Regulations of the Master Butchers of Tuln, 1237
The butchers of Tuln in Germany drew up their own regulations with the assent of the
mayor. It is of interest to note that the Jews had the right to have cattle killed
according to the dictates of their religion, but that they were expected to pay for the
1. The first is that none of the servants of the butchers shall presume to buy or
sell cattle in the city or in the country.
2. The second is that no butcher presume to sell meat on the day on which the
animal is killed.
3. The third is that none of them shall dare to attempt the purchase of meat
from rural butchers on a market day.
4. The fourth is that if any butcher buys an ox for a talent, a Jew will pay
twenty-four denarii for the killing of it, without causing delay for the denarii. Also for
cattle which are bought for six solidi, a Jew will pay sixteen denarii for killing. Also
for cattle which are bought for half a talent, a Jew will pay twelve denarii. Also for
small cattle which are called chlovieh, a Jew will pay two denarii; for a lamb a
Jew will pay one denarius.
5. Also it has been decreed that if any butcher buys bad meat the master
craftsmen will seize that meat until he makes amends in the presence of the mayors.
From: F. Keutgen, ed., Urkunden zur Stadtischen Verfassungsgeschichte,(Berlin:
Emil Felber, 1901), p. 360, reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source
Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936;
reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 240-241
Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by
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© Paul Halsall, September 1998