|Summary Of Activity in Italy
Often cited as the first Italian troubadour, Rambertino Buvalelli (c. 1170-1221), a politician and diplomat from the city of Bologna, wrote Occitan love poetry dedicated to Beatrice d'Este, daughter of the Marquis of Este, a Guelph leader. Appointed podestà at a number of Italian cities including Milan and Genoa, Buvalelli's composition of light poetry was politically charged, and his work likely contributed to the later rise of Occitan poetry produced by Genoese politicians like Lanfranc Cigala. Ten of Buvalelli's cansos survive.
Elio Melli, Rambertino Buvalelli: Le poesie: edizione critica con introduzione, traduzione, note e glossario (Bologna, 1978).
Miriam Cabré, "Italian and Catalan troubadours," in The Troubadours: An Introduction. Cambridge: CUP, 1999,
Elio Melli, "Nuove ricerche storiche sul trovatore bolognese Rambertino Buvalelli," Medioevo e Umanesimo Padova 29 (1977): 425-448.