Manors of the Abbey of Bec, A.D. 1246
Pleas of the Manors in England of the Abbey of Bec for the Hokeday Term
Bledlow [Buckinghamshire]. Saturday before Ascension Day.
Gregory of sydenham [essoins himself] against the lord in a plea in which he
has waged his law. Richard Miller is essoiner and has pledged his faith [that
the essoin will be warranted].
Jordan of Henton [essoins himself] against William Moor and Roise the widow in
a plea of trespass by John Squire [as essoiner], for the second time. Faith is
Richard son of Lecia [essoins himself] of the general summons by John Harding.
Joan the widow [essoins herself] against Guy Parage in a plea of trespass by
Gilbert Mabel's son. Faith pledged.
Robert Costard [essoins himself] against Geoffrey Street in a plea of trespass
for the first time by Gilbert Mabel's son. Faith pledged.
Simon Francis [essoins himself] against John of Senholt in a plea of trespass
for the third time by Odo of Mursley. Faith pledged.
William Simon's son against the same person for teh same cause by Richard Odo's
son. Faith pledged.
[the next two entries are partially struck out]
William Carpenter of the general summons by John Francis
William Francis of the same by Ralph Kinct.
The court has presented that Simon Combe has set up a fence on the lord's land.
Therefore let it be abated.
Simone Combe gives 18 d. for leave to compromise with Simon Besmere. Pledges,
John Sperling and John Harding.
A day is given to Alice of Standen at the next court to produce her charter and
John Sperling complains that Richard of Newmere on the Sunday next before S.
Bartholomew's day last past with his cattle, horses and pigs wrongfully
destroyed the corn on his [John's] land to his damage to the extent of one
thrave of wheat, and to his dishonour to the extent of two shillings; and of
this he produces suit. And Richard comes and defends all of it. Therefore let
him go to the law six-handed. [he must bring five compurgators] His pledges,
Simon Combe and Hugh Frith.
Swincombe [Oxfordshire]. Sunday before Ascension Day.
Richard Rastold [essoins himself] of the general summons by William Henry's
Hugh Pike and Robert his son are in mercy for wood of the lord thievishly
carried away. The fine for each, 6 s. 8 d. Pledges, Richard Mile and William
Peter Alexander's son in mercy for the same. Fine, 2 s. Pledge, Alexander his
Henry Mile in mercy for waste of the lord's corn. Pledges, Richard Mile and
John Smith in mercy for not producing what he was pledge to produce. Pledges,
Richard Etys and Hugh Wood. Fine, 12 d.
Roger Abovewood and william Shepherd in mercy for not producing what they were
pledges to produce . . . Fine, half a sextary of wine.
Tooting [Surrey]. Sunday after Ascension Day.
The court presented that the following had encroached on the lord's land, to
wit, William Cobbler, Maud Robin's widow (fined 12 d.), John Shepherd (fined 12
d.), Walter Reeve (fined 2 s.), William of Moreville (fined 12 d.), Hamo of
Hageldon (fined 12 d.), Mabel Spendlove's widow (fined 6 d.). Therefore they
are in mercy.
Godwin is in mercy for contemning to do what was bidden him on the lord's
behalf. Fine, 12 d.
Roger Rede in mercy for detention of rent. Pledge, John of Stratham. Fine, 6
One acre whihch Sarah the widow held of the land of William Roce is seised into
the lord's hand until she produces her warrantor.
William of Streatham is in mercy for not producing what he was pledge to
produce. Fine, 12 d.
Ruislip [Middlesex]. Tuesday after Ascension Day.
The court presents that Nicholas Brakespeare [Maitland thinks this is a
namesake of Pope Adrian IV] is not in a tithing and holds land. Therefore let
him be distrained.
Breakers of the assize: Alice Salvage's widow (fined 12 d.), Agnotta the
Shepherd's mistress, Roger Canon (fined 6 d.), the wife of Richard Chayham, the
widow of Peter Beyondgrove, the wife of Ralph Coke (fined 6 d.), Ailwin (fined
6 d.), John Shepherd (fined 6 d.), Geoffrey Carpenter, Roise the Miller's wife
(fined 6 d.), William White, John Carpenter, John Bradif.
