Fri. (M) 345-353
(A) 65-74
Standard enthalpy of transition, enthalpy of formation, thermochemistry, Hess's law, thermite reaction, temperature dependence of reaction enthalpies, enthalpy of ionization, electron affinity, Born-Haber cycle, calorimetry.
7.

1/28 Tue.

(M) 365-370
(A) 94-103
Carnot cycle, efficiency, Second Law of Thermodynamics, entropy.
8. 1/29 Wed. (M) 370-372
(A) 103-104
Refrigeration and heat pumps.
9. 1/31 Fri. (M) 372-378
(A) 104-109
Homework Set #2  DUE.
Entropy: a new state function, entropy of phase transitions, temperature dependence of entropy.
10. 2/4 Tue. (M) 378-382
(A) 109-118
Third Law of Thermodynamics, approach of absolute zero, Gibbs and Helmholtz free energies, criteria for allowed processes, equilibrium.
11. 2/5 Wed. (M) 382-386
(A) 118-120
Standard Gibbs free energy, temperature dependence of the Gibbs free energy forreactions..
12. 2/7 Fri. (M) 386-389
(A) 121-125
The four Gibbsians and the Maxwell relations, evaluation of thermodynamics of simple systems.
13. 2/11 Tue.  (M) 389-393
 Sample Problems.
14. 2/12 Wed.   Homework Set#3 DUE. Review of lectures 1-12.
15. 2/14 Fri.   FIRST HOUR EXAM

View Exam 1 for 2013

16. 2/19 Wed. (M) 401-403
(A)
126-130. 129-130
Multicomponent and open systems, phase rule, chemical potential, patial molar quantities, Parts is Parts
17. 2/21 Fri. (M) 403-408
(A) 125-126, 209-221
Pressure dependence of the Gibbs function, fugacity of real gases. 
18. 2/25 Tue. (M) 408-410 Gibbs-Helmholtz equation; temperature dependence of the Gibbs function; effect of temperature on equilibrium constant.
19. 2/26 Wed. (M) 411-415
(A) 135-146
One component phase equilibria, Clausius-Clapeyron equation. 
20. 2/28 Fri. (M) 416-418
(A) 146-149
First and second order phase transitions.
21. 3/4 Tue. (M) 427-432
(A) 149-152
Homework Set#4 DUE. Mixtures, free energy of mixing, effect of free energy of mixing on equilibrium.
22. 3/5 Wed. (M) 433-437
(A) 156-163
Ideal solutions, Raoult's law, dilute solutions, Henry's law.
23. 3/7 Fri. (M) 437-441
(A) 163-169
Colligative properties of ideal solutions; vapor pressure lowering, freezing point depression; boiling point elevation
24. 3/11 Tue. (M) 441-444
(A) 169-176
Osmotic pressure, solubility and saturated solutions.
25. 3/12 Wed. (M) 444-447 Non-ideal solutions, excess thermodynamic functions
26. 3/14 Fri. (M) 447-455
(A) 176-188
Phase diagrams for ideal solutions, distillation, phase diagrams for non-ideal solutions, azeotrope, condensed binary systems, eutectic composition, reacting systems.
27. 3/25 Tue. (M) 455-459
(A) 190-195
Activity and activity coefficients, thermodynamics of non-ideal solutions, application of Gibbs-Duhem equation to obtain activity coefficients.
28. 3/26 Wed.
Homework Set#5 Due.  REVIEW of Lectures 16-27.
29. 3/28 Fri.   SECOND HOUR EXAM
View Exam 2 for 2013
30. 4/1 Tue. (M) 472-477
(A) 195-196
Thermodynamics of ionic solutions, electroneutrality, ion-solvent interactions.
31. 4/2 Wed. (M) 477-482
(A) 196-200
Ion-ion interactions, mean activities, Debye-Huckel theory.
32. 4/4 Fri.  (M) handout
Applications of Debye-Huckel theory, equilibria in strong electrolytes.
33. 4/8 Tue.  (M) 485-489
Introduction to electrochemistry, the electrochemical potential
34. 4/9 Wed. (M) 489-491
(A) 227-233
Equilibrium electrochemistry, electrochemical cells, half cells, Nernst equation.
35. 4/11 Fri. (M) 491-497
(A) 233-237
Standard reduction potentials, electrochemical series, determination of ionic activity ccoefficients, thermodynamic data from EMF measurements.
36. 4/15 Tue. (M) 497-504
(A) 237-240
Homework Set#6 DUE. Concentration cells, membrane potential; junction potential; glass electrode; specific ion electrodes, potentiometric titrations.
37. 4/16 Wed. (M) 505-511
(A) 861-865, 869-871
Dynamic electrochemistry, overvoltage, polarization, Butler-Volmer equation, Tafel plot, cyclic voltammetry.
38. 4/22 Tue. (M) 511-513, handout
(A) 865-868
Electrochemical power generation. Application of equilibrium electrochemistry to aqueous corrosion: Pourbaix diagrams, lead-acid battery, fuel cells. 
39. 4/23 Wed.  (M) 515-521
 Surface spectrometry - SERS, SIMS, modulated electroreflectance.
40. 4/25 Fri.   Homework Set#7 DUE. Review of lectures 30-39.
41. 4/29 Tue.  

THIRD HOUR EXAM

View Exam 3 for 2013
42. 4/30 Wed.   Review for Final.


 


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