Fordham University            The Jesuit University of New York
 



History Undergraduate Courses


This is the master list of classes that the Department of History tends to offer at Rose Hill. Courses that have an F, G, P, or V as the fourth letter of the course code fulfill core enrichment/distributive requirements of Freshman Seminar (F), Global Studies (G), American Pluralism (P), and Senior Values Seminar (V). 


HIST 1000 - Understanding Historical Change: Modern Europe (3 credits)
Introduction to the nature and methods of historical study and the examination of specific topics essential for understanding the evolution of modern institutions, ideologies and political systems.
 
HIST 1075 - Understanding Historical Change: Early Modern Europe (3 credits)
Understanding Historical Change in early modern Europe involves a modular and comparative approach to events and issues significant to the history of Europe from approximately 1500-1800. The course will examine a range of events stretching from Columbus’s voyages to the rise of Napoleon and issues including but not limited to religious change, state formation, intellectual development and revolution.

HIST 1100 - Understanding Historical Change: American History (3 credits)
A course focusing in significant periods in the development of the U.S. and considering them in light of certain elements shaping that history. Among these elements are: the constitutional and political systems; the society's ideals, structures, economic policy and world outlook.
 
HIST 1101 - America in the Shadow of War (3 credits)
From colonial Indian conflicts through the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan, Americans have long lived in the shadow of war. This seminar will analyze the way that the experience of war has profoundly shaped American culture, identity, politics, and social life. It will also explore the way that American have confronted the political and moral dilemmas that war raises.

HIST 1200 - Understanding Historical Change: Ancient History (3 credits)
A consideration of the key issues in the political, social and cultural history of the classical Greek and Roman world.
 
HIST 1210 - Understanding Historical Change: Ancient Greece (3 credits)
A political, social, and intellectual history of ancient Greece from its origin to the death of Alexander the Great.
 
HIST 1220 - Understanding Historical Change: Ancient Rome (3 credits)
Introduction to Roman History focusing on problems and sources.

HIST 1300 - Understanding Historical Change: Medieval History (3 credits)

The emergence and development of Europe from the decline of the Roman Empire to the early Renaissance. A topical study of political, social, economic, religious and cultural issues, ideas, and institutions.

HIST 1400 - Understanding Historical Change:  Latin American History (3 credits)
This course begins by examining pre-conquest America, the Iberian peninsula and the African diaspora to understand how a new society was created in Spanish America.  It then turns to an exploration of the roots of modern Latin American nations and nationalism and how they intersect with ideas about race, color and gender.

HIST 1500 - Understanding Historical Change: Asian History (3 credits)
Emergence and development of East Asian civilization from Antiquity to modern times, focusing on key political, social, and cultural phenomena in China and Japan.
 
HIST 1550 - Understanding Historical Change: East Asian History (3 credits)
This course seeks to teach students basic skills of historic analysis and familiarize them with change through time in East Asian history. As its counterparts in medieval, European, American, and Latin American fields, the course is committed to meet these certain goals and assignments.

AFAM 1600 - Understanding Historical Change: African History (3 credits)
Introduction to the political, social, economic and institutional history of Africa.

HIST 1700 - Understanding Historical Change: Middle East History (3 credits)
Introductory survey of the history of the Middle East and North Africa from the rise of Islam in mid-7th century AD until the end of the 20th. The region is defined to include all of the Arab world from Morocco in the West to Iraq in the east as well as Iran, Turkey, and Israel. The course provides strong background preparation for more advanced courses in Middle East history.

HIST 1900 - Understanding Historical Change: Comparative (3 credits)
An EP seminar and introduction to historical thought and writing through close reading of significant historical studies and sources. Each section of the course will be divided into four units. In each unit, students will read a significant and important contemporary historical study or monographic primary sources for the period or topic considered in the study; historical works may be selected from any time period or geographic region but distributed to ensure a range of areas and periods. A critical engagement with historical studies and sources is central to the course, and complemented by extensive writing assignments and presentations comprising at least one fifth of class time.

HIST 3010 - Europe in Crisis, 1880-1914
This is a new class offered by professor Sanchez of Julliard as part of the FCLC-Julliard initiative.  The course surveys the social, political, and artistic changes and battles surrounding the "new modernity" in late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century Europe, a period that experienced unprecedented urbanization, industrialization, and globalization, accompanied by a crisis of tradition and authority together with experiments in cultural practices and political participation. We will look at national developments--especially in France, Germany, England and Austria-Hungary--and stylistic movements, seminal texts and artworks, in order to draw lessons about a period rich in crises and changes.
HIST 3011 - Byzantium and the West (4 credits)
In the centuries that followed the establishment of “New Rome,” with the foundation of Constantinople in the early fourth century, the fates of the Roman Empire’s provinces in the Eastern Mediterranean (known as the “Byzantine Empire”) and its heirs in Western Europe followed increasingly divergent paths. Relations between eastern and western Christendom were characterized by long periods of hostility, schism, and even open conflict, but were also marked by attempts at rapprochement. Before the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, pilgrims, traders, artisans, crusaders and diplomats helped maintain contact between East and West. This course will explore the relations between the heartlands of Latin and Orthodox Christianity through the theological debates, diplomatic embassies, marriage alliances, military confrontations, and other forms of cross-cultural exchange that helped to shape both worlds.

HIST 3014 - Medieval Feud, Ordeal and Law (4 credits)
This course is designed to explore the great transformation in European legal habits that occurred in the medieval period, from private, family-directed systems of vengeance to royal or state-sponsored systems of vengeance.  It will raise many ethical and substantive issues that are very relevant to an understanding of the function of law and justice in the modern world. 
 
HIST 3018 - Medieval Nobility: Love, War & Devotion (4 credits)
Europe’s warrior aristocracy were responsible for many of the most popular and enduring features of medieval civilization, including the literature of courtly love, great stone castles, and richly endowed monastic foundations. There artifacts point to just a few of the wide variety of roles that these men and women had to play within medieval society. In this course, we will trace the rise of the princely nobility as judicial arbiters, military commanders, advocates not only of religious institutions but of reform and dissent, and as patrons, consumers, and creators of art and literature. Among the issues that we will discuss are the origins and meaning of nobility, the place of women within noble society, the performance of courtliness, and the relationship between the nobility and the other social ‘orders’.

HIST 3102 - Worker in American Life (4 credits)
This course will deal with the lives of American workers after the Industrial Revolution. Focusing on the unions and industrial relations, the course will also explore changes in the family and community life of workers, as well as immigration, religion, and the impact of radical movements.
 
HIST 3140 - World Geography (4 credits)
Intended to develop geographic literacy and to use geographic materials for analyzing and solving problems, evaluating different courses of action and understanding diverse approaches to the geo-political landscape.

HIST 3202 - Medieval Universities (4 credits)
The rise and development of institutions and theories of learning in the high and late Middle Ages with emphasis on faculties, curricula, methodologies, and student life and customs.

HIST 3207 - Late Medieval Religion and Society (4 credits)
Topics in the history of later medieval religion and society.  

HIST 3208 - The Medieval Other (4 credits)
Western people in the Middle Ages shared many assumptions reinforcing their sense of social identity and unity. The recognition of common views and aspirations simultaneously implied that ‘others’ who challenged accepted lifestyles and beliefs suffered exclusion. Collective rejection varied in degree, from ridicule and physical separation to judicial prosecution, expulsion and indiscriminate slaughter. The course will examine various types of the medieval ‘other’, including Jews, lepers, heretics, prostitutes, and beggars. It will also focus on their respective treatment by the public, which became more rigid, if not outright hostile, as time went on.

HIST 3211 - Medieval Sin, Sinners & Outcasts (4 credits)
During the medieval period, the notions and practice of sin and redemption underwent constant changes.  In surveying their development, the course will place particular emphasis on the growing inclination to treat those banned from the community of the faithful simultaneously as outcasts, to be excluded from lay society as well.

HIST 3255 - Medieval Spain (4 credits)
Political and institutional development from the Islamic invasion of 711 to the Christian conquest of Granada in 1492.

HIST 3260 - Medieval Ireland to 1691 (4 credits)
A history of Ireland from early Middle Ages through the Tudor-Stuart era.

