|My clinical work primarily has focused on assessment and treatment of youth involved in the juvenile justice system. Additionally, my clinical practice has included consultation services to local and state juvenile probation and detention programs in the development of mental health service delivery systems for justice-involved youth. Over the past ten years, I have developed a specialized clinical focus in the assessment and treatment of youth who have been charged with sexual offenses. This work has involved conducting post-disposition assessments of risk and amenability to treatment, providing expert testimony to juvenile courts, and development of treatment protocols for this population. I have provided a combination of individual, group, and family-based treatment services to youth who are on probation or in secure settings due to sexually offending behavior. I am licensed to practice psychology New York. I am a member of the American Psychological Association, the American Psychology-Law Society and International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services.
|Major Research Interests
|Based on my training in clinical-forensic psychology and the law, my research interests are closely connected to my clinical interest and practice. Broadly defined, my research interests are in the areas of assessment and treatment of legal defendants with an emphasis on justice-involved youth. My primary research interest in this area involves investigating the clinical utility of general and specialized assessment instruments that identify mental health problems and delinquency risk. My interest in this area has developed from the perspective that psychologists who are responsible for assessing and treating justice-involved youth must base their work on empirically supported decision tools and interventions. I have research interests in the areas of juvenile risk assessment/management, juvenile psychopathy, juvenile sexual offending, PTSD, suicide and non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors. Recent research projects have included ongoing investigation and refinement of scales that screen for serious mental health problems in juvenile offenders, development (adaptation and validation) of the Short-term Assessment of Risk and Treatability - Adolescent Version, and multiple projects investigating aggression, PTSD, and non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors in at-risk samples of adolescents. Selected publications reflecting these interests are noted below.
- PSYC 4340 Law and Psychology
- PSYC 3820 Forensic Psychology
- PSYC 2900 Abnormal Psychology
- PSYC 7030 Psychology and Juvenile Justice
- PSYC 6190 Forensic Assessment
- PSYC 7121 Clinical Diagnosis
A complete listing of all of Dr. Cruise's published works
may be obtained by visiting DigitalResearch@fordham.edu
- Cruise, K.R., & Ford, J.D. (2011). Trauma exposure and PTSD in justice-involved youth. Child and Youth Care Forum, 40, 337-343.
- Garcia-Mansilla, A., Rosenfeld, B., & Cruise, K.R. (2011). Violence risk assessment and women: Predictive accuracy of the HCR-20 in a civil psychiatric sample. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 29, 623-633.
- Cruise, K.R., Evans, L.J. & Pickens, I.B. (2011). Integrating mental health and special education needs into comprehensive service planning for juvenile offenders in long-term custody settings. Learning and Individual Differences, 21, 30-40.
- Cruise, K.R., & Pivovarova. E. (2011). Special populations: Juvenile offenders. In B. Rosenfeld & S. Penrod (Eds.), Research methods in forensic psychology (400-420). New York: Wiley.
- Sewell, K. W. & Cruise, K. R. (2011). A constructivist perspective on post-traumatic stress in children and adolescents. In V. Ardino (Ed.), Post-traumatic syndromes in childhood and adolescence: A handbook of research and practice (pp. 345-372). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
- Lawing, K., Frick, P.J., & Cruise, K.R. (2010). Differences in offending patterns between adolescent sex offenders high or low in callous-unemotional traits. Psychological Assessment, 22, 298-305.
- Nicholls, T.L., Viljoen, J., Cruise, K.R., Webster, C.D., & Desmarais, S.L. (2010). Short-term Assessment of Risk and Treatability: Adolescent Version (START:AV) Abbreviated Manual – Consultation Edition. British Columbia Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission, BC Mental Health and Addiction Services. Coquitlam, BC, Canada.
- Cuadra, L.E., Viljoen, J.L., & Cruise, K.R. (2010). The use of risk assessments to inform the treatment of adolescents who have committed sexual offenses. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 10, 201-213.
- White, S.F., Cruise, K.R., & Frick, P.J. (2009). Differential correlates to self-report and parent-report of callous-unemotional traits in a sample of juvenile sexual offenders. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28, 910-928.
- Cruise, K.R., Dandreaux, D.M., Marsee, M.A., & DePrato, D.K. (2008). Identification of critical items on the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument – 2 (MAYSI-2) in incarcerated youth. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 7, 121-132.
- Cruise, K.R., Marsee, M.A., Dandreaux, D.M., & DePrato, D. (2007). Mental health screening of female juvenile offenders: Replication of a subtyping strategy. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16, 615-625.
