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Language and Culture in Medieval Britain: The French of England c.1100-c.1500


The French of England, c.1100-c.1500
J. Wogan-Browne et al (2009)

Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne with co-editors Carolyn Collette, Maryanne Kowaleski, Linne Mooney, Ad Putter and David Trotter
  England was more widely and enduringly francophone in the Middle Ages than many standard accounts allow. French in England, whether known as ‘Anglo-Norman’ or ‘Anglo-French,’ is deeply interwoven in its continuing development both with medieval English and with the spectrum of Frenches, insular and continental, used within and outside the realm. As the language of nearly a thousand literary texts, of much administration and of many professions and occupations, the French of England needs more attention than it has yet been given. The essays in this volume begin a new cultural history focused around, but not confined to, the presence and interactions of French speakers, writers, readers, texts and documents in England from the late eleventh to the fifteenth century. Taking the French of England into account does not simply add new material to our existing narratives of medieval English culture, but changes them, restoring a multi-vocal, multi-cultural England in all its complexity, and opening up fresh agendas for study and exploration.
Contributors: H. Bainton, M. J. Bennett, J. Boffey, R. M. Britnell, C. Collette, G. Croenen, H. Deeming, S. Downes, M. Driver, M. H. Green, R. Ingham, R. June, M. Kowaleski, P. Kunstmann, F. H. M. Le Saux, S. Lusignan, T. W. Machan, J. Marvin, B. Merrilees, R. Nisse, M. Oliva, W. M. Ormrod, H. Pagan, L. Postlewate, J.-P. Pouzet, A. Putter, G. Rector, D. W. Russell, T.Summerfield, A. Taylor, D. A. Trotter, E. M. Tyler, N. Watson, J. Wogan-Browne, R. F. Yeager.
20 b/w, 1 line illus.; 560pp, 23.4 x 15.6cm, 978 1 90315 327 7, October 2009, £50.00/$95.00

Boydell and Brewer have released a paperback version
now available. Enquiries to Boydell and Brewer:


General Introduction What's in a Name: the "French" of "England"    
  Jocelyn Wogan-Browne 1  
Section I Language and Socio-Linguistics    
  Introduction 17  
1 French Language in Contact with English: Social Context and Linguistic Change (mid-13th-14th centuries)    
  Serge Lusignan 19  
2 The Language of Complaint: Multilingualism and Petitioning in Later Medieval England    
  W. Mark Ormrod 31  
3 The Persistence of Anglo-Norman 1230-1362: A Linguistic Perspective    
  Richard Ingham 44  
4 Syntaxe anglo-normande: étude de certaines caractéristiques du XIIe au XIVe siècle    
  Pierre Kunstmann (with English summary) 55  
5 "'Fi a debles,' quath the king": Language Mixing in England's Vernacular Historical Narratives, c.1290-c.1340    
  Thea Summerfield 68  
6 Uses of French Language in Medieval English Towns    
  Richard Britnell 81  
7 The French of England in Female Convents: The French Kitcheners' Accounts of Campsey Ash Priory    
  Marilyn Oliva 90  
8 The French of England: A Maritime linguafranca?    
  Maryanne Kowaleski 103  
9 John Barton, John Gower and Others: Variation in Late Anglo-French    
  Brian Merrilees and Heather Pagan 118  
10 John Gower's French and His Readers    
  R. F. Yeager 135  
Section II Crossing the Conquest: New Linguistic and Literary Histories    
  Introduction 149  
11 "Stuffed Latin": Vernacular Evidence in Latin Documents    
  David Trotter 153  
12 From Old English to Old French    
  Elizabeth M. Tyler 164  
13 Translating the "English" Past: Cultural Identity in the Estoire des Engleis    
  Henry Bainton 179  
14 The Languages of England: Multilingualism in the Work of Wace    
  Françoise H. M. Le Saux 188  
15 An Illustrious Vernacular: The Psalter en romanz in Twelfth-Century England    
  Geoff Rector 198  
16 Serpent's Head/Jew's Hand: Le Jeu d'Adam and Christian-Jewish Debate in Norman England    
  Ruth Nisse 207  
17 Salerno on the Thames: The Genesis of Anglo-Norman Medical Literature    
  Monica H. Green 220  
Section III After Lateran IV: rancophone Devotions and Histories    
  Introduction 235  
18 "Cest livre liseez . . . chescun jour": Women and Reading c.1230-c.1430    
  Jocelyn Wogan-Browne 239  
19 French Devotional Texts in Thirteenth-Century Preachers' Anthologies    
  Helen Deeming 254  
20 Augustinian Canons and their Insular French Books in Medieval England: Towards an Assessment    
  Jean-Pascal Pouzet 266  
21 Eschuer peché, embracer bountee: Social Thought and Pastoral Instruction in Nicole Bozon    
  Laurie Postlewate 278  
22 The Cultural Context of the French Prose remaniement of the Life of Edward the Confessor by a Nun of Barking Abbey    
  Delbert W. Russell 290  
23 The Vitality of Anglo-Norman in Late Medieval England: The Case of the Prose Brut Cronicle    
  Julia Marvin 303  
24 France in England: Anglo-French Culture in the Reign of Edward III    
  Michael Bennett 320  
25 Lollardy: The Anglo-Norman Heresy?    
  Nicholas Watson 334  
26 The Languages of Memory: The Crabhouse Nunnery Manuscript    
  Rebecca June 347  
Section IV England and French in the Late Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries    
  Introduction 361  
27 French, English, and the Late Medieval Linguistic Repertoire    
  Tim William Machan 363  
28 Aristotle, Translation and the Mean: Shaping the Vernacular in Late Medieval Anglo-French Culture    
  Carolyn Collette 373  
29 Writing English in a French Penumbra: The Middle English 'Tree of Love' in MS Longleat 253    
  Julia Boffey 386  
30 The French of English Letters: Two Trilingual Verse Epistles in Context    
  Ad Putter 397  
31 The Reception of Froissart's Writings in England: The Evidence of the Manuscripts    
  Godfried Croenen 409  
32 'Me fault faire': French Makers of Manuscripts for English Patrons    
  Martha Driver 420  
33 The French Self-Presentation of an English Mastiff: John Talbot's Book of Chivalry    
  Andrew Taylor 444  
34 A 'Frenche booke called the Pistill of Othea': Christine de Pizan's French in England    
  Stephanie Downes 457  
  Bibliography 469  
  Index of Medieval (and Select Early Modern) Texts 520  
  Index of Medieval (and Select EArly Modern) Authors 527  
  Index of Persons and Places 529  



1. Speculum Vol. 86 (April 2011): 567-68, by Ralph Hanna  
2. Library Profilers Picks (February 2010), by Jennifer Lorden, YBP/Blackwell  
3. Journal of English and Germanic Philology  Vol. 110 (October 2011): 539-42, by Kristen M. Figg, Kent State University  
4. Marginalia: Journal of the Medieval Reading Group University of Cambridge Vol. 10 (April 2009), by Elizabeth Dearnley  

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