HIST 3270 - The Crusades (4 credits)
The idea of a crusade; the European background; conditions in the Moslem world; the Latin Kingdoms of the East; crusades of the late Middle Ages; effects of crusades on Mediterranean world.  (Alternate years) 

HIST 3301 - Women in the Middle Ages (4 credits)
This course will discuss women in medieval society: the noblewoman who influenced major political developments, the peasant woman who performed agricultural and manorial tasks, the townswoman who served as merchant and producer, and the wife and mother who provided the basis of family life. The course will also cover attitudes toward women revealed in legal, religious, and secular literature of the period.

HIST 3305 - Medieval Warfare (4 credits)
A social, economic, and military history of the institutions of warfare in the Middle Ages.

HIST 3307 - Medieval Urban History (4 credits)
Covers the revival of town life, the social and political structure of towns from the 12th to 15th centuries. Also focuses on the urban family, religious life, culture and education, and the topography of towns in medieval Europe.

HIST 3321 - The Renaissance (4 credits) 
Religious, social, economic, political and cultural developments in the era of transition from the end of the medieval period to the eve of Reformation.  (Alternate years)

HIST 3322 - The Reformation Era (4 credits)
A detailed analysis of the religious upheavals of the 16th century with attention to the social, political and economic aspects of the theological movements.  (Alternate years

HIST 3352 - The Italian Renaissance (4 credits)
This course will focus on cultural, artistic and intellectual changes in the Italian city-state from 1400-1530 to understand the nature and significance as well as the concept and the achievements of the Renaissance.

HIST 3353 - Renaissance & Renewal (4 credits)
The Renaissance and Reformation forced important changes in European religion and culture. Using a range of materials from art, literature, and religious writing, we will explore the renewal of Catholicism in the 16th & 17th centuries, especially in Italy, Germany, France, and Spain. Our goal will be to examine the interplay of religion, culture, and life, and the significance of the Catholic Reformation in European and world culture.

HIST 3355 - History of the Jesuits (4 credits)
This course explores the evolution of the Society of Jesus, a religious order that has been decisive in history from the 16th century to the present day. Topics include Jesuit spirituality; the order’s role in the encounter between Europe and the indigenous cultures of America and Asia; the development of the Jesuit educational system in Europe and America, including Fordham University; the mythology and controversies that have surrounded the Jesuits from the beginning; and new orientations of the Society of Jesus that have emerged in response to the needs of the contemporary Church and world.

HIST 3360 - Religion & 16th Century Life (4 credits)
An examination of religion and culture as practiced and experienced in the daily lives of early modern Europeans, Protestant, Catholics, and Jewish.

HIST 3362 - Crime and Punishment in Europe (4 credits) 
The history of defining, prosecuting, and punishing transgressions, both religious and secular, in Europe, especially from 1500-1800. The course will focus on the development of so-called modern beliefs about crime and law
 
HIST 3363 - Europe & the Early Modern World (4 credits)
“In the beginning, all the world was America.” From 1450-1700, the European cosmos expanded intellectually to reach an infinite universe and materially to grasp the entire earth. This course will examine the transformation of understanding and power that made Europe the center of global empire and intellectual and cultural change. The reciprocal influence of the world upon European life, culture, and art is another important theme. Specific topics will include changes in sciences of anatomy, alchemy, and astronomy. Exploration and its impact on European religion and economies will also be a major theme, as will the development of theories of European empire and domination. The course will involve reading and analysis of primary texts and some secondary sources, as well as art historical materials. Requirements will include two papers (or equivalent) and a final exam, along with participation in class discussions.
 
HIST 3410 - English History to 1485 (4 credits)
Political, economic, social, cultural history beginning with the Roman conquest and covering such themes as the Anglo-Saxon settlement, Danish invasions, Norman conquest, feudalism, the Angevin Empire and the War of Roses
 
HIST 3411 - Tudor and Stuart England (4 credits)

This course concentrates on two important centuries in the history of England: 1485-1688, from the end of the Wars of the Roses, when Henry Tudor defeated King Richard III; to the Glorious Revolution of 1688, when royal power in England was hobbled forever. Dramatic changes occurred in English political, religious, and social life. The Reformation started when Henry VIII broke England away from communion with the Roman Catholic Church and destroyed the religious houses. Gradually England became a Protestant nation. The end of the Tudor period is famous as a golden age of artistic endeavor, especially for the plays of William Shakespeare. England also began its first efforts in empire building by sending explores to the New World, and soldiers into Ireland. For a brief period in the 1650s, England was governed by a military dictatorship, led by Oliver Cromwell, and all of the British Isles were convulsed by warfare. After the monarchy was restored, the Glorious Revolution of 1688 ensured ever since that the power of Parliament has been greater than the power of the king or queen. Among themes that this class will explore are high politics and religious change; social class and the pre-industrial economy; the religious attitudes of ordinary men and women; the English family; and the early phases of the British Empire. Requirements: Midterm exam, term paper and final exam.

HIST 3412 - Reformation England (4 credits)
This course studies political and religious change in England in the 16th century, from Henry VIII to Elizabeth I. It will examine Roman Catholicism before the schism, the Divine issue, Thomas Cromwell and Thomas Cramer's influence in the English Church; and the development of Puritanism in England. 

HIST 3412 - The Tudors (Lincoln Center)
This course tells the fascinating story of the Tudor dynasty (1485-1603), but it will also explore the history of the Tudor state which in addition to England included Wales, Ireland and parts of France.

HIST 3414 - Cabbages and Kings (4 credits)
This class will explore various styles of kingship and monarchy in Europe from the end of the Middle Ages to the First World War. We will compare and contrast monarchial forms of government with the ideal of the republic, and especially with new standards created by the Enlightenment

HIST 3415 - European Women 1500-1800 (4 credits)
This course will explore the role of women in northern European society from the 16th to the end of the 18th centuries. It will examine issues of gender and contemporary attitudes concerning women. Among the subjects that this course will address are women's work, education, marriage, and childbirth.

HIST 3416 - European Women 1800-2000 (4 credits).
This course will be an exciting exploration of the changing status, roles, and achievements of women in western Europe from the French Revolution at the dawn of industrialization to the present day.

HIST 3420 - The English Renaissance (4 credits)
Studies in intellectual life in England from the late 15th through the 16th centuries. This course will pay special attention to humanism and its development by examining the works of Bishop John Fisher, Sir Thomas More, Juan Luis Vives, and others. Emphasis will be placed upon the education of women; and also Renaissance art, including Holbein.
 
HIST 3455 - 20th Century Ireland (4 credits)
This course examines Northern Ireland and the southern Republic with special attention to their internal development, their relations with each other, and their relationship to Great Britain.

HIST 3456 - Britain, 1688-1867 (4 credits)
Aristocratic hegemony, popular culture and protest, the industrial revolution and its associated class conflict, radical and reform movements, and the transforming effect of new social forces and ideologies.

HIST 3457 - Britain, 1867-Present (4 credits)
Gradual democratization, imperial expansion, the rise of the Labour Party, economic decline, the impact of the two world wars, and the Thatcher revolution.

HIST 3458 - Ireland, 1688-1923 (4 credits)
Revolution, nationalism, and constitutionalism in Ireland, focusing on the United Irishmen, Daniel O'Connell's reform movements, young Ireland, the Fenians, the land war, Home Rule, cultural revival, and the quest for independence in the early 20th century.

HIST 3501 - The French Revolution (4 credits)
Origins and consequences of the Revolution of 1789; Napoleonic France; Napoleon and Europe.

HIST 3502 - France Since 1815 (4 credits)
Political, economic and social history of France during the 19th and 20th centuries.
 
HIST 3503 - Modern France: 1900 to the Present (4 credits)
This course follows the tumultuous course of French history from the turn of the twentieth century to the most recent riots and the 2007 presidential election, through three republics, two world wars and a cold one, the painful loss of a colonial empire, the difficult emancipation of women, urbanization and modernization, student and worker riots, integration into the European Union, and finally an uneasy relationship with America, the market economy and globalization. During the past century France has opened a path to modernity, but it has also experienced great pains adjusting to it. In the process, the French have struggled, often violently, to define and to redefine their identity. This course analyzes political and social change, including the latest challenges posed by a unified Europe, nationalistic revival and the integration of immigrant populations, but it also explores the major contributions of French artists, writers and intellectuals to modern and postmodern culture. To explore these themes and try to understand the paradoxical French, we will use an assortment of sources from novels and comics to movies and paintings, from memoirs and diaries to music and popular songs.
 
