THE TALE OF NUR AL-DIN ALI AND HIS SON BADR AL-DIN HASAN,
from The Arabian Nights, translated Sir. Richard Francis
The Qu'ran condemns homosexual activity, but nonetheless Medieval
Muslim culture was open to homosexual eros. One place to see this
is in some of the stories collected in the Thousand and One
Nights [or Arabian Nights], which are much more sexually
explicit than selected stories [Aladdin, Sinbad, Ali Baba] which
are commonly known. The story that follows is anything but discreet.
KNOW, O Commander of the Faithful, that in times of yore the land
of Egypt was ruled by a Sultan endowed with justice and generosity,
one who loved the pious poor and companied with the Ulema and
learned men. And he had a Wazir, a wise and an experienced, well
versed in affairs and in the art of government. This Minister,
who was a very old man, had two sons, as they were two moons.
Never man saw the like of them for beauty and grace- the elder
called Shams al-Din Mohammed and the younger Nur al-Din Ali. But
the younger excelled the elder in seemliness and pleasing semblance,
so that folk heard his fame in far countries and men flocked to
Egypt for the purpose of seeing him.
In course of time their father, the Wazir, died and was deeply
regretted and mourned by the Sultan, who sent for his two sons
and, investing them with dresses of honor, said to them, "Let
not your hearts be troubled, for ye shall stand in your father's
stead and be joint Ministers of Egypt." At this they rejoiced
and kissed the ground before him and performed the ceremonial
mourning for their father during a full month, after which time
they entered upon the wazirate and the power passed into their
hands as it had been in the hands of their father, each doing
duty for a week at a time. They lived under the same roof and
their word was one, and whenever the Sultan desired to travel
they took it by turns to be in attendance on him.
It fortuned one night that the Sultan purposed setting out on
a journey next morning, and the elder, whose turn it was to accompany
him, was sitting conversing with his brother and said to him:
"O my brother, it is my wish that we both marry, I and thou,
two sisters, and go in to our wives on one and the same night."
"Do, O my brother, as thou desirest," the younger replied,
"for right is thy recking and surely I will comply with thee
in whatso thou sayest." So they agreed upon this, and quoth
Shams al-Din: "If Allah decree that we marry two damsels
and go in to them on the same night, and they shall conceive on
their bride nights and bear children to us on the same day, and
by Allah's will thy wife bear thee a son and my wife bear me a
daughter, let us wed them either to other, for they will be cousins."
Quoth Nur al-Din: "O my brother, Shams al-Din, what dower
wilt thou require from my son for thy daughter?" Quoth Shams
al-Din: "I will take three thousand dinars and three pleasure
gardens and three farms, and it would not be seemly that the youth
make contract for less than this."
When Nur al-Din heard such demand, he said: "What manner
of dower is this thou wouldest impose upon my son? Wottest thou
not that we are brothers and both by Allah's grace Wazirs and
equal in office? It behooveth thee to offer thy daughter to my
son without marriage settlement, or, if one need be, it should
represent a mere nominal value by way of show to the world. For
thou knowest that the masculine is worthier than the feminine,
and my son is a male and our memory will be preserved by him,
not by thy daughter." "But what," said Shams al-Din,
"is she to have?" And Nur al-Din continued, "Through
her we shall not be remembered among the emirs of the earth, but
I see thou wouldest do with me according to the saying, 'An thou
wouldst bluff of a buyer, ask him high price and higher,' or as
did a man who they say went to a friend and asked something of
him being in necessity and was answered, 'Bismillah, in the name
of Allah, I will do all what thou requirest, but come tomorrow!'
Whereupon the other replied in this verse:
'When he who is asked a favor saith "Tomorrow,"
The wise man wrote 'tis vain to beg or borrow.'
Quoth Shams al-Din: "Basta! I see thee fail in respect to
me by making thy son of more account than my daughter, and 'tis
plain that thine understanding is of the meanest and that thou
lackest manners. Thou remindest me of thy partnership in the wazirate,
when I admitted thee to share with me only in pity for thee, and
not wishing to mortify thee, and that thou mightest help me as
a manner of assistant. But since thou talkest on this wise, by
Allah, I will never marry my daughter to thy son- no, not for
her weight in gold!" When Nur al-Din heard his brother's
words, he waxed wroth and said: "And I too, I will never,
never marry my son to thy daughter- no, not to keep from my lips
the cup of death." Shams al-Din replied: "I would not
accept him as a husband for her, and he is not worth a paring
of her nail. Were I not about to travel, I would make an example
of thee. However, when I return thou shalt see, and I will show
thee, how I can assert my dignity and vindicate my honor. But
Allah doeth whatso He willeth."
When Nur al-Din heard this speech from his brother, he was filled
with fury and lost his wits for rage, but he hid what he felt
and held his peace; and each of the brothers passed the night
in a place far apart, wild with wrath against the other.
As soon as morning dawned the Sultan fared forth in state and
crossed over from Cairo to Jizah and made for the Pyramids, accompanied
by the Wazir Shams al-Din, whose turn of duty it was, whilst his
brother Nur al-Din, who passed the night in sore rage, rose with
the light and prayed the dawn prayer. Then he betook himself to
his treasury and, taking a small pair of saddlebags, filled them
with gold. And he called to mind his brother's threats and the
contempt wherewith he had treated him, and he repeated these couplets:
"Travel! And thou shalt find new friends for old ones left
Toil! For the sweets of human life by toil and moil are found.
The stay-at-home no honor wins, nor aught attains but want,
So leave thy place of birth and wander all the world around!
I've seen, and very oft I've seen, how standing water stinks,
And only flowing sweetens it and trotting makes it sound.
And were the moon forever full and ne'er to wax or wane,
Man would not strain his watchful eyes to see its gladsome round.
Except the lion leave his lair, he ne'er would fell his game,
Except the arrow leave the bow, ne'er had it reached its bound.
Gold dust is dust the while it lies untraveled in the mine,
And aloes wood mere fuel is upon its native ground.
And gold shall win his highest worth when from his goal ungoaled,
And aloes sent to foreign parts grows costlier than gold."
When he ended his verse, he bade one of his pages saddle him his
Nubian mare mule with her padded selle. Now she was a dapple-gray,
with ears like reed pens and legs like columns and a back high
and strong as a dome builded on pillars. Her saddle was of gold
cloth and her stirrups of Indian steel, and her housing of Ispahan
velvet. She had trappings which would serve the Chosroes, and
she was like a bride adorned for her wedding night. Moreover,
he bade lay on her back a piece of silk for a seat, and a prayer
carpet under which were his saddlebags. When this was done, he
said to his pages and slaves: "I purpose going forth a-pleasuring
outside the city on the road to Kalyub town, and I shall be three
nights abroad, so let none of you follow me, for there is something
straiteneth my breast." Then he mounted the mule in haste
and, taking with him some provaunt for the way, set out from Cairo
and faced the open and uncultivated country lying around it.
About noontide he entered Bilbays city, where he dismounted and
stayed awhile to rest himself and his mule and ate some of his
victual. He bought at Bilbays all he wanted for himself and forage
for his mule and then fared on the way of the waste. Toward nightfall
he entered a town called Sa'adiyah, where he alighted and took
out somewhat of his viaticum and ate. Then he spread his strip
of silk on the sand and set the saddlebags under his head and
slept in the open air, for he was still overcome with anger. When
morning dawned he mounted and rode onward till he reached the
Holy City, Jerusalem, and thence he made Aleppo, where he dismounted
at one of the caravanserais and abode three days to rest himself
and the mule and to smell the air. Then, being determined to travel
afar and Allah having written safety in his fate, he set out again,
mending without wotting whither he was going. And having fallen
in with certain couriers, he stinted not traveling till he had
reached Bassorah city, albeit he knew not what the place was.
It was dark night when he alighted at the khan, so he spread out
his prayer carpet and took down the saddlebags from the back of
the mule and gave her with her furniture in charge of the doorkeeper
that he might walk her about. The man took her and did as he was
bid. Now it so happened that the Wazir of Bassorah, a man shot
in years, was sitting at the lattice window of his palace opposite
the khan and he saw the porter walking the mule up and down. He
was struck by her trappings of price, and thought her a nice beast
fit for the riding of wazirs or even of royalties, and the more
he looked, the more was he perplexed, till at last he said to
one of his pages, "Bring hither yon doorkeeper." The
page went and returned to the Wazir with the porter, who kissed
the ground between his hands, and the Minister asked him, "Who
is the owner of yonder mule, and what manner of man is he?"
and he answered, "O my lord, the owner of this mule is a
comely young man of pleasant manners, withal grave and dignified,
and doubtless one of the sons of the merchants."
When the Wazir heard the doorkeeper's words he arose forthright
and, mounting his horse, rode to the khan and went in to Nur al-Din,
who, seeing the Minister making toward him, rose to his feet and
advanced to meet him and saluted him. The Wazir welcomed him to
Bassorah and dismounting, embraced him and made him sit down by
his side, and said, "O my son, whence comest thou, and what
dost thou seek?" "O my lord," Nur al-Din replied,
"I have come from Cairo city, of which my father was whilom
Wazir, but he hath been removed to the grace of Allah." And
he informed him of all that had befallen him from beginning to
end, adding, "I am resolved never to return home before I
have seen all the cities and countries of the world." When
the Wazir heard this, he said to him: "O my son, hearken
not to the voice of passion lest it cast thee into the pit, for
indeed many regions be waste places, and I fear for thee the turns
of Time." Then he let load the saddlebags and the silk and
prayer carpets on the mule and carried Nur al-Din to his own house,
where he lodged him in a pleasant place and entreated him honorably
and made much of him, for he inclined to love him with exceeding
After a while he said to him: "O my son, here am I left a
man in years and have no male children, but Allah hath blessed
me with a daughter who eveneth thee in beauty, and I have rejected
all her many suitors, men of rank and substance. But affection
for thee hath entered into my heart. Say me, then, wilt thou be
to her a husband? If thou accept this, I will go with thee to
the Sultan of Bassorah and will tell him that thou art my nephew,
the son of my brother, and bring thee to be appointed Wazir in
my place that I may keep the house, for, by Allah, O my son, I
am stricken in years and aweary." When Nur al-Din heard the
Wazir's words, he bowed his head in modesty and said, "To
hear is to obey!" At this the Wazir rejoiced and bade his
servants prepare a feast and decorate the great assembly hall
wherein they were wont to celebrate the marriages of emirs and
grandees. Then he assembled his friends and the notables of the
reign and the merchants of Bassorah, and when all stood before
him he said to them: "I had a brother who was Wazir in the
land of Egypt, and Allah Almighty blessed him with two sons, whilst
to me, as well ye wot, He hath given a daughter. My brother charged
me to marry my daughter to one of his sons, whereto I assented,
and when my daughter was of age to marry, he sent me one of his
sons, the young man now present, to whom I purpose marrying her,
drawing up the contract and celebrating the night of unveiling
with due ceremony. For he is nearer and dearer to me than a stranger,
and after the wedding, if he please he shall abide with me, or
if he desire to travel, I will forward him and his wife to his
father's home." Hereat one and all replied, "Right is
thy recking," and they looked at the bridegroom and were
pleased with him.
So the Wazir sent for the kazi and legal witnesses and they wrote
out the marriage contract, after which the slaves perfumed the
guests with incense, and served them with sherbet of sugar and
sprinkled rose-water on them, and all went their ways. Then the
Wazir bade his servants take Nur al-Din to the hammam baths and
sent him a suit of the best of his own especial raiment, and napkins
and towelry and bowls and perfume-burners and all else that was
required. And after the bath, when he came out and donned the
dress, he was even as the full moon on the fourteenth night, and
he mounted his mule and stayed not till he reached the Wazir's
palace. There he dismounted and went in to the Minister and kissed
his hands, and the Wazir bade him welcome, saying: "Arise
and go in to thy wife this night, and on the morrow I will carry
thee to the Sultan, and pray Allah bless thee with all manner
of weal." So Nur al-Din left him and went in to his wife
the Wazir's daughter.
