Econ 3240: World Poverty & Economic Development – Spring 2011

Course calendar   Office Hours: check for updates 

Part I. Poverty in a Global Economy: Readings *required, **added or updated

Required texts: (each about $10 in paperback or ebook, maximum**)

                Africa: Collier, Paul (2007) The Bottom Billion (Oxford U Press - 0195373383) or            

Collier, Paul (2010) The plundered planet, Oxford University Press-- 199752893
                Sachs, Jeffrey (2005) The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities (Penguin Press, NY) 0143036580

                Sachs, Jeffrey (2009) Common Wealth:  

Dambasi Moyo (2009) Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa Farrar,

                                Straus and Giroux, New York (wait for paperback edition available March 2, 2010)


** you can get by with one sachs book and one collier for a total of $25 to $30, even if you buy all

five all of these books, the total is just about $60 for all five (especially if you get the Common Wealth

book at Barnes and Noble, $3.99.   


And perhaps one of these books depending on your region of interest:

China: Chang, Leslie (2009) Factory Girls Spiegel & Grau, NY, paperback 0385520182

India: Sen, Amartya, (2002) Development and Freedom (Anchor paper – 0385720270

                Banerjee, Agit et. al. (2006) Understanding Poverty, (UP) Oxford University Press.0195305205


Free ebook (Kindle?): Bottom of the pyramid


Books with some required reading:

                World Bank (2010) Global Monitoring Report, World Bank and IMF, Washington D.C.

Banerjee, Agit et. al. (2006) Understanding Poverty, (UP) Oxford University Press.0195305205

                Recommended scholarly view of global poverty causes and consequences.

Blank, Rebecca and W. McGurn (2004) Is the Market Moral? A Dialogue on Religion,

Economics, and Justice, Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.

                Moser, Carol (2007) Reducing Global Poverty: Asset Based Approaches (introduction)

World Bank, World Development Report 2001 Attacking Poverty (WDR00)

                United Nations (2005) Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the

Millennium Development Goals (available online)

                World Bank, (2005) Pro-poor Growth in the 1990s: Lessons from 14 Countries (online)

                World Bank (2006) Delivering on the promise of pro-poor growth (available online)


Part I Videos: (you can download and play these with Quicktime or WMP or ask for a DVD copy).


PBS New York video: NY Episode 4 Intro (2 mins)  NY immigration (10 mins) 

World Bank Hear our Voices:  Introduction and Munee Brickyard  youtube version

Friedman, T. “The other side of Outsourcing (youtube)

Part 1 (12 mins)   Part 2 (8 minutes)   Part 3 (11 minutes)  Part 4 (10 mins) 

Commanding Heights I Chapter 1 (the film—not the book)  Preview


Other background, reference and case study sources (click here to go to list)

Part I. Poverty in a Global Economy: Readings *required, **added or updated  Acronyms 

1.     Understanding poverty: rich and poor nations


       1.1  High Unemployment and Poverty in the United States during 2008-09 recession

                                       U.S. Bureau of Census September 2010, Poverty in 2008 and 2008, ACS brief

                                       Washington Post, September 2010, About 44 million in U.S. lived below poverty line in 2009              


           1.2 Geography, globalization or institutions? Why are some nations poor and others rich?

Sachs (2005) *Chapter 1 *Acemoglu, Daron (2003) *Root Causes: assessing the role of

Institutions in economic development, Finance and Development, See also *Sachs and

*Rodrik articles on globalization, geography and institutions in the same issue of F&D.

Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson and James Robinson (2006) “Understanding Prosperity

                               and Poverty: Geography, Institutions and the Reversal of Fortune” (UP Chapter 2).

                                               a longer version of this paper… 

                               Engerman, Stanley and K. L. Sokoloff (2006) “Colonialism, Inequality and Long-run Development”

                               Jared Diamond (1998) Guns, Germs and Steel a quick summary of the main arguments Wikipedia entry.


          1.3 Ethical Perspectives on poverty and inequality

                               Rebecca Blank and William McGurn (2005) Is the market moral?Executive Summary

Pew Forum Dialogue Series on Religion and Public Life

                                Mary Jo Bane (2007) A Catholic Policy Analyst looks at Poverty” Brookings Institute Press.

