Fordham University            The Jesuit University of New York

Sources by Community


Scholars have divided the Francophone communities of medieval Italy into three groups:

These communities contained readers, writers, and audiences spread across Italy. In the north, this included the regions of Venice, the Veneto and Emilia-Romagna from the thirteenth through fifteenth centuries. In Tuscany an active group of merchants, notaries, and lawyers fostered a a French-speaking culture in their cities by patronizing the creation of texts in French. Beginning with the arrival of Charles I of Anjou and the establishment of the Angevin dynasty, this francophone culture spread to the south of Italy, where a significant French speaking community developed among the French aristocrats and their administrators that persisted until the mid-fifteenth century. 

There was considerable interaction between these literary groups and the relationship between them was fluid rather than rigid. Thus the bibliographic division here reflects a taxonomy imposed by modern scholars rather than a reality experienced by those who participated in these literary communities

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