Thus far concerning him, but as regards his elder brother, Shams
al-Din, he was absent with the Sultan a long time, and when he
returned from his journey he found not his brother, and he asked
of his servants and slaves, who answered: "On the day of
thy departure with the Sultan, thy brother mounted his mule fully
caparisoned as for state procession saying, 'I am going towards
Kalyub town, and I shall be absent one day or at most two days,
for my breast is straitened, and let none of you follow me.' Then
he fared forth, and from that time to this we have heard no tidings
of him." Shams al-Din was greatly troubled at the sudden
disappearance of his brother and grieved with exceeding grief
at the loss, and said to himself: "This is only because I
chided and upbraided him the night before my departure with the
Sultan. Haply his feelings were hurt, and he fared forth a-traveling,
but I must send after him." Then he went in to the Sultan
and acquainted him with what had happened and wrote letters and
dispatches, which he sent by running footmen to his deputies in
every province. But during the twenty days of his brother's absence
Nur al-Din had traveled far and had reached Bassorah, so after
diligent search the messengers failed to come at any news of him
and returned. Thereupon Shams al-Din despaired of finding his
brother and said: "Indeed I went beyond all bounds in what
I said to him with reference to the marriage of our children.
Would that I had not done so! This all cometh of my lack of wit
and want of caution."
Soon after this he sought in marriage the daughter of a Cairene
merchant, and drew up the marriage contract, and went in to her.
And it so chanced that on the very same night when Shams al-Din
went in to his wife, Nur al-Din also went in to his wife, the
daughter of the Wazir of Bassorah, this being in accordance with
the will of Almighty Allah, that He might deal the decrees of
Destiny to His creatures. Furthermore, it was as the two brothers
had said, for their two wives became pregnant by them on the same
night and both were brought to bed on the same day, the wife of
Shams al-Din, Wazir of Egypt, of a daughter, never in Cairo was
seen a fairer, and the wife of Nur al-Din of a son, none more
beautiful was ever seen in his time, as one of the poets said
concerning the like of him:
That jetty hair, that glossy brow,
My slender waisted youth, of thine,
Can darkness round creation throw,
Or make it brightly shine.
The dusky mole that faintly shows
Upon his cheek, ah! blame it not.
The tulip flower never blows
Undarkened by its spot.
They named the boy Badr al-Din Hasan and his grandfather, the
Wazir of Bassorah, rejoiced in him, and on the seventh day after
his birth made entertainments and spread banquets which would
befit the birth of kings' sons and heirs. Then he took Nur al-Din
and went up with him to the Sultan, and his son-in-law, when he
came before the presence of the King, kissed the ground between
his hands and repeated these verses, for he was ready of speech,
firm of sprite and good in heart, as he was goodly in form:
"The world's best joys long be thy lot, my lord!
And last while darkness and the dawn o'erlap.
O thou who makest, when we greet thy gifts,
The world to dance and Time his palms to clap."
Then the Sultan rose up to honor them and, thanking Nur al-Din
for his fine compliment, asked the Wazir, "Who may be this
young man?" And the Minister answered, "This is my brother's
son," and related his tale from first to last. Quoth the
Sultan, "And how comes he to be thy nephew and we have never
heard speak of him?" Quoth the Minister: "O our lord
the Sultan, I had a brother who was Wazir in the land of Egypt
and he died, leaving two sons, whereof the elder hath taken his
father's place and the younger, whom thou seest, came to me. I
had sworn I would not marry my daughter to any but him, so when
he came I married him to her. Now he is young and I am old, my
hearing is dulled and my judgment is easily fooled, wherefore
I would solicit our lord the Sultan to set him in my stead, for
he is my brother's son and my daughter's husband, and he is fit
for the wazirate, being a man of good counsel and ready contrivance."
The Sultan looked at Nur al-Din and liked him, so he stablished
him in office as the Wazir had requested and formally appointed
him, presenting him with a splendid dress of honor and a she-mule
from his private stud, and assigning to him solde, stipends, and
supplies. Nur al-Din kissed the Sultan's hand and went home, he
and his father-in-law, joying with exceeding joy and saying, "All
this followeth on the heels of the boy Hasan's birth!" Next
day he presented himself before the King and, kissing the ground,
"Grow thy weal and thy welfare day by day,
And thy luck prevail o'er the envier's spite,
And ne'er cease thy days to be white as day,
And thy foeman's day to be black as night!"
The Sultan bade him be seated on the Wazir's seat, so he sat down
and applied himself to the business of his office and went into
the cases of the lieges and their suits, as is the wont of Ministers,
while the Sultan watched him and wondered at his wit and good
sense, judgment and insight. Wherefore he loved him and took him
into intimacy. When the Divan was dismissed, Nur al-Din returned
to his house and related what had passed to his father-in-law,
who rejoiced. And thenceforward Nur al-Din ceased not so to administer
the wazirate that the Sultan would not be parted from him night
or day, and increased his stipends and supplies till his means
were ample and he became the owner of ships that made trading
voyages at his command, as well as of Mamelukes and blackamoor
slaves. And he laid out many estates and set up Persian wheels
and planted gardens.
When his son Hasan was four years of age, the old Wazir deceased,
and he made for his father-in-law a sumptuous funeral ceremony
ere he was laid in the dust. Then he occupied himself with the
education of this son, and when the boy waxed strong and came
to the age of seven, he brought him a fakir, a doctor of law and
religion, to teach him in his own house, and charged him to give
him a good education and instruct him in politeness and good manners.
So the tutor made the boy read and retain all varieties of useful
knowledge, after he had spent some years in learning the Koran
by heart, and he ceased not to grow in beauty and stature and
symmetry. The professor brought him up in his father's palace,
teaching him reading, writing and ciphering, theology, and belles
lettres. His grandfather, the old Wazir, had bequeathed to him
the whole of his property when he was but four years of age.
Now during all the time of his earliest youth he had never left
the house till on a certain day his father, the Wazir Nur al-Din,
clad him in his best clothes and, mounting him on a she-mule of
the finest, went up with him to the Sultan. The King gazed at
Badr al-Din Hasan and marveled at his comeliness and loved him.
As for the city folk, when he first passed before them with his
father, they marveled at his exceeding beauty and sat down on
the road expecting his return, that they might look their fill
on his beauty and loveliness and symmetry and perfect grace. And
they blessed him aloud as he passed and called upon Almighty Allah
to bless him. The Sultan entreated the lad with especial favor
and said to his father, "O Wazir, thou must needs bring him
daily to my presence." Whereupon he replied, "I hear
and I obey."
Then the Wazir returned home with his son and ceased not to carry
him to court till he reached the age of twenty. At that time the
Minister sickened and, sending for Badr al-Din Hasan, said to
him: "Know, O my son, that the world of the present is but
a house of mortality, while that the future is a house of eternity.
I wish, before I die, to bequeath thee certain charges, and do
thou take heed of what I say and incline thy heart to my words."
Then he gave him his last instructions as to the properest way
of dealing with his neighbors and the due management of his affairs,
after which he called to mind his brother and his home and his
native land and wept over his separation from those he had first
Then he wiped away his tears and, turning to his son, said to
him: "Before I proceed, O my son, to my last charges and
injunctions, know that I have a brother, and thou hast an uncle,
Shams al-Din hight, the Wazir of Cairo, with whom I parted, leaving
him against his will. Now take thee a sheet of paper and write
upon it whatso I say to thee." Badr al-Din took a fair leaf
and set about doing his father's bidding, and he wrote thereon
a full account of what had happened to his sire first and last:
the dates of his arrival at Bassorah and of his forgathering with
the Wazir, of his marriage, of his going in to the Minister's
daughter, and of the birth of his son- brief, his life of forty
years from the day of his dispute with his brother, adding the
words: "And this is written at my dictation, and may Almighty
Allah be with him when I am gone!" Then he folded the paper
and sealed it and said: "O Hasan, O my son, keep this paper
with all care, for it will enable thee to establish thine origin
and rank and lineage, and if anything contrary befall thee, set
out for Cairo and ask for thine uncle and show him this paper,
and say to him that I died a stranger far from mine own people
and full of yearning to see him and them." So Badr al-Din
Hasan took the document and folded it and, wrapping it up in a
piece of waxed cloth, sewed it like a talisman between the inner
and outer cloth of his skullcap and wound his light turban round
it. And he fell to weeping over his father and at parting with
him, and he but a boy.
Then Nur al-Din lapsed into a swoon, the forerunner of death,
but presently recovering himself, he said: "O Hasan, O my
son, I will now bequeath to thee five last behests. The FIRST
BEHEST is: Be overintimate with none, nor frequent any, nor be
familiar with any. So shalt thou be safe from his mischief, for
security lieth in seclusion of thought and a certain retirement
from the society of thy fellows, and I have heard it said by a
"In this world there is none thou mayst count upon
To befriend thy case in the nick of need.
So live for thyself nursing hope of none.
Such counsel I give thee-enow, take heed!
"The SECOND BEHEST is, O my son: Deal harshly with none lest
fortune with thee deal hardly, for the fortune of this world is
one day with thee and another day against thee, and all worldly
goods are but a loan to be repaid. And I have heard a poet say:
"Take thought nor haste to will the thing thou wilt,
Have ruth on man, for ruth thou mayst require.
No hand is there but Allah's hand is higher,
No tyrant but shall rue worse tyrant's ire!
"The THIRD BEHEST is: Learn to be silent in society and let
thine own faults distract thine attention from the faults of other
men, for it is said, 'In silence dwelleth safety,' and thereon
I have heard the lines that tell us:
"Reserve's a jewel, Silence safety is.
Whenas thou speakest, many a word withhold,
For an of Silence thou repent thee once,
Of speech thou shalt repent times manifold.
"The FOURTH BEHEST, O My son, is: Beware of winebibbing,
for wine is the head of all frowardness and a fine solvent of
human wits. So shun, and again I say shun, mixing strong liquor,
for I have heard a poet say:
"From wine I turn and whoso wine cups swill,
Becoming one of those who deem it ill.
Wine driveth man to miss salvation way,
And opes the gateway wide to sins that kill.
"The FIFTH BEHEST, O My Son, is: Keep thy wealth and it will
keep thee, guard thy money and it will guard thee, and waste not
thy substance lest haply thou come to want and must fare a-begging
from the meanest of mankind. Save thy dirhams and deem them the
sovereignest salve for the wounds of the world. And here again
I have heard that one of the poets said:
"When fails my wealth no friend will deign befriend.
When wealth abounds all friends their friendship tender.
How many friends lent aid my wealth to spend,
But friends to lack of wealth no friendship render."
On this wise Nur al-Din ceased not to counsel his son Badr al-Din
Hasan till his hour came and, sighing one sobbing sigh, his life
went forth. Then the voice of mourning and keening rose high in
his house and the Sultan and all the grandees grieved for him
and buried him. But his son ceased not lamenting his loss for
two months, during which he never mounted horse, nor attended
the Divan, nor presented himself before the Sultan. At last the
King, being wroth with him, stablished in his stead one of his
chamberlains and made him Wazir, giving orders to seize and set
seals on all Nur al-Din's houses and goods and domains. So the
new Wazir went forth with a mighty posse of chamberlains and people
of the Divan, and watchmen and a host of idlers, to do this and
to seize Badr al-Din Hasan and carry him before the King, who
would deal with him as he deemed fit.
Now there was among the crowd of followers a Mameluke of the deceased
Wazir who, when he had heard this order, urged his horse and rode
at full speed to the house of Badr al-Din Hasan, for he could
not endure to see the ruin of his old master's son. He found him
sitting at the gate with head hung down and sorrowing, as was
his wont, for the loss of his father, so he dismounted and, kissing
his hand, said to him, "O my lord and son of my lord, haste
ere ruin come and lay waste!" When Hasan heard this he trembled
and asked, "What may be the matter?" and the man answered:
"The Sultan is angered with thee and hath issued a warrant
against thee, and evil cometh hard upon my track, so flee with
thy life!" At these words Hasan's heart flamed with the fire
of bale, and his rose-red cheek turned pale, and he said to the
Mameluke: "O my brother, is there time for me to go in and
get some worldly gear which may stand me in stead during my strangerhood?"
But the slave replied, "O my lord, up at once and save thyself
and leave this house while it is yet time." And he quoted
"Escape with thy life, if oppression betide thee,
And let the house tell of its builder's fate!
