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Graduate Course Descriptions

This is a master list of graduate courses offered by the Department of History. View a listing of current course offerings.

HSGA 5002 Advanced Readings: Early Modern European History (4 credits)
In this course, we will study some of the most important historiographical literature on European history from the Renaissance to the French Revolution. We will not be able to cover all aspects of history for all historical periods, but we will read representative studies of political, socio-economic, cultural and intellectual history.

HSGA 5003 Advanced Readings: Late Modern Europe (4)
This course surveys current research in the field of late modern European history, with particular emphasis on the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The reading and discussion will focus on interpretive debates in the cultural and social history of the era. Assignments will be drawn from recent scholarship as well as from classic studies in these fields, and will look critically at interpreting popular culture, art and film from an historical perspective.

HSGA 5004 Advanced Readings: American History (4)
This course surveys American history from the colonial period to the present. We use the lens of gender to examine major topics in American history such as colonization, the Revolution, citizenship, slavery and the Civil War, industrialization, the West, the Sixties and major approaches in the field, such as political, cultural, social, and urban history. As gender history has developed in the last decade, historians have begun investigating manhood as well as womanhood, and considering gendered ideas and beliefs, as well as gendered human beings, as integral to American history. Using gender as our point of access into US. history allows us to investigate one of the major directions in the field.

HSGA 5005 Advanced Readings: Latin American History (4)
The main goal of this course is to prepare graduate students to teach an introductory survey of the history of modern Latin America (1820s to the present) at the undergraduate level. In order to achieve this goal the course will combine in-depth discussions of the relevant historiography and a parallel dialogue on the pedagogical aspects of teaching introductory survey courses. The course will be organized around the issue of the struggles of the Latin American peoples to obtain full participation both in the political system and in the benefits of the economy. To stress the need to constantly update the content of survey courses, each session will include a discussion of review-essays of recent contributions to the literature for each period.

HIST 5300 The Historian's Tool Kit (4)
The Historian’s Tool Kit will introduce students to a range of intellectual traditions informing historical analysis and writing.  Students will study major social thinkers and how historians have grappled with the implications of their ideas.  The course aims to develop essential skills as professional readers, analysts, researchers, and writers.  Through an engagement with major intellectual figures inside and outside the discipline of history, students will explore ways the ways in which historians can pose research questions and the theoretical frameworks within which those questions can be addressed.

HIST 5400 Gender and History (4)
This course examines the intersections of race and sexuality in the histories of modern empires. Taking examples from the Americas, Asia, and Africa, we ask how the interplay of race and sex shaped relationships between colonizer and colonized populations, and consider how imperial racial and sexual legacies shaped anticolonial resistance and postcolonial nationalisms. Our readings will range widely across geographic contexts, and we will examine both recent scholarship and older texts that have been important to shaping the field.

HIST 5410: Race and Gender in Modern America (4)
This course uses the lens of race and gender to survey U.S. history from Reconstruction to the end of the twentieth century. We ask how these critical categories have shaped experience, structured the state and policy, been embedded in culture, organized family and labor markets, and mobilized social movements. Building on a base of theoretical readings on race and gender, we read a set of monographs with diverse methodological approaches. The course concludes with a student-led unit where we take a deep-dive into subjects of the class's choosing, providing students an opportunity to investigate more closely issues they find pressing and compelling.

HIST 5411 Gender and Sexuality in Early America (4)
This class encompasses readings in the history of gender and sexuality discourse in Early America and the British Atlantic world of the 17th and 18th centuries, and is intended for students of US History and the history of gender and sexuality

HSGA 5455 Religion and Revolution (4)
This course will examine the interplay of religion and revolution in France, Russia, China, India and the Muslim world. Topics to be discussed include: religion as a destabilizing force; appropriation by secular revolutionaries of religious motifs; fundamentalism as an ideology of protest; and the use of religion to cement the power of new regimes.

HIST 5506 European Nationalisms and Early Modern (Jewish) History (4)
Modern historiography, including Jewish historiography, and history as an academic discipline are products of modern national movements. The narratives they produced provide tools for shaping national and ethnic identities in the modern era, and had long lasting ramifications not only for the study of history but also for the inclusion or exclusion of specific groups in modern European societies. This course will explore how the writing of history has been linked to the larger questions of national identity, and nationalism, and to questions of political inclusion and exclusions. We will read the early Jewish historians of Germany, Poland, and Palestine/Israel and explore how their visions of premodern Jewish history were shaped by larger questions that were also occupying other European historians and intellectuals.

