Fordham University            The Jesuit University of New York

19th Century Philosophy (Baur)

PHIL 5002: 19th Century Philosophy (Spring 2014), Dr. Michael Baur

Tuesdays, 9:00 am to 11:00 am, Collins Hall Seminar Room

E-mail: “”; Office Phone: (718) 817-3295


Course Themes:

Continental thought in the 19th century can be characterized as a series of attempts to accept the critical orientation of Kant’s “turn to the subject” (or “Copernican turn”), while at the same time avoiding perceived shortcomings in Kant’s theoretical and practical philosophy.  This course will critically examine central themes in post-Kantian continental philosophy, with special attention to themes in epistemology, metaphysics, ethical theory, and political philosophy.  With these themes in mind, we will examine the main philosophical arguments put forth by Schopenhauer, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Marx, and Nietzsche.


Required Texts (in the order in which we will be reading them):

Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Representation, vols. 1-2, trans. E.F.J. Payne (New York: Dover Publications, 1966)

Volume 1: ISBN-10: 0486217612; ISBN-13: 978-0486217611

Volume 2: ISBN 10: 0486217620, ISBN 13: 978-0486217628

G.W.F. Hegel, Phenomenology of Spirit, trans. A.V. Miller (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977)

ISBN-10: 0198245971; ISBN-13: 978-0198245971

Søren Kierkegaard, The Essential Kierkegaard, ed. Howard V. Hong and Edna H. Hong (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000)

            ISBN-10: 0691019401; ISBN-13: 978-0691019406

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Marx-Engels Reader, 2nd edition, ed. Robert C. Tucker (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1978)

ISBN-10: 039309040X; ISBN-13: 978-0393090406

Friedrich Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy and The Genealogy of Morals, trans. Francis Golffing (Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1956)

ISBN-10: 0385092105; ISBN-13: 978-0385092104


Course Requirements:

M.A. and Ph.D. students will be required to submit a 20- to 25-page paper at the end of the course.


Schedule of Class Meetings and Readings

January 14:       First Day of Class: Course Introduction

January 21:       Schopenhauer, from The World as Will and Representation, vol. 1, pp. 1-165

January 28:       Schopenhauer, from The World as Will and Representation, vol. 1, pp. 269-412

February 4:       Schopenhauer, from The World as Will and Representation, vol. 2, pp. 459-646

February 11:     Hegel, “Introduction,” from Phenomenology, pp. 46-57

February 18:     No class; classes follow a Monday schedule      

February 25:     Hegel, “Sense-certainty and Perception,” from Phenomenology, pp. 58-79

March 4:           Hegel, “Self-Consciousness,” from Phenomenology, pp. 104-138

March 11:         Hegel, “Morality” and “Conscience,” from Phenomenology, pp. 364-409

March 18:         No class; spring recess

March 25:         Kierkegaard, “Concluding Unscientific Postscript,” Essential Kierkegaard, pp. 187-246

April 1:             Kierkegaard, “Fear and Trembling,” “The Concept of Anxiety,” and “The Sickness unto Death,” Essential Kierkegaard,                               pp. 93-101, 138-155, and 350-372

April 8:             Marx, “Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts,” Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 66-125

April 15:           Marx, “The German Ideology,” Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 146-200

April 22:           Marx, “Capital,” Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 294-442

April 29:           Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy, pp. 1-146

May 6:              Nietzsche, The Genealogy of Morals, pp. 147-299

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