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Bonifacio Calvo

 
Summary Of Activity in Italy

Bonifacio Calvo (c. 1230 - c.1300), a Genoese troubadour, made his career at the Castilian court of Alfonso X, arriving first in 1253 and remaining there for thirteen years. Although the majority of his extant works are in Occitan, Bonifacio also composed poems in the Galician-Portuguese of Alfonso's court, including melancholy cantigas d'amor and a multilingual sirventés, with stanzas in Occitan, Galician-Portugese, and Old French (for another multilingual troubadour, see Raimbaut de Vaqueiras).

known Work

Twenty-one of Bonifacio's poems survive. His sirventés "Ges no m'es greu" famously chastises the Genoese for cowardice during conflict with the Venetians, a claim to which Venetian troubadour Bertolome Zorzi later responded.

Editions

William D. Horan, The Poems of Bonifacio Calvo: a Critical Edition (The Hague, 1966).












Secondary Literature

Vicenç Beltrán, "Los trovadores en las cortes de Castilla y Leon: Bonifaci Calvo y Ayras Moniz d'Asme." Cultura Neolatina 45, no. 1-2 (1985), 45-57.
Eduardo
Blasco, "Il mistilinguismo poetico medievale: una Fata Morgana? (Analisi della lingua del sirventès plurilingue di Bonifacio Calvo)," Beiträge zur romanischen Philologie 26, no. 1 (1987), 57-89.
Miriam Cabré, "Italian and Catalan troubadours," in The Troubadours: An Introduction (Cambridge: CUP, 1999
), 127-140.
Hans-Erich Keller, "Italian Troubadours," in A Handbook of the Troubadours, eds. F.R.P. Akehurst and Judith M. Davis (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995), 295-304.

 Summary by Michael Diaz de la Portilla

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