HIST 3513 - The Old Regime and the French Revolution (4 credits)
This course covers the turbulent history of France from the apogee of Louis XIV’s reign to the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. It analyzes the socio-economic and political factors that allowed France to emerge as the most powerful nation in Europe under Louis XIV. Students will assess the extent of the kingdom’s cultural influence and the realities of everyday life under the "old regime." We will then examine the intellectual, social, political and religious developments of the eighteenth century—such as the Enlightenment, Jansenism, and colonialism—that ultimately led to a total assault against the monarchy in 1789. In the final section of the course we will investigate the outbreak, course, and consequences of the first and greatest democratic revolution in modern Europe and, finally, the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. In this course, we address topics and concepts whose importance extends well beyond French history: the rise of the state and of centralized government, the intellectual movement that produced the Enlightenment and the diffusion of its ideas, the origins, progress and ending of the first popular revolution, the rise to power of a dictator who claimed to pursue the ideals of the Enlightenment and preserve the achievements of the revolution, and throughout all this the birth of modernity. Students will read a broad spectrum of texts from this period, ranging from the political treatises of Jean-Jacques Rousseau to Voltaire’s satirical tales, from the memoirs of famous figures to diaries of obscure French men and women, from newspaper articles, pamphlets and petitions to laws and constitutions. We will also rely on audio and visual materials such as paintings and engravings, as well as films, music and songs to get a picture of this tumultuous and fascinating era. Finally, we will analyze the work of major historians who have provided influential interpretations of a period that not only marked the beginning of the modern era, but defined it.

HIST 3533 - War and Revolution, 1914-1923 (4 credits)
With ten million deaths, forty million casualties, collapse of four empires, blurring of the boundaries between civilian and combatants, and unimagined levels of violence, the First World War marked the real beginning of the twentieth century. It created problems which are unresolved to this day. The course will focus on why the war occurred, the experience of the front, the Armenian genocide, and how it is remembered. We will pay special attention to several immediate consequences of the war: the Russian Revolution, the triumph of Mussolini in Italy and the launching of Hitler.

HIST 3536 - Pacific War (4 credits)
The Pacific War was a decisive moment in world history.  Exploring its courses, contingencies and consequences, the course stresses social, cultural and economic effects as much as diplomatic and military developments, and civilians and the home front as much as those in uniform.

HIST 3541 - Modern Italy (4 credits)
An introduction to the history of Italy from the late 18th century to the present. Drawing on a variety of sources besides historical analyses (novels, films and music), the course will pay special attention to issues of nation building and national identity and to the specificity of Italian modernity.  Topics include the culture and politics of the Risorgimento, the role of the Church, gender relations, the crisis of the liberal state and the emergence of Fascism, anti-Fascism and the making of the Republic, the "economic miracle," and the difficult post-1989 political transition
 
HIST 3544 - Italy in the Wider World, 1800-Present (4 credits)
Throughout the ages Italians have had intense exchanges with the world outside the peninsula, both in the Mediterranean and beyond. Italy has had many diasporas and continues to have significant number of emigrants, even though in the past couple of decades it has become primarily a migrant-receiving nation. This course will examine the relationships between the inhabitants of the peninsula and the world at large and how they have shaped their identities. Focus will be on political exiles, emigration, foreign policies, and colonialism, and the recent wave of African and Asian migration to the peninsula.
 
HIST 3554 - Bismarck’s Germany (4 credits)
This course will explore the transformation of Germany in the 19th century – from division to unity; from agrarian to industrial society. In the process we shall explore the elaboration of competing ideas of “Germany,” the persecution of minority groups ranging from Catholics to Social Democrats, and changing political norms. Major questions will include the courses and consequences of unity, the tensions within the German polity, and the origins of the First World War.

HIST 3555 - Hitler's Germany (4 credits)
Study of the problem of how Nazism arose in German society, the ways in which it triumphed, and its significance for Germans and modern world history.

HIST 3565 - History of New York (4 credits)
The development of the City and the region from the Dutch to the deficit.

HIST 3566 - War and Imperialism (4 credits)
This course is an examination of European international politics between 1848 and 1945. It will explore the strains placed on the old Concert of Europe by nationalism, industrialization and imperialism, leading to the eventual collapse of the Concert into two world wars. The course will emphasize alternative approaches to explaining these events, including domestic and informational causes of conflict. Books will include studies of British and German imperialism as well as the factors shaping French policy in the interwar period. Students will be expected to write two papers and take a final exam.

HIST 3575 - Britain in World War Two (4 credits)
This London-based course concerns the British experience in World War Two. We will begin with the appeasement crisis, study the course of the war leading to the allied victory, and consider the impact of war on the British people. Field trips and film will bring to life the historical record. A field trip to the Normandy beaches is a feature of the course.
 
HIST 3588 - The Global Cold War (4 credits)
The international history of the Cold War, especially the relationship between the Cold War and the dynamics of decolonization and revolution in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East.
 
HIST 3604 - Enlightenment Visions (4 credits)
Enlightenment visions of freedom and equality inspired reformers and revolutionaries. This course will examine these visions and the philosophical and psychological assumptions that underlay them. Particular attention will be paid to liberalism and socialism. Authors to be discussed include John Locke, Adam Smith, J.J. Rousseau, Karl Marx, and John Stuart Mill.

HIST 3605 - The Counter Enlightenment (4 credits)
This course will treat challenges to the Enlightenment from the late 19th century to the present, and their political and cultural ramifications. Emphasis will be on rejection of rationalism, positivism, liberalism, “bourgeois values” and objective truth. The first part of the course will be devoted to Dostoevsky, Nietzsche, and Freud. We will then discuss Lenin, Weimar Germany, French existentialism (before and after World War II) and French poststructuralism (deconstruction).

HIST 3611 - Imperial Russia (4 credits) 
Russia before the tsars; the origins of the tsarism; Peter the Great’s attempt to transform Russia; Slavophiles versus Westernizers; the emancipation of the serfs; the revolutionary movement; the non-Russian nationalism; and responses to the military, political, economic, and cultural challenges of “the West.” Comparisons will be made to similar responses by Asians and Africans in the 20th century. Requirements: midterm, term paper, final exam.

HIST 3613 - Spain and its Empire (4 credits)
This course will examine aspects of Spanish imperialism from the 14th century to the 20th century.  Although more attention will be given to Spanish conquest and rule in the Americas, there will also be room for study of Spanish colonialism in Africa and Asia.

HIST 3614 - Revolutionary & Soviet Russia (4 credits)
The last years of Imperial Russia, the February and the October (Bolshevik) revolutions. Politics, economics, and culture in the first decade of Communist rule. Stalin’s “revolution from above”. Stalinist totalitarianism. World War II. De-Stalinization. Collapse of the Soviet Union. Post-Soviet Russia.
 
HIST 3617 - Age of Empire (4 credits)
This course will focus on global politics in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, what historians typically call the Age of Empire, when the great powers raced to conquest in Africa, Asia and Latin America. We will look closely at the major explanations of these political, economic, military, and cultural processes developed at the time, including works by Lenin, Hobson, Marti, Mahan, and Mackinder. We will also engage with recent scholarship that has reexamined the period, calling particular attention to the impact of colonialism on subject peoples and the struggle for legitimacy within colonial societies.

HIST 3620 - 20th-Century Europe (4 credits)
World War I and peace settlement; postwar problems; communism, fascism, Nazism; totalitarian aggression and World War II; international cooperation and reconstruction; the cold war and the collapse of communism.  (Alternate years)

HIST 3622 - Making of Modern Science (4 credits)
This course examines the development of science from the French Revolution through the 1960s. The emphasis will be on investigating the communities of people who were first called scientists in the 19th century and on their construction of a body of knowledge. Both the life sciences and physical sciences will be discussed. Units will cover the Chemical Revolution and the French Revolution; Classification and Evolution of the Natural World; 19th-Century investigations into electricity and magnetism; the development of thermodynamics; quantum mechanics and relativity; the Manhattan Project and the bureaucratic organization of science in the 20th century; and the discovery of DNA.