Country for country thou'lt find, if thou seek it,
Life for life never, early or late.
It is strange men should dwell in the house of abjection
When the plain of God's earth is so wide and so great!"
At these words of the Mameluke, Badr al-Din covered his head with
the skirt of his garment and went forth on foot till he stood
outside of the city, where he heard folk saying: "The Sultan
hath sent his new Wazir to the house of the old Wazir, now no
more, to seal his property and seize his son Badr al-Din Hasan
and take him before the presence, that he may put him to death."
And all cried, "Alas for his beauty and his loveliness!"
When he heard this, he fled forth at hazard, knowing not whither
he was going, and gave not over hurrying onward till Destiny drove
him to his father's tomb. So he entered the cemetery and, threading
his way through the graves, at last he reached the sepulcher,
where he sat down and let fall from his head the skirt of his
long robe, which was made of brocade with a gold-embroidered hem
whereon were worked these couplets:
O thou whose forehead, like the radiant East,
Tells of the stars of Heaven and bounteous dews,
Endure thine honor to the latest day,
And Time thy growth of glory ne'er refuse!
While he was sitting by his father's tomb, behold, there came
to him a Jew as he were a shroff, a money-changer, with a pair
of saddlebags containing much gold, who accosted him and kissed
his hand, saying: "Whither bound, O my lord? 'Tis late in
the day, and thou art clad but lightly, and I read signs of trouble
in thy face." "I was sleeping within this very hour,"
answered Hasan, "when my father appeared to me and chid me
for not having visited his tomb. So I awoke trembling and came
hither forthright lest the day should go by without my visiting
him, which would have been grievous to me." "O my lord,"
rejoined the Jew, "thy father had many merchantmen at sea,
and as some of them are now due, it is my wish to buy of thee
the cargo of the first ship that cometh into port with this thousand
dinars of gold." "I concent," quoth Hasan, whereupon
the Jew took out a bag full of gold and counted out a thousand
sequins, which he gave to Hasan, the son of the Wazir, saying,
"Write me a letter of sale and seal it."
So Hasan took a pen and paper and wrote these words in duplicate:
"The writer, Hasan Badr al-Din, son of Wazir Nur al-Din,
hath sold to Isaac the Jew all the cargo of the first of his father's
ships which cometh into port, for a thousand dinars, and he hath
received the price in advance." And after he had taken one
copy, the Jew put it into his pouch and went away, but Hasan fell
a-weeping as he thought of the dignity and prosperity which had
erst been his and night came upon him. So he leant his head against
his father's gave and sleep overcame him- glory to Him who sleepeth
not! He ceased not slumbering till the moon rose, when his head
slipped from off the tomb and he lay on his back, with limbs outstretched,
his face shining bright in the moonlight. Now the cemetery was
haunted day and night by Jinns who were of the True Believers,
and presently came out a Jinniyah who, seeing Hasan asleep, marveled
at his beauty and loveliness and cried: "Glory to God! This
youth can be none other than one of the Wuldan of Paradise."
Then she flew firmamentward to circle it, as was her custom, and
met an Ifrit on the wing, who saluted her, and said to him, "Whence
comest thou?" "From Cairo," he replied. "Wilt
thou come with me and look upon the beauty of a youth who sleepeth
in yonder burial place?" she asked, and he answered, "I
So they flew till they lighted at the tomb and she showed him
the youth and said, "Now diddest thou ever in thy born days
see aught like this?" The Ifrit looked upon him and exclaimed:
"Praise be to Him that hath no equal! But, O my sister, shall
I tell thee what I have seen this day?" Asked she, "What
is that?" and he answered: "I have seen the counterpart
of this youth in the land of Egypt. She is the daughter of the
Wazir Shams al-Din and she is a model of beauty and loveliness,
of fairest favor and formous form, and dight with symmetry and
perfect grace. When she had reached the age of nineteen, the Sultan
of Egypt heard of her and, sending for the Wazir her father, said
to him, `Hear me, O Wazir. It hath reached mine ear that thou
hast a daughter, and I wish to demand her of thee in marriage.'
The Wazir replied:
"`O our lord the Sultan, deign accept my excuses and take
compassion on my sorrows, for thou knowest that my brother, who
was partner with me in the wazirate, disappeared from amongst
us many years ago and we know not where he is. Now the cause of
his departure was that one night, as we were sitting together
and talking of wives and children to come, we had words on the
matter and he went off in high dudgeon. But I swore that I would
marry my daughter to none save to the son of my brother on the
day her mother gave her birth, which was nigh upon nineteen years
ago. I have lately heard that my brother died at Bassorah, where
he had married the daughter of the Wazir and that she bare him
a son, and I will not marry my daughter but to him in honor of
my brother's memory. I recorded the date of my marriage and the
conception of my wife and the birth of my daughter, and from her
horoscope I find that her name is conjoined with that of her cousin,
and there are damsels in foison for our lord the Sultan.'
"The King, hearing his Minister's answer and refusal, waxed
wroth with exceeding wrath and cried: 'When the like of me asketh
a girl in marriage of the like of thee, he conferreth an honor,
and thou rejectest me and puttest me off with cold excuses! Now,
by the life of my head, I will marry her to the meanest of my
men in spite of the nose of thee!' There was in the palace a horse
groom which was a Gobbo with a bunch to his breast and a hunch
to his back, and the Sultan sent for him and married him to the
daughter of the Wazir, lief or loth, and hath ordered a pompous
marriage procession for him and that he go in to his bride this
very night. I have not just flown hither from Cairo, where I left
the hunchback at the door of the hammam bath amidst the Sultan's
white slaves, who were waving lighted flambeaux about him. As
for the Minister's daughter, she sitteth among her nurses and
tirewomen, weeping and wailing, for they have forbidden her father
to come near her. Never have I seen, O my sister, more hideous
being than this hunchback, whilst the young lady is the likest
of all folk to this young man, albeit even fairer than he."
At this the Jinniyah cried at him: "Thou liest! This youth
is handsomer than anyone of his day." The Ifrit gave her
the he again, adding: "By Allah, O my sister, the damsel
I speak of is fairer than this. Yet none but he deserveth her,
for they resemble each other like brother and sister, or at least
cousins. And, wellaway, how she is wasted upon that hunchback!"
Then said she, "O my brother, let us get under him and lift
him up and carry him to Cairo, that we may compare him with the
damsel of whom thou speakest and so determine whether of the twain
is the fairer." "To hear is to obey!" replied he.
"Thou speakest to the point, nor is there a righter recking
than this of thine, and I myself will carry him." So he raised
him from the ground and flew with him like a bird soaring in upper
air, the Ifritah keeping close by his side at equal speed, till
be alighted with him in the city of Cairo and set him down on
a stone bench and woke him up. He roused himself and finding that
he was no longer at his father's tomb in Bassorah city, he looked
right and left and saw that he was in a strange place, and he
would have cried out, but the Ifrit gave him a cuff which persuaded
him to keep silence. Then he brought him rich raiment and clothed
him therein and, giving him a lighted flambeau, said:
"Know that I have brought thee hither meaning to do thee
a good turn for the love of Allah. So take this torch and mingle
with the people at the hammam door and walk on with them without
stopping till thou reach the house of the wedding festival. Then
go boldly forward and enter the great saloon, and fear none, but
take thy stand at the right hand of the hunchback bridegroom.
And as often as any of the nurses and tirewomen and singing girls
come up to thee, put thy hand into thy pocket, which thou wilt
find filled with gold. Take it out and throw to them and spare
not, for as often as thou thrustest fingers in pouch, thou shalt
find it full of coin. Give largess by handfuls and fear nothing,
but set thy trust upon Him who created thee, for this is not by
thine own strength but by that of Allah Almighty, that His decrees
may take effect upon His creatures."
When Badr al-Din Hasan heard these words from the Ifrit, he said
to himself, "Would Heaven I knew what all this means and
what is the cause of such kindness!" However, he mingled
with the people and, lighting his flambeau, moved on with the
bridal procession till he came to the bath, where he found the
hunchback already on horseback. Then he pushed his way in among
the crowd, a veritable beauty of a man in the finest apparel,
wearing tarboosh and turban and a long-sleeved robe purfled with
gold. And as often as the singing women stopped for the people
to give him largess, he thrust his hand into his pocket and, finding
it full of gold, took out a handful and threw it on the tambourine
till he had filled it with gold pieces for the music girls and
the tirewomen. The singers were amazed by his bounty and the people
marveled at his beauty and loveliness and the splendor of his
dress. He ceased not to do thus till he reached the mansion of
the Wazir (who was his uncle), where the chamberlains drove back
the people and forbade them to go forward, but the singing girls
and the tirewomen said, "By Allah, we will not enter unless
this young man enter with us, for he hath given us length o' life
with his largess, and we will not display the bride unless he
Therewith they carried him into the bridal hall and made him sit
down, defying the evil glances of the hunchbacked bridegroom.
The wives of the emirs and wazirs and chamberlains and courtiers
all stood in double line, each holding a massy cierge ready lighted.
All wore thin face veils, and the two rows right and left extended
from the bride's throne to the head of the hall adjoining the
chamber whence she was to come forth. When the ladies saw Badr
al-Din Hasan and noted his beauty and loveliness and his face
that shone like the new moon, their hearts inclined to him and
the singing girls said to all that were present, "Know that
this beauty crossed our hands with naught but red gold, so be
not chary to do him womanly service and comply with all he says,
no matter what he ask." So all the women crowded round Hasan
with their torches and gazed on his loveliness and envied him
his beauty, and one and all would gladly have lain on his bosom
an hour, or rather a year. Their hearts were so troubled that
they let fall their veils from before their faces and said, "Happy
she who belongeth to this youth or to whom he belongeth!"
And they called down curses on the crooked groom and on him who
was the cause of his marriage to the girl beauty, and as often
as they blessed Badr al-Din Hasan they damned the hunchback, saying,
"Verily this youth and none else deserveth our bride. Ah,
wellaway for such a lovely one with this hideous Quasimodo! Allah's
curse light on his head and on the Sultan who commanded the marriage!"
Then the singing girls beat their tabrets and lullilooed with
joy, announcing the appearing of the bride, and the Wazir's daughter
came in surrounded by her tirewomen, who had made her goodly to
look upon. For they had perfumed her and incensed her and adorned
her hair, and they had robed her in raiment and ornaments befitting
the mighty Chosroes kings. The most notable part of her dress
was a loose robe worn over her other garments. It was diapered
in red gold with figures of wild beasts, and birds whose eyes
and beaks were of gems and claws of red rubies and green beryl.
And her neck was graced with a necklace of Yamani work, worth
thousands of gold pieces, whose bezels were great round jewels
of sorts, the like of which was never owned by Kaysar or by Tobba
king. And the bride was as the full moon when at fullest on fourteenth
night, and as she paced into the hall she was like one of the
houris of Heaven- praise be to Him who created her in such splendor
of beauty! The ladies encompassed her as the white contains the
black of the eye, they clustering like stars whilst she shone
amongst them like the moon when it eats up the clouds.
Now Badr al-Din Hasan of Bassorah was sitting in full gaze of
the folk when the bride came forward with her graceful swaying
and swimming gait, and her hunchbacked bridegroom stood up to
meet and receive her. She, however, turned away from the wight
and walked forward till she stood before her cousin Hasan, the
son of her uncle. Whereat the people laughed. But when the wedding
guests saw her thus attracted toward Badr al-Din, they made a
mighty clamor and the singing women shouted their loudest. Whereupon
he put his hand into his pocket and, pulling out a handful of
gold, cast it into their tambourines, and the girls rejoiced and
said, "Could we will our wish, this bride were thine!"
At this he smiled and the folk came round him, flambeaux in hand,
like the eyeball round the pupil, while the Gobbo bridegroom was
left sitting alone much like a tailless baboon. For every time
they lighted a candle for him it went out willy-nilly, so he was
left in darkness and silence and looking at naught but himself.