HIST-5516-R01 Nationalisms & Racisms in Europe (4)
Nationalism and racism are at the center of social and political conflicts in today’s Europe.  In recent decades, in connection with various factors (the process of European integration, the fall of the Berlin Wall, increasing migrations from the Global South, and so on) ethno-cultural identity and national belonging have become hotly debated and contested issues in the Continent. Consequently, the historiography on these subjects has been steadily growing. This graduate seminar will investigate the histories and historiographies on the construction of “race” and nation in modern Europe and in particular the multiple connections and intersections between nationalism(s) and racism(s) from the Enlightenment to the present. We will examine and discuss the different historical approaches, theories, and methodologies that inform the large body of works dealing with these subjects, and pay special attention to socio-cultural, comparative, and/or transnational perspectives.  Topics will include the question of origins, changes over time and in different societies, the relationships between race, nation and gender, modalities of national inclusion and exclusion, the building of racial states, the persistence of racialization processes in allegedly colorblind societies, and the specific forms of antiracist discourse and mobilization.


HSGA 5517 Fascism (4)
Fascism has been defined as the “major political innovation of the twentieth century.” Every year hundreds of articles and books are devoted to its study. The main goal of this course is to offer a map for orientation in the vast literature on fascism and in particular for evaluating current trends in its study. The primary focus of the course will be on Italy, where the movement with this name was first born and seized power; however, for comparative purposes, we will also consider some aspects of the German variant of fascism, as well as the larger European context where fascism found admirers and imitators. By examining and evaluating conflicting historical interpretations and approaches, we will try to understand what distinguished fascism from other types of authoritarian movements and regimes and what characterized fascism’s peculiar ideological make-up and “style” of rule. We will examine the way fascists seized power and how they consolidated their rule through the use of violence and the manufacturing of consent. Particular attention will be devoted to fascist racism and racial policies, to issues of collaboration and resistance, and to the legacies and memory of fascism in post-WWII Europe.

HSGA 5520 European Mass Culture (4)
This course surveys the development of European mass culture in the late 19th and 20th centuries. It focuses on the characteristics of mass culture, its intersection with European politics as well as the intellectual debates about its nature and influence. The discussion considers the historian’s interaction with European mass culture, cultural theory, with cultural evidence, and with writing cultural history. Students survey both classic readings in the field as well as recent scholarly research.

HIST 5521 Urban History: Theory and Practice (4)
Examination of the theory and practice of urban history from the 18th through the 20th century. The course covers both American and European urban history, colonial and post-colonial debates on the urban experience, and the relationship between architectural and planning history and urban history. The intersection between urban history, social and environmental history is also given full coverage.

HSGA 5550 19th and 20th Century France (4)
Exploration of political, socio-economic, intellectual and cultural history of France from Napoleon to the present.

HIST 5553 Book History: Texts, Media, Communication
This course explores the history of media and communication in general, as well as textual scholarship. Topics range across time periods and continents, with particular focus on the medieval and early modern transitions, as well as on more recent “media revolutions.” The course will introduce graduate students to key works, concepts and methodologies that analyze how communication media of all sorts (from manuscripts to printed books, newspapers and images, and from songs and rumors to audiovisual and digital media) have been a driving force in history, and have shaped all historical research. We will study texts and methods drawn from a wide variety of historical fields, as well as from sociology, anthropology, philosophy, literary criticism, art history, bibliography and media studies, all of which provide historians with powerful insights and indispensable tools and skills.

HIST-5563-R01 Readings in Environmental Hist (4)
Environmental history is still a new field of study. In the last twenty years the number of new books and articles have proliferated, driven by the increasing number of young scholars. This course presents some of the best recent scholarship on the theme of environmental inequality, struggles for access to land, environmental justice and exposure to pollution, and how environmental history intersects with political ecology. Students will write two essays, ten pages each, on aspects of the readings.  

HSGA 5577 The Vietnam Wars (4)
This course has two major purposes. The first is to introduce and explore some of the most pivotal problems and controversies that animate the history of the Vietnam Wars. In terms of thematic orientation, we will start by investigating the historical roots of Vietnamese nationalism, the impact of French colonization, and the indigenous revolutionary response. With that framework in mind, we will then analyze the origins and consequences of Japanese, Chinese, Soviet and American intervention. Finally, we will evaluate the reasons for the radical victory and its economic and political legacies. The second purpose is to widen our scope by analyzing the Vietnam Wars as a microcosm of the global forces of imperialism, decolonization and revolution that shaped an increasingly interdependent 20th-century world.