HIST 3624 - European Cities (4 credits)
Topical study of the evolution of Europe's cities with emphasis on urban culture, society and the built environment.  Considers the nature of urban transformation in key urban places such as Paris, London, Berlin, Rome and Moscow.

HIST 3626 - Social History of Architecture (4 credits)
Studies the historical relationship between architecture, space and urban culture and the ways in which architectural innovation acts as both a reflection of and a catalyst for social and cultural transformation.  Considers architecture and cultural theory as well as the evolution of building technologies.

HIST 3633 - The Cold War Space Race (4 credits)
In this course, we will consider the entire history of space exploration with a particular focus on the Cold War era. The course will begin with the first dreaming about space travel during the 16th century and the end with the rise of new space powers such as China and India. Using a combination of primary and secondary sources, we will consider the political, military, technological, social, and cultural dimensions of space exploration. Among many issues, we will engage in speculations on why humans were drawn to the cosmos in the first place, discuss the weaponization of space, examine the geopolitical rationales for space travel, explore the popular culture of Star Trek and Star Wars, deconstruct the myth of the hero astronaut, uncover the secret Soviet space program, revisit the extraordinary Apollo missions to the Moon, and evaluate the International Space Station of the 21st century.

HIST 3653 - Gender in Early America (4 units)
Consideration of the roles of women and men from the 17th century into the 1840s, and the attitudes that shaped those roles in American society. The course will explore transatlantic influences and the interchange of European, Native American, and African American values.
 
HIST 3655 - America: First 200 years (4 credits)
Development of colonial society 1492-1763. Consideration of ethnic groups, the family, social structure, and the community. Emphasis will be placed on the changes which took place during these 250 years.

HIST 3656 - The American Revolution (4 credits)
The history of the social, economic, political and intellectual causes of the American Revolution.

HIST 3657 - American Constitution (4 credits)
The role of constitutionalism in the development of American society. The concept of a higher law, federal-state controversies, economic growth, and the expansion of personal rights will be considered in the context of American social history.

HIST 3670 - The Modern Middle East (4 credits)
The chief concern of this course will be to develop a sensitivity to and awareness of the issues and problems of the modern Middle East since the late 18th century and the introduction of Western ideas/technology into the Ottoman Empire.  The course will be both a survey of Middle Eastern/Islamic history and an attempt to understand and re-evaluate our own perceptions of a non-Western civilization in the 20th century.  (Alternate years)

HIST 3675 - History of Modern Israel (4 credits)
The history of Israel from the rise of Zionism in 19th-Century Europe to the present.  Topics include: the Zionist experiment, this history of the Israeli-Arab conflict, the U.S. and Israel's "special relationship," and socio-cultural trends.

HIST 3710 - Development of Democracy in the United States (4 credits)
Historical perspective on recurring value conflicts in American experience (freedom vs. order, equality vs. merit, etc.) and their impact upon the nation’s continuing evolution.

HIST 3752 - Coming of the Civil War (4 credits)
A history of the sectional crisis in America, focusing on the questions: Why did the South secede? Why did the North decide to fight rather than allow it?

HIST 3753 - Civil War Era, 1861-1877 (4 credits)
A history of the war years and America's racial and sectional readjustment after the war.

HIST 3757 - The American South (4 credits)
An examination of sectionalism and regionalism in American history through the study of social, cultural, economic, and political aspects of life in the southern U.S. Myth and reality, honor and violence, race and poverty, Evangelists and politicians, from the origins of the Cotton Kingdom to the election of Jimmy Carter. 

HIST 3772 - The Hudson River
Rivers are the central geographical markers for the growth of civilization. Examination of the formative role of the Hudson in American economic development and the shaping of cultural identity. The ways in which the history of Hudson mirrors our relationship with nature and is central to the emergence of the modern environmental movement will also be examined.

HIST 3775 - The Early Republic (4 credits)
The course studies the birth of American democracy and capitalism from the revolution to the age of Jackson.

HIST 3780 - The Era of the Civil War (4 credits)
Slavery and other contributory factors leading to the war for southern independence; the war; reconstruction of the southern states, 1865-1877.  (Alternate years)

HIST 3791 - African American History I (4 credits)
An examination of the black experience in the U.S. from colonial times through Reconstruction.

HIST 3792 - African American History II (4 credits)
An examination of the black experience in the U.S. from Reconstruction to the present. Subjects covered will be the origins of segregation, the Civil Rights movement, African American nationalism, and African American contributions to American literature, music, sports, and scholarship. Special attention will be given to the role of economic forces in shaping African American life, and the importance of gender issues in the African American experience.
 
HIST 3794 - The GreatDepression (4 credits)

An examination of the causes of the Great Depression and its impact on American society 1929-41. Subjects covered will be the Hoover Administration, the New Deal, the labor movement, left wing and right wing movements at home and abroad, and the impact of the Depression on American values and American culture. 

HIST 3795 - US between Wars, 1919-41
America between the wars was a nation in transition, and in contradiction.  In a continuing quest for identity, American society faced the tensions between internationalism and isolationism, prosperity and economic collapse, progressivism and conservatism. From the anvil of the Progressive Movement, the Jazz Age, the Depression and the New Deal were forged the foundations of the "American Century."

HIST 3804 - The City in American History (4 credits)
This course provides an overview of the development of American cities, with an emphasis on the people and communities of which they are comprised. It will examine such topics as the growth of the urban infrastructure, the origins of urban problems, sub-urbanization, and the image of the city in American culture. Using the resources of New York, the course seeks to give students the information and analytical skills necessary to interpret historically their urban environment. 

HIST 3806 - U.S. Immigration/Ethnicity (4 credits)
A survey of immigration and ethnicity in American life.  Themes include the motives for migration; America's reception of immigrants; the formation of immigrant communities; the intersection of ethnicity with race, gender, religion, politics and class; the personal meanings of ethnic identity; and the relationship of ethnicity to American national identity.
 
HIST 3808 - New York City Politics (4 credits)
An exploration of New York City since consolidation in 1898. Topics include consolidation, the role of Tammany Hall and municipal corruption, reform and radical politics, important mayoral campaigns and administrations (including Walker, LaGuardia, Lindsay, Koch, Dinkins, Giuliani), the civil rights movement in the city, the role of ethnic groups, the 1970s fiscal crisis, and September 11th.
 
HIST 3822 - U.S. Cultural History (4 credits)
The focus of this course is on ideas, assumptions, and values in American life from colonial times to the present, from ministers' sermons to blues performances, from philosophical essays to Hollywood films. It will examine the symbolic forms and social context of conflicting as well as shared beliefs and consider the character of American cultural expression on various levels, in ways in which different groups have influenced American cultural life, and the meaning of recent mass culture.

HIST 3825 - History of the American West (4 credits).
This class examines the history of the U.S. west of the Mississippi from 1800 to the present. We will consider pioneering and settlement, the Gold Rush and mining booms, Indian wars and Native American civil rights, Asian and Mexican immigrants, environmentalism and the birth of national parks, Buffalo Bill, Hollywood, and the mythic West.

HIST 3826 - Modern U.S. Women's History (4 credits)
The history of American women from the first women's rights convention in 1848 to the present. We will study women's everyday lives (including at home and work), major events like the campaign for suffrage, World War II and the women's liberation movement, and representations of women in popular culture (magazines, movies, and T.V.). 

HIST 3831 - The Suburbs
An examination of the nineteenth century origins of the suburb as a counterpoint to the city and the role of nature in shaping the design of this new form of country living. The twentieth century transformation of the suburb into the American dream will be evaluated in light of the resultant sprawl and the policy critiques of this pattern of growth.

HIST 3833 - Screening America's Past (4 credits)
An examination of American history as depicted in 20th century American films.  We will assess their relative accuracy, cultural context and contributions to the (mis)shaping of the nation's collective memory.

HIST 3838 - History of U.S. Sexuality (4 credits)
History of social, political, scientific and cultural battles over sexuality and reproduction in the United States from the Colonial Era to the present.

