|Summary of Activity in Italy
Peire de la Caravana was an Italian-born poet writing in Occitan at the end of the twelfth century. Few of his sirventes survive, and he is best known for the Guelph poem "D'un serventes faire," arguably the earliest Occitan poem by a native Italian, which calls the Lombard cities to arms against the German emperor. This poem has usually been dated to 1194 or 1195, although some scholars argue for a date as early as 1157. Despite ties to the Sardinian court of Barisone II of Arborea, as indicated by this famous poem's dedication, little is known of Peire's biography.
"D'un serventes faire," fifty-seven lines dedicated to the senhal Malgrat-de-totz.
Vincenzo de Bartholomaeis, Poesie provenzali storiche relative all'Italia (Rome, 1931).
Aurelio Roncaglia, Antologia delle letterature medievali d'oc e d'oïl (Milan, 1973).
Miriam Cabré, "Italian and Catalan troubadours," in The Troubadours: An Introduction. Cambridge: CUP, 1999,
Frede Jensen. "Sur l'Italianité De Peire De La Cavarana." Cultura Neolatina 47 (1987): 695-704.
Aldo Scaglione. Knights at Court: Courtliness, Chivalry, and Courtesy from Ottonian Germany to the Italian Renaissance. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
See also information on the Franco-Lombards from the French of Italy site.