When Badr al-Din Hasan saw the bridegroom sitting lonesome in
the dark, and all the wedding guests with their flambeaux and
wax candles crowding about himself, he was bewildered and marveled
much, but when he looked at his cousin, the daughter of his uncle,
he rejoiced and felt an inward delight. He longed to greet her,
and gazed intently on her face, which was radiant with light and
brilliancy. Then the tirewomen took off her veil and displayed
her in all her seven toilettes before Badr al-Din Hasan, wholly
neglecting the Gobbo, who sat moping alone, and when she opened
her eyes, she said, "O Allah, make this man my goodman and
deliver me from the evil of this hunchbacked groom." As soon
as they had made an end of this part of the ceremony they dismissed
the wedding guests, who went forth, women, children and all, and
none remained save Hasan and the hunchback, whilst the tirewomen
led the bride into an inner room to change her garb and gear and
get her ready for the bridegroom.
Thereupon Quasimodo came up to Badr al-Din Hasan and said: "O
my lord, thou hast cheered us this night with thy good company
and overwhelmed us with thy kindness and courtesy, but now why
not get thee up and go?" "Bismillah," he answered.
"In Allah's name, so be it!" And rising, he went forth
by the door, where the Ifrit met him and said, "Stay in thy
stead, O Badr al-Din, and when the hunchback goes out to the closet
of ease, go in without losing time and seat thyself in the alcove,
and when the bride comes say to her: ''Tis I am thy husband, for
the King devised this trick only fearing for thee the evil eye,
and he whom thou sawest is but a syce, a groom, one of our stablemen.'
Then walk boldly up to her and unveil her face, for jealousy hath
taken us of this matter."
While Hasan was still talking with the Ifrit, behold, the groom
fared forth from the hall and entering the closet of ease, sat
down on the stool. Hardly had he done this when the Ifrit came
out of the tank, wherein the water was, in semblance of a mouse
and squeaked out "Zeek!" Quoth the hunchback, "What
ails thee?" And the mouse grew and grew till it became a
coal-black cat and caterwauled "Miaowl! Miaow!" Then
it grew still more and more till it became a dog and barked out,
"Owh! Owh!" When the bridegroom saw this, he was frightened
and exclaimed "Out with thee, O unlucky one!" But the
dog grew and swelled till it became an ass colt that brayed and
snorted in his face, "Hauk! Hauk!" Whereupon the hunchback
quaked and cried, "Come to my aid, O people of the house!"
But behold, the ass colt grew and became big as a buffalo and
walled the way before him and spake with the voice of the sons
of Adam, saying, "Woe to thee, O thou hunchback, thou stinkard,
O thou filthiest of grooms!"
Hearing this, the groom was seized with a colic and he sat down
on the jakes in his clothes with teeth chattering and knocking
together. Quoth the Ifrit, "Is the world so strait to thee
thou findest none to marry save my ladylove?" But as he was
silent the Ifrit continued, "Answer me or I will do thee
dwell in the dust!" "By Allah," replied the Gobbo,
"O King of the Buffaloes, this is no fault of mine, for they
forced me to wed her, and verily I wot not that she had a lover
amongst the buffaloes. But now I repent, first before Allah and
then before thee." Said the Ifrit to him: "I swear to
thee that if thou fare forth from this place, or thou utter a
word before sunrise, I assuredly will wring thy neck. When the
sun rises, wend thy went and never more return to this house."
So saying, the Ifrit took up the Gobbo bridegroom and set him
head downward and feet upward in the slit of the privy, and said
to him: "I will leave thee here, but I shall be on the lookout
for thee till sunrise, and if thou stir before then, I will seize
thee by the feet and dash out thy brains against the wall. So
look out for thy life!"
Thus far concerning the hunchback, but as regards Badr al-Din
Hasan of Bassorah, he left the Gobbo and the Ifrit jangling and
wrangling and, going into the house, sat him down in the very
middle of the alcove. And behold, in came the bride attended by
an old woman, who stood at the door and said, "O Father of
Uprightness, arise and take what God giveth thee." Then the
old woman went away and the bride, Sitt al-Husn or the Lady of
Beauty hight, entered the inner part of the alcove brokenhearted
and saying in herself, "By Allah, I will never yield my person
to him- no, not even were he to take my life!"
But as she came to the further end she saw Badr al-Hasan and she
said, "Dearling! Art thou still sitting here? By Allah, I
was wishing that thou wert my bridegroom, or at least that thou
and the hunchbacked horsegroom were partners in me." He replied,
"O beautiful lady, how should the syce have access to thee,
and how should he share in thee with me?" "Then,"
quoth she, "who is my husband, thou or he?" "Sitt
al-Husn," rejoined Hasan, "we have not done this for
mere fun, but only as a device to ward off the evil eye from thee.
For when the tirewomen and singers and wedding guests saw thy
beauty being displayed to me, they feared fascination, and thy
father hired the horsegroom for ten dinars and a porringer of
meat to take the evil eye off us, and now he hath received his
hire and gone his gait."
When the Lady of Beauty heard these words she smiled and rejoiced
and laughed a pleasant laugh. Then she whispered him: "By
the Lord, thou hast quenched a fire which tortured me and now,
by Allah, O my little dark-haired darling, take me to thee and
press me to thy bosom!" Then she began singing:
"By Allah, set thy foot upon my soul,
Since long, long years for this alone I long.
And whisper tale of love in ear of me,
To me 'tis sweeter than the sweetest song!
No other youth upon my heart shall lie,
So do it often, dear, and do it long."
Then she stripped off her outer gear and she threw open her chemise
from the neck downward and showed her person and all the rondure
of her hips. When Badr al-Din saw the glorious sight, his desires
were roused, and he arose and doffed his clothes, and wrapping
up in his bam, trousers the purse of gold which he had taken from
the Jew and which contained the thousand dinars, he laid it under
the edge of the bedding. Then he took off his turban and set it
upon the settle atop of his other clothes, remaining in his skullcap
and fine shirt of blue silk laced with gold. Whereupon the Lady
of Beauty drew him to her and he did likewise. Then he took her
to his embrace and found her a pearl unpierced, and he abaged
her virginity and had joyance of her youth in his virility; and
she conceived by him that very night. Then he laid his hand under
her head and she did the same and they embraced and fell asleep
in each other's arms, as a certain poet said of such lovers in
Visit thy lover, spurn what envy told,
No envious churl shall smile on love ensouled.
Merciful Allah made no fairer sight
Than coupled lovers single couch doth hold,
Breast pressing breast and robed in joys their own,
With pillowed forearms cast in finest mold.
And when heart speaks to heart with tongue of love,
Folk who would part them hammer steel ice-cold.
If a fair friend thou find who cleaves to thee,
Live for that friend, that friend in heart enfold.
O ye who blame for love us lover-kind,
Say, can ye minister to diseased mind?
This much concerning Badr al-Din Hasan and Sitt al-Husn his cousin,
but as regards the Ifrit, as soon as he saw the twain asleep,
he said to the Ifritah: "Arise, slip thee under the youth,
and let us carry him back to his place ere dawn overtake us, for
the day is near-hand." Thereupon she came forward and getting
under him as he lay asleep, took him up clad only in his fine
blue shirt, leaving the rest of his garments, and ceased not flying
(and the Ifrit vying with her in flight) till the dawn advised
them that it had come upon them midway, and the muezzin began
his call from the minaret: "Haste ye to salvation! Haste
ye to salvation!" Then Allah suffered His angelic host to
shoot down the Ifrit with a shooting star, so he was consumed,
but the Ifritah escaped, and she descended with Badr al-Din at
the place where the Ifrit was burnt, and did not carry him back
to Bassorah, fearing lest he come to harm.
Now by the order of Him who predestineth all things, they alighted
at Damascus of Syria, and the Ifritah set down her burden at one
of the city gates and flew away. When day arose and the doors
were opened, the folk who came forth saw a handsome youth, with
no other raiment but his blue shirt of gold-embroidered silk and
skullcap, lying upon the ground drowned in sleep after the hard
labor of the night, which had not suffered him to take his rest.
So the folk, looking at him, said: "Oh, her luck with whom
this one spent the night! But would he had waited to don his garments!"
Quoth another: "A sorry lot are the sons of great families!
Haply he but now came forth of the tavern on some occasion of
his own and his wine flew to his head, whereby he hath missed
the place he was making for and strayed till he came to the gate
of the city, and finding it shut, lay him down and went to by-by!"
As the people were bandying guesses about him, suddenly the morning
breeze blew upon Badr al-Din and raising his shirt to his middle,
showed a stomach and navel with something below it, and legs and
thighs clear as crystal and smooth as cream. Cried the people,
"By Allah, he is a pretty fellow!" and at the cry Badr
al-Din awoke and found himself lying at a city gate with a crowd
gathered around him. At this he greatly marveled and asked: "Where
am I, O good folk, and what causeth you thus to gather round me,
and what have I had to do with you?" and they answered: "We
found thee lying here asleep during the call to dawn prayer, and
this is all we know of the matter. But where diddest thou lie
last night?" "By Allah, O good people," replied
he, "I lay last night in Cairo." Said somebody, "Thou
hast surely been eating hashish," and another, "He is
a fool," and a third, "He is a citrouille," and
a fourth asked him: "Art thou out of thy mind? Thou sleepest
in Cairo and thou wakest in the morning at the gate of Damascus
city!" Cried he: "By Allah, my good people, one and
all, I lie not to you. Indeed I lay yesternight in the land of
Egypt and yesternoon I was at Bassorah." Quoth one, "Well!
well!" and quoth another, "Ho! ho!" and a third,
"So! so!" and a fourth cried, "This youth is mad,
is possessed of the Jinni!" So they clapped hands at him
and said to one another: "Alas, the pity of it for his youthl
By Allah, a madman! And madness is no respecter of persons."
Then said they to him: "Collect thy wits and return to thy
reason! How couldest thou be in Bassorah yesterday and in Cairo
yesternight and withal awake in Damascus this morning?" But
he persisted, "Indeed I was a bridegroom in Cairo last night."
"Belike thou hast been dreaming," rejoined they, "and
sawest all this in thy sleep." So Hasan took thought for
a while and said to them: "By Allah, this is no dream, nor
visionlike doth it seem! I certainly was in Cairo, where they
displayed the bride before me, in presence of a third person,
the hunchback groom, who was sitting hard by. By Allah, O my brother,
this be no dream, and if it were a dream, where is the bag of
gold I bore with me, and where are my turban and my robe, and
Then he rose and entered the city, threading its highways and
byways and bazaar streets, and the people pressed upon him and
jeered at him, crying out "Madman! Madman!" till he,
beside himself with rage, took refuge in a cook's shop. Now that
cook had been a trifle too clever- that is, a rogue and thief-
but Allah had made him repent and turn from his evil ways and
open a cookshop, and all the people of Damascus stood in fear
of his boldness and his mischief. So when the crowd saw the youth
enter his shop, they dispersed, being afraid of him, and went
their ways. The cook looked at Badr al-Din and, noting his beauty
and loveliness, fell in love with him forthright and said: "Whence
comest thou, O youth? Tell me at once thy tale, for thou art become
dearer to me than my soul." So Hasan recounted to him all
that had befallen him from beginning to end (but in repetition
there is no fruition) and the cook said: "O my lord Badr
al-Din, doubtless thou knowest that this case is wondrous and
this story marvelous. Therefore, O my son, hide what hath betide
thee, till Allah dispel what ills be thine, and tarry with me
here the meanwhile, for I have no child and I will adopt thee."
Badr al-Din replied, "Be it as thou wilt, O my uncle!"
Whereupon the cook went to the bazaar and bought him a fine suit
of clothes and made him don it, then fared with him to the kazi,
and formally declared that he was his son. So Badr al-Din Hasan
became known in Damascus city as the cook's son, and he sat with
him in the shop to take the silver, and on this wise he sojourned
there for a time.