HIST 3840 - The U.S. Constitution (4 credits)
Development of the Constitution in relation to legal, political and social changes in the United States, with emphasis on court decisions since 1900.  Prerequisite: HSCL 2309 and HSCL 2310.  (Alternate years)

HIST 3841 - History of the FBI (4 credits)
A study of the FBI’s impact on American history and culture. The examination of the Bureau will include the political and cultural factors that led to its founding in 1908, the Bureau’s role in the professionalization of American law enforcement, the impact of J. Edgar Hoover’s career as director, and the FBI’s activities during WWII, the Cold War, the Civil Rights Era, the 1980s and 1990s, and the current war n terrorism. The course will also include an examination of the FBI’s portrayal in popular culture and entertainment.

HIST 3850 - International History of the Vietnam War (4 credits)
An examination of the international history of the Vietnam War. Analysis of the Vietnamese, Chinese, French, and American dimensions of the conflict.

HIST 3852 - 20th Century American Radicalism (4 credits)
Explores the radical Left and Right of American politics and culture.  Lectures, discussions and assignments critically assess topics including the history of populism, socialism, the Klan, communism, Black Power, radical feminism and the religious Right. 

HIST 3855 - American Foreign Policy since 1898 (4 credits)
This course seeks to provide an understanding of the most significant events and issues of the past century of American foreign relations. Readings, discussions and assignments will cover such topics as: the legacy of continental expansion, American imperialism, The Open Door Policy and World War I, the informal influence of the 1920's, the impact of global depression, the Second World War, the start of the nuclear era, Containment and the Cold War, America and Vietnam, continuing crises and calls fora "New World Order".

HIST 3856 - History and Theory (4 credits)
This course will explore the way major social theories have changed historical understanding in modern Europe and America.  Starting with the optimistic convictions of Enlightenment philosophers, we will turn to the responses to industrialization and imperialism in the 19th century, the rise of the culture concept and sociology of science in the mid-20th century, theories of race and gender, and finally, the recent controversy over postmodernism.  Readings will be drawn from such thinkers as Adam Smith, Tocqueville, Hume, Marx, Weber, Boas, Simone de Beauvoir, Charlotte Perkins Gillman, Geertz, Kuhn, Foucault, Judith Butler and Derrida.  Analyzing the role of theory in the writing of history, we will also examine the ongoing debates over the nature of historical knowledge and social progress. 

HIST 3857 - America Since 1945 (4 credits)
An examination of the confidence and contention of the America's last half century. Sessions will focus on: militarization and American affluence, the Cold War at home and abroad, McCarthyism and "containment" culture, civil rights, feminism, poverty and the social welfare debate, the ascendancy and decay of liberalism, the impact of the Vietnam War, Watergate, recession, and the regeneration of conservatism.

HIST 3861 - Law in American Society (4 credits)
This course will survey the interaction between law and society in American history.  We will explore the formalization of American law in the social, political and constitutional realms from the 18th century to the present.  Special attention will be paid to the legal dimensions of economic, racial and gender issues, as well as to the social origins of constitutional law.

HIST 3862-History of New York City (4 credits)
The political, social, and cultural development of the city from Dutch colony to modern metropolis. The course will touch on such aspects of New York’s history as: significant political events and figures; the development of distinct neighborhoods; the urban infrastructure; problems of urban life; the role of immigration and racial and ethnic communities; the importance of the city in popular and high culture; the city’s role as a port, and as a financial and manufacturing center, and community and conflict related to class and gender differences.

HIST 3904 - American Economic History (4 credits)
American economic development and growth, with attention both to market forces and economic policy and the connection and interplay between them, from the colonial era to the present.  To what extent did governmental policies influence the impact of market forces in the history of economic development and to what extent did economic interests and considerations determine the classic events of American history, such as the Revolution, the Civil War, Imperialism and the Cold War?  Students should acquire from the course a much more sophisticated understanding of the causes of economic growth and of economic events and circumstances such as depressions, stock market fluctuations, inflation, wealth and income distribution and similar phenomena, items that exert so powerful an influence upon political and social historical development.  Requirements include a mid-term and final and occasional brief written assignments based on assigned readings of articles in the field.

HIST 3910 - From Truman to Clinton (4 credits)
Liberalism in the Truman era; victory of conservatism, 1952-1960; a new liberal agenda and social revolution in the 60's; Nixon, pragmatism and betrayal; America adrift, 1975-1980; return of conservatives.

HIST 3911 - The U.S. and East Asia (4 credits)
From its earliest days, the United States has been involved with East Asia.  In this course we will examine key moments in the interaction of these radically different cultures: the opening of Japan; Asian immigration (and exclusion); the United States as a colonial power in the Philippines; the Open Door Policy; the road to Pearl Harbor; the Pacific War; Hiroshima and Nagasaki; the American occupation of Japan; the "loss" of China; Korea and containment; Vietnam; the opening to the PRC; the growth of Asian America; and the emergence of the Pacific Rim.  We conclude by placing current issues (economic tension, strategic concerns, human rights) in their historical context.

HIST 3915 - Contemporary China (4 credits)
Chinese history since 1895, focusing on the scramble for concessions, the Hundred Days, the Boxer Movement, the 1911 Revolution, the emergence and rise to power of the Communist Party, the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, Deng's four modernizations and the rising demand for a fifth democracy.  (Alternate years)
 
HIST 3917 - China Since 1949 (4 credits)
This course introduces students to the major political and economic events in the history of the People’s Republic of China (1949-present). The emphasis is on the emergence and growth of the Chinese Communist Party, the post-revolutionary institutionalization, the cult of Chairman Mao, the impact of political movements on the lives of the ordinary Chinese people, the recent shift of state ideology form Marxism-Leninism toward Nationalism, and the continuing domestic and international affects of ongoing Economic reform and Opening Up policies. While the primary focus of this course is mainland China, we will also discuss the culture and society of “Greater China”: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Chinese communities scattered around the world.

HIST 3920 - Modern Japan (4 credits)
Japanese history since 1868.  Equal attention will be given to the political, economic and cultural achievements of the Meiji era (1868-1912); to the unresolved strains that led to World War II; and to Japan's spectacular postwar recovery.  The course will end with an examination of today's internal strains and external tensions.  (Alternate years)

HIST 3921 - Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Chinese History (4 credits)
This course introduces the history of the three monotheistic religions in china from the 74th century to the present. It will examine the experience of Jews, Christians, and Muslims within China's legal, political, religions, and cultural contexts. It will also consider the role played by these three religions in important historical processes in China. 

HIST 3922 - East Asian Cities (4 units)
To 1800, half of mankind’s urban history was East Asian history. Cities played central—if rather different—roles in the social, cultural, and political histories of China and Japan. After their incorporation at gunpoint into a system of industrializing nation-states, pre-existing urban hierarchies were restructured, their functions transformed. In this course, we explore both the indigenous experience and its modern transformation.

HIST 3925 - TheHolocaust (4 credits)
The Holocaust in its historical and comparative context.  What is the connection between anti-Semitism and the Holocaust?  How do we explain the behavior of the Nazi perpetrators and their allies?  The responses of the victims?  The activities of rescuers and the passivity of bystanders?  How does the Holocaust compare with other instances of genocide?  (Alternate years)

HIST 3931 - The American Indians
Not long ago, 7 million people lived in what is now the continental United States, organized into roughly 500 broad groups, speaking thousands of languages, and living in tens of thousands of villages. They cultivated plants that became among the most important in the world by the twentieth century, especially maize: now the most widely cultivated grain on earth. They confounded the medieval conception of the Creation, forcing Europeans to reexamine everything they thought they knew. And they helped to shape the United States, by maintaining powerful military and political confederacies in the interior. They did not merely serve as guides; they did not walk in moccasins through time, leaving not a mark on the landscape; they did not go quietly to their reservations. This course examines American Indians from their own points of view, from those of Whites, and from the ways that Indians changed American culture and the environment. It is broadly chronological but mostly topical, covering the period from 13,000 years ago to after World War II through a series ofissues and events.
 