HSGA 5579 America at War (4)
The course is designed to encourage students to explore the relationship between war and society through extensive reading and class discussion. Designed not as a comprehensive study of military history, nor an exhaustive overview of all of the social, cultural, political and economic aspects of America's many wars, the class instead will use a few specific wars to come to an understanding of how American society and culture shaped the way Americans fought their wars, the way Americans defined their nation and lived their lives in the aftermath of war, and how these things changed over time.

HSGA 5640 Early American Law and Society (4)
This course is an exploration of early American legal culture through cases and secondary literature.

HIST 5725 History of American Cities (4)
Readings in some of the best books in American urban and suburban history, including classic and important recent work. Topics include colonial cities, the relationship between city and countryside, urban and suburban politics, race and racism, religion, urban and suburban development and geography, and the mid-20th-century urban crisis.

HIST 5731 History of Wealth & Poverty (4)
Americans have long debated the meaning of wealth and poverty, questioning whether such conditions are natural (and acceptable), or the product of exploitative practices, corruption, or biased governmental policy (and potentially alterable). Over time they have questioned the relationships among economic inequality, free markets, democracy, thriving families and communities, and the welfare state. We will explore these and other questions focusing on the U.S. since 1865 but with substantial comparisons to Europe, Africa, and Latin America. The class takes an intersectional perspective that brings questions of race and gender, as well as social class, to bear on the topic.

HSGA 5851 America Between the Wars (4)
The course will focus upon political, economic and social events and trends in America during the era between the two World Wars of this century.

HIST 5903 The Colonial Experience in Latin America (4)
This course focuses on the interaction of indigenous peoples of the Americas, Europeans, and Africans in the creation of a colonial society in those parts of the Americas governed by Iberian powers during the 15th to 19th centuries. The course is designed to provide an introduction to major historical debates and methodological approaches for beginning graduate students as well as prepare doctoral students for their comprehensive exams in Latin American History. Readings include primary sources in translation as well as key studies of the era. Topics may include the importance of urban life for Spain and its empire; the efforts at religious conversion of indigenous peoples; debates over the morality of conquest; indigenous literacy; the colonial merger of ethnicity with distinctions of social estate; gender and honor; and state efforts to control plebeians.

HSGA 5904 Education and State: Latin America (4)
This course will explore what changes in educational systems say about the formation of the state in different Latin American countries. As the state made efforts to impose school systems, a bureaucracy, and a curriculum, different groups reacted differently. The conceptions of the new systems, as well as the efforts of different groups to contest them, appropriate them for purposes different than the original intentions, and to create alternative systems, speak volumes about Latin American society and the process of state formation. The organization of the course is roughly chronological and will include discussions about different approaches to the history of education in Latin America. Among other issues the course will discuss the liberal project of forming citizens in newly independent states, efforts to "modernize" Latin Americans in the late 19th century, and the steps taken by the revolutionary movements of Mexico, Cuba and Nicaragua to create new societies through changes in education. The course ends with a discussion of the neoliberal educational reforms of the 1990s.

HSGA 5907 Gender and Honor in Latin America (4)
In this seminar we explore the links between notions of gender and honor in Hispanic societies. We will follow both a temporal and thematic focus from early modern Spain and pre-conquest America to contemporary Latin America and Spain.

HSGA 5909 Atlantic Slavery, 1400-1900 (4)
For more than 300 years, slavery and the slave trade formed the backbone of the Atlantic world and united Africa, Europe and the Americas. In this class we will explore aspects of the rise and fall of this massive system, looking back to the medieval origins of the African slave trade and forward to the struggle to define freedom after emancipation in the Americas. How did the slave trade to the Americas begin? What role did European and African conceptions of enslavement and work play in the development of New World slavery? How did the different peoples involved in the slave complex adapt to and interpret their worlds? What caused the destruction of this entrenched and productive form of labor and social organization?

HSGA 5910 Law and Empire in the Iberian World (4)
Law and Empire in the Iberian World explores the centrality of legal practices of both public and private law in the expansion of the Iberian Empire. Spain and its colonies were intensely litigious societies that inhabited a legal culture that produced the world’s largest trove of archival documents. Topics will include the legal cultures in early modern Spain and the Americas; the debate over just war and the legality of conquest; how indigenous peoples were legally incorporated into the Spanish crown, and how they used law to their advantage; legal questions of honor & ethnicity as related to marriage and office holding; the concept of legal minority; the legal position of slaves in the colonies; the legal relationship between the American Viceroyalties and the crown of Castile; and the role of law and litigation in creating civil society.