Thus far concerning him, but as regards his cousin, the Lady of
Beauty, when morning dawned she awoke and missed Badr al-Din Hasan
from her side; but she thought that he had gone to the privy and
she sat expecting him for an hour or so, when behold, entered
her father Shams al-Din Mohammed, Wazir of Egypt. Now he was disconsolate
by reason of what had befallen him through the Sultan, who had
entreated him harshly and had married his daughter by force to
the lowest of his menials and he too a lump of a groom hunchbacked
withal, and he said to himself, "I will slay this daughter
of mine if her own free she had yielded her person to this accursed
carle." So he came to the door of the bride's private chamber,
and said, "Ho! Sitt al-Husn." She answered him: "Here
am I! Here am I! O my lord," and came out unsteady of pit
after the pains and pleasures of the night. And she kissed his
hand, her face showing redoubled brightness and beauty for having
lain in the arms of that gazelle, her cousin.
When her father, the Wazir, saw her in such case, he asked her,
"O thou accursed, art thou rejoicing because of this horse
groom?" And Sitt al-Husn smiled sweetly and answered: "By
Allah, don't ridicule me. Enough of what passed yesterday when
folk laughed at me, and evened me with that groom fellow who is
not worthy to bring my husband's shoes or slippers- nay, who is
not worth the paring of my husband's nails! By the Lord, never
in my life have I nighted a night so sweet as yesternight, so
don't mock by reminding me of the Gobbo." When her parent
heard her words he was filled with fury, and his eyes glared and
stared, so that little of them showed save the whites and he cried:
"Fie upon thee! What words are these? 'Twas the hunchbacked
horse groom who passed the night with thee!" "Allah
upon thee," replied the Lady of Beauty, "do not worry
me about the Gobbo- Allah damn his father- and leave jesting with
me, for this groom was only hired for ten dinars and a porringer
of meat and he took his wage and went his way. As for me, I entered
the bridal chamber, where I found my true bridegroom sitting,
after the singer women had displayed me to him- the same who had
crossed their hands with red gold till every pauper that was present
waxed wealthy. And I passed the night on the breast of my bonny
man, a most lively darling, with his black eyes and joined eyebrows."
When her parent heard these words, the light before his face became
night, and he cried out at her, saying: "O thou whore! What
is this thou tellest me? Where be thy wits?" "O my father,"
she rejoined, "thou breakest my heart. Enough for thee that
thou hast been so hard upon me! Indeed my husband who took my
virginity is but just now gone to the draught-house, and I feel
that I have conceived by him." The Wazir rose in much marvel
and entered the privy, where he found the hunchbacked horse groom
with his head in the hole and his heels in the air. At this sight
he was confounded and said, "This is none other than he,
the rascal hunchback!" So he called to him, "Ho, Hunchback!"
The Gobbo grunted out, "Taghum! Taghum!" thinking it
was the Ifrit spoke to him, so the Wazir shouted at him and said,
"Speak out, or I'll strike off thy pate with this sword."
Then quoth the hunchback, "By Allah, O Sheikh of the Ifrits,
ever since thou settest me in this place I have not lifted my
head, so Allah upon thee, take pity and entreat me kindly!"
When the Wazir heard this he asked: "What is this thou sayest?
I'm the bride's father and no Ifrit." "Enough for thee
that thou hast well-nigh done me die," answered Quasimodo.
"Now go thy ways before he come upon thee who hath served
me thus. Could ye not marry me to any save the ladylove of buffaloes
and the beloved of Ifrits? Allah curse her, and curse him who
married me to her and was the cause of this my case." Then
said the Wazir to him, "Up and out of this place!" "Am
I mad," cried the groom, "that I should go with thee
without leave of the Ifrit whose last words to me were: 'When
the sun rises, arise and go thy gait.' So hath the sun risen,
or no? For I dare not budge from this place till then." Asked
the Wazir, "Who brought thee hither?" And he answered,
"I came here yesternight for a call of nature and to do what
none can do for me, when lo! a mouse came out of the water, and
squeaked at me and swelled and waxed gross till it was big as
a buffalo, and spoke to me words that entered my ears. Then he
left me here and went away. Allah curse the bride and him who
married me to her!"
The Wazir walked up to him and lifted his head out of the cesspool
hole, and he fared forth running for dear life and hardly crediting
that the sun had risen, and repaired to the Sultan, to whom he
told all that had befallen him with the Ifrit. But the Wazir returned
to the bride's private chamber, sore troubled in spirit about
her, and said to her, "O my daughter, explain this strange
matter to me!" Quoth she: "'Tis simply this. The bridegroom
to whom they displayed me yestereve lay with me all night, and
took my virginity, and I am with child by him. He is my husband,
and if thou believe me not, there are his turban twisted as it
was, lying on the settle and his dagger and his trousers beneath
the bed with a something, I wot not what, wrapped up in them."
When her father heard this, he entered the private chamber and
found the turban which had been left there by Badr al-Din Hasan,
his brother's son, and he took it in hand and turned it over,
saying, "This is the turban worn by Wazirs, save that it
is of Mosul stuff." So he opened it and, finding what seemed
to be an amulet sewn up in the fez, he unsewed the lining and
took it out. Then he lifted up the trousers, wherein was the purse
of the thousand gold pieces and opening that also, found in it
a written paper. This he read, and it was the sale receipt of
the Jew in the name of Badr al-Din Hasan son of Nur al-Din All,
the Egyptian, and the thousand dinars were also there.
No sooner had Shams al-Din read this than he cried out with a
loud cry and fell to the ground fainting, and as soon as he revived
and understood the gist of the matter he marveled and said: "There
is no god but the God, whose All-might is over all things! Knowest
thou, O my daughter, who it was that became the husband of thy
virginity?" "No," answered she, and he said: "Verily
he is the son of my brother, thy cousin, and this thousand dinars
is thy dowry. Praise be to Allah! And would I wot how this matter
came about!" Then opened he the amulet which was sewn up
and found therein a paper in the handwriting of his deceased brother,
Nur al-Din the Egyptian, father of Badr al-Din Hasan. And when
he saw the handwriting, he kissed it again and again, and he wept
and wailed over his dead brother. Then he read the scroll and
found in it recorded the dates of his brother's marriage with
the daughter of the Wazir of Bassorah, and of his going in to
her, and her conception, and the birth of Badr al-Din Hasan, and
all his brother's history and doings up to his dying day.
So he marveled much and shook with joy and, comparing the dates
with his own marriage and going in unto his wife and the birth
of his daughter, Sitt al-Husn, he found that they perfectly agreed.
So he took the document and, repairing with it to the Sultan,
acquainted him with what had passed, from first to last, whereat
the King marveled and commanded the case to be at once recorded.
The Wazir abode that day expecting to see his brother's son, but
he came not, and he waited a second day, a third day, and so on
to the seventh day without any tidings of him. So he said, "By
Allah, I will do a deed such as none hath ever done before me!"
And he took reed pen and ink and drew upon a sheet of paper the
plan of the whole house, showing whereabouts was the private chamber
with the curtain in such a place and the furniture in such another
and so on with all that was in the room. Then he folded up the
sketch and, causing all the furniture to be collected, he took
Badr al-Din's garments and the turban and fez and robe and purse,
and carried the whole to his house and locked them up, against
the coming of his nephew, Badr al-Din Hasan, the son of his lost
brother, with an iron padlock on which he set his seal.
As for the Wazir's daughter, when her tale of months was fulfilled,
she bare a son like the full moon, the image of his father in
beauty and loveliness and fair proportions and perfect grace.
They cut his navel string and kohled his eyelids to strengthen
his eyes, and gave him over to the nurses and nursery governesses,
naming him Ajib, the Wonderful. His day was as a month and his
month was as a year, and when seven years had passed over him,
his grandfather sent him to school, enjoining the master to teach
him Koran-reading, and to educate him well. He remained at the
school four years, till he began to bully his schoolfellows and
abuse them and bash them and thrash them and say: "Who among
you is like me? I am the son of the Wazir of Egypt!
At last the boys came in a body to complain to the monitor of
what hard usage they were wont to have from Ajib, and he said
to them: "I will tell you somewhat you may do to him so that
he shall leave off coming to the school, and it is this. When
he enters tomorrow, sit ye down about him and say some one of
you to some other: 'By Allah, none shall play with us at this
game except he tell us the names of his mamma and papa, for he
who knows not the names of his mother and his father is a bastard,
a son of adultery, and he shall not play with us."' When
morning dawned, the boys came to school, Ajib being one of them,
and all flocked round him saying: "We will play a game wherein
none shall join save he can tell the name of his mamma and his
papa." And they all cried, "By Allah, good!" Then
quoth one of them, "My name is Majid and my mammy's name
is Alawiyah and my daddy's Izz al-Din." Another spoke in
like guise and yet a third, till Ajib's turn came, and he said,
"My name is Ajib, and my mother's is Sitt al-Husn, and my
father's Shams al-Din, the Wazir of Cairo." "By Allah,"
cried they, "the Wazir is not thy true father." Ajib
answered, "The Wazir is my father in very deed." Then
the boys all laughed and clapped their hands at him, saying: "He
does not know who is his papa. Get out from among us, for none
shall play with us except he know his father's name."
Thereupon they dispersed from around him and laughed him to scorn,
so his breast was straitened and he well-nigh choked with tears
and hurt feelings. Then said the monitor to him: "We know
that the Wazir is thy grandfather, the father of thy mother, Sitt
al-Husn, and not thy father. As for thy father, neither dost thou
know him nor yet do we, for the Sultan married thy mother to the
hunchbacked horse groom, but the Jinni came and slept with her
and thou hast no known father. Leave, then, comparing thyself
too advantageously with the littles ones of the school, till thou
know that thou hast a lawful father, for until then thou wilt
pass for a child of adultery amongst them. Seest thou not that
even a huckster's son knoweth his own sire? Thy grandfather is
the Wazir of Egypt, but as for thy father, we wot him not and
we say indeed that thou hast none. So return to thy sound senses!"
When Ajib heard these insulting words from the monitor and the
schoolboys and understood the reproach they put upon him, he went
out at once and ran to his mother, Sitt al-Husn, to complain,
but he was crying so bitterly that his tears prevented his speech
for a while. When she heard his sobs and saw his tears, her heart
burned as though with fire for him, and she said: "O my son,
why dost thou weep? Allah keep the tears from thine eyes! Tell
me what hath betided thee." So he told her all that he heard
from the boys and from the monitor and ended with asking, "And
who, O my mother, is my father?" She answered, "Thy
father is the Wazir of Egypt." But he said: "Do not
lie to me. The Wazir is thy father, not mine! Who then is my father?
Except thou tell me the very truth I will kill myself with this
When his mother heard him speak of his father she wept, remembering
her cousin and her bridal night with him and all that occurred
there and then, and she repeated these couplets:
"Love in my heart they lit and went their ways,
And all I love to furthest lands withdrew,
And when they left me sufferance also left,
And when we parted Patience bade adieu.
They fled and flying with my joys they fled,
In very constancy my spirit flew.
They made my eyelids flow with severance tears
And to the parting pang these drops are due.
And when I long to see reunion day, ruth I sue.
My groans prolonging sore for ruth I sue.
Then in my heart of hearts their shapes I trace,
And love and longing care and cark renew.
O ye whose names cling round me like a cloak,
Whose love yet closer than a shirt I drew,
Beloved ones, how long this hard despite?
How long this severance and this coy shy flight?"
Then she wailed and shrieked aloud and her son did the like, and
behold, in came the Wazir, whose heart burnt within him at the
sight of their lamentations and he said, "What makes you
weep?" So the Lady of Beauty acquainted him with what happened
between her son and the schoolboys, and he also wept, calling
to mind his brother and what had past between them and what had
betided his daughter and how be had failed to find out what mystery
there was in the matter. Then he rose at once and, repairing to
the audience hall, went straight to the King and told his tale
and craved his permission to travel eastward to the city of Bassorah
and ask after his brother's son. Furthermore, he besought the
Sultan to write for him letters patent, authorizing him to seize
upon Badr al-Din, his nephew and son-in-law, wheresoever he might
find him. And he wept before the King, who had pity on him and
wrote royal autographs to his deputies in all climes and countries
and cities, whereat the Wazir rejoiced and prayed for blessings
Then, taking leave of his sovereign, he returned to his house,
where he equipped himself and his daughter and his adopted child
Ajib with all things meet for a long march, and set out and traveled
the first day and the second and the third and so forth till he
arrived at Damascus city. The Wazir encamped on the open space
called AlHasa, and after pitching tents, said to his servants,
"A halt here for two days!" So they went into the city
upon their several occasions, this to sell and that to buy, this
to go to the hammam and that to visit the cathedral mosque of
the Banu Umayyah, the Ommiades, whose like is not in this world.