HIST 3940 - The African City (4 units)
This Service-Learning Initiative course examines the histories of urban centers in Africa and the Black Atlantic. Representative cities include Timbuktu (Mali), Alexandria (Egypt), Khartoum (Sudan), Cape Town (South Africa), Zanzibar City (Zanzibar), Harare (Zimbabwe), Salvador-Bahia (Brazil), New York City (USA), and Liverpool (UK). With a wide-ranging chronological and geographical scope, the selected cities represent the diverse spatial, aesthetic, demographic, economic, political, and social histories that have produced “the African city” on the continent and in the wider Black Atlantic world. Attention will be paid to discerning the historical connections between these cities, as well as the distinctive set of historical circumstances that defines each city in unique ways. Through the application of the “living and learning” principle students will experience, first hand, the historical processes through which New York City became and continues to be an “African city.” Interaction with New York’s historic African-American community and its growing African immigrant community will help students understand the links between the era of forced migration of enslaved Africans to the city and more recent waves of immigration which have renewed the city’s linkages with Africa.

HIST 3950 - Latino History (4 credits)
This course explores the development of the Latina/o population in the U.S. by focusing on the questions of migration, race, ethnicity, labor, family, sexuality and citizenship. Specific topics include: United States colonial expansion and its effects on the population of Latin America; Mexican-Americans, and the making of the West; colonialism and the Puerto Rican Diaspora; Caribbean revolutions and the Cuban-American community; and globalization and recent Latina/o migrations (Dominicans, Colombians).
 
HIST 3951 - Puerto Rico and the United States (4 credits)
The study of Puerto Rican history from 1898 to the present. This course focuses on the social, political, cultural, and economic impact of American colonialism, Puerto Rico and Puerto Rican’s response to it. Topics include the social construction of race and gender andPuerto Rican identity formation; the emergence of social and political movements including labor, feminism, and the pro-statehood and pro-independence movements; migration and formation of Puerto Rican communities in the U.S.; and current political conflict such as the U.S. Navy-Vieques affair.
 
HIST 3952 - American Family History (4 credits)
This course offers a multicultural approach to family history in the United States. Starting with the idea that definitions of what constitutes a “family” are socially constructed, we will examine how the idea of the family in America has changed over time, and the role of race, class and gender in the construction of different concepts of the family. Topics to be discussed include the everyday lives of black and white families in the slave South, industrialization and the transformation of immigrant family life in New England, and the role of ideas about the “dysfunctional” family.

HIST 3965 - Colonial Latin America (4 credits)

An in-dept analysis of the two major vice-royalties of colonial Spanish America: New Spain (modern Mexico) and Peru.  Particular emphasis is given to the efforts at civil and religious conversion of the indigenous peoples.

HIST 3966 - Central America I (4 credits)
The history of Central America from the Spanish Conquest until the Great Depression.  Political and economic aspects are emphasized.

HIST 3967 - Central America II (4 credits)
Central American politics from the dictators of the 1930s until the troubled 1980s.

HIST 3969 - Latin America and the U.S. (4 credits)
This course will be a survey of the history of the Latin America policy of the United States and the impact of such policy on the Latin American countries.

HIST 3972 - Revolution in Central America
This course will cover the history of Central America from the 1930s to the present.  It will provide the background necessary for students to understand the political instability suffered by Central America in the 1980s. Among the topics discussed will be the impact of the rapid expansion of export agriculture, the mobilization of popular sectors, U.S. strategic interests in the region and the role of liberation theology.

HIST 3973 - Education & State in Latin America (4 units)
This course will explore what changes in educational systems say about the formation of the state in different Latin American countries. As the state made efforts to impose school systems, a bureaucracy, and a curriculum, different groups reacted differently. The conceptions of the new systems, as well as the efforts of different groups to contest them, appropriate them for purposes different than the original intentions, and to create alternative systems, speak volumes about Latin American society and the process of state formation. The organization of the course is roughly chronological and will include discussions about different approaches to the history of education in Latin America. Among other issues the course will discuss the liberal project of forming citizens in the newly independent states, efforts to “modernize” Latin Americans in the late 19th century, and the steps taken by the revolutionary movements of Mexico, Cuba and Nicaragua to create new societies through changes in education. The course ends with a discussion of the neo-liberal educational reforms of the 1990’s.

HIST 3974 - Andean History I (4 credits)
This course traces Andean history from the growth of the Inca Empire in the 15th century through its conquest by the Spanish in the 16th century.  The creation of a colonial Andean society forms the balance of the course which concludes with the Great Rebellion of the late 18th century.  Specific attention will be given to the impact of Christian missionizing on indigenous peoples.

HIST 3975 - The Caribbean (4 credits)
This course will study the history of colonialism, slavery, emancipation and nationalism in the Caribbean, using both primary sources and scholarly studies. The African and European backgrounds to Caribbean history will receive particular attention.
 
HIST 3976 - Andean History II (4 credits)
This course traces Andean history from the time of the Great Rebellion at the end of the 18th century through the tumultuous years of the late 20th century.  Special attention is given to the creation of the nation states Peru and Bolivia during the 19th century.  

HIST 3978 -
20th century Cuba (4 units)
This course will examine Cuba post-independence (1898). The Cuban-U.S. political relationship race relations in Cuba, the Cuban sugar economy, the Cuban-Soviet political relationship, and socialist Cuba in a neo-liberal world will be the main themes.

HIST 3981 - The Modern Middle East (4 credits)
The chief concern of this course will be to develop a sensitivity to an awareness of the issues and problems of the modern Middle East since the late 18th century and the introduction of Western ideas/technology into the Ottoman Empire. The course will be both a survey of Middle East/Islamic history and an attempt to understand and re-evaluate our own perceptions of a non-Western civilization in the 20th century.

HIST 3985 - Mid-East/Ottoman Empire (4 units)
The course proposes to trace the history of the Ottoman Empire from its emergence in the early fourteenth century (ca. 1300) as a small frontier principality, to its growth into a world empire in the sixteenth century, and then down to its final dissolution in 1923. Bringing the political, cultural, and social aspects of the six-century-long imperial history together, the course seeks to understand the ways in which the Ottoman past shaped the modern Middle East.

HIST 3986 - Religion & Politics in Islamic History (4 units)
This course aims to introduce students to the key concepts and theories of Muslim political thinking from the rise of Islam to the present. The course will present how Muslim jurists, philosophers, mystics, and theologians discussed specific issues related to law, political authority, legitimacy, and government over the course of Islamic history. Organized chronologically, the class material will also duly emphasize the relevant historical context that prompted Muslim intellectuals in each period to delve into specific issues, concepts, and problems related to the interaction of Islam and politics. In the modern era, the main focus will be on the ways in which Muslim thinkers drew on classical Muslim political theories to develop new approaches to state and government in the universally imagined yet politically divided Muslim community within the modern world – a context shaped mainly by the political concepts developed and dictated by the West. In this regard, topics to be discussed include: Islamic reform movements, Islamic modernism, anti-colonialism, socialism, nationalism, secularism, and Islamic fundamentalism.
 
HIST 3990 - North American Environmental History (4 units)
The course will explore various aspects of North American Environmental History.

HIST 4010 - Genocide
We will investigate the major instances of modern genocide, including the Armenian, Rwandan and Cambodian cases, the Ukrainian famine and the Holocaust. There is a comparative dimension to our historic analysis. What triggers genocide?  How do modern instances compare, for example, to earlier cases of ethnic cleansing and extirpation of minorities and indigenous peoples during the expansion of nations and empires? How did the concept of genocide arise ? Why is rescue usually unforthcoming?  How successful is the punishment of genocide? Seminar members will undertake a senior research paper one aspect of the subject.

HIST 4062 – Seminar: Historians of the Past (4 units)
Historians of the past, from Antiquity through the Middle Ages, wrote about events for many reasons, and used many devices and approaches to tell their stories. The varying purposes and techniques of early historians – western and nonwestern – will be considered through close reading of significant works and discussion of the content and structure of the works.

HIST 4100 - Seminar: Medieval Political Ideologies (4 credits)
This course surveys the great political conflicts of the Middle Ages, with particular focus on their ideological foundations.

HIST 4301 - Seminar: 12th-Century Renaissance (4 credits)
This seminar course will consider the validity of the concept of a 12th-century Renaissance.  Particular emphasis will be placed on developments in political theory and institutions, art and architecture, learning and the rise of the universities, vernacular literature and the writing of history. 