HSGA 5913 Golden Age Spain and its American Empire (4)
The Spanish Hapsburg Empire was the first of Europe’s globalized empires and the first modern archival state. But even the citizens of Latin American nations came to regard “modernity” as something that needed to be imported from France, England and the United States. Their understanding and ours of the (un)importance of the Spanish colonial project for the modern world was shaped by Spain’s eclipse by England and the creation of an anti-Spanish & anti-Catholic ‘rise of the west’ narrative in the American academy. The recent scholarship we will examine rethinks Spain’s role in world history to challenge this Black Legend perspective. The course begins with the end of the ‘Reconquista’ and the formation of the hybrid socio-cultural order at the end of the 15th century and concludes with the collapse of Spain’s mainland American empire and the rise of nation states there in the early 1800s. Topics may include: the importance of urban life for Spain and its empire; the rise of the inquisition and the promotion of the homogenous Spanish national subject; and the practices of everyday life embodied in concepts of gender, sexuality, honor, popular religiosity, death and the afterlife.

HIST 5915 US and Latin American Borderlands (4)
This course explores the concept of the borderlands, i.e., the political and geographic spaces where groups of people meet and interact. Individuals enter these areas with acquired cultural and ideological backgrounds that undergo transformations as they encounter different customs and worldviews. The course focuses on United States and Latin American history, in particular, on the roles of nation building and its concomitant identity construction. It uses various categories of analysis, such as race, gender, and hegemony, to discuss the interaction among groups of people as they meet along political and geographic borders.

HIST 5920 U.S. and Latin American Borderlands (4)
See current course HIST 5915

HSGA 5953 African American Women's History (4)
This course is an examination of key topics in African American women's history since 1965, beginning with post emancipation and ending with the post-civil rights and black power eras. Topics include black women's creation of and involvement in a counter public; the dialectics of women's work and resistance; the politics of uplift and respectability; women's migration and social networks; the creation of leisure and a female blues culture; and the shaping and reshaping of social movements including black feminism. One of the main objectives of the course is to examine the activities, ideas and leadership within mass-based or working class communities along side those of middle class women and intellectuals.

HSGA 6023 Late Medieval Spain (4)
Later medieval Spanish history and historiography have been marked by sharp differences and striking contrasts. Was medieval Iberia characterized by "convivencia," the interaction of Muslims, Jews and Christians, or by religious unification under the Christian Reconquest? To what extent was Iberia, even under Ferdinand and Isabel, a single society and culture, or several regional societies, such as Portugal, Castile, Catalunya and Granada? These and other recent debates in the history of later medieval Spain will be considered through discussion of historical studies, and the analysis of relevant sources.

HSGA 6024 Medieval Chronicles (4)
Medieval historical narratives have often provided the framework for periodization or the evidence from which medieval attitudes and values have been reconstructed. In the course, a close reading of several medieval narratives and related secondary literature will contribute to an understanding of the genre's development, the influence of chronicles on the writing of history, and the uses of such sources. Classes will include Latin translation exercises.

HSGA 6025 Religion, Society and Culture 400-1100 (4)
The literature on religion and society in the early medieval period considers topics such as saints and asceticism, holy places and the cult of relics, the development of ecclesiastical orders and rituals, church reform, and the relations between religion and rulers. Issues presented in current works in the field will be tested through the close reading of selected primary sources.

HSGA 6070 Medieval France (4)
Survey of medieval French history and historiography, focusing in particular on political, cultural and social history.

HSGA 6072 Medieval Law and Society (4)
This course is designed as an introduction to medieval law and society through selected primary and secondary sources. The "law and society" perspective studies law not as a distinct entity governed by its own rules, but rather as an element of a larger society, both influencing and influenced by broad social patterns.

HSGA 6073 Medieval Historiography (4)
The writing of history is deeply influenced by the world in which an author was, and is, embedded. This course surveys the prevailing ideas and influences that shaped how medieval history was written from the late 18th century through the present. Common readings range from contemporary works of history and novels to modem historiographical works. Special focuses include romanticism, scientific racism, nation-building, the notion of progress, biological metaphors, positivist methodologies, anti-Catholic and anti-religious prejudice, and the formation of medieval studies. Although the course focuses on trends in North America, it will also consider history writing in Europe, especially England.

