We, the Heads of African States and Governments assembled in the City of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia;
Convinced that it is the inalienable right of all people to control their own destiny;
conscious of the fact that freedom, equality, justice and dignity are essential objectives for the achievement of the legitimate aspirations of the African peoples;
Conscious of our responsibility to harness the natural and human resources of our continent for the total advancement of our peoples in spheres of human endeavour;
Inspired by a common determination to promote understanding among our peoples and co-operation among our States in response to the aspirations of our peoples for brotherhood and solidarity, in a larger unity transcending ethnic and national differences;
Convinced that, in order to translate this determination into a dynamic force in the cause of human progress, conditions for peace and security must be established and maintained;
Determined to safeguard and consolidate the hard-won independence as well as the sovereignty and territorial integrity, of our States, and to fight against neo-colonialism in all its forms;
Dedicated to the general progress of Africa;
Persuaded that the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to the principles of which we reaffirm our adherence, provide a solid foundation for peaceful and positive co-operation among States;
Desirous that all African States should henceforth unite so that the welfare and well-being of their peoples can be assured;
Resolved to reinforce the links between our states by establishing and strengthening common institutions;
Have agreed to the present Charter.
1. The High Contracting Parties do by the present Charter establish an Organization to be known as the ORGANIZATION OF AFRICAN UNITY.
2. The Organization shall include the Continental African States, Madagascar and other Islands surrounding Africa,
1. The Organization shall have the following purposes:
a. to promote the unity, and solidarity. of the African States;
b. to co-ordinate and intensify their co-operation and efforts to achieve a better life for the peoples of Africa;
c. to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity and independence
d. to eradicate all forms of colonialism from Africa; and
e.to promote international co-operation, having due regard to the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
2. To these ends, the Member States shall co-ordinate and harmonize their general policies, especially in the following fields:
a. political and diplomatic co-operation;
b. economic co-operation, including transport and communications.
c. educational and cultural co-operation;
d. health, sanitation, and nutritional co-operation;
c. scientific and technical co-operation; and
f. co-operation for defence and security.
The Member States, in pursuit of the purposes stated in Article II, solemnly affirm and declare their adherence to the following principles:
1. the sovereign equality of all Member States;
2. non-interference in the internal affairs of States;
3. respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of each State and for its inalienable right to independent existence;
4. peaceful settlement of disputes by negotiation, mediation, conciliation or arbitration;
5. unreserved condemnation, in all its forms, of political assassination as well as of subversive activities on the part of neighboring States or any other State;
6. absolute dedication to the total emancipation of the African territories which are still dependent;
7. affirmation of a policy of non-alignment with regard to all blocs.
Each independent sovereign African State shall be entitled to become a Member of the Organization.
RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF MEMBER STATES
All Member States shall enjoy equal rights and have equal duties.
The Member States pledge themselves to observe scrupulously the principles enumerated in Article III of the present Charter.
CESSATION OF MEMBERSHIP
Any State which desires to renounce its membership shall forward a written notification to the Administrative Secretary-General. At the end of one Year from the date of such notification, if not withdrawn, the Charter shall cease to apply with respect to the renouncing State, which shall thereby cease to belong to the Organization.
from Organization of African Unity: Basic Documents and Resolutions (Addis Ababa: n.d., The Provisional Secretariat of the Organization of African Unity), pp. 7-13.
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© Paul Halsall, July 1998