Ajib also went, with his attendant eunuch, for solace and diversion
to the city, and the servant followed with a quarterstaff of almond
wood so heavy that if he struck a camel therewith the beast would
never rise again.
When the people of Damascus saw Ajib's beauty and brilliancy and
perfect grace and symmetry (for he was a marvel of comeliness
and winning loveliness, softer than the cool breeze of the North,
sweeter than limpid waters to man in drought, and pleasanter than
the health for which sick man sueth), a mighty many followed him,
whilst others ran on before and sat down on the road until he
should come up, that they might gaze on him, till, as Destiny
stopped opposite the shop of Ajib's father, Badr al-Din Hasan.
Now his beard had grown long and thick and his wits had ripened
during the twelve years which had passed over him, and the cook
and ex-rogue having died, the so-called Hasan of Bassorah had
succeeded to his goods and shop, for that he had been formally
adopted before the kazi and witnesses. When his son and the eunuch
stepped before him, he gazed on Ajib and, seeing how very beautiful
he was, his heart fluttered and throbbed, and blood drew to blood
and natural affection spake out and his bowels yearned over him.
He had just dressed a conserve of pomegranate grains with sugar,
and Heaven implanted love wrought within him, so he called to
his son Ajib and said: "O my lord, O thou who hast gotten
the mastery of my heart and my very vitals and to whom my bowels
yearn, say me, wilt thou enter my house and solace my soul by
eating of my meat?"
Then his eyes streamed with tears which he could not stay, for
he bethought him of what he had been and what he had become. When
Ajib heard his father's words, his heart also yearned himward,
and he looked at the eunuch and said to him: "Of a truth,
O my good guard, my heart yearns to this cook. He is as one that
hath a son far away from him. So let us enter and gladden his
heart by tasting of his hospitality. Perchance for our so doing
Allah may reunite me with my father." When the eunuch heard
these words, he cried: "A fine thing this, by Allah! Shall
the sons of Wazirs be seen eating in a common cookshop? Indeed
I keep off the folk from thee with this quarterstaff lest they
even look upon thee, and I dare not suffer thee to enter this
shop at all."
When Hasan of Bassorah heard his speech he marveled and turned
to the eunuch with the tears pouring down his cheeks, and Ajib
said, "Verily my heart loves him!" But he answered:
"Leave this talk. Thou shalt not go in." Thereupon the
father turned to the eunuch and said, "O worthy sir, why
wilt thou not gladden my soul by entering my shop? O thou who
art like a chestnut, dark without but white of heart within! O
thou of the like, of whom a certain poet said..." The eunuch
burst out a-laughing and asked: "Said what? Speak out, by
Allah, and be quick about it." So Hasan the Bassorite began
reciting these couplets:
"If not master of manners or aught but discreet,
In the household of kings no trust could he take,
And then for the harem! What eunuch is he
Whom angels would serve for his service' sake?"
The eunuch marveled and was pleased at these words, so he took
Ajib by the hand and went into the cook's shop; whereupon Hasan
the Bassorite ladled into a saucer some conserve of pomegranate
grains wonderfully good, dressed with almonds and sugar, saying:
"You have honored me with your company. Eat, then, and health
and happiness to you!" Thereupon Ajib said to his father,
"Sit thee down and eat with us, so perchance Allah may unite
us with him we long for." Quoth Hasan, "O my son, hast
thou then been afflicted in thy tender years with parting from
those thou lovest?" Quoth Ajib: "Even so, O uncle mine.
My heart burns for the loss of a beloved one who is none other
than my father, and indeed I come forth, I and my grandfather,
to circle and search the world for him. Oh, the pity of it, and
how I long to meet him!" Then he wept with exceeding weeping,
and his father also wept seeing him weep and for his own bereavement,
which recalled to him his long separation from dear friends and
from his mother, and the eunuch was moved to pity for him.
Then they ate together till they were satisfied, and Ajib and
the slave rose and left the shop. Hereat Hasan the Bassorite felt
as though his soul had departed his body and had gone with them,
for he could not lose sight of the boy during the twinkling of
an eye, albeit he knew not that Ajib was his son. So he locked
up his shop and hastened after them, and he walked so fast that
he came up with them before they had gone out of the western gate.
The eunuch turned and asked him, "What ails thee?" and
Badr al-Din answered, "When ye went from me, meseemed my
soul had gone with you, and as I had business without the city
gate, I purposed to bear you company till my matter was ordered,
and so return." The eunuch was angered, and said to Ajib:
"This is just what I feared! We ate that unlucky mouthful
(which we are bound to respect), and here is the fellow following
us from place to place, for the vulgar are ever the vulgar."
Ajib, turning and seeing the cook just behind him, was wroth,
and his face reddened with rage and he said to the servant: "Let
him walk the highway of the Moslems, but when we turn off it to
our tents and find that he still follows us, we will send him
about his business with a flea in his ear." Then he bowed
his head and walked on, the eunuch walking behind him. But Hasan
of Bassorah followed them to the plain Al-Hasa, and as they drew
near to the tents, they turned round and saw him close on their
heels, so Ajib was very angry, fearing that the eunuch might tell
his grandfather what had happened. His indignation was the hotter
for apprehension lest any say that after he had entered a cookshop
the cook had followed him. So he turned and looked at Hasan of
Bassorah and found his eyes fixed on his own, for the father had
become a body without a soul, and it seemed to Ajib that his eye
was a treacherous eye or that he was some lewd fellow.
So his rage redoubled and, stooping down, he took up a stone weighing
half a pound and threw it at his father. It struck him on the
forehead, cutting it open from eyebrow to eyebrow and causing
the blood to stream down, and Hasan fell to the ground in a swoon
whilst Ajib and the eunuch made for the tents. When the father
came to himself, he wiped away the blood and tore off a strip
from his turban and bound up his head, blaming himself the while,
and saying, "I wronged the lad by shutting up my shop and
following, so that he thought I was some evil-minded fellow."
Then he returned to his place, where he busied himself with the
sale of his sweetmeats, and he yeamed after his mother at Bassorah,
and wept over her and broke out repeating:
"Unjust it were to bid the world be just
And blame her not. She ne'er was made for justice.
Take what she gives thee, leave all grief aside,
For now to fair and then to foul her lust is."
So Hasan of Bassorah set himself steadily to sell his sweetmeats,
but the Wazir, his uncle, halted in Damascus three days and then
marched upon Emesa, and passing through that town, he made inquiry
there, and at every place where he rested. Thence he fared on
by way of Hamah and Aleppo and thence through Diyar Bakr and Maridin
and Mosul, still inquiring, till he arrived at Bassorah city.
Here, as soon as he had secured a lodging, he presented himself
before the Sultan, who entreated him with high honor and the respect
due to his rank, and asked the cause of his coming. The Wazir
acquainted him with his history and told him that the Minister
Nur al-Din was his brother, whereupon the Sultan exclaimed, "Allah
have mercy upon him!" and added: "My good Sahib, he
was my Wazir for fifteen years and I loved him exceedingly. Then
he died leaving a son who abode only a single month after his
father's death, since which time he has disappeared and we could
gain no tidings of him. But his mother, who is the daughter of
my former Minister, is still among us."
When the Wazir Shams al-Din heard that his nephew's mother was
alive and well, he rejoiced and said, "O King, I much desire
to meet her." The King on the instant gave him leave to visit
her, so he betook himself to the mansion of his brother Nur al-Din
and cast sorrowful glances on all things in and around it and
kissed the threshold. Then he bethought him of his brother Nur
al-Din Ali, and how he had died in a strange land far from kith
and kin and friends, and he wept and repeated these lines:
"I wander 'mid these walls, my Lavla's walls,
And kissing this and other wall I roam.
'Tis not the walls or roof my heart so loves,
But those who in this house had made their home."
Then he passed through the gate into a courtyard and found a vaulted
doorway builded of hardest syenite inlaid with sundry kinds of
multicolored marble. Into this he walked, and wandered about the
house and, throwing many a glance around, saw the name of his
brother Nur al-Din written in gold wash upon the walls. So he
went up to the inscription and kissed it and wept and thought
of how he had been separated from his brother and had now lost
Then he walked on till he came to the apartment of his brother's
widow, the mother of Badr al-Din Hasan, the Egyptian. Now from
the time of her son's disappearance she had never ceased weeping
and wailing through the light hours and the dark, and when the
years grew longsome with her, she built for him a tomb of marble
in the midst of the saloon and there used to weep for him day
and night, never sleeping save thereby. When the Wazir drew near
her apartment, he heard her voice and stood behind the door while
she addressed the sepulcher in verse and said:
"Answer, by Allah! Sepulcher, are all his beauties gone?
Hath change the power to blight his charms, that beauty's paragon?
Thou art not earth, O Sepulcher! Nor art thou sky to me.
How comes it, then, in thee I see conjoint the branch and moon?"
While she was bemoaning herself after this fashion, behold, the
Wazir went in to her and saluted her and informed her that he
was her husband's brother, and, telling her all that had passed
beween them, laid open before her the whole story- how her son
Badr al-Din Hasan had spent a whole night with his daughter full
ten years ago, but had disappeared in the morning. And he ended
with saying: "My daughter conceived by thy son and bare a
male child who is now with me, and he is thy son and thy son's
son by my daughter." When she heard the tidings that her
boy Badr al-Din was still alive and saw her brother-in-law, she
rose up to him and threw herself at his feet and kissed them.
Then the Wazir sent for Ajib and his grandmother stood up and
fell on his neck and wept, but Shams al-Din said to her: "This
is no time for weeping. This is the time to get thee ready for
traveling with us to the land of Egypt. Haply Allah will reunite
me and thee with thy son and my nephew." Replied she, "Hearkening
and obedience," and, rising at once, collected her baggage
and treasures and her jewels, and equipped herself and her slave
girls for the march, whilst the Wazir went to take his leave of
the Sultan of Bassorah, who sent by him presents and rarities
for the Sultan of Egypt.
Then he set out at once upon his homeward march and journeyed
till he came to Damascus city, where he alighted in the usual
place and pitched tents, and said to his suite, "We will
halt a sennight here to buy presents and rare things for the Sultan."
Now Ajib bethought him of the past, so he said to the eunuch:
"O Laik, I want a little diversion. Come, let us go down
to the great bazaar of Damascus and see what hath become of the
cook whose sweetmeats we ate and whose head we broke, for indeed
he was kind to us and we entreated him scurvily." The eunuch
answered, "Hearing is obeying!" So they went forth from
the tents, and the tie of blood drew Ajib toward his father, and
forthwith they passed through the gateway, Bab al-Faradis hight,
and entered the city and ceased not walking through the streets
till they reached the cookshop, where they found Hasan of Bassorah
standing at the door. It was near the time of midafternoon prayer,
and it so fortuned that he had just dressed a confection of pomegranate
When the twain drew near to him and Ajib saw him, his heart yearned
toward him, and noticing the scar of the blow, which time had
darkened on his brow, he said to him: "Peace be on thee,
O man! Know that my heart is with thee." But when Badr al-Din
looked upon his son, his vitals yearned and his heart fluttered,
and he hung his head earthward and sought to make his tongue give
utterance to his words, but he could not. Then he raised his head
humbly and suppliant-wise toward his boy and repeated these couplets:
"I longed for my beloved, but when I saw his face,
Abashed I held my tongue and stood with downcast eye,
And hung my head in dread and would have hid my love,
But do whatso I would, hidden it would not he.
Volumes of plaints I had prepared, reproach and blame,
But when we met, no single word remembered I." And then said
he to them: "Heal my broken heart and eat of my sweetmeats,
for, by Allah, I cannot look at thee but my heart flutters. Indeed
I should not have followed thee the other day but that I was beside
myself." "By Allah," answered Ajib, "thou
dost indeed love us! We ate in thy house a mouthful when we were
here before and thou madest us repent for it, for that thou followedst
us and wouldst have disgraced us, so now we will not eat aught
with thee save on condition that thou make oath not to go out
after us nor dog us. Otherwise we will not visit thee again during
our present stay, for we shall halt a week here whilst my grandfather
buys certain presents for the King." Quoth Hasan of Bassorah,
"I promise you this."