Sen, A. (2006) Development as Freedom Chapter 12: Individual Freedom as Social Commitment

                               NCCB/USCC (1986) Bishop’s Pastoral Letter, “Chapter IIIB Poverty” pp 86-105,


2. Poverty in a global economy: policy levers for poverty reduction…   


Lecture Notes: Introduction slides  Globalization slides  *2005 Poverty by Region

Johnson, et al. (2006) Levers for Growth


Key Issue: Poverty traps and the role of Aid vs Trade:

Sachs (2005)  *Chapt


  larger searchable files Chapt1L  Chapt2L

                               Collier (2007) *Chapter 1  *Chapter 2  *Chapter 8  The year of the Rat

                                Niall Ferguson’s review of Collier  Bill Easterly review of Collier


Key Issue: Achieving the Millenium Development Goals by 2015:


What are the MDGs?  GMR 2011 Overview & Chapt 1 “Stocktaking 

GMR 2007 Fact Sheet (China in Africa)      WB GGP Overview 

WB GMR 2006 Exec Summary and pp. 1-25   GGP pp. 1-12 & Chapter 1 pp. 24-34


Case Study 2.1: Ending Poverty village by village

                        Indonesia Case Study Part I: A Village in JavaGlobalization lecture


Case Study 2.3: Poverty and Terrorism: is there a connection?

            Commanding Heights I Chapter 1 ;Krueger, A. & J. Maleckova Education, Poverty & Terrorism

                                    JEP, 17:4, Fall 2003, p.*119–24,*141-42. *Friedman A Brief Theory of Everything,

                                 WB GGP Box 4.1 Globalization & Terrorism    GGP Chapt 4 p.121-27  

 Friedman War of Ideas Part 6  Who wants to be a Martyr?  


3. Measuring Poverty and Inequality:  (acronyms)  Discussion Question Set 2  


*Lecture Notes  A Latin Lorenz Curve   Problem Set #1   Problem Set #2

  A History of Poverty & Welfare *WB WDR 2001 Box 2.1 Income Poverty in 1899 vs. 1999 

U.S Census Data Poverty Page  Steps to Measure Poverty

Choose a: standard of living measure Poverty Line  Poverty Indicator 

                Kakwani (2006) What is Poverty? (UNDP IPC)  


Latest Poverty rates: *2002 Poverty Rates by Region  2005 WDR Poverty rates by Country  

        Chen and Ravallion (2004) How have the poorest fared since the early 1980s? (World Bank)


Case Study 3.1:  Are Nike workers poor?

   *Indonesia Poverty Case Study Part II  *$PPP What will $1 buy?  Discussion Question Set 2


Case Study 3.2:  Is poverty relative or absolute or both?

                            Sen, A. (2002) *Chapter 3, esp. 70-76 and *Chapter 4Sen (1983) “Poor, Relatively Speaking” 

                                Bourguignon, François *Poverty, Relative Deprivation & Social Exclusion, *pdf version

Case Study 3.3: Poverty, inequality and American Values:

                             U.S. Poverty Rises in 2003  U.S. Census Poverty site  U.S. Poverty & Election Maps

             *Alesina et. al. (2001) Inequality & Happiness pp. 1-6  pp.18-24  Append 1: definitions


Case Study 3.4: Is World inequality rising or falling? 

    *Lecture: Global Inequality *6/slides page *Dollar & Kraay (2002) Spreading the Wealth;

    *Economist, 2004 “More or Less Equal?” Deaton, A. “Is World Poverty Falling?”

                     Sali-i-Martin Slides (big file)  Sala-i-Martin(2002) “Disturbing” Rise in World Inequality.pp.1-15       

      R. Wade Hunter (2001) Rising Inequality of World Income Distribution

      Dollar, D. (2001) Globalization, Inequality and Poverty, World Bank GGP background paper.


4. Poverty, Population and Families 

                   *Population Lecture notes (6 per page)  Population Notes 2b

                Further reading: WDR (1984) "Pop. & Development," Chs 4,5Rodgers,G  (1984) Pop & Poverty, ILO.


