Land was not always given as a reward for military services, but sometimes it was given to supply a revenue for the maintenance of the poor and the sick. As the monasteries were the chief agents for the care of the unfortunate it was natural that this transfer should be made by the Abbot of Saint-Trond and his monastery.
Thomas, by divine consent Abbot, and the whole community of the abbey of Saint-Trond, to all seeing these presents, greeting in the Lord forever. Taking into consideration the inconvenience arising from the hospital for the sick being on our domain, and seeing the usefulness of the hospital situated in the main street of Stapel, on the advice of honest men, and with the permission of the Lord Bishop James of Palestrina, legate of the apostolic see, we have made the following change, namely, we have assigned to the hospice situated in Stapel, six bonniers of land, of which four lie next to our cultivated land near Schuerhoven, and two in another part Iying opposite. From this there is paid annually to us five pence as tax from each bonnier. Moreover, we grant whatever interest we have in the mill of Stayen to the same house, with this condition, that it be expected to pay annually to us five Liège solidi for the upkeep of the poor to the number of forty. We grant also to the brethren the right to build a chapel in that place, where divine offices may be celebrated, and they may elect a priest from among themselves. He who is elected shall be presented to the abbot; if he be suitable the abbot will approve of him. This priest shall administer to the brethren, and to the sick in that place, all the sacraments of the church and extreme unction. The priest of Holy Sepulcher church shall bury those who die. We desire that these things shall not be to the prejudice of the church of Holy Sepulcher and that all things be granted forever. Whatever the said house is known to have from Lord Wirch of the village of Planken in taxes or rents or other payments shall be paid to our monastery in recompense perpetually. We shall remain as true patron of the said hospice, just as we have been, and it will be always under our protection. Witnesses, etc.
C. Piot, ed., Cartulaire de l'Abbaye de Saint-Trond, (Brussels: Academie Royale de Belgique, 1870), p. 202; reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 321-322.
Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by Prof. Arkenberg.
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© Paul Halsall, October 1998