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The French of England I: Texts and Territories in Medieval Britain



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Reference Works

1. Dictionaries, grammars, phonology

An Anglo-Norman Dictionary, ed. Louise W. Stone, William Rothwell, et al. (London: MHRA, 1977-92)

The most comprehensive dictionary of Anglo-Norman so far, though now difficult to find

Einhorn, E. Old French: A Concise Handbook. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974)

Godefroy, F. Dictionnaire de l'ancien français et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle, 10 vols. Paris, 1880-1902

Gransaignes d'Hauterive, R. Dictionnaire d'ancien français (Paris: Larousse, 1947)

Greimas, A-J. Dictionnaire de l'ancien français jusqu'au milieu du XIVe siècle (Paris: Larousse, 1980)

Kibler, W.W. An Introduction to Old French (New York: MLA)

Pope, M.K. From Latin to Modern French with Especial Consideration of Anglo-Norman (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1934)

Tobler, Adolf, and E. Lommatszsch, Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (Bonn, Basel, Leipzig, 1928-)

2. Guides

Dean, Ruth J., with the collaboration of Maureen B.M. Boulton. Manual of Anglo-Norman Literature, London: ANTS, 1999

An indispensable listing of texts, manuscripts, and editions; vital for AN research as well as deeply informative for even the casual reader

Calin, William W. The French Tradition and the Literature of Medieval England (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994)

Legge, M. Dominica, Anglo-Norman in the Cloisters (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1950)

---- Anglo-Norman Literature and its Background (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963)

3. Important Journals and Series

Anglo-Norman Studies: Proceedings of the Battle Abbey Conferences
The year cited in the title of individual volumes is not usually the year of publication; special care is needed in referring to this fundamental journal

Haskins Society Journal
high-quality source of historical articles in the period

Medium Aevum
more literary, dealing with Middle English, French, and other languages

Modern Language Review

the journal where most AN texts were first published in the late 19th and early 20th century; it continues to publish valuable editions of shorter AN texts

Thirteenth-Century England
a highly-respected annually published series

The Year's Work in Modern Language Studies
reviews of all new work in the subject; very well-organized

Language and Sociolinguistics

For a concise overview, see Fenster, Thelma, "French Language," in An Encyclopaedia of Medieval France, ed. W.W. Kibler (New York: Garland, 1995), pp. 370-74

Berndt, Rolf. "The Linguistic Situation in England from the Norman Conquest to the Loss of Normandy (1066-1204)" in Approaches to Historical Linguistics: An Anthology, ed. Roger Lass (New York: 1969), pp. 369-81

--- "The Period of the Final Decline of French in Medieval England (Fourteenth and Early Fifteenth Centuries)" Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 20 (1972): 341-69

Clark, Cecily, "Women's Names in Post-Conquest England: Observations and Speculations," Speculum 53 (1978): 223-51

Crane, Susan, "Social Aspects of Bilingualism in the Thirteenth Century," Thirteenth Century England 6 (1997): 103-116

Frankis, John, "The Social Context of Vernacular Writing in Thirteenth Century England: The Evidence of the Manuscripts," Thirteenth-Century England 1 (1986): 175-184

Kibbee, Douglas A. "Historical Perspectives on the Place of Anglo-Norman in the History of the French Language." French Studies 54 (2000): 137-53

---- For to Speke French Trewely: The French Language in England 1000-1600: Description and Instruction (Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1991)

Lodge, R.A. French: From Dialect to Standard (London: Routledge, 1993)

---- "Language Attitudes and Linguistic Norms in France and England in the Thirteenth Century," Thirteenth Century England 4 (1991): 73-83

Porter, David W. "The Earliest Texts with English and French," Anglo-Saxon England (1999): 87-110

Romaine, Suzanne, Bilingualism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989)

Rothwell, W. "The 'Faus franceis d'Angleterre': Later Anglo-Norman," in Anglo-Norman Anniversary Essays ANTS OP 2 (London, 1993), pp. 309-26

---- "The Role of French in Thirteenth-Century England," Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 58 (1975): 445-66

