What is it? Answer below.
Robert C. Madden, Ph.D.
Lecturer in Biology
Department of Natural Sciences
Fordham College at Lincoln Center
New York, NY 10023
Perspectives in Biology
Concepts in Biology
Research Design and Analysis
Ph.D.: Biology, City University of New York
M.S.: Biostatistics, Columbia University
B.A.: Biology, Queens College
Inquiry-based Collaborative Learning in Physiology-based Lab Exercises: A Two Phased Approach. National Science Foundation.
Gender-equitable, Discovery-based Science for Pre-service Elementary School Teachers. Texaco Foundation.
Computer Interfaced Neurophysiology Laboratory. National Science Foundation.
My primary interest is the sensory basis for animal orientation in space and time. Survival of animals depends on their doing the right thing in the right place at the right time. Various neural and sensory mechanisms assure that this occurs. I have worked with a variety of animal species including honeybees, fruit flies, carpenter ants, black-legged ticks (carrier of Lyme disease), homing pigeons, hamsters, pigmy opossums, and flying squirrels. My present work is carried out on invertebrates, with honeybees being my currently most active species. All of these animals present interesting opportunities for studying spatial and temporal orientation. I have a secondary interest in experimental design and data analysis. My original interest in this resulted from the fact that animal orientation data can present complex analysis problems. After I acquired skill in this area, I found myself collaborating with other researchers on problems of data analysis, sometimes in fields not closely related to my main interest.
Recent Publications and Presentations:
Ispahani A and RC Madden. 2009. Visual and olfactory conditioning in the honeybee. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Eastern Colleges Science Conference, Wagner College, New York, NY, April 2009.
Goffman D, A Rozario, H Heo, C Chazotte, RC Madden, PS Bernstein. 2009. A comparison of estimated and calculated blood loss in postpartum hemorrhage. Oral presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Chicago, IL, May 2009 (competitive). MS in prep for publication.
Goffman D, RC Madden, EA Harrison, IR Merkatz, C Chazotte. 2007. Predictors of maternal mortality and near-miss maternal morbidity. Journal of Perinatology 27: 597-601.
Wong A and RC Madden. 2006. The effects of light and temperature variation on the daily activity pattern of red carpenter ants, Camponotus chromaiodes. Poster presentation at the 60th Annual Eastern Colleges Science Conference, Philadelphia, PA.
Madden SC and RC Madden. 2005. Seasonality in the diurnal locomotory patterns of adult black-legged ticks, Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 42(4): 585-588.
Liebert PS and RC Madden. 2004. Human botfly larva in a child’s scalp. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 39:629-630.
Deuschlander ME, Freake MJ, Borland SC, Phillips JB, Madden RC, Anderson LE, and Wilson BW. 2003. Learned Magnetic compass orientation by the Siberian hamster, Phodopus sungorus. Animal Behaviour 65(4): 779-786.
Bell KN, Minton M, and Madden RC 1999. Project G.E.E.S.E. Gender-Equitable Explorations in Science Education: a learning community model. Presentation at Creating and Sustaining Learning Communities. University of South Florida, Tampa FL, March 11.
Answer: This is a syrphid fly on goldenrod. Syrphid flies have color patterns that mimic those of wasps and bees. The color patterns of wasps and bees are believed to warn potential predators of the painful defenses of these insects. Syrphid flies do not sting, but by mimicking the coloration of insects that do, are thought to gain protection from predators. Such mimicking of a protected species by a harmless one is called Batesian mimicry.