HIST 4308 - Antisemitism
The history of anti-Jewish hostilities and their various manifestations from antiquity to the present. An examination of the theological, social, political, economic, and mythical elements of the hatred. Close readings of antisemitic texts to acquaint students with the full repertoire of antisemitic tropes: Jews as agents of cosmic evil and murderers of God, children of the Devil and followers of the Antichrist, money manipulators and usurpers of other peoples’ possessions, political connivers and conspirators, sexual predators, social corrupters. A study of the encoding and transmission of these ideas and an exploration of their continued contemporary appeal.

HIST 4331 - Seminar: U.S. in the Middle East (4 credits)
The seminar will examine how the United States replaced Great Britain as the preeminent power in the Middle East in the post-World War II era.  We will study the conduct of the cold war in the Middle East, analyze American involvement in the Israeli-Arab conflict, examine the tensions arising from American dependence on foreign oil and consider the conflict between American culture and the rise of Moslem fundamentalism.
 
HIST 4335 – Seminar: New England Transformed (4 credits)
This seminar will examine the origins of New England’s revolutionary radicalism; the making of the hegemonic Federalist political culture; the coming of the market revolution and the industrialization of the United States; the evolving ideas about family, childhood and old age; separate spheres and gender relations at home, work and church; the revival of prudish notions of sexuality and the simultaneous growth of prostitution and promiscuous male culture; the religious revival of the Second Great Awakening, and the rise of anti-slavery.
 
HIST 4345 - Seminar: History and Film (4 credits)
A critical examination of the relationship between history and film.  The course will examine the use of films as historical documents, historical documentaries and dramatic historical narratives

HIST 4360 - Seminar: Culture & Life-Reformation Europe (4 credits)
In this course, we will examine the forms of everyday life in 16th-century Europe and the cultural world that expressed and shaped the experience of Europeans. In particular we will study the religious cultures of Catholicism, Protestantism, and Judaism, using literary material and other primary sources.

HIST 4362 – Seminar: Daughters of Eve (4 credits)
This seminar will examine the history of law and deviance in Europe, 1500-1800, emphasizing in the second half of the course crimes associated with women, particularly infanticide, reproductive crimes, and witchcraft

HIST 4450 - Seminar: Modern Britain & Ireland (4 credits)
Selected topics in the history of Great Britain and Ireland from the 18th through the 20th centuries. Readings, discussions and reports.
 
HIST 4502 – The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era (4 credits)
This seminar explores the tumultuous, bloody and awe-inspiring quarter-century that changed the course of western history, from the French Revolution of 1789 to the fall of Napoleon in 1815. After examining the much-debated causes of the French Revolution, we will watch the French people take matters into their own hands, overthrow one of Europe’s oldest monarchies and create an entirely new system of government before descending into the reign of Terror in an attempt to reshape mankind through violence that led to the rise of Napoleon – a brilliant reformer, a military genius who conquered most of Europe, but also a dictator. Students will use a broad array of historical sources – texts, images and songs of the period – to make sense of the often-confusing course of events that ranged from the dramatic storming of the Bastille to the foundational Declaration of the Rights of Man, from the exhilarating march of Parisian women on Versailles and the epic Napoleonic campaigns to the gruesome beheadings by the infamous guillotine. We will examine the glorious or tragic destines of major figures such as Napoleon, Robespierre, Lafayette, and, of course, Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette, but we will also follow the actions and study the lives of humbler people. Finally, we will analyze how the French Revolution and Napoleon transformed politics, the social order, the economy, and daily life not only of France but also of the rest of the western world. In the end, this seminar will help students understand how this extraordinary period gave birth, in violence and exaltation, to our modern world.

HIST 4503 – From Gutenberg to Google: A History of communication in the Modern World (4 credits)
The great revolution in communication we are experiencing promises to redefine how we interact with each other and challenges the role, perhaps the very existence, of “old” media such as newspapers, books, or television. Yet, the “old” media once played the same role the internet or wireless technology play today. They were the carriers of an earlier great revolution in communication that shook up the early modern world from Gutenberg’s printing press in 1452 through the industrial mass production of cheap, easily available print media such as books and newspapers in the early nineteenth century. Renaissance and early modern Europeans routinely complained about information overload; many bemoaned or hailed the spread of knowledge beyond traditional bounds. The “first information age” saw books and other forms of print, such as pamphlets, posters, bills, or newspapers, flourish and reach readers in ever increasing numbers across space and social classes. In the process, it transformed the conditions of production, dissemination, and reception of knowledge. This seminar investigates the ways in which people communicated with each other through time. It focuses on print, but we also examine oral and handwritten forms of communication. We will study how authors—from the most celebrated such as Shakespeare and Voltaire to the most obscure hacks and gutter journalists—used the media at their disposal and how in turn the media shaped their work, how the material aspects of books or pamphlets influenced their content, and how readers received and made sense of them.
This hands-on seminar will put students in contact with the past, quite literally, by using the extraordinary resources Fordham and the New York City area have to offer. Whenever possible, we will visit rare-book collections to see and feel early books; we will use handpresses to set type and print as early-modern typographers did; and we will invite specialists such as book dealers, publishers, or rare book librarians to discuss their area of expertise. Throughout the seminar, we will read a broad variety of early modern texts: seventeenth-century English newspapers such as the Spectator or the Tatler, excerpts from Diderot’s great Encyclopédie or Benjamin’s Franklin’s Autobiography, collections of political pamphlets, diaries of booksellers and readers, or the correspondence of great writers such as Hume or Voltaire. We will also study the works of leading scholars and historians who have interpreted or theorized the history of communication, from Marshall McLuhan to Elizabeth Eisenstein, from Pierre Bourdieu to WalterOng, from Don McKenzie to Robert Darnton. This seminar will help students understand our new information age by shedding light on the first great revolution in communication.

HIST 4504 –
Food and Drink in Modern History (4 credits)
If we are we eat, as the saying goes, then who are we? Why do we eat the things we do? And why do we consume food and beverages the way we do? Eating and drinking are not only basic human needs, they can also be immensely pleasurable activities and over the centuries they have been central to how we define ourselves and interact with each other. This seminar explores the very rich history of food and drink in the modern western world, from the Renaissance to the present day. The course focuses particularly on the great silent revolution that transformed the diet and eating habits of Europeans from the 16thto the18th century, a crucial time during which, to cite only a few examples, forks and spoons were introduced, tables manners became codified, and Europeans adopted all sorts of new exotic food items such as tomatoes, corn, potatoes or sugar, and new beverages such as coffee, tea and chocolate. During the seminar students will unravel the varied social, cultural, and political meanings of food and drink through time. Our approach will be interdisciplinary, as we will borrow from anthropology, sociology, literary criticism, and art history, as well as cultural history, the history of ideas, social, economic, and business history. During each session, we will study the evolution of specific foods and beverages of particular historical significance, such as bread, sugar, and coffee, and we will examine how food and drinks have been consumed over time, not only in the home but also in public places, from the traditional banquet and the tavern to the modern commercial space of the café and the restaurant.
 
HIST 4520 – Seminar: The Pacific War (4 credits)
It is an unhappy fact that wars change thingsthough they seldom do so in the ways or to the degree that their authors intend. This was preeminently true of the Pacific War, a conflict which (in the long term) none of its participants desired, whose timing none foresaw, and whose outcomes none anticipated. Recognizing that this was a decisive moment in the modern history of the US, and the world, this course explores its causes, contingencies, and consequences for all sides of the Pacific Rim. Reflecting trends in recent scholarship, it will place as much stress on social, cultural, and economic effects as on diplomatic and military developments and focus on civilians and the home front as much as it does on those in uniform. Students will be required to complete a research paper, employing primary sources, on some aspect of the conflict.
 
HIST 4542 – Seminar: Italy Through Foreign Eyes (4 credits)
An exploration of representations of Italy and its inhabitants from the 18th century to the present. By reading a variety of different sources (travel literature, fiction, and film), we will examine continuities and changes in the image of Italy and Italians with the aim of understanding the formation and uses of national stereotypes in their historical contexts.
 
