International Business and Trade Law

This program prepares students to meet the challenges of an increasingly global economy by giving them the knowledge and training needed to handle complex transnational transactions that define the current legal and business environment. This program includes core courses in European Union Law, International Law, International Business Transactions, and International Trade Regulation, as well as a range of elective courses in such subjects as Admiralty and International Maritime Law, U.S. Contract Law, International Arbitration, and Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions. Students may also choose courses from an evolving curriculum that reflects current global economic power players with courses such as Islamic Finance and Estate Planning and China and International Law.

Credit Hours

Each student is required to complete a minimum of 24 credits of approved courses; the maximum number of credits permitted is 27.

Program-Specific Required Courses

The 24-credit minimum must include 12 credits of Specialization Distribution Courses approved for the International Business and Trade Law program.

The 12-credit Specialization Distribution Course requirement must include at least two of the following four Core Distribution Courses:

  • European Union Law or European Union Business Law
  • International Business Transactions
  • International Law
  • International Trade Regulation/International Trade Law

Remaining credits needed to fulfill the 12-credit Specialization Distribution Course requirement must be chosen from among the wide selection of Specialization Distribution Courses approved for the International Business and Trade Law program (courses designated 'IBT' on the class schedule available on the registrar's website).

Additional Required Courses

For students who do not hold a JD degree from a U.S. law school, the following courses are also required:

  • Introduction to the U.S. Legal System*
  • Legal Writing and Research for LLM Students*
  • Introduction to the U.S. Legal Profession**+
  • At least 6 credits of Content Outline courses**

Students are required to take Introduction to the U.S. Legal System and Legal Writing and Research for LLM Students during their first semester of study in the LLM program.

Note: If a course can fulfill both a Specialization Distribution Course requirement and a Content Outline requirement, the course may count toward both requirements. For example, Corporations (4 credits) counts toward the Specialization Distribution Course requirement and will also count toward the Content Outline requirement, leaving 2 credits of Content Outline Courses and 8 credits of Specialization Distribution Courses to be fulfilled.

*Students who are admitted to the New York bar may seek waivers from Introduction to the U.S. Legal System and/or Legal Writing and Research for LLM students by submitting the online waiver request form, however they are not encouraged to do so as these courses provide a fundamental base of knowledge and skills that are extremely useful for attorneys in the U.S. and that will be useful for all other U.S. law school classes. Students who are waived from Introduction to the U.S. Legal System may request to audit that course by submitting the online audit request form.

**Students who are admitted to the New York bar or who do not intend to sit for the New York bar may seek a waiver from Introduction to the U.S. Legal Profession and/or the Content Outline course requirement by submitting the online waiver request form.

+ In lieu of Introduction to the U.S. Legal Profession, students may elect to substitute a three-credit Professional Responsibility course, including those courses that are focused on a particular area of practice.

Elective Courses

Any remaining credits may be chosen from among the wide variety of courses that are open to LLM students as indicated on the class schedule(s) posted on the Registrar's webpage. For most classes that are closed to LLMs, students may be admitted on a space available basis by submitting the Request to Enroll in a Closed Course form.

A Note Regarding Course Selection for Part Time Students

The LL.M. program strives to ensure that there is a wide range of courses available in the evening in each of our LL.M. areas of specialization, and to ensure that students will be able to meet their program requirements within their desired time frame for completion. However, it would be impossible to ensure that any specific course will be offered at a time that is convenient to all students. We encourage you to look at the schedules from past semesters, available on the registrar's website, to get a sense of what courses may be offered in the future (noting, of course, that the schedule varies from one semester to the next). Should you find at any time that you are having trouble meeting your program requirements within your desired time frame, you should contact Kandice Thorn at kthorn1@law.fordham.edu to discuss options.