HSGA 6110 Medieval Monasticism (4)
The people of the medieval Latin world considered ascetic, monastic lives, whether lived alone or in community, among the most perfect forms of living and surest routes to salvation. This medieval assessment resulted in unusually rich and abundant textual and material records, the basis for numerous modern studies. Monastic goals and ideals, the ways in which monastic lives were defined and regulated, and the relations between monastic communities and social or cultural changes are some of the topics that will be considered in the course through study of the monastic record and the modern debates on medieval monasticism.

HSGA 6132 Medieval Law and Family (4)
In modern terminology, the concept of 'family' comprises the notion of the 'nuclear' family centering on marriage and offspring, and that of the 'extended' family including the nearer blood relations of the two spouses. This understanding traces back to the later Middle Ages, when the Christian Church began its successful drive towards imposing a wide array of pertinent canonical norms on lay society. Traditional connotations of the term such as 'clan,' 'household' and 'kin' were increasingly relegated to the background. The seminar will explore this process by focusing particularly on medieval ecclesiastical or 'canon' law and its attempts to regulate family life.

HSGA 6133 Medieval Religious Institutions (4)
Today, the Catholic Church appears as a hierarchical entity united under the supreme leadership of the pope. This is in contrast with the situation in the Middle Ages, when people made careful distinctions between monks, nuns, canons, secular priests, minor and major orders, cardinals, lay brothers and sisters, and a multitude of other clerics. Committed to their respective ranks and vocations, churchmen and churchwomen often found themselves competing with one another. In so doing, they were less likely to submit to papal authority than to enlist it for their own purposes. The seminar will examine these groups, their institutional identities and typical conflicts of interest.

HSGA 6134 The Medieval Empire (4)
In the Middle Ages, the term Empire stood for a large territory as well as for an elevated idea. The kingdoms of Italy, Burgundy and Germany remained for centuries under its rule, whereas legal, theological and political writers, regardless of boundaries, referred to imperium as something at the basis of all legitimate and divinely sanctioned lay government. The seminar will study aspects of both, the intellectual discourse and the changing fortunes of medieval imperial rule, from Charlemagne to the Golden Bull of 1356 and beyond.

HSGA 6152 Medieval Women and Family (4)
This course surveys recent historiography on the roles and status of women in medieval society, as well as the structures and dynamics of medieval families. Among the debates to be explored are the effect on medieval society of the Christian Church’s teachings on virginity, sex, and marriage, and the influence of geography (northern vs Mediterranean Europe), environment (village, town, and convent), and status (noble, bourgeois, or peasant) on the work, family role, and authority of women. Chronologically the course will range from the early Christian period to the Renaissance. Recent scholarly work on nuns, mystics, and beguines will be examined, and readings will also cover different approaches to the study of women and family, including the methodologies of literary scholars, demographers, feminists, and legal historians.

HSGA 6154 Medieval Warfare and Society (4)
This course examines the role of warfare in medieval society from the "barbarian invasions" through the Hundred Years War and the Wars of the Roses. We sill focus in particular on the impact of technological developments on the conduct of war and on social hierarchies; on the relationship between social stratification and the conduct of war; on the influence of the church on warfare; and on the social consequences and economic costs of warfare. Students will be required to do a short oral report and annotated bibliography, as well as an historiographical

HSGA/RSGA 6175 Topics in Jesuit History (4)
The purpose of the course is to introduce students to scholarship on the Society of Jesus, 1540-1773. Most attention will be paid to recent trends, especially in North American and French scholarship, and to the important reevaluations this scholarship is suggesting, especially in the history of education, rhetoric, art patronage, missionary objectives, and the general scope of the Jesuits' manifold activities. Some attention will be paid to older works, including anti-Jesuit tracts like the Monita Secreta. Besides shorter papers, students will work toward a larger, bibliographical/historiographical paper exploring scholarship on a particular topic. After an introductory lecture or two, the class will consist in discussion of selected secondary sources and, toward the end of the semester, student presentations.

HSGA 6200 Development of Modern Europe (4)
This course is designed to prepare graduate students for the teaching of a modern European history survey course. Approximately two-thirds of the course will be devoted to the content; the last third will address preparation (drawing up a syllabus and selecting required reading) and teaching methods (lecturing, class discussions, exams and papers, and certain common problems that might arise in a classroom situation).