Roger Hamo's son gives 20 s. to have seisin of the land which was his father's
and to have an inquest of twelve as to a certain croft which Gilbert Bisuthe
holds. Pledges, Gilbert Lamb, William JOhn's son and Robert King.
Isabella Peter's widow is in mercy for a trespass which her son John had
committed in the lord's wood. Fine, 18 d. Pledges, Gilbert Bisuthe and
Richard Maleville is at his law against the lord [to prove] that he did not
take from the lord's servants goods taken in distress to the damage and
dishonour of his lord [to the extent of] 20 s. Pledges, Gilbert Bisuthe and
Hugh Tree in mercy for his beasts caught in the lord's garden. Pledges, Walter
Hill and William Slipper. Fine, 6 d.
[The] twelve jurors say that Hugh Cross has right in the bank and hedge about
which there was a dispute between him and William White. Therefore let him
hold in peace and let William be distrained for his many trespasses.
(Afterwards he made fine for 12 s.) They say also that the hedge which is
between the Widow Druet and William Slipper so far as the bank extends should
be divided along the middle of the bank, so that the crest of the bank should
be the boundary between them, for the crest was thrown up along the ancient
[The roll is torn in places for the next two entries]
...son of Roger Clerk gives 20 s. to have seisin of the land which was his
father's. Pledges, Gilbert...and Hugh Cross.
...gives 13 s. 4d. to have seisin of the land which was his mother's beyond the
wood. Pledges, William...and Robert Mareleward.
Pleas of the Manors of the Abbey of Bec for the Martinmas Term A. D.
Ogbourne [Wiltshire]. Monday next before the feast of S. Matthew.
The attachments of the men of William Longsword are put in respite to the next
court under the same suretyship as before and the Hayward has in his keeping
the particulars and the names of the pledges.
The attachments of the men of Sir Sampson Foliot are respited.
Roger Pleader is at his law against Nicholas Croke [to prove] that neither he
[Roger] nor his killed [Nicholas'] peacock. Pledges, Ringer and Jordan.
Afterwards he made his law and therefore is quit.
William Eve's son is at his law against Ringer [to prove] that he did not beat
his mare to his damage 5 s. Pledges for the law, Richard of Horiford and
Richard of Lortemere.
From the two townships [of Great and Little Ogbourne] for the Abbot's tallage,
Richard...in mercy for making default at the autumn boon-works. Fine, 6 d.
From Richard of Lortemere for the same, 6 d.
From Henry Reeve for his sheep caught where ward was made and for default in
carrying service, 3 s.
From the whole township of Little Ogbourne, except seven, for not coming to
wash the lord's sheep, 6 s. 8d.
From Little Ogbourne for default in reaping, 6 s. 8 d.
Wantage [Berkshire]. Wednesday next before the feast of S. Matthew.
Henry Ailen's son by leave of teh said Ailene gives 20 s. to have seisin of the
messuage which his mother held. Pledges, Henry Teler and Roberty Baretor. The
right to Ailen's heriot is saved.
Roger Ash is at his law against Geoffrey Atwell [to prove] that he does not owe
him 16 d. nor has unjustly detained the same from his until now from the feast
of S. Peter at Chains in the year before this. Pledges for his law, William
Lovel and Henry Ash.
Hugh Adam's son gives 2 s. as entry-money and two capons as annual rent from
the Invention of the Holy Cross for license to hold a certain parcel of land
which Cristina widow of Peter Churchyard demised to him.
The whole township gives for teh Abbot's tallage 40 s.
William Iremonger gives 6 s. 8 d. that he may have seisin of the messuage which
William Priest held and that he may marry the widow of the said William.
Pledges, Everard Biwestbrook and Hugh of Wick.
Weedon Beck [Northamptonshire]. vigil of S. Michael.
Richard le Boys of Aldeston has sworn fealty for the land which was his
father's and has found pledges for 4 s. as his relief, to wit, William Clerk of
the same place, Godfrey Elder and Roger Smith.
Elias Deynte in full court resigned his land and William Deynte his son was put
in seisin of it and swore fealty and found the same pledges for 5 s. as his
relief. Afterwards he paid.
The whole township gives for the Abbot's tallage 6 marks.
The township presents that they suspect Robert Dochy and William Tale becasue
they made fine with the knights, [who formed the jury] before the justices [in
eyre] when they were accused of larceny.