HIST 4544 – Seminar: Nationalism in the Modern World (4 credits)
This seminar will examine the rise of the most powerful and resilient ideology of the modern world and its relationship with the major socio-economic, cultural, and political changes of the age. It will pay particular attention to questions of inclusion and exclusion in the national community, the politics of patriotism, gender issues, the relationships with imperialism and racism, the challenge of anticolonial nationalisms, and the persistence of the nation in a globalizing world.

HIST 4555 - Seminar: Bismarck's Germany (4 credits)
Readings, discussion and individual research topics relating to Germany and the European states in the 19th century.
 
HIST 4556 – Seminar: 19th Century Europe (4 credits)
Explores the social and cultural transformation of Europe. Considers the emergence of a modern, global, industrial economy and rapid urbanization of Europe. Also examines cultural trends such as liberalism, romanticism, conservatism and modernism.

HIST 4571 – Seminar: Technology & Society (4 credits)
In this course, we will try and understand the critical relationship between technology and society in the modern era, with a focus on 19th and 20th century America. Our goal is to go beyond descriptions of material objects and investigate the role of technology and its cultural makers (such as “progress”) in broad social, political, cultural, and economic contexts. We will study a wide range of technological systems (such as the telegraph, the telephone, and the internet), consumer technologies (household appliances, the birth control pill), and “Big Science” (such as the atomic bomb) with a goal to discerning how technology and society have shaped each other in the modern world.
 
HIST 4575 – Seminar: History and Theory (4 credits)
An exploration of important writings that have changed historical understanding and the practice of history from the mid-eighteenth century to the present. Authors will include Smith, Hegel, Marx, Ranke, Nietzsche, Weber, Beauvoir and Foucault.

HIST 4606 - Seminar: History of Food (4 credits) 
We cannot live without food, but eating is not a matter of survival alone. The first part of this course will examine food as a decisive factor in history. The second part will treat selected topics (TBA) in depth. We will see that the human quest for food expanded the horizons of commerce, trigged mass migrations and wars, and led to the discovery of new worlds and new foods. We will also see that food and drink have symbolic significance and that culinary practices tell us a great deal about a given society. From this course, students will gain a greater understanding of how food influences and is influenced by many factors, including politics, economics, climate, technology, and culture. Participation in class discussion is required. There will be a term paper.

HIST 4625 - Hysteria Sexuality and the Unconscious
This interdisciplinary seminar is sponsored by the Department of English and the Department of History. The seminar explores issues raised by hysteria, sexuality and the unconscious in turn of the twentieth-century western culture-topics that cross-disciplinary boundaries.

HIST 4650 - Seminar: History and Fiction (4 credits)
An examination of American history through America's leading novelists from Hawthorne on Puritanism to Faulkner on the American South, including such authors as Melville, Cooper, James, Wharton, Dreiser, Steinbeck, and Wright. Focus will be on problems inherent in presenting an accurate depiction of history through this literary form.

HIST 4652 - Seminar: Laws and Outlaws (4 credits)
This course will explore the legal history of early modern Anglo-America. It will examine the differences between colonies as lawmakers drew on both English heritage and new environment to develop codes of law. Both civil disputes and criminal behavior will be examined through primary documents and secondary reading materials. 
 
HIST 4657 – Seminar: First Americans & Others (4 credits)
This course will explore the relationship between Native Americans and the Europeans who settled in North America. From 16th century contacts in the West through early 19th century exchanges elsewhere on the continent, readings and class discussion will examine such issues as identity, politics, economics, religion, andgender.
 
HIST 4740 – Seminar: The Bill of Rights (4 credits)
The Bill of Rights is one of the most cherished features of the American constitutional tradition. The course explores the contested history of the Bill and charts how various provisions of the Bill of Rights have been interpreted. Many deeply contentious issues have come before the Supreme Court for review. God, guns control, gay rights—it is difficult to think of an emotional issue that has not provoked some type of constitutional controversy. History has often been part of the debate over how to interpret the Bill of Rights. Does the 1st Amendment protect the right to use drugs if they are part of a religious ceremony? Does the Second Amendment protect the right to have an AK47? Did the Founding Fathers intend to protect a right of privacy? Should we really even care about what the Founding Fathers believed? What theory of constitutional interpretation best embodies our constitutional tradition and what role should history play in constitutional interpretation. This course will consider these questions in a rigorous scholarly fashion.

HIST 4752 - Seminar: America at War (4 credits)
An exploration of the interaction of war and society from the colonial era through Vietnam, presented in a seminar format.
 
HIST – 4780 – Seminar: History of Capitalism (4 credits)
Political economy is the social science that treats the sources and methods of production for subsistence and wealth. It is the study of how political systems conceive of and organizes economic life and of ideas people hold as they set out to derive wealth from nature. Its founding authors are still read today, although they tended to deny that ecology and economy could possibly come into conflict. Instead, they proposed mechanistic models in which the market resolved all contradictions. This seminar considers the various ways that capitalistsocieties have appointed resources and conceived of nature, progress, and wealth. It is a topical historical survey intended to teach the origins, qualities, and historical manifestations of this powerful social system. The course assumes no knowledge of economics and only a basic knowledge of American and European history.

HIST 4820 - Seminar: American Women and Reform (4 credits)
This course examines women's participation in social reform in Modern America. It studies the rise of organized reform, the creation of social work and the involvement of women of color. Through primary documents and secondary readings we look at the view points of the reformers and those aided by their efforts

HSRV 4851 - Seminar: Morality and Violence in Recent America (4 credits)
Explores dilemmas of violence and morality in recent American history and foreign relations.  Critically considers just war, pacifist and realist interpretations as well as problems involving war crimes, nuclear technology, guerilla war, ethnic cleansing and terrorism.
 
HIST 4852 – Seminar: U.S. and Imperialism (4 credits)
The history of American imperialism and antiimperialism. Analysis of culture, ideology, and policy, from the Revolution through 19th century expansion, the war of 1898, the Cold War, and current debates.

HIST 4905 - Seminar: 20th-Century America (4 credits)
Research studies in the political, social, cultural and economic history of 20th century America.
 
HIST 4920 – Seminar: African Icons (4 credits)
This seminar introduces students to a broad range of iconic figures in Africa’s recent history, while at the same time providing students with the kinds of investigative and analytical skills associated with the practice of sound historical research and writing. We will encounter well-known historical figures, like Nelson and Winnie Mandela, while others, such as Yaa Asantewaa and Thomas Sankara, may be unfamiliar, or notorious like Idi Amin and Mobutu Sese Seko. Seminar participants will read and critically engage a vast array of sources, including speeches, government documents, autobiographical pieces and press reports, in addition to scholarly studies. As a result of the often times overtly politicized, conflicting and contested nature of these sources students will be called upon to develop their capacities for independent and critical thought, which will in turn prepare them to write effectively and persuasively.

HIST 4950 - Seminar: Rebellion in Latin America (4 credits)
This course focuses on popular rebellion in Latin America from the 16th to 20th centuries. A limited number of rebellions will be considered, including Taki Onqoy in Peru, the Caste War of Yucatan and the Haitian Revolution.
 
HIST 4951 – Seminar: Latin America at the Movies (4 credits)
In this course, we look at a variety of films to examine what we learn about significant events or ideas from Latin American history in Latin American and U.S. films. Part of our focus will be to question how “true” that history is—while keeping in mind that what a US audience sees as “true” might vary from the perceptions of an audience in Cuba or Peru. But more than weighing the historical veracity of ourselves, we will also seek to understand how countries interpret their own particular histories through film. Each film will be coupled with readings putting the film into historical context.

HIST 4953 - US Civilizing Efforts in Latin America
Students in this undergraduate seminar will do research in primary sources to analyze different aspects of the US "civilizing mission" in Latin America. The course will concentrate in the period from 1898 to the eve of the Great Depression. We will discuss the efforts of diplomats, missionaries, business people, educators and the like to “civilize” Latin Americans, and the reaction of Latin Americans to such efforts.
 
HIST 4990 – Seminar: History of Climate Change (4 credits)
This course will explore various aspects of Climate Change and its perception over the course of History.

HIST 4999 - Tutorial in History (4 credits)
Supervised individual projects in historical research.  (Every semester)

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