- Cruise, K. R. (2006). Special issues in juvenile justice. Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice, 2, 177-204.
- Colwell, L.H., Cruise, K.R., Guy, L.S., McCoy, W.M., Fernandez, K., & Ross, H.H. (2005). The influence of psychosocial maturity on male juvenile offenders’ comprehension and understanding of the Miranda warning. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 33, 444-454.
- Cruise, K. R., & Glindmeyer, D. (2003). Callous and unemotional traits in a juvenile offender: A clinical case study. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 3, 73-83.
- Cruise, K. R., Lyons, P. M., Colwell, L. H., & Baker M. (2003). Prototypical analysis of adolescent psychopathy: The juvenile justice perspective. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 21, 829-846.
- Edens, J. F., Cruise, K. R., & Buffington-Vollum, J. K. (2001). Forensic and correctional applications of the Personality Assessment Inventory. Behavioral Science & the Law, 19, 519-543.
- Edens , J. F., Skeem, J. L., Cruise, K. R., & Cauffman, E. (2001). The assessment of juvenile psychopathy and its association with violence: A critical review. Behavioral Science & the Law, 19, 53-80.
- Rogers, R. & Cruise, K. R. (2000). Malingering and deception among psychopaths. In C. Gacono (Ed.). The clinical and forensic assessment of psychopathy: A practitioner’s guide (269-284). New York: LEA.
- Rogers, R., Vitacco, M. J., Cruise, K. R., Sewell, K. W., & Neumann, C. S. (2002). Screening for adolescent psychopathy among at-risk youth: Initial validation of the survey of a ttitudes and life experiences. Assessment, 9(4), 343-350.
- Viljoen, J. L.., Nicholls, T., Cruise, K.R., Desmarais, S., Petersen, K., & Gulbransen, E. (2011, April). Initial data on the Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability - Adolescent Version (START-AV). Paper accepted for presentation at the 7th Annual Pacific Forensic Psychiatry Conference, Vancouver, BC.
- Cruise, K.R., Barglow, J., Cruz-Katz, S., & Ford, J.D. (2011, March). Testing the utility of the MAYSI-2 in identifying posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in detained youth. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Miami, Florida.
- Cruise, K.R. (2011, January). Factors influencing risk of false confessions among adolescents. Invited presentation to Vulnerable Populations Subcommittee of the the New York State Justice Task Force on Wrongful Convictions, New York, NY.
- Cruise, K.R., Ford, J.D., Chapman, J.F., & Baksh, C.A. (2010, November). Mental health screening for undetected PTSD in juvenile detention settings: Recent research and recommendations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. Montreal, Quebec.
- Cruise, K.R. (2010, June). Thinking about aggression. Keynote presentation to mental health evaluators for State of Connecticut Superior Court for Juvenile Matters – Juvenile Forensic Conference Series sponsored by the State of Connecticut Judicial Branch and University of Connecticut School of Medicine. Rocky Hills, Connecticut.
- Cruise, K.R., Nicholls, T., Viljoen, J., Desmarais, S., & Peterson, K. (2010, May). Adapting the Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) for adolescents. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services, Vancouver, British Columbia.
- Cruise, K.R., Andover, M., Brown, N., & Walsh, K. (2010, May). Exploring the association between non-suicidal self-injury, aggression, and substance abuse in adolescents. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services, Vancouver, British Columbia.
- Cruise, K.R. (2010, March). Enhancing risk and treatment amenability decision-making for adolescents who engage in sexually offending behavior. Symposium chair at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Vancouver, Canada.
- Barglow, J., Cruise, K.R., & Plantin, S. (2010, March). Extending the person-centered approach to patterns of overt and relational aggression in adolescents. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Vancouver, Canada.
- Cruz-Katz, S.J., Cruise, K.R., & Quinn, T.A. (2010, March). The Abbreviated Dysregulation Inventory: Examining the factor structure and testing associations with adolescent aggression. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Vancouver, Canada.
- Cruise, K.R., Baksh, C.A., Ford, J.D., Chapman, J.F. (2009, June). Replication of the MAYSI-2 critical items scales in detained youth. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services, Edinburgh, Scotland.
- Cruise, K.R., Stimmel, M.A., & Weiss, R. (2009, June). Investigating proactive and reactive aggression in male juvenile offenders: The impact of emotional processing deficits, callousness and PTSD symptoms. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services, Edinburgh, Scotland.