Fordham University            The Jesuit University of New York

Elizabeth Bowen
Cherry Orchard or Time Machine? Temporality and Social Order in Chekhov
Exploring concepts of character in The Cherry Orchard, this article examines the almost-human personality that the orchard itself takes on throughout the play. Even more so than some of the actual human characters, the cherry orchard drives the plot and interacts with other characters in complex ways that transcend its physically inanimate attributes. If it were not for the orchard, many of the human characters would be forever stuck in a past that is impossible to revive.

Liz Bowen is a senior English and American studies double major at Fordham College Lincoln Center. In addition to her studies, she is editor-in-chief of the Fordham Observer. Liz is also co-president of the Global Outreach executive board, and through this program she has been on service projects to North Carolina and Brazil. She is currently working on her senior thesis, which examines the language of the body in memoirs about type 1 diabetes—a disease that she has had since the age of twelve. She also enjoys writing memoir and has written a full manuscript of poetry.

Marie Culpepper
Le Lion, le Hibou, et la Vache
Influenced by eighteenth-century French fables and fairy tales, this fable is meant to be written in the style of the fabuliste Jean de La Fontaine, whose subtly politically subversive fables were and continue to be enormously popular.

Marie Culpepper is a graduating senior at Fordham University, majoring in English and French. This fable was originally written for a French class on eighteenth-century fable and fairy tale.

Lois R. Durant
Languages of Self-Loathing: The "Dialogical Movement" of The Bluest Eye
For both Mikhail Bakhtin and Toni Morrison, languages are the voices and ideologies presented in novels. This article analyzes Morrison's The Bluest Eye in conjunction with her essay "Playing in the Dark" and in light of Bakhtin's "From the Prehistory of Novelistic Discourse." In Morrison's novel, each character represents a language, and each language is involved in a single discourse about a racist beauty standard and its effects on different segments of the black community. The unifying artistic and ideological center of the novel is Toni Morrison herself, and her novel becomes part of a larger social dialogue about the effects of racism in America.

Lois Durant is a senior at Fordham School of Professional and Continuing Studies majoring in English with a double minors in History and Theology. After graduating in August of 2011, Lois plans to pursue a graduate degree and career in the field of International Human Rights. Lois wishes to combine the critical skills acquired through liberal studies with a desire to help others in order to become an effective and compassionate human rights advocate.

Anuar Juraidini
L'écureuil et la rivière
This fable attempts to return to classic form in the like of Jean de La Fontaine. It features a relatable moral, layered within the story and enhanced through the use of symbolism and imagery.

Anuar Juraidini is a double major in Philosophy and International Political Economy. Originally from Mexico, Anuar has resided in Miami for the past six years and has worked at Citigroup's The Citi Foundation.

Joe McCarthy
"Siolence" in the Visual Mimesis of Colonial Africa: The Real of the Reel

It should not be shocking that, at its inception, some feared the camera would steal its object's soul. Photography, and then film, before they became the indomitable forces in the art world that they are today, developed alongside the gun as tools of Empire in the European colonization of the 19th and 20th centuries. This paper explores how the camera slid past unnoticed as a violent weapon while the gun remained a paradigm of violence. This is the phenomenon that I will call the "siolence" of the camera. The realism to which photography inherently lays claim, as contrasted with its aesthetic function, will be analyzed as one of the fundamental characteristics of its "siolence" using Jean Rouch's film, Le maîtres fous, as a model.

Joe McCarthy is a senior majoring in Comparative Literature and minoring in Philosophy at Fordham College Rose Hill.

Angela Michalski
La relazione uomo-donna vista da una regista: Travolti da un insolito destino... di Lina Wertmüller
Italian director Lina Wertmüller is famous for the way she uses satire (not without controversy) to inform the public about male dominance and exploitation of women. This paper examines Wertmüller's film Swept Away in order to think about why a woman might accept and sometimes even enjoy the violence and domination of a man. Wertmüller's use of satire is seen as an effective way to make gender issues perceptible to the public.

Angela Michalski is Executive Secretary in the Department of Art History and Music at Fordham University. She is pursuing a BA in Italian language and literature with a minor concentration in History at Fordham School of Professional and Continuing Studies.

Sarah Molinari

Brazil and Bolsa Familia: Tackling Poverty with Short-Term Success

This paper examines Bolsa Familia, the conditional cash transfer program popularized by Brazilian President Lula da Silva and now internationally recognized as an exemplary poverty-reduction program. Bolsa Familia has significantly contributed to poverty reduction in Brazil thanks to its low cost and solid institutional implementation. However, it is clear that Bolsa Familia's successes can only be guaranteed for the short-term and must be complemented with structural reforms and investment in education and health as well as a new approach to addressing urban poverty versus rural poverty in order to make sustainable changes.

La paradoja de padre Manuel en San Manuel Bueno, Mártir por Miguel Unamuno

Padre Manuel, the Catholic priest and protagonist in Unamuno's novel, is a living paradox. Padre Manuel lives a saintly life dedicated to others but has doubts about eternal life in Heaven, which is an essential belief in the Catholic faith. Based on Pope John Paul II's discussion of the connection between suffering and salvation, and considering Unamuno's personal religious philosophy, the article argues that Padre Manuel does indeed get to Heaven after he does.

Sarah Molinari is a senior at Fordham College Lincoln Center studying Latin American and Latino studies and Spanish. Her interests and activities on and off campus revolve around social justice and diversity. She most enjoys being co-president of Global Outreach and interning at Hunter College's Centro de Estudios Puertoriqueños. Sarah has a passion for Latin America, which influenced her to write her senior thesis on social policy in Brazil and to be the leader of the Global Outreach project to Brazil in May 2011. After graduation, she plans to move to Vieques, Puerto Rico, to work with the Committee for Rescue and Development of Vieques.

Matthew Peters
Fractal and Street

"These photos were shot on my old Nikomat camera. Mostly shot on 400 speed films, I took the same pictures at multiple exposers then merged them to one HDR image in Photoshop."

Matthew Peters
is a Psychology major at Fordham College Lincoln Center and currently works in IT at the Fordham Law Library. Originally from Philadelphia, since moving to New York City Matthew has worked as an Enumerator, Production Assistant, Beta Tester, Cat Owner, and Suicide Hotline Counselor. He is a graduate of NYU's SCPS School of Film and the creator of a film entitled Peaches Are Going to Kill You. Matthew has little professional training with a camera but comes from a family of artists.

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