Statement by the National Party of South Africa, March 29, 1948
There are two sections of thought in South Africa in regard to the policy affecting
the non-European community. On the one hand there is the policy of equality, which
advocates equal rights within the same political structure for all civilized and educated
persons, irrespective of race or colour, and the gradual granting of the franchise to
non-Europeans as they become qualified to make use of democratic rights.
On the other hand there is the policy of separation (apartheid) which has grown
from the experience of established European population of the country, and which is based
on the Christian principles of Justice and reasonableness.
Its aim is the maintenance and protection of the European population of the country as
a pure White race, the maintenance and protection of the indigenous racial groups as
separate communities, with prospects of developing into self-supporting communities within
their own areas, and the stimulation of national pride, self-respect, and mutual respect
among the various races of the country.
We can act in only, one of two directions. Either we must follow the course of
equality-, which must eventually mean national suicide for the White race, or we must take
the course of separation (apartheid) through which the character and the future of
every race will be protected and safeguarded with full opportunities for development and
self-maintenance in their own ideas, without the interests of one clashing with the
interests of the other, and without one regarding the development of the other as
undermining or a threat to himself.
The party therefore undertakes to protect the White race properly and effectively
against any policy, doctrine or attack which might undermine or threaten its continued
existence. At the same time the party rejects any policy of oppression and exploitation of
the non-Europeans by the Europeans as being in conflict with the Christian basis of our
national life and irreconcilable with our policy.
The party believes that a definite policy of separation (apartheid) between the
White races and the non-White racial groups, and the application of the policy of
separation also in the case of the non-White racial groups, is the only basis on which the
character and future of each race can be protected and safeguarded and on which each race
can be guided so as to develop his own national character, aptitude and calling.
All marriages between Europeans and non-Europeans will be prohibited.
In their areas the non-European racial groups will have full opportunities for
development in every sphere and will be able to develop their own institutions and social
services whereby the forces of the progressive non-Europeans can be harnessed for their
own national development (volkeepbou). The policy of the country must be so planned
that it will eventually promote the ideal of complete separation (algehele apartheid) in
a national way.
A permanent advisory body of experts on non-European affairs will be established.
The State will exercise complete supervision over the moulding of the youth. The party
will not tolerate interference from without or destructive propaganda from the outside
world in regard to the racial problems of South Africa.
The party wishes all non-Europeans to be strongly encouraged to make the Christian
religion the basis of their lives and will assist churches in this task in every possible
way. Churches and societies which undermine the policy of apartheid and propagate
doctrines foreign to the nation will be checked.
The Coloured community takes a middle position between the European and the Natives. A
policy of separation (apartheid) between the Europeans and Coloureds and between
Natives and Coloureds will be applied in the social, residential, industrial and political
spheres. No marriage between Europeans and Coloureds will be permitted. The Coloureds will
be protected against unfair competition from the Natives in so far as where they are
The Coloured community will be represented in the Senate by a European representative
to be appointed by the Government by reason of his knowledge of Coloured affairs.
The present unhealthy system which allows Coloureds in the Cape to be registered on the
same voters' roll as Europeans and to vote for the same candidate as Europeans will be
abolished and the Coloureds will be represcritcd in the House of Assembly by three
These Coloured representatives will be elected by a Coloured representative council.
They will not vote on:
(1) Votes on confidence in the Government.
(2) A declaration of war, and
(3) A change in the political rights of non-Europeans.
A State Department of Coloured Affairs will be established.
The Coloured community will be represented in the Cape Provincial Council by three
Europeans elected by the Coloured representative council.
A Coloured representative council will be established in the Cape Province consisting
of representatives elected by the Coloured community, divided into constituencies with the
present franchise qualifications, the head of the Department of Coloured Affairs and
representatives nominated by the Government. In their own areas the Coloured community
will have their own councils with their own public services which will be managed by
themselves within the framework of the existing councils with higher authority.
Attention will be given to the provision of social, medical and welfare services in
which the efforts of the Coloured themselves can be harnessed, and in which they will be
taught as far as possible to be self-supporting.