 Case Study 4.1 Sweatshop Case Study

                       *Kristof & WuDunn (2000) *Two Cheers for Sweatshops & *Kristof “Let them Sweat”

        *Lii, Jane A Week in a Sweatshop Reveals...NYT 3-12-95; *Kristof in Niger  

Nicholas Kristof on Niger Part 1   Part 2   Part 3   Part 4


                        *Garment Workers: view from Bangladesh    *NYT China Labor shortage 4-2006

       *Naila Kabeer Chapter 11 “Weak Winners Powerful Losers” pp. 366-87

                         Oxfam’s Watkins vs. WB’s Dollar & Kraay   ABC 20/20 video  ABC 20/20 Don’t Sweat (text) 

                         Honduras EPZ -- Sean John Sweatshop Episode   The WTO, the MFA and LDCs

                                 Further Reading: Anti-Sweatshop Groups:  Fair Labor Assoc  Workers Rights Cons


Case Study 4.2 China Migration and Regional Inequality Case Study: *Sachs (2005) Chapter 8

                          *WDR-01 China Ag Reform Box 4.3 & 4.6   *Tidal Wave, China's Masses Pour From Farm to City  

          *WSJ Nov. 8, 2004Chinese Dream: At 18, Min Finds Path to Successtext only  photos only

                          *WSJ June 8, 2005 Min’s Return: A Migrant Worker Sees Rural Home In a New Light

                           *NYT China Labor shortage may lead to Trade Shift 4-2006

                                Further Reading: Shang-Jin Wei, Globalization Good for China’s Poor? 


Case Study 4.3: Poverty and Social Exclusion in India and Bangladesh: 

*India Case Study  pdf version   Sen, A. (2002)  Chapt 4A  Chapt 4B  and Chapter 8  Sachs(2005) Chapter 9

*WDR-01 Box 4.3 & 4.6    India Case Study plus Video Questions  *Rina the Rock Breaker

                                  Tom Friedman “Other side of Outsourcing”  *Part 1 (12 mins)  *Part 4 (10 mins) PBS Newshour

*India’s Unwired Villages+Box 4.5  *Digital Divide  Micro-credit   Intro Munee’s Story

                   School stipends for Bangladeshi girls w/nice music


                  Case Study 4.4 Child labor case study: *Child Labor I Notes, 6 per page  BBC Child Labor Appeal

                *Child Labor Case Study  *Rina the Rock Breaker  More Indian rock breakers   ILO IPEC Program

                                 Child Labor lecture notes Part 2  (smaller file)   *Miserable Child Labor in Zambia NYT 8-2006

                                UNICEF web site *Girl’s Education *Child Labor: Four Myths *Ending Child Labor 

                                UNICEF SOWC 1997 (full report)  *Chapt2A  *Chapt2B *BGMEA  *Domestics   Girls IPEC  Laws     

                                *UNICEF Bangladesh Hard to Reach School for Working children   Panel 10: Non-formal Education

                                *ILO (2006) Bangladesh Garment Project Myth and Realty  ILO Indonesia Domestic Child Labor

                                 ILO (2006) End of Child Labor: within reach (full report)   *part I  part II     *Press Release

                 ILO (2002) Every Child Counts pp. 1-9,  pp. 9-22, pp. 23-55 

                *World Bank Bangladesh School Girl Power   School stipends for Bangladeshi girls w/nice music


Further reading: World Bank (1998) Child Labor: Issues and Directions, World Bank: Child Labor

                Gootaert, C. & R. Kanbur (1994)Child Labor: A Reviewsee pages 19-33.

                Basu (1999) “Child Labor: Cause, Consequence, Cure” JEL 1083-95 & 1114-19 


Case study 4.5: Conditional Cash Transfers: solution to the child labor problem?

            *World Bank Conditional Cash Transfers   *Brazil-Bolsa-Escola.pdf;

 *Rawlings (2004) Conditional Cash Transfers LaAm’s experience, pps 1-6

                 *Mexico’s Progresa Program  Progresa II  *Mexico’s Oportunidades Program  SEDESOL mx

  Rogers and Coates (2002) Food Based Safety-Net Programs


  5. Malnutrition and Famine (return to topics)  *Lecture Notes

                   Can we eradicate hunger? WIDER policy Brief, 2008.

