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Declaration of Pakistan and India on Jammu and Kashmir, 1966


Signed by President Ayub Khan of Pakistan and Prime Minister Shastri of India at the Final Meeting of the Tashkent Conference, January 10, 1966

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan, having met at Tashkent and having discussed the relations existing between India and Pakistan, hereby declare their firm resolve to restore normal peaceful relations between their countries and to promote understanding and friendly relations between their peoples.

They, consider the attainment of these objectives of vital importance for the welfare of the 600 million people of India and Pakistan.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan agree that both sides will exert every effort to create good-neighbourly, relations between India and Pakistan in accordance with the United Nations Charter.

They reaffirm their obligation under the Charter not to have recourse to force and to settle their disputes through peaceful means.

They considered that the interests of peace in their region and particularly in the In diari -Pakistani subcontinent and, indeed, the interests of all peoples of India and Pakistan, were not served by the continuance of tension between the two countries.

It was against this background that Jammu and Kashmir was discussed, and each of the sides set out its respective position.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that all armed personnel of the two countries shall be withdrawn, not later than February 25, 1966, to the positions they held prior to August 5, 1965 and both sides shall observe the cease-fire terms on the cease-fire line.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that relations between India and Pakistan shall be based on the principle of non-interference in each other's internal affairs.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that both sides will discourage any propaganda directed against the other country, and will encourage propaganda which promotes the development of friendly relations between the two countries.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that the Indian High Commissioner to Pakistan and the Pakistani High Commissioner to India will return to their posts and that the normal functioning of diplomatic missions of both countries will be restored. Both governments shall observe the 1961 Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed to consider measures towards the restoration of economic and trade relations and communications, as well as cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan, and to take measures to implement the existing agreements between India and Pakistan.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that they will give instructions to their respective authorities to carry out the repatriation of prisoners-of-war.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that the sides will continue the discussion of questions relating to the problems of refugees and evictions, and illegal immigrations. They also agreed that both sides will prevent the exodus of people.

They further agreed to discuss the return of the property and assets taken over by either side in connection with the conflict.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that the sides will continue meetings both at the highest and at other levels on matters of direct concern to both countries.

Both sides have recognised the need to set up joint Indian-Pakistani bodies which will report to their governments in order to decide what further steps should be taken.

The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan record their feelings of deep appreciation and gratitude to the leaders of the Soviet Union, the Soviet government and personally to the Chairman of the U.S.S.R. Council of Ministers, for their constructive, friendly and noble part in bringing about the present meeting which has resulted in mutually satisfactory results.

They also express to the government and friendly people of Uzbekistan their sincere gratitude for their overwhelming reception and generous hospitality.

They invite the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R. to witness this Declaration.


Source:

from Soviet News, No. 5228 (January 10, 1966), p.17.


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Paul Halsall, July 1998
halsall@murray.fordham.edu