So Ajib and the eunuch entered the shop, and his father set before
them a saucerful of conserve of pomegranate grains. Said Ajib:
"Sit thee down and eat with us. So haply shall Allah dispel
our sorrows." Hasan the Bassorite was joyful and sat down
and ate with them, but his eyes kept gazing fixedly on Ajib's
face, for his very heart and vitals clove to him, and at last
the boy said to him: "Did I not tell thee thou art a most
noyous dotard? So do stint thy staring in my face!" Hansan
kept putting morsels into Ajib's mouth at one time and at another
time did the same by the eunuch, and they ate till they were satisfied
and could no more. Then all rose up and the cook poured water
on their hands, and loosing a silken waist shawl, dried them and
sprinkled them with rose-water from a casting bottle he had by
him. Then he went out and presently returned with a gugglet of
sherbet flavored with rose-water, scented with musk, and cooled
with snow, and he set this before them saying, "Complete
your kindness to me!" So Ajib took the gugglet and drank
and passed it to the eunuch, and it went round till their stomachs
were full and they were surfeited with a meal larger than their
Then they went away and made haste in walking till they reached
the tents, and Ajib went in to his grandmother, who kissed him
and, thinking of her son Badr al-Din Hasan, groaned aloud and
wept. Then she asked Ajib: "O my son! Where hast thou been?"
And he answered, "In Damascus city." Whereupon she rose
and set before him a bit of scone and a saucer of conserve of
pomegranate grains (which was too little sweetened), and she said
to the eunuch, "Sit down with thy master!" Said the
servant to himself: "By Allah, we have no mind to eat. I
cannot bear the smell of bread." But he sat down, and so
did Ajib, though his stomach was full of what he had eaten already
and drunken. Nevertheless he took a bit of the bread and dipped
it in the pomegranate conserve and made shift to eat it, but he
found it too little sweetened, for he was cloyed and surfeited,
so he said, "Faugh, what be this wild-beast stuff?"
"O my son," cried his grandmother, "dost thou find
fault with my cookery? I cooked this myself and none can cook
it as nicely as I can, save thy father, Badr al-Din Hasan."
"By Allah, O my lady," Ajib answered, "this dish
is nasty stuff, for we saw but now in the city of Bassorah a cook
who so dresseth pomegranate grains that the very smell openeth
a way to the heart and the taste would make a full man long to
eat. And as for this mess compared with his, 'tis not worth either
much or little."
When his grandmother heard his words, she waxed wroth with exceeding
wrath and looked at the servant and said: "Woe to thee! Dost
thou spoil my son, and dost take him into common cookshops?"
The eunuch was frightened and denied, saying, "We did not
go into the shop, we only passed by it." "By Allah,"
cried Ajib, "but we did go in, and we ate till it came out
of our nostrils, and the dish was better than thy dish!"
Then his grandmother rose and went and told her brother-in-law,
who was incensed against the eunuch, and sending for him, asked
him, "Why didst thou take my son into a cookshop?" And
the eunuch, being frightened, answered, "We did not go in."
But Ajib said, "We did go inside and ate conserve of pomegranate
grains till we were fall, and the cook gave us to drink of iced
and sugared sherbet."
At this the Wazir's indignation redoubled and he questioned the
castrato, but as he still denied, the Wazir said to him, "If
thou speak sooth, sit down and eat before us." So he came
forward and tried to eat, but could not, and threw away the mouthful
crying: "O my lord! I am surfeited since yesterday."
By this the Wazir was certified that he had eaten at the cook's,
and bade the slaves throw him, which they did. Then they came
down on him with a rib-basting which burned him till he cried
for mercy and help from Allah, saying, "O my master, beat
me no more and I will tell thee the truth." Whereupon the
Wazir stopped the bastinado and said, "Now speak thou sooth."
Quoth the eunuch, "Know then that we did enter the shop of
a cook while he was dressing conserve of pomegranate grains, and
he set some of it before us. By Allah! I never ate in my life
its like, nor tasted aught nastier than this stuff which is now
before us." Badr al-Din Hasan's mother was angry at this
and said, "Needs must thou go back to the cook and bring
me a saucer of conserved pomegranate grains from that which is
in his shop and show it to thy master, that he may say which be
the better and the nicer, mine or his." Said the unsexed,
So on the instant she gave him a saucer and a half-dinar and he
returned to the shop and said to the cook, "O Sheikh of all
Cooks, we have laid a wager concerning thy cookery in my lord's
house, for they have conserve of pomegranate grains there also.
So give me this half-dinar's worth and look to it, for I have
eaten a full meal of stick on account of thy cookery, and so do
not let me eat aught more thereof." Hasan of Bassorah laughed
and answered: "By Allah, none can dress this dish as it should
be dressed save myself and my mother, and she at this time is
in a far country." Then he ladled out a saucerful and, finishing
it off with musk and rose-water, put it in a cloth, which he sealed,
and gave it to the eunuch, who hastened back with it. No sooner
had Badr al-Din Hasan's mother tasted it and perceived its fine
flavor and the excellence of the cookery then she knew who had
dressed it, and she screamed and fell down fainting.
The Wazir, sorely startled, sprinkled rose-water upon her, and
after a time she recovered and said: "If my son be yet of
this world, none dressed this conserve of pomegranate grains but
he, and this cook is my very son Badr al-Din Hasan. There is no
doubt of it, nor can there be any mistake, for only I and he knew
how to prepare it and I taught him." When the Wazir heard
her words, he joyed with exceeding joy and said: "Oh, the
longing of me for a sight of my brother's son! I wonder if the
days will ever unite us with him! Yet it is to Almighty Allah
alone that we look for bringing about this meeting." Then
he rose without stay or delay and, going to his suite, said to
them, "Be off, some fifty of you, with sticks and staves
to the cook's shop and demolish it, then pinion his arms behind
him with his own turban, saying, 'It was thou madest that foul
mess of pomegranate grains!' And drag him here perforce, but without
doing him a harm." And they replied, "It is well."
Then the Wazir rode off without losing an instant to the palace
and, forgathering with the Viceroy of Damascus, showed him the
Sultan's orders. After careful perusal he kissed the letter and
placing it upon his head, said to his visitor, "Who is this
offender-of thine?" Quoth the Wazir, "A man which is
a cook." So the Viceroy at once sent his apparitors to the
shop, which they found demolished and everything in it broken
to pieces, for whilst the Wazir was riding to the palace his men
had done his bidding. Then they awaited his return from the audience,
and Hasan of Bassorah, who was their prisoner, kept saying, "I
wonder what they have found in the conserve of pomegranate grains
to bring things to this pass!"
When the Wazir returned to them after his visit to the Viceroy,
who had given him formal permission to take up his debtor and
depart with him, on entering the tents he called for the cook.
They brought him forward pinioned with his turban, and, when Badr
al-Din Hasan saw his uncle, he wept with exceeding weeping and
said, "O my lord, what is my offense against thee?"
"Art thou the man who dressed that conserve of pomegranate
grains?" asked the Wazir, and he answered "Yes! Didst
thou find in it aught to call for the cutting off of my head?"
Quoth the Wazir, "That were the least of thy deserts!"
Quoth the cook, "O my lord, wilt thou not tell me my crime,
and what aileth the conserve of pomegranate grains?" "Presently,"
replied the Wazir, and called aloud to his men, saying "Bring
hither the camels."
So they struck the tents and by the Wazir's orders the servants
took Badr al-Din Hasan and set him in a chest which they padlocked
and put on a camel. Then they departed and stinted not journeying
till nightfall, when they halted and ate some victual, and took
Badr al-Din Hasan out of his chest and gave him a meal and locked
him up again. They set out once more and traveled till they reached
Kimrah, where they took him out of the box and brought him before
the Wazir, who asked him, "Art thou he who dressed that conserve
of pomegranate grains?" He answered "Yes, O my lord!"
and the Wazir said, "Fetter him!" So they fettered him
and returned him to the chest and fared on again till they reached
Cairo and lighted at the quarter called Al-Raydaniyah. Then the
Wazir gave order to take Badr al-Din Hasan out of the chest and
sent for a carpenter and said to him, "Make me a cross of
wood for this fellow!" Cried Badr al-Din Hasan, "And
what wilt thou do with it?" and the Wazir replied, "I
mean to crucify thee thereon, and nail thee thereto and parade
thee all about the city."
"And why wilt thou use me after this fashion?" "Because
of thy villainous cookery of conserved pomegranate grains. How
durst thou dress it and sell it lacking pepper?" "And
for that it lacked pepper, wilt thou do all this to me? Is it
not enough that thou hast broken my shop and smashed my gear and
boxed me up in a chest and fed me only once a day?" "Too
little pepper! Too little pepper! This is a crime which can be
expiated only upon the cross!" Then Badr al-Din Hasan marveled
and fell a-mourning for his life, whereupon the Wazir asked him,
"Of what thinkest thou?" and he answered him, "Of
maggoty heads like thine, for an thou had one ounce of sense,
thou hadst not treated me thus." Quoth the Wazir, "It
is our duty to punish thee, lest thou do the like again."
Quoth Badr al-Din Hasan, "Of a truth my offense were overpunished
by the least of what thou hast already done to me, and Allah damn
all conserve of pomegranate grains and curse the hour when I cooked
it, and would I had died ere this!" But the Wazir rejoined,
"There is no help for it. I must crucify a man who sells
conserve of pomegranate grains lacking pepper."
All this time the carpenter was shaping the wood and Badr al-Din
looked on, and thus they did till night, when his uncle took him
and clapped him into the chest, saying, "The thing shall
be done tomorrow!" Then he waited till he knew Badr al-Din
Hasan to be asleep, when he mounted and, taking the chest up before
him, entered the city and rode on to his own house, where he alighted
and said to his daughter, Sitt al-Husn, "Praised be Allah
Who hath reunited thee with thy husband, the son of thine uncle!
Up now, and order the house as it was on thy bridal night."
So the servants arose and lit the candles, and the Wazir took
out his plan of the nuptial chamber, and directed them what to
do till they had set everything in its stead, so that whoever
saw it would have no doubt but it was the very night of the marriage.
Then he bade them put down Badr al-Din Hasan's turban on the settle,
as he had deposited it with his own hand, and in like manner his
bag trousers and the purse which were under the mattress, and
told his daughter to undress herself and go to bed in the private
chamber as on her wedding night, adding: "When the son of
thine uncle comes in to thee say to him, 'Thou hast loitered while
going to the privy,' and call him to lie by thy side and keep
him in converse till daybreak, when we will explain the whole
matter to him."
Then he bade take Badr al-Din Hasan out of the chest, after loosing
the fetters from his feet and stripping off all that was on him
save the fine shirt of blue silk in which he had slept on his
wedding night, so that he was well-nigh naked, and trouserless.
All this was done whilst he was sleeping on utterly unconscious.
Then, by doom of Destiny, Badr al-Din Hasan turned over and awoke,
and finding himself in a lighted vestibule, said to himself, "Surely
I am in the mazes of some dream." So he rose and went on
a little to an inner door and looked in, and lo! he was in the
very chamber wherein the bride had been displayed to him, and
there he saw the bridal alcove and the settle and his turban and
all his clothes.
When he saw this, he was confounded, and kept advancing with one
foot and retiring with the other, saying, "Am I sleeping
or waking?" And he began rubbing his forehead and saying
(for indeed he was thoroughly astounded): "By Allah, verily
this is the chamber of the bride who was displayed before me!
Where am I, then? I was surely but now in a box!" Whilst
he was talking with himself, Sitt al-Husn suddenly lifted the
corner of the chamber curtain and said, "O my lord, wilt
thou not come in? Indeed thou hast loitered long in the watercloset."
When he heard her words and saw her face, he burst out laughing
and said, "Of a truth this is a very nightmare among dreams!"
Then he went in sighing, and pondered what had come to pass with
him and was perplexed about his case, and his affair became yet
more obscure to him when he saw his turban and bag trousers and
when, feeling the pocket, he found the purse containing the thousand
gold pieces. So he stood still and muttered: "Allah is All-knowing!