                 *Food to school & Child Labor   UNICEF (1996) *ORS:Advance of the Century”  

   UNICEF (1998) *Silent Emergency *Approaches that Work, *Stunting  *Brazil’s Child Pastorate

 *The Hassans from Runge, et. al. (2003) Ending Hunger in out Lifetime (Johns Hopkins U Press, Baltimore)

pages 1-5.  handy BMI calculator   Sen (2004) Development as Freedom  Chapters 7 and 9

WDR 2001 Box *8.9 (workfare)  Targeting  *Sri Lanka: Food subsidies to Food Stamps to FFW


  WDR 1990, *WDR Box 8-7 Food Aid, Targeting the Poor Box 6.7 *Sri Lanka Food stamps vs. ration shops

  Brazil Bolsa Escola; UNICEF (1996) *Community-based health care: Indonesia sets the pace

   Tamil Nadu “Food as Medicine” programs 


Case Study 5.1: Famine  Famine lecture notes  *Drought Relief in Africa (WDR 1990 boxes 6.3 and 6.5) 

                Nasar, Sylvia (1987) *Assault on MalthusUS News & World Report.

                Ravallion, M (1997) “Famines and Economics”, JEL, Sept. 1205-15  & 1226-38

                Sebastião Salgado Photo Essay:  Famine in the Sahel, 1984  (Ethiopia’s 1984 famine).

                Further Reading: Fogel, Robert "Health, Mortality & Labor." pp.1-10, pp.10-19

                Sen and Dreze (1989) Hunger and Public Action, (OUP) Chapters 1,3,5

                Sen, A. (1981) Poverty and Famines, Chapters 1,4 and 6-10.    

                Robert W Fogel "Second Thoughts on Europe’s Escape from Hunger" NBER History Wp#1

                Derose et. al Chapters 1-5,  Mellor and Gavian, "Famines" Science, Dec.1987


Case study 5.2 Malnutrition in Niger           

 Understanding the Causes of Malnutrition in Niger (US AID)


  6. Access to assets and pro-poor growth strategies:  Sachs Chapter 3, 12, 16  Collier Part 4

Poverty & Growth slides:  6 slides per page  WB Pro-Poor Growth in the 1990s lessons from 14 ctys

                        *WDR-01 Box 4.3 & 4.6  *Vietnam *Romero on Brazil   WB GGP Chapt 2 pp. 55-65  Lions 3, Tigers 1

                Further reading: Adelman(1986) Poverty-Focused Development Policy Kristof in Niger  

                                WDR 2001, Attacking Poverty Chapters 2-4   Sen, A. (2002) Chapter 1 & 6,7-9  


Case Study 6.1 Trade vs. Aid I: WTO-ATC quotas end on Jan 1, 2005 (but not tariffs):

                                *Lecture Notes  *6 per page   Oxfam Chapter 2 Trade as a Force for Poverty Reduction 

                                Edward Gresser, PPI 2002,Tariffs and Single Moms pp.*1-3 (full PPI report

                                Dustin Smith Tariffs on Shoes…  GEP02 pp. *37-42 & 51-52  *Tariff Jumping Sweatshops

                                *The January 2005 End of MFA Quotas   GEP 2002 Table 1.2 Apparel Exports and Poverty

                                                Gresser U.S. Imports of Baby Clothes 2001-2003  


                Case Study 6.2 : Upgrading Urban slums (Bombay Dreams)  

                        Hernando De Soto Ch*1 Ch*2 Ch*3   India:Computerized Land Records w/nice music

Bombay Dreams  DR 2003: Box 6.5 CRRU Brazilian Favellas   DFID Slumdwellers Factsheet

                                UNHABITAT MDG Target 11: Urban Slums  Emergency Land Reform in Bangladesh


Case Study 6.3: The Resource Curse: anti-poor growth in resource-rich countries

                        Oxfam (Ross) Chapter 3: Explaining link between Oil and Poverty pages 12-18 only

                                Catholic Relief Services Report: African Oil: The Bottom of the Barrel  EITI Website

                Executive Summary  Photos  Maps Tables   Global Witness on Oi

                Christian-aid Fuelling Poverty (see especially the “Oil Curse” chapter

Summary  Joseph Fiennes in Angola (videos)


            Case Study 6.4: Trade vs. Aid II: Saving the Doha Round?

