Fordham University            The Jesuit University of New York

French Historical Narrative Texts 
from Outremer


Narrative texts of all kinds were produced in Outremer, but some of the most popular were works of history that treated the events taking place in the East as Western inhabitants struggled to gain a foothold in the territories they had conquered. Many of the following texts are cumulative in nature, meaning that successive generations of writers in Outremer used one of the works below as a base text, then added or ammended the text to serve their own purposes. For this reason, scholars have often been reluctant to trace these works to a specific locale; rather, these works are instead irregular and chageable, a characteristic found among many of the French texts from Outremer.

Following are a list of Old French Historical Narratives composed in Outremer; for some of the works, it is unclear whether they originated in Outremer or in the West, but since the bulk of their subject matter concerns the history of Outremer, we have listed them here:


Peter Edbury, "Crusader Sources from the Near East (1099-1204)," in Byzantines and Crusaders in Non-Greek Sources, 1025-1204. Edited by Mary Whitby. Oxford: University Press, 2008, 23-38.

more bibliography to come

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