---- "The Teaching of French in Medieval England," MLR 63 (1968): 37-46

Short, Ian. "Tam Angli Quam Franci: Self-Definition in Anglo-Norman England" ANS 18 (1995): 153-75

---- "On Bilingualism in Anglo-Norman England," Romanische Philologie 33 (1979-80): 467-79

Wilson, R.M. "English and French in England 1100-1300," History 28 (1943): 37-60

Literary, Historical, and Cultural

Bates, David and Anne Curry, eds. England and Normandy in the Middle Ages (London: 1994)

Chibnall, Marjorie, Anglo-Norman England 1066-1166 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986)

Clanchy, M.T. England and Its Rulers 1066-1272 (London, 1973)

---- From Memory to Written Record 2nd ed (Oxford, 1993)

Crane, Susan, "Anglo-Norman Cultures," in The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature,ed. David Wallace, 35-60 (Cambridge, 1999)

---- Insular Romance: Politics, Faith, and Culture in Anglo-Norman and Middle English Literature(Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986)

Delano-Smith, Catherine, and Roger J.P. Kain, English Maps: A History (London: British Library, 1999)

Edson, Evelyn, Mapping Time and Space: How Medieval Mapmakers Viewed Their World(London: British Library, 1999)

Field, Rosalind, "Romance in England, 1066-1400," in The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature, ed. David Wallace, 152-76 (Cambridge, 1999)

Foulet, Alfred, and Mary Blakely Speer, On Editing Old French Texts (Lawrence, 1979)

Frankis, P. John, "The Social Context of Vernacular Writing in the Thirteenth Cnetury: The Evidence of the Manuscripts," Thirteenth Century England I, 175-84

Galloway, Andrew, "Writing History in England," The Cambridge History of Medieval Literature, ed. David Wallace, 255-83 (Cambridge, 1999)

Georgianna, Linda, "Coming to Terms with the Norman Conquest: Nationalism and English Literary History," Yearbook of Research in English and American Literature 14, Literature and the Nation, ed. Brook Thomas, 33-53 (Tübingen, 1998)

Gillingham, John, "The Context and Purposes of Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain," ANS 13 (1990): 99-118

Hastings, Adrian, The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion, and Nationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997)

Jeffrey, David L. and Brian J. Levy, ed. and trans. The Anglo-Norman Lyric: An Anthology (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1990)

Johnson, Lesley, "Imagining Communities: Medieval and Modern," in Concepts of National Identity in the Middle Ages, ed. Simon Forde and Lesley Johnson, 1-20 (Leeds, 1995)

Lewis, C.P. "The French in England Before the Norman Conquest," ANS 17 (1994): 123-39

Nicholls, Jonathan, The Matter of Courtesy: Medieval Courtesy Books and the Gawain-Poet (Woodbridge: Brewer, 1985)

Otter, Monika, Inventiones: Fiction and Referentiality in Twelfth-Century English Historical Writing (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996)

Partner, Nancy, Serious Entertainments: The Writing of History in Twelfth-Century England (Chicago and London: 1977)

Rollo, David, Historical Fabrication, Ethic Fable, and French Romance in Twelfth-Century England, Edward C. Armstrong Monographs on Medieval Literature 9 (Lexington: French Forum Publishers, 1998)

Schmolke-Hasselmann, Beata, The Evolution of Arthurian Romance: The Verse Tradition from Chrétien to Froissart, tr. Margaret and Roger Middleton (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998)

Shopkow, Leah, History and Community: Norman Historical Writing in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries (Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1997)

Short, Ian, "Patrons and Polyglots: French Literature in Twelfth-Century England," ANS 14 (1991): 229-49

Spiegel, Gabrielle, Romancing the Past: The Rise of the Vernacular Prose Historiography in Thirteenth-Century France (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993)

---- "Pseudo-Turpin, The Crisis of the Aristocracy, and the Beginnings of Vernacular Historiography in France," Journal of Medieval History 12 (1986): 207-23

Stafford, Pauline, "Women and the Norman Conquest," Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser., vol. 4 (1994): 221-49

Warren, Michelle, R. History on the Edge: Excalibur and the Borders of Britain, 1100-1300 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000)



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