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London Centre Academics

2 Eyre Street HillThe London Centre offers a variety of courses taught by local and international faculty who are experts in their fields– to help you progress with your degree, and, at the same time, to challenge and to inspire you, to take you out of your comfort zone and to invite you to explore ideas and subjects you may not have thought interest you. Faculty invite guest speakers and take students on-site visits using "London as the classroom."

*Please note the information listed below is for undergraduate courses only and not all are offered every term. Please refer to the registration information you receive from the International and Study Abroad Programs Office for the list of classes and schedule available for your specific study abroad program and term in London. Please consult with your academic advisers regarding satisfying major, minor, and core requirements.

Business Courses

Accounting and Taxation

ACBU 2223 - Principles of Managerial Accounting
3 credits
This course covers how to measure and use cost data for internal decision making under uncertainty. Among the topics covered is job costing, process costing, standard costing, activity-based costing, budgeting, balanced scorecard, direct versus indirect cost measures, cost volume profit analysis, and management control systems.

Prerequisite: ACBU 2222.
This course satisfies one of the Business Core requirements for Gabelli School of Business majors at Fordham University.

ACBU 3434 - Intermediate Financial Accounting 1 (This course is offered in the Fall term only)
3 credits
This course is the first of a two-semester course of intensive study in accounting theory and its applications. Major topics include the conceptual frameworks, special cases of revenue recognition and the accounting standards that pertain to current and noncurrent assets.

Prerequisite: ACBU 2222.

ACBU 3435 - Intermediate Financial Accounting 2 (This course is offered in the Spring term only)
3 credits
This course is the continuation of ACBU 3434. The course contains rigorous, in-depth coverage of current and noncurrent liabilities, as well as owners' equity. In addition, the course revisits the cash flow statement for additional pertinent topics.

Prerequisite: ACBU 3434.

ACBU 3442 - Individual and Business Taxation (This course is offered in the Fall term only)
3 credits
This course covers the basic principles of taxation of individuals and businesses.

Prerequisite: ACBU 2222.

Law and Ethics (Business Core)

BLBU 2234 - Legal Frameworks for Business
3 credits
This course covers the fundamental concepts and legal principles applicable to the American business community and the international environment. Topics include sources of the modern legal system; legal ethics and governmental regulation; creation and discharge of contractual rights and liabilities; characteristics of agencies, partnerships, limited liability companies and corporations, including the rights and liabilities of agents, partners, and corporate management.

This course is part of the Business Core requirement in the Gabelli School of Business.

BLBU 3443 - Ethics in Business
3 credits
This course is part of the Business Core requirement in the Gabelli School of Business

Business Communications and Media Management

CMBU 4440 - ST: Theatre in Business
3 credits
This course is a highly practical application of theatre skills that support and develop innovative and entrepreneurial business thinking and practice. Experiential and accelerated learning techniques that include storytelling, improvisation, advanced presentation skills, play texts and performance that are used to develop: decision making, problem-solving, risk-taking and advanced leadership communication.

Finance and Business Economics

FNBU 3221 - Financial Management
3 credits
Financial analysis, planning, and control in the business firm. Optimum capital structure and leverage. Working capital management and sources of suitable short-term funds. Long-term investment decisions and capital budgeting. Valuation problems in financing and acquisitions.

Prerequisite: ACBU 2222.
This course is part of the Business Core requirement in the Gabelli School of Business.

FNBU 3440 - Corporate Financial Policy
3 credits
From the standpoint of finance theory, the value created by a corporation depends on the profitability of investments and the mode of financing these profitable investments. This course enables students to analyze and understand the interaction between the investment and financing decisions. The course is case-oriented and covers advanced capital budgeting issues, debt-equity choice, dividend decision, investment banking, convertibles and warrants and issues of international corporate finance.

Prerequisites: HPCB 3221 or FNBU 3221.

FNBU 3441 - Investments and Security Analysis
3 credits
Investing media, features and characteristics. Security markets and their procedures. Investment risks, their recognition, and evaluation in security analysis. Problems in the analysis of data. Portfolio management techniques.

