PHIL 7131: Between Kant and Hegel
Course Description and Bibliography of Required Texts
Spring 2011, Fridays, 12 noon to 2 pm, Collins Conference Room
Instructor: Michael Baur
Many contemporary philosophers, both continental and analytic, understand and appreciate – even if they do not ultimately accept – Kant’s philosophical arguments. By contrast, the claims made by Kant’s immediate successors – the so-called German Idealists – seem at first sight to be incredible and bizarre, if not altogether unintelligible. The general aim of this course will be to bridge this apparent gap between Kant and the German Idealists, and to show – contrary to some popular accounts – that the movement from Kant to German Idealism is not radically discontinuous, but is rather a natural unfolding of the critical tensions and difficulties implicit in the Kantian system itself. While the post-Kantian Idealists engaged Kant on a number of different levels, this course will focus primarily on questions of epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics, for example: “Did Kant really refute Hume’s skepticism?” “Did he properly understand the meaning of freedom and its relation to nature?” “Was Kant’s transcendental deduction of the categories adequately transcendental, and was it really a deduction?” Against the backdrop of Kant’s Critical Philosophy, the course will focus mainly on the work of Fichte and Schelling; but we shall also examine some of the important contributions made by the “lesser” figures between Kant and Hegel. The ultimate goal will be to understand the revolutionary systems of Fichte and Schelling, and how they set the stage for the idealism of Hegel.
Required Texts (in the order of their being used for this course):
J.G. Fichte, Science of Knowledge with the First and Second Introductions, trans. Peter Heath and John Lachs (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982/1994) [henceforth: SK]
F.W.J. Schelling, Idealism and the Endgame of Theory: Three Essays by F.W.J. Schelling, trans. and ed. by Thomas Pfau (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1994) [henceforth: IET]
G.W.F. Hegel, Natural Law: The Scientific Ways of Treating Natural Law, Its Place in Moral Philosophy, and Its Relation to the Positive Sciences of Law , trans. T.M.. Knox (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1975) [henceforth: NL]
Other selected readings, to be made available during the course of the semester
In addition to regular class attendance and participation, students will be required to submit one long (20-25 page) research paper during the final week of the course.
COURSE SCHEDULE AND READINGS
All pdf files to be made available by the instructor.
Jan. 21, 2011 Overview and background to German Idealism; read Breazeale, “Reinhold Between Kant and Fichte” (pdf file).
Jan. 28, 2011 Read Fichte’s Aenesidemus (pdf file), and Breazeale, “Fichte’s Aenesidemus Review” (pdf file).
Feb. 4, 2011 First Introduction to Fichte’s Wissenschaftslehre; read Fichte, SK, pp. 3-28.
Feb. 11, 2011 Second Introduction to Fichte’s Wissenschaftslehre; read Fichte, SK, pp. 29-85.
Feb. 18, 2011 Read Fichte, SK, pp. 89-119.
Feb. 25, 2011 Read Fichte, SK, pp. 120-195.
March 4, 2011 Read Fichte, SK, pp. 195-251.
March 11, 2011 Read Fichte, SK, pp. 251-286.
March 18, 2011 No Class: Spring Recess.
March 25, 2011 Read Fichte, Foundations of Natural Right (pdf file); and Breazeale, “Fichte’s Abstract Idealism” (pdf file)
April 1, 2011 Read Schelling, IET, “Treatise Explicatory of the Idealism in the Science of Knowledge,” pp. 62-104.
April 8, 2011 Read Schelling, IET, “Treatise Explicatory of the Idealism in the Science of Knowledge,” pp. 104-138.
April 15, 2011 Read Schelling, IET, “System of Philosophy in General, and of the Philosophy of Nature in Particular,” pp. 141-165.
April 22, 2011 No class: Easter break.
April 29, 2011 Read Schelling, IET, “System of Philosophy in General, and of the Philosophy of Nature in Particular,” pp. 165-194.
May 6, 2011 Read Hegel, NL, pp. 55-95.
May 13, 2011 Read Hegel, NL, pp. 95-133.
Some Other Relevant Texts:
Ameriks, Karl, Kant and the Fate of Autonomy: Problems in the Appropriation of the Critical Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000)
Ameriks, Karl (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000)
Baur, Michael and Daniel Dahlstrom (eds.), The Emergence of German Idealism (Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 1999)
Beiser, Frederick, The Fate of Reason: German Philosophy from Kant to Fichte (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987)
Beiser, Frederick, German Idealism: The Struggle Against Subjectivism 1781-1801 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002)
Bowie, Andrew, Schelling and Modern Philosophy: An Introduction (London and New York: Routledge, 1993)
Breazeale, Daniel and Tom Rockmore, New Essays in Fichte’s Foundation of the Entire Doctrine of Scientific Knowledge (Amherst, NY: Humanity Books, 2001)
Breazeale, Daniel and Tom Rockmore, Rights, Bodies, and Recognition: New Essays on Fichte’s Foundations of Natural Right (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2006)
Buzaglo, Meir, Solomon Maimon: Monism, Skepticism, and Mathematics (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2002)
Dudley, Will, Understanding German Idealism (Stocksfield: Acumen Publishing, 2007)
Estes, Yolanda and Curtis Bowman (eds.), J.G. Fichte and the Atheism Dispute (1798-1800) (Farnham, UK and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2010)
Fichte, J.G. Early Philosophical Writings, trans. Daniel Breazeale (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988)
Fichte, J.G., Foundations of Natural Right According to the Principles of the Wissenschaftslehre, trans. Michael Baur, ed. by Frederick Neuhouser (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000)
Fichte, J.G., Foundations of Transcendental Philosophy – Wissenschaftslehre nova methodo, trans. Daniel Breazeale (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992)
Forster, Michael, Hegel and Skepticism (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989)
Franks, Paul W., All or Nothing: Systematicity, Transcendental Arguments, and Skepticism in German Idealism (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005)
Harris, H.S., Hegel’s Development, Vol. I and II (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1972 and 1983)
Hegel, G.W.F., The Difference Between Fichte’s and Schelling’s System of Philosophy, trans. H.S. Harris and Walter Cerf (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1977)
Henrich, Dieter, Between Kant and Hegel: Lectures on German Idealism, ed. David S. Pacini (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003)
Jacobi, F.H. Jacobi, The Main Philosophical Writings and the Novel Allwill, ed. and trans. George di Giovanni (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1994)
Maimon, Salomon, Essay on Transcendental Philosophy, trans. Nick Midgley, Henry Somers-Hall, Alistair Welchman, and Merten Reglitz (London and New York: Continuum, 2010)
Neuhouser, Frederick, Fichte’s Theory of Subjectivity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990)
Pinkard, Terry, German Philosophy 1760-1860: The Legacy of Idealism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002)
Schelling, F.W.J., Bruno, Or on the Natural and Divine Principle of Things, ed. Michael Vater (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994)
Schelling, F.W.J., System of Transcendental Idealism (1801), trans. Peter Heath (Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1978/1994)
Schelling, F.W.J., On the History of Modern Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994)
Sedgwick, Sally (ed.), The Reception of Kant’s Critical Philosophy: Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000)
Snow, Dale, Schelling and the End of Idealism (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996)
Williams, Robert, Recognition: Fichte and Hegel on the Other (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992)