HIST 6526 Torture in Western Culture (4)
This course examines a very difficult subject that sheds an unsettling light on the history of Europe and the United States. Torture in the twenty-first century world is ubiquitous, and the very public controversy surrounding American practices is only shocking to those who do not pay attention to the world. Our goal in this seminar is to examine the history of torture in its European-American context and to determine just where current practices fit into that history. We will also ponter whether torture is a practice that can (and should) be eradicated, or whether we must adjust to the presence of torture as a permanent feature of the world and American landscape. Four-credit courses that meet for 150 minutes per week require three additional hours of class preparation per week on the part of the student in lieu of an additional hour of formal instruction.

HSGA 6262 Law and Crime in Europe (4)
This course will explore the evolution of criminal law and justice in continental Europe from AD. 1500-1800. Of special interest are the definition of criminal behavior and the developing institutions for investigating and punishing that behavior. Topics will include the definition of crime and the growth of law, the emergence of inquisitorial process, the nature of evidence, torture, physical punishment, the growth of penal institutions, and reform movements in the 18th century. Study will range over the whole of continental Europe.

HSGA 6264 Reformation Europe: Topics (4)
A discussion of basic texts and issues in the history of the Reformation and its impact on European society in the 16th and 17th centuries. The second half of the course will focus on a specific topic or area of concern.

HIST 6305: The English Reformation (4)
The English Reformation explores the great series of crises that shook England and Europe in the sixteenth century, each of which was so serious that they have had decisive consequences that remain influential to the present day. The class will ask to what extent the Reformation was imposed on the English people by the government: by Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary Tudor, Elizabeth I, and their officers, and to what extent the Reformation represented a groundswell of popular enthusiasm for religious change. The class will explore traditional religious practices at the beginning of the sixteenth century, and it will examine to what extent they changed during the reigns of the Tudors and early Stuarts.

HIST 6355 Late European Political and Intellectual Material (4)
This course explores the relationship between the European urban experience and the development of visual culture in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Advertising, photography, film and television, the technologies of urban spatiality are investigated in the construction of urban modernity and the cosmopolitan imaginaries and practices. Both west and east European cities are examined. Students survey classic readings in the city and visual culture as well as visual artifacts.

History 5915, Latinos/as and U.S. History (4)
This course will introduce students to the history and historiography of Latinos and Latinas in the United States. In 2000 Latinos became the largest minority group in the United States (12.5%), surpassing African Americans (12.3%). By 2010, the Latino population reached 50.5 million, representing 16% of all residents (roughly one of every six). Their role as historical agents in the US continues to receive increasing attention from historians of the American experience. By reading both works by well-established scholars and recent historiography, we will explore topics such as their role in the development of the US as a nation, intercultural conflict in frontier communities, and how ethnicity, gender and class interact to define the position of Latinos in American society. Most importantly, we will reflect on the development of the Latino/a identity over the last two centuries. To what extent, for instance, Latinos have formed an identity based on the following factors: their role as an underclass in American society, their seemingly everlasting depiction as immigrants, their socio-racial characterization as outsiders, their efforts to fit in; and, just as pivotal, their attempts to assert their identity as reactions to those stigmas.

HSGA 6411 Britain, 1688-1867 (4)
From the internal strife and political instability of the 17th century, Britain emerged in a position of unchallenged dominance in the world, as both a diplomatic and an economic power, and with a political system that served as the model for liberal aspirations globally. This course will explore the causes and consequences of this promethean transformation, including constitutional and political changes resulting in a gradually, evolving democracy; the profound economic, social, and cultural changes associated with the industrial revolution; and the emergence of class society, and with it the growing assertiveness of middle-class and working-class social and political movements. We will explore these changes by looking at the work of prominent historians of the period (many of the books we will read are classics in the field while others represent significant departures from traditional historiography).

HSGA 6461 European Thought 1600-1800 (4)
The intellectual infrastructure of modern Europe (and of the United States) was constructed in the 17th and 18th centuries. This course will treat the major figures of the Age of Reason and the Enlight­enment, situating their thought in its social and political context.

HSGA 6464 European Thought 1800-Present (4)
Major figures in 19th and 20th century thought in political, social and cultural context.

HSGA 6500 The French Revolution (4)
In this course, we will analyze the French Revolution its origins, its events, and its legacies. We will pay particular attention to the liveliest historiographical debates as well as some of the most exciting recent historical literature.

HSGA 6507 Early Modern European Family and Women (4)
This course will provide an in-depth study of one of the most vital and interesting topics of historical scholarship: the family as a social, political, and economic unit in pre-industrial Europe. We will trace how families were created, composed, and dissolved in northern Europe (especially England, but also in the Low Countries and even Russia) in the 16th, 17th, and early 18th centuries. We will concentrate upon some of the newest issues in the field, which will include: gender; the internal hierarchies of family life; the ways in which families were run and governed; the economic role of the family in society; the differing life cycles of women and men; the role of children and their economic importance; and the great rites of passage, including weddings, christenings and funerals.