                            Rangaswami (2006) Nickel and diming the Poor   

                        Winners and losers in the Doha Round: Carnegie Foundation Report  b&w version (smaller file)

             NYT Harvesting Poverty series: *Burkina Faso-cotton  *Oxfam Cotton Dumping  

            BBC on the August 2004 *WTO Breakthrough Agreement (summary, Q&A)

                Cotton in Mali Economist on the WTO Cotton Ruling Cancun Charm              

             Further Reading: T.W. Schultz, 'The Economics of Being Poor' JPE, 88, 1980 (ERes


Case Study 6.5: Successful recovery from conflict: Uganda and Mozambique  


 7.  Transfers and Safety-Nets: targeting the poor

*David Ellwood Chapter 1 & 2, (large reading file) small printable file pp 3-8 & *14-23  Helping conundrums

 WDR 2001 Box *8.9 (food for work)  Targeting  *Sri Lanka: Food subsidies to Food Stamps to FFW

 WDR 1990, *Food Aid Box 8.7, *Targeting the Poor Box 6.7  *Food Subsidies and Transfers

 Brazil Bolsa Escola; UNICEF (1996) *Community-based health care: Indonesia sets the pace

 World Bank,*Safety Nets: In-Kind Transfers, Subbarao, K. Protecting the Poor p.1-17


Case Study 7.1: Conditional Cash Transfers   

Rawlings (2004) Conditional Cash Transfers LaAm’s experience, page 1-6 only 

WDR 86&90  Food for Work (Maharashta EGSMexico’s Oportunidades Program  SEDESOL mx

Mexico’s Progresa Program  Progresa II  Rogers and Coates (2002) Food Based Safety-Net Programs


Case Study 7.2: Micro-finance:

 Micro loan founder Yunus awarded Nobel Peace Prize

                         CRS Village Banking in Niger   CRS Microfinance Program Overview 

                                  Yemen Microfinance for Small Business  Micro-credit video clip  


Case study 7.3: Natural Disasters and Crises: safety nets for the poor 

U.S Census Data Poverty Page  World Development Report 2001: Attacking Poverty

 Chapter 9 pp. 270-76  Nora Lustig  Socially Responsible Macroeconomics 


Case study 7.4: Early Childhood Intervention 

Early Childhood Intervention WB site 


8.  The Foreign Aid Debate: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals 

                   Sachs chapter 14,15, 17 and 18

                              Kristof Review of Easterly   BBC Foreign Aid  UN Millennium Summit   BBC MDGs   BBC UN 2015


Case Study 8.1: Africa- HIV-Aids-Malaria: Sachs Chapter 10 

 PMTCT (preventing mother to child transmission)

                Jacques van der Gaag Perspective Paper 2.2  from Lomborg, B. (2004) Global Crises, Global

                                Solutions: Comment on Communicable Diseases  (Chapt 2 Anne Mills and Sam Shillcutt


                                HIV-AIDs Readings    Shanghai Scaling up Poverty Reduction

                                Uganda HIV/AIDs Case Study  (Shanghai conference March 2004)

Economist 2004 Love and Death   The Global Fund to combat Aids & Malaria


Recommended (some required reading):


 World Bank (2006) Global Poverty Monitoring Report

  World Bank (2002) Globalization, Growth and Poverty (cited as GGP) (paper, 082135048X)

                             World Bank-Oxford University Press (available online and in the bookstore)

  De Soto, Hernando (2000) The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism triumphs in the West

                and fails everywhere else (Basic Books, New York)

  Jencks, Christopher (1994) The Homeless, Harvard University Press

  David Ellwood, et. al, (1989) Poor Support, Basic Books – selected chapters on ERes.

  Oxfam (2004) Make Trade Fair:Textiles Briefing  Stitched-Up  (

  World Bank, WDR 2005: A Better Investment Climate for Everyone

  Oxfam (1997) Growth with Equity, An Agenda for Poverty Reduction (CD)

  Kabeer, Naila (2000) The Power to Choose (Verso, New York).