Polyptyque de Villeneuve-St. Georges, c. 800
C.1. The Abbey has in Villeneuve 1 demesne with a house and other edifices in
sufficient number; of arable land 172 bonniers, which can take 800 muids of
grain for sowing. There are 91 arpents of vineyard from which 500 muids of
grapes can be collected; of meadow, 166 arpents, from which 166 carts of hay may be
gathered. There are 3 mills, from which there are 350 muids of grain as tax;
another mill that is not taxed. In forest there is land 4 leagues in circumference, where
500 hogs can be fed.
C.2. There is a church, well constructed, with all its furniture and with a
house and other buildings in sufficient quantity. It has a small holdings. For the priest
and his men there are 27 bonniers and 1 arpent of arable land, 17 arpents of vineyard, 25 of meadow. 1 palfrey is paid annually as a gift, and there are 9 poles and
1 arpent of demesne to be ploughed, and 2 more poles for the third part of a sou; and the
priest encloses 4 poles of meadow-land.
C.3. Arctardus, a colonus, and his wife, by name Eligildis, tenants of St.
Germain, have six children whose names are Ageteus, Tendo, Simeon, Adalsida, Deodata,
Electardus . They have 1 free holding, having 5 bonniers and 1 arpent of
arable land, 4 arpents of vineyard, 4 and a half arpents of meadow. They pay
4 solidi silver for protection; and in another year they pay 2 solidi as tax on their
animals; and in the third year they pay as herbage tax 1 ewe lamb with its dam; as a
grazing tax, 2 muids of wine; 4 denarii for cutting wood; 1 measure of wood for the
right to cut stakes; 50 shingles. He ploughs 4 poles at the Feast of Saint Martin, and 2
poles more for a third of a sou. Corvees, boon-works, as many as are imposed upon him, he
must perform. He also pays 3 chickens and 15 eggs. He encloses 4 poles of meadow-land.
C.84. Aclebertus and his wife, the serf Frotlindis, tenants of St. Germain, have
one child named Aclebrug; Tentfrid, a serf of St. Germain, supports his mother. These two
hold 1 servile holding, having 4 bonniers of arable land, 1 arpent of
vineyard, 4 arpents of meadow. He pays 3 muids of wine as grazing tax, 1 setier of mustard; 50 osiers, 3 chickens, 15 eggs. He must do what boon-works are imposed upon
him, and his wife makes cloth of the wool of the demesne and bakes as many loaves as she
is asked to do.
C.95. The Abbey has in Villeneuve 60 free manses (or holdings), which pay each
year either 3 measures of wine, or 15 cattle, or 6 pounds of silver; 2 pounds and 16
solidi are also paid as tax on animals; 1 pound and 16 denarii for wood cutting, and 60
ewes with lambs every third year. The Abbey has there 13 and a half servile holdings. They
pay 210 muids of wine for pasture; 324 chickens and 1670 eggs. 65 measures of timber as
stakes; 1070 osiers; 10 solidi as head tax; 3350 shingles. Altogether there are 74 and a
From: B. E. C. Guerard, Polyptyque de l'Abbe Irminon, (Paris, 1865), p. 165,
reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Hebert H. Coulson, eds., A Source Book for Medieval
Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York:
Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 43-44
Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by
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