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Muhammad Faruque

Muhammad Faruque

George Ames Endowed Postdoctoral Fellow

441 East Fordham Road
Duane Library 142
Bronx, NY 10458



Muhammad U. Faruque is the George Ames Postdoctoral Fellow at Fordham University. Dr. Faruque received his BSc in Financial Economics from the University of London in 2011. After his graduation, motivated by an increasing awareness of the necessity of learning primary languages well enough to deal with classical Islamic texts, he travelled to Iran to explore the Islamic intellectual tradition in depth. He learned Persian in six months and merited entrance to the MA program in Islamic philosophy at Tehran University (the entire MA program is taught in Persian, based on reading original Arabic texts) where he completed his dissertation (Jun 2014) on Mullā Ṣadrā’s and Dāwūd al-Qayṣarī’s metaphysics, with particular emphasis on their treatment of “Absolute Being.” He received his PhD in Islamic thought, philosophy and mysticism from UC Berkeley, and spent a year as an Exchange Scholar at Harvard University’s Divinity School. He is the recipient of numerous awards including the Berkeley Fellowship for Graduate Study. 


PhD University of California, Berkeley

MA  Tehran University

BSc University of London

Research Interests

Modern Islam, History and Theory of Subjectivity, Islam and Gender Hermeneutics, Qur’anic Studies, Religion and Modernity, Sufism and Persian Literature, Comparative Monotheisms, Theories and Methods in the Study of Religion, Phenomenology.

Dr. Faruque’s forthcoming book, The Labyrinth of Subjectivity: Islam, Modernity and the Idea of the Self, addresses “what it means to be human” in a secular, post-Enlightenment world by exploring notions of self and subjectivity in the thought of modern Islamic thinkers from Iran and South Asia. 

His research focuses on Islamic intellectual practices and their relevance to broader contemporary issues in the study of religion, philosophy and theology, and science and culture. His publications, covering a wide range of topics in subjectivity research, Islamic philosophy and theology, continental philosophy, Sufism, and gender studies, have appeared in such journals as Philosophy East and West, Arabic Sciences and Philosophy (Cambridge), Brill Journal of Sufi Studies, Religion Compass(Wiley), Ancient Philosophy, Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, European Journal of Social Sciences, and Indian Journal of Economics and Business. He teaches courses on modern and contemporary Islam, Islamic humanities, Islamic philosophy and mysticism, as well as on self, consciousness and subjectivity in Islamic and contemporary thought.

Select Publications

Select Publications

The Labyrinth of Subjectivity: Islam, Modernity and the Idea of the Self, under review.

“Modern Islam and the Dilemmas of Selfhood.” Brill Journal of Islamic Ethics, forthcoming.

“Mysticism and Modernity: Muhammad Iqbal on the Ethics of Selfhood.” In Mysticism and Ethics in Islam, edited by Bilal Orfali et al. Beirut: The American University of Beirut Press, completed and forthcoming.

“What is Life in the Islamic Tradition?” In The Concept of Life in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, edited by Georges Tamer. Berlin: De Gruyter, forthcoming.

“Sufi Metaphysical Literature.” In Brill Handbook of Sufism, edited by Alexander Knysh and Bilal Orfali. Leiden: Brill, forthcoming.

“Does God Create Evil? A Study of Fakhr al-Dīn Rāzī’s Exegesis of Sūrat al-falaq.Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 28.3 (2017): 271-291.

“Heidegger and Mullā Ṣadrā on the Meaning of Metaphysics.” Philosophy East and West 67.3 (2017): 629-650.

“Mullā Ṣadrā on the Problem of Natural Universals.” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 27.2 (2017): 269-302.

“Sufism contra Shariah? Shāh Walī Allāh’s Metaphysics of Waḥdat al-Wujūd. Brill Journal of Sufi Studies 5.1 (2016): 27-57.

“The Internal Senses in Galen, Plotinus and Nemesius: The Beginning of an Idea.” Ancient Philosophy 10.2 (2016): 119-139.

“Mullā Ṣadrā and the Project of Transcendent Philosophy.” Religion Compass 10/1 (2016): 3–14.