HIST 6530 EUROPEAN CITY: 1700-2000 (4)
This course concentrates on theoretical and interpretive approaches to the study of the city and urban life. It considers the transformation of urban space and culture from the eighteenth century to the present during which commercial capitalism, industrialization, and massive human migration remade basic social and cultural relationships. Among the key factors of investigation are class and mass culture, gender, production and consumption, accumulation and cultural display, architecture and planning, and the evolution of urban space and topography.

HSGA 6720 African American History to 1877 (4)
An examination of the development of the African-American community in the U.S. Slavery and slave culture, black abolitionism and northern black life, the Civil War and the black war effort, emancipation and the freedmen's community, Reconstruction.

History 6724, U.S. Thought and Politics to 1877 (4)
This course offers an exploration of American intellectual and political history through important scholarly works in the field. It is designed to provide an introduction to major historical debates and the methodological approaches for beginning graduate students as well as to prepare doctoral students for their comprehensive exams in American history. Topics to be covered may include the formation of American ideology, political movements, and the contributions of major ideological and intellectual figures, particularly in connection to colonial life, the revolutionary period, the early republic, the Civil War, and Reconstruction.

HSGA 6731 U.S. Immigration and Ethnicity (4)
This course will examine several important issues that have engaged the attention of historians of immigration and ethnicity. These include such perennial concerns as the nature of the processes of settlement and Americanization, and the evolution of American views on citizenship and immigration policy. Also among the issues to be discussed are recent trends in thinking about the invention of racial identities and about ethnic diasporas and "transnationalism." Finally, the course will cover several cases of the stresses of ethnic identity in wartime. Readings will include recent scholarly monographs and articles, as well as several examples of ethnic memoir literature. Note that the course is organized thematically, and that readings have therefore been chosen because they reflect on the themes under discussion. As a result, not all ethnic groups are covered adequately. Students will have a chance to deal with the ethnic groups of their choice in their independent work.

HSGA 6732 New York City Politics
This course is a historical examination of politics in New York City since consolidation in 1898. Areas to be explored include the politics of leadership (including mayors and others); neighborhood politics; the politics of ethnicity, race and class; as well as questions of specific institutions, issues and events. Of course, many of these categories overlap. Rather than attempting to cover all the important events and personalities in the city’s history, the course is literature driven. Some books are assigned because they are classics in the field or simply have not been superseded. Others represent some of the important recent historical research that is being done on New York politics. The course has no particular argument to make or axe to grind, other than that politics happens on a variety of levels. It turns out that the bulk of what we will be reading deals with the post-World War II era. Much of it deals explicitly with race and ethnicity.

HIST 7025 Proseminar: Medieval Religious Cultures (4)
The proseminar provides an introduction to significant issues in the area and the basic tools for research. Students who continue in the linked seminar in the spring 2006, HSGA 8025, will write research papers on selected topics in the area. Major topics and debates in the study of medieval religious cultures will be considered through works on the cult of saints, popular religion, devotional practices, religious identities, and questions of dissent. In addition to introductions to sub-disciplines such as hagiography and liturgy, research methods and problems will be considered through the close reading of selected primary sources. Most classes will include Latin translation exercises.

HSGA 7056 Proseminar: Medieval Political Cultures (4)
This course, the first part of a two-semester proseminar/seminar sequence will introduce students to recent debates and different approaches to cultures of power and political processes in western Europe in the central middle ages. Among the many topics we might consider are: lordship, status and the sources of political authority; the origins and significance of consultative assemblies; the rituals and rhetoric of courtliness and persuasion; the relationship between rulership and sanctity; and the rise of accountability. Through in-class presentations and discussions, students will become familiar with a wide range of source material, from diplomatic and documentary collections to historical narratives and courtly literature.

HSGA 7057 Proseminar: Topics in Cultural History (4)
This course seeks to introduce students to four topics in cultural history that can serve as useful theoretical approaches to medieval European history, namely emotions, space, commodities and gossip. Within each topic, we will begin with a selection of some of the modern secondary literature on the subject, then consider the work of some medieval historians, and then conclude the topic with a week devoted to selections from a few relevant primary sources. This sequence is designed to show students how to develop a research proposal that can be successfully applied to a body of primary sources. Though the focus will be on medieval Europe, the course is designed so that non-medievalists can develop seminar papers in their own fields of interest. In addition to preparing a bibliographic essay, the students in the class, working in teams, will develop a select bibliography of primary sources relevant to each course topic and will make presentations of their findings to the class. These sources should form the basis of seminar papers to be written the following spring.