Assuredly I am dreaming a wild waking dream!"
Then said the Lady of Beauty to him, "What ails thee to look
puzzled and perplexed?" adding, "Thou wast a very different
man during the first of the night!" He laughed and asked
her, "How long have I been away from thee?" and she
answered him: "Allah preserve thee and His Holy Name be about
thee! Thou didst but go out an hour ago for an occasion and return.
Are thy wits clean gone?" When Badr al-Din Hasan heard this,
he laughed and said: "Thou hast spoken truth, but when I
went out from thee, I forgot myself awhile in the draughthouse
and dreamed that I was a cook at Damascus and abode there ten
years, and there came to me a boy who was of the sons of the great,
and with him a eunuch." Here he passed his hand over his
forehead and, feeling the scar, cried: "By Allah, O my lady,
it must have been true, for he struck my forehead with a stone
and cut it open from eyebrow to eyebrow, and here is the mark,
so it must have been on wake." Then he added: "But perhaps
I dreamt it when we fell asleep, I and thou, in each other's arms,
for meseems it was as though I traveled to Damascus without tarboosh
and trousers and set up as a cook there."
Then he was perplexed and considered for a while, and said: "By
Allah, I also fancied that I dressed a conserve of pomegranate
grains and put too little pepper in it. By Allah, I must have
slept in the numero-cent and have seen the whole of this is a
dream, but how long was that dream!" "Allah upon thee,"
said Sitt al-Husn, "and what more sawest thou?" So he
related all to her, and presently said, "By Allah, had I
not woke up, they would have nailed me to a cross of wood!"
"Wherefore?" asked she, and he answered: "For putting
too little pepper in the conserve of pomegranate grains, and meseemed
they demolished my shop and dashed to pieces my pots and pans,
destroyed all my stuff, and put me in a box. Then they sent for
the carpenter to fashion a cross for me and would have crucified
me thereon. Now Alhamdolillah! thanks be to Allah, for that all
this happened to me in sleep, and not on wake." Sitt al-Husn
laughed and clasped him to her bosom and he her to his.
Then he thought again and said: "By Allah, it could not be
save while I was awake. Truly I know not what to think of it."
Then he lay down, and all the night he was bewildered about his
case, now saying, "I was dreaming!" and then saying,
"I was awake!" till morning, when his uncle Shams al-Din,
the Wazir, came too him and saluted him. When Badr al-Din Hasan
saw him he said: "By Allah, art thou not he who bade bind
my hands behind me and smash my shop and nail me to a cross on
a matter of conserved pomegranate grains because the dish lacked
a sufficiency of pepper?" Whereupon the Wazir said to him:
"Know, O my son, that truth hath shown it soothfast and the
concealed hath been revealed! Thou art the son of my brother,
and I did all this with thee to certify myself that thou wast
indeed he who went in unto my daughter that night. I could not
be sure of this till I saw that thou knewest the chamber and thy
turban and thy trousers and thy gold and the papers in thy writing
and in that of thy father, my brother, for I had never seen thee
afore that and knew thee not. And as to thy mother, I have prevailed
upon her to come with me from Bassorah."
So saying, he threw himself on his nephew's breast and wept for
joy, and Badr al-Din Hasan, hearing these words from his uncle,
marveled with exceeding marvel and fell on his neck and also shed
tears for excess of delight. Then said the Wazir to him, "O
my son, the sole cause of all this is what passed between me and
thy sire," and he told him the manner of his father wayfaring
to Bassorah and all that had occurred to part them. Lastly the
Wazir sent for Ajib, and when his father saw him he cried, "And
this is he who struck me with the stone!" Quoth the Wazir,
"This is thy son!" And Badr al-Din Hasan threw himself
upon his boy and began repeating:
"Long have I wept o'er severance' ban and bane,
Long from mine eyelids tear rills rail and rain.
And vowed I if Time reunion bring,
My tongue from name of "Severance" I'll restrain.
Joy hath o'ercome me to this stress that I
From joy's revulsion to shed tears am fain.
Ye are so trained to tears, O eyne of me!
You weep with pleasure as you weep in pain."
When he had ended his verse his mother came in and threw herself
upon him and began reciting:
"When we met we complained,
Our hearts were sore wrung.
But plaint is not pleasant
Fro' messenger's tongue."
Then she wept and related to him what had befallen her since his
departure, and he told her what he had suffered, and they thanked
Allah Almighty for their reunion.
Two days after his arrival the Wazir Shams al-Din went in to the
Sultan and, kissing the ground between his hands, greeted him
with the greeting due to kings. The Sultan rejoiced at his return
and his face brightened and, placing him hard by his side, asked
him to relate all he had seen in his wayfaring and whatso had
betided him in his going and coming. So the Wazir told him all
that had passed from first to last and the Sultan said: "Thanks
be to Allah for thy victory and the winning of thy wish and thy
safe return to thy children and thy people! And now I needs must
see the son of thy brother, Hasan of Bassorah, so bring him to
the audience hall tomorrow." Shams al-Din replied, "Thy
slave shall stand in thy presence tomorrow, Inshallah, if it be
God's will." Then he saluted him and, returning to his own
house, informed his nephew of the Sultan's desire to see him,
whereto replied Hasan, whilom the Bassorite, "Me slave is
obedient to the orders of his lord." And the result was that
next day he accompanied his uncle, Shams al-Din, to the Divan,
and after saluting the Sultan and doing him reverence in most
ceremonious obeisance and with most courtly obsequiousness, he
began improvising these verses:
"The first in rank to kiss the ground shall deign
Before you, and all ends and aims attain.
You are Honor's fount, and all that hope of you,
Shall gain more honor than Hope hoped to gain."
The Sultan smiled and signed to him to sit down. So he took a
seat close to his uncle, Shams al-Din, and the King asked him
his name. Quoth Badr al-Din Hasan, "The meanest of thy slaves
is known as Hasan the Bassorite, who is instant in prayer for
thee day and night." The Sultan was pleased at his words
and, being minded to test his learning and prove his good breeding,
asked him, "Dost thou remember any verses in praise of the
mole on the cheek?" He answered, "I do," and began
"When I think of my love and our parting smart,
My groans go forth and my tears upstart.
He's a mole that reminds me in color and charms
O' the black o' the eye and the grain of the heart."
The King admired and praised the two couplets and said to him:
"Quote something else. Allah bless thy sire, and may thy
tongue never tire!" So he began:
That cheek mole's spot they evened with a grain
Of Musk, nor did they here the simile strain.
Nay, marvel at the face comprising all
Beauty, nor falling short by single grain."
The King shook with pleasure and said to him: "Say more.
Allah bless thy days!" So be began:
"O you whose mole on cheek enthroned recalls
A dot of musk upon a stone of ruby,
Grant me your favors! Be not stone at heart!
Core of my heart, whose only sustenance you be!"
Quoth the King: "Fair comparison, O Hasan! Thou hast spoken
excellently well and hast proved thyself accomplished in every
accomplishment! Now explain to me how many meanings be there in
the Arabic language for the word khal or mole." He replied,
"Allah keep the King! Seven and fifty, and some by tradition
say fifty." Said the Sultan, "Thou sayest sooth,"
presently adding, "Hast thou knowledge as to the points of
excellence in beauty?" "Yes," answered Badr al-Din
Hasan. "Beauty consisteth in brightness of face, clearness
of complexion, shapeliness of nose, gentleness of eyes, sweetness
of mouth, cleverness of speech, slenderness of shape, and seemliness
of all attributes. But the acme of beauty is in the hair and indeed
al-Shihab the Hijazi hath brought together all these items in
his doggrel verse of the meter Rajaz, and it is this:
"Say thou to skin 'Be soft,' to face 'Be fair,'
And gaze, nor shall they blame howso thou stare.
Fine nose in Beauty's list is high esteemed,
Nor less an eye full, bright and debonnair.
Eke did they well to laud the lovely lips
(Which e'en the sleep of me will never spare),
A winning tongue, a stature tall and straight,
A seemly union of gifts rarest rare.
But Beauty's acme in the hair one views it,
So hear my strain and with some few excuse it!"
The Sultan was captivated by his converse and, regarding him as
a friend, asked, "What meaning is there in the saw 'Shurayh
is foxier than the fox'?" And he answered, "Know, O
King (whom Almighty Allah keep!), that the legist Shurayh was
wont, during the days of the plague, to make a visitation to Al-Najaf,
and whenever he stood up to pray, there came a fox which would
plant himself facing him and which, by mimicking his movements,
distracted him from his devotions. Now when this became longsome
to him, one day he doffed his shirt and set it upon a cane and
shook out the sleeves. Then, placing his turban on the top and
girding its middle with a shawl, he stuck it up in the place where
he used to pray. Presently up trotted the fox according to his
custom and stood over against the figure, whereupon Shurayh came
behind him, and took him. Hence the sayer saith, 'Shurayh is foxier
than the fox.'" When the Sultan heard Badr al-Din Hasan's
explanation he said to his uncle, Shams al-Din, "Truly this
the son of thy brother is perfect in courtly breeding and I do
not think that his like can be found in Cairo." At this Hasan
arose and kissed the ground before him and sat down again as a
Mameluke should sit before his master.
When the Sultan had thus assured himself of his courtly breeding
and bearing and his knowledge of the liberal arts and belles-lettres,
he joyed with exceeding joy and invested him with a splendid robe
of honor and promoted him to an office whereby he might better
his condition. Then Badr al-Din Hasan arose and, kissing the ground
before the King, wished him continuance of glory and asked leave
to retire with his uncle, the Wazir Shams al-Din. The Sultan gave
him leave and he issued forth, and the two returned home, where
food was set before them and they ate what Allah had given them.
After finishing his meal Hasan repaired to the sitting chamber
of his wife, the Lady of Beauty, and told her what had past between
him and the Sultan, whereupon quoth she: "He cannot fail
to make thee a cup companion and give thee largess in excess and
load thee with favors and bounties. So shalt thou, by Allah's
blessing, dispread, like the greater light, the rays of thy perfection
wherever thou be, on shore or on sea." Said he to her, "I
purpose to recite a Kasidah, an ode, in his praise, that he may
redouble in affection for me." "Thou art right in thine
intent," she answered, "so gather thy wits together
and weigh thy words, and I shall surely see my husband favored
with his highest favor." Thereupon Hasan shut himself up
and composed these couplets on a solid base and abounding in inner
grace and copied them out in a handwriting of the nicest taste.
They are as follows:
Mine is a Chief who reached most haught estate,
Treading the pathways of the good and great.
His justice makes all regions safe and sure,
And against froward foes bars every gate.
Bold lion, hero, saint, e'en if you call
Seraph or Sovran he with an may rate!
The poorest suppliant rich from him returns,
All words to praise him were inadequate.
He to the day of peace is saffron Morn,
And murky Night in furious warfare's bate,
Bow 'neath his gifts our necks, and by his deeds
As King of freeborn souls he 'joys his state.
Allah increase for us his term of years,
And from his lot avert all risks and fears!
When he had finished transcribing the lines, he dispatched them
in charge of one of his uncle's slaves to the Sultan, who perused
them, and his fancy was pleased, so he read them to those present
and all praised them with the highest praise. Thereupon he sent
for the writer to his sitting chamber and said to him: "Thou
art from this day forth my boon companion, and I appoint to thee
a monthly solde of a thousand dirhams, over and above that I bestowed
on thee aforetime." So Hasan rose and, kissing the ground
before the King several times, prayed for the continuance of his
greatness and glory and length of life and strength. Thus Badr
al-Din Hasan the Bassorite waxed high in honor and his fame flew
forth to many regions, and he abode in all comfort and solace
and delight of life with his uncle and his own folk till death
When the Caliph Harun al-Rashid heard this story from the mouth
of his Wazir, Ja'afar the Barmecide, he marveled much and said,
"It behooves that these stories be written in letters of
liquid gold." Then he set the slaves at liberty and assigned
to the youth who had slain his wife such a monthly stipend as
sufficed to make his life easy. He also gave him a concubine from
amongst his own slave girls, and the young man became one of his