a or an before h
Use a before a pronounced h: a historian, a horse. Use an before an aspirated h: an hour, an honest person.
abbreviations and acronyms
Use abbreviations and acronyms sparingly.
Some well-known acronyms and abbreviations may be used on first reference. For example, CEO, CFO, CIA, FBI, GPA, NATO, and SAT.
Others may be used on second and subsequent references. For example: Henry Schwalbenberg, PhD, is the director of the International Political Economy and Development (IPED) program at Fordham University. The IPED program …
In general, though, try to avoid using acronyms, particularly those that may be unfamiliar to readers, as they can quickly turn a piece of writing into alphabet soup.
Instead of using an acronym to refer to an organization, try to use phrases like the company, the firm, the center, the institute, etc., or a shortened version of the organization’s name.
United Nations and United States should be spelled out when used as nouns. When used as adjectives, abbreviate them as U.N. and U.S. (note the use of the periods). For example: U.N. peacekeeping efforts; the U.S. economy.
The following abbreviations and acronyms may be used—sparingly—to refer to the University’s schools and colleges. More commonly, there are used to identify alumni by the school or college they attended. (For guidance on how to refer to alumni, see the sections on Alumni and School Codes.)
|BEN ||Bensalem College (No longer in existence) |
|FCLC ||Fordham College at Lincoln Center (Previously known as the College at Lincoln Center) |
|FCRH ||Fordham College at Rose Hill (Previously known as Fordham College) |
|GABELLI ||Gabelli School of Business (Formerly the Graduate School of Business Administration and the undergraduate business school, the Gabelli School of Business now comprises undergraduate, graduate, and executive-level programs.) |
|GRE ||Graduate School of Religion and Religious Education |
|GSAS ||Graduate School of Arts and Sciences |
|GSE ||Graduate School of Education |
|GSS ||Graduate School of Social Service |
|JES ||Shrub Oak (No longer in existence) |
|LAW ||School of Law |
|MC ||Marymount College (The women’s college in Tarrytown, founded in 1907 and once owned by Fordham, is no longer in existence, but its alumnae are part of the Fordham community.) |
|PCS ||Fordham School of Professional and Continuing Studies (Previously known as Fordham College of Liberal Studies, Ignatius College, the School of General Studies, and Excel) |
|PHA ||College of Pharmacy (No longer in existence) |
|TMC ||Thomas More College (Once Fordham’s women’s college; no longer in existence) |
|UGE ||Undergraduate School of Education (No longer in existence) |
|WEC ||Marymount Weekend College (No longer in existence) |
Note: PAR is used to refer to parents of current or former Fordham students.
academic degrees and disciplines
Academic degrees should be written without periods. For example, BS, BFA, MS, MBA, JD, PhD, EdD, etc.
Use an apostrophe in bachelor’s degree and master’s degree. For example: He earned a master’s degree in philosophy at Fordham. But note the use of capitalization and no apostrophe in Bachelor of Arts, Master of Science, Doctor of Philosophy, etc.
Note also the correct use of the words doctorate and doctoral: She received master’s and doctoral degrees from Fordham University. She earned a doctorate in theology.
The academic discipline in which the degree was earned should be lowercase, even if it is the formal name of a program, with the exception of those disciplines that are proper nouns: bachelor’s degree in sociology, master’s degree in theology, bachelor’s degree in English, master’s degree in international political economy and development. This guideline also applies to majors and minors.
(See Department Names.)
When providing a location for a University event, start with the most specific part of the location (the room name, for example, or room number) and move to the least specific (the campus name, for example, or the name of the University). For example: 12th-Floor Lounge, Corrigan Conference Center, Lowenstein Center, Lincoln Center Campus, Fordham University.
When listing addresses, it is acceptable to abbreviate the words Avenue, Boulevard, and Street as Ave., Blvd., and St., respectively, when they are used with a numerical address: 2982 Main St., for example.
In running copy, however, we prefer to spell out Avenue, Boulevard, and Street: The address of Joseph A. Martino Hall is 45 Columbus Avenue.
Those words should be spelled out and capitalized when they are part of a formal street name without a number: Pennsylvania Avenue, for example.
Lowercase and spell them out when they are used alone or with more than one street name: on the avenue, between Lexington and Madison avenues.
All similar words—alley, drive, road, terrace, place, etc.—should be spelled out.
Use figures for an address number: 1 Central Park West, not One Central Park West.
Spell out and capitalize First through Ninth when they’re used as part of street or avenue names; use figures with two letters (th or st, as appropriate) for 10th and above.
Compass points used to indicate directional ends of a street or quadrants of a city in a numbered address may be abbreviated. For example, 222 E. 42nd St., 600 K St. N.W.
Do not abbreviate them with street names, however, if the number in the address is omitted (East 42nd Street, K Street Northwest) or if the directional is part of the street name (84 West End Ave.).
Exceptions: For presidential-level invitations, save-the-date cards, programs, etc., it is acceptable to spell out the elements in a street address: 222 East 42nd Street, for example.
When referring to a post office box in editorial copy, place periods in the abbreviation P.O. Box.
Use a postal address on mailing envelopes when providing an address to which mail will be sent. For example, 45 Columbus Ave., 8th Floor, New York, NY 10023
(Note that there are no periods in NY or any other postal abbreviations for states.)
In running copy, spell out the state name. For example, Fordham’s Westchester campus is located in West Harrison, New York.
For guidance on forms of address, refer to Emily Post’s Guide to Addressing Correspondence.
adviser (not advisor)