HSGA 7110 Proseminar: Church Law and Medieval Society (4)
This course will consist of a two-semester proseminar/seminar sequence inviting graduate students to formulate and conduct original research projects in the field of medieval church law. The proseminar will be devoted to surveying bibliography and research tools that are important for investigations into the subject. It will also help students to define their topics.

HSGA 7150 Proseminar: Medieval England (4)
This is the first half of a year-long course that focuses on the social, economic and administrative history of England from the 11th through 15th centuries. Special emphasis is placed upon: how to identify and exploit a wide variety of primary sources (such as wills, cartularies, court rolls, account rolls, chronicles, among others); how to use major historical collections (such as the Rolls Series, VCH, Record Commissioners, Royal Historical Manuscripts Commission, the Ordnance Survey, Selden Society, and others); and gaining an awareness of the regions and landscape of medieval England, as well as the contributions of historical geography. Besides treating thematic issues such as the church and society, law and the legal system, the growth of government and administration, maritime trade, and industry in town and country, the weekly discussions will also consider society and economy among the peasantry, townspeople and the landowning elite.

HIST 7550 Proseminar: European History (4)
This is the first part of a year-long research seminar in which students are expected to produce an original and scholarly article-length paper. The seminar will focus on the history and historiography of “race” and nation in modern Europe and in particular on the multiple connections between nationalism and racism. As issues of cultural identity and questions of national belonging have become politically very relevant in post-1989 European societies, the historiography on this subject has been steadily growing in the past two decades. We will discuss different historical approaches, theories, and methodologies that emerge from this growing body of works and pay particular attention to socio-cultural and intellectual history and to transnational and comparative perspectives. Since the seminar stresses individual research some seminar meetings will be replaced by individual meetings with the instructor to discuss progress on the students’ projects.

HSGA 7620 Proseminar: U.S. History 1783-1860 (4)
The pro-seminar/seminar on the United States from the Revolution to the ante bellum period is designed to give students a broad understanding of the period, its problems and of its rich historiography.

HSGA 7750 Proseminar: U.S. History (4)
This course introduces students to the wide-ranging field of American history. Chronologically, we will explore topics from the colonial period to the post-World War II era. We will cover the diverse fields of U.S. history such as work in political, social, cultural, gender, racial and diplomatic history, as well as the history of ethnicity and immigration. Finally, we will examine the sources that underpin these fields, looking at memoirs, institutional history, journalism, film, policy statements, captivity narratives and others. The goal of this broadly conceived course is to prepare students to write a major original research paper (for many, their MA thesis) by exposing them to multiple fields and sources in U.S. history. To give students the strongest possible exposure to these fields, the proseminar draws on the expertise of Fordham's faculty. Fordham faculty members who have chosen readings to reflect issues, themes and important developments in their specialties will lead course meetings on alternate weeks. Students will thus also have the chance to meet faculty in their field of interest and consult with individual faculty members who might serve as the secondary advisor for their seminar papers in the spring.

HIST 8025 Seminar: Medieval Religious Cultures (4)
Continuation of HIST 7025

HIST 8057 Seminar: Topics in Cultural History (4)
Continuation of HSGA 7057.

HSGA 8150 Seminar: Medieval England (4)
Continuation of HSGA 7150.

HIST 8550 Seminar: European History (4)
Continuation of HIST 7550. This seminar is designed to assist students in the writing of a thesis-length original research paper. It will offer directions on research strategies, the analysis and interpretation of documents, the organization and presentation of results, and the construction of persuasive arguments. Reading assignments will be few and mainly devoted to clarifying approaches, methodologies, and practical issues. In seminar meetings students will also discuss their research problems, present drafts of their papers, summarize their work in a formal fashion, and provide critiques of each other’s work. Some seminar meetings will be replaced by individual meetings with the instructor and with additional advisor/s working in the chosen field of inquiry.

HSGA 8620 Seminar: U.S. History 1783-1860 (4)
Continuation of HSGA 7620.

HSGA 8750 Seminar: U.S. History (4)
Continuation of HSGA 7750.

HSGA 8920 - Seminar: U.S. - Central America Relations (4)
Research on the history of relations between the U.S., Central America, and the Caribbean since the late 19th century.