Breakers of the assize: William Paris, Richard Cappe, Maud widow of Robert
Carter, Walter Carter, Roger Smith, Richard Guy's son, William Green, Gilbert
Vicar's son, Guy Lawman.
William Green and Guy Lawman have gallons which are too small.
John Mercer will give three chicken yearly at Martinmas for having the lord's
patronage and he is received into a tithing.
Wretham [Norfolk]. Friday after the feast of S. Michael.
Gilbert Richard's son gives 5 s. for license to marry a wife. Pledge, Seaman.
Term [for payment,] the Purification.
The following women have been violated and therefore must pay the leyerwite,
Botild Alfred's daughter (fine, 6 d.), Margaret Stephen's daughter (fine 12 d.,
pledge Gilbert Richard's son), Agnes Seaman's daughter (fine 12 d., pledge the
said Seaman), Agnes Jor's daughter (fine, 6 d.).
From the township for the Abbot's tallage, 3 marks.
Blakenham [Suffolk]. Tuesday after the feast of S. Faith.
Nicholas Priest's son (fine, 12 d.) and Robert of Mgdon (fine, 12 d.) are in
mercy for they refused to pay the tallage which was set upon them by their
Tooting [Surrey]. Tuesday after the feast of S. Denis.
The whole township gives 2 1/2 marks for the Abbot's tallage.
William Jordan in mercy for bad ploughing on the lord's land. Pledge, Arthur.
Fine, 6 d.
John Shepherd in mercy for encroaching beyond the boundary of his land.
Pledge, Walter Reeve. Fine, 6 d.
Lucy Rede in mercy for beasts of hers caught in the lord's pasture when ward
had been made. Pledge, Hamo of Hageldon. (Amercement respited.)
Elias of Streatham in mercy for default of service in the autumn. Fine, 6
Bartholomew Chaloner who was at his law against Reginald Swain's son has made
default in his law. Therefore he is in mercy and let him make satisfaction to
Reginald for his damage and dishonour with 6 s. Pledges, William Cobbler and
William Spendlove. Fine, 6 gallons.
Ralph of Morville gives a half-mark on the security of Jordan of Streatham and
William Spendlove to have a jury to inquire whether he be the next heir to the
land which William of Morville holds. And [the] twelve jurors come and say
that he has no right in the said land but that William Scot has greater right
in the said land than any one else. And the said William [Scot] gives 1 mark
on the security of Hamo of Hageldon, William of Morville, Reginald Swain and
Richard Leaware that he may have seisin of the said land after the death of
William of Morville in case he [William Scot] shall survive him [William of
Afterwards came the said William Scot and by the lord's leave quit-claimed all
the right that he had in the said land with its appurtenances to a certain
William son of William of Morville, who gives 20 s. to have seisin of the said
land and is put in seisin of it and has sworn fealty. Walter the serjeant is
to receive the pledges.
Deverill [Wiltshire]. Saturday after the feast of S. Leonard.
William Miller is at his law [to prove] that he was not the pledge of William
Scut of Hull whose sheep were caught in the lambs' pasture. Pledges for his
law, William Swineherd and Thomas Guner.
Arnold Smith is in mercy for not producing the said William Scut whose pledge
The parson of the church is in mercy for his cow caught in the lord's meadow.
Pledges, Thomas Guner and William Coke.
The township gives 2 marks for the Abbot's tallage.
From William Cobbe, William Coke and Walter Dogskin 2 s. for the ward of seven
pigs belonging to Robert Gentil and for the damage that they did in the lord's
corn. [Maitland believes that they were amerced for not guarding the lord's
From Martin Shepherd 6 d. for the wound that he gave Pekin.
Povington [Dorset]. Monday after the feast of S. Lucy.
Geoffrey of Lutton [essoins himself by Ralph Quechepuke against Isabella
Stephen's widow in a plea in which he had waged his law.
The whole township gives 2 1/2 marks for the Abbot's tallage.
Gonild de la Pole and John her son are in mercy for an injury done to Alice
Webbe and her mother. Pledge, William of Whiteway. Fine, 6 d.
This text was taken from:
Maitland, F. W., ed. Select Pleas in Manorial and Other Seignorial
Courts: Volume 1--Reigns of Henry III and Edward I. London: Bernard