Prerequisites: FNBU 3221 or HPCB 3221.

FNBU3443 - Global Business Economics and Trade
3 credits
This course familiarizes students with international trade and finance concepts, and their application to managerial decision making. Opportunities and risks in the global economy will be analyzed across a range of countries and industries. We prepare students to identify global trends by highlighting how comparative advantages evolve and change. Case analyses and a class project play major roles in achieving the objectives of the course.

FNBU 3445 - Investing in the EU
3 credits
The EU is the largest market for US exports and foreign direct investment. The objective of the course is to familiarize students with the process of regional integration and monetary unification in Europe, along with the opportunities and challenges for foreign investors. Regulatory differences between the US and EU that impact the financial sector and competition will be analyzed. Despite deep economic and financial integration in the EU, significant country and regional differences exist. Such country-specific differences together with the implications of Brexit will be analyzed drawing on Harvard Business case studies and current issues.

Prerequisite: FNBU 3221.

FNBU 4450 - Global Investments 3 credits
Course required for the concentration. Reviews the case for and against international investing. Provides an understanding of international investment concepts. Topics include purchasing power and interest rate parity, currency risk and how to hedge it, mean-variance investment concepts in an international context, emerging markets and how professional investors approach international investing.

Prerequisite: FNBU 3441.

Internship Seminar

ISAP 4800: Internship Seminar (Open only to students enrolled in the London Internship Program)
1 Credit
The internship work based education gives students the opportunity to discuss and analyse theories and models of work and organisations in a cross‐cultural context. It also creates a framework for personal reflection on issues related to professional development. The syllabus and course content are a blend of theory and concepts, application and reflection. The practical activities, discussions, and assessment mechanisms are all designed to support learning, using the internship experience as a vehicle.

The classroom sessions give students the opportunity to listen to individual experiences, compare and contrast activities with others, and consider the experience in terms of personal and professional development. The discussions, lectures and activities are designed to provide theory and practice around workplace and organisational themes, which inform and enrich the internship experience, as well as an arena for reflection on the broader social and cultural context of the internship placement.


MKBU 3225 - Marketing Principles
3 credits
This course introduces the main principles of marketing and how they are applied to consumer, industrial and service organizations. It explains the value of a marketing focus to both customer and supplier and analyzes the contribution of marketing to both individual and organizational users.

MKBU 3441 - Marketing Research (This course is offered in the Fall term only)
3 credits
Marketing professionals rely on clearly defined goals to determine the course of action when launching or relaunching a product/service in the market. This course aims to provide students with a background in research methods, issues related to conducting marketing research, data analysis, and methods of evaluation related to marketing. Knowledge of these topics will enable students to both implement and evaluate marketing research during their professional careers. It is assumed that students enrolled in this course have a basic understanding of marketing terminology and concepts.

MKBU 3442 - Marketing Consulting (This course is offered in the Fall term only)
3 credits
The Marketing Consultancy course introduces you to key marketing management concepts such as the Balance Scorecard to Business and provides you with conceptual frameworks to analyze and implement strategies applicable for real-life marketing problems.  Students are introduced to the Balance Scorecard approach in order to develop and deliver a marketing plan. A key feature of the course is developing marketing strategies and tactical delivery for a real-life case study in form of group work and supported by the weekly lectures, third party contact and group work syndicated development. Working in groups, students carry out research exercises, information and data gathering, problem and situation analysis leading to a decision making process. At the end of the semester, the group presents their marketing plan presentation including key marketing strategies.

MKBU 3458 - Global Sustainability Marketing
3 credits
While economic growth puts a strain on global resources, consumers are becoming more and more aware about the importance of being ‘green’ and ‘sustainable’. As our consumption levels increase, the words like “recyclable”, “green”, “sustainable”, “fair trade” suggest a product’s environmentally friendly and socially responsible claims.  Marketing plays a unique role in the process of creating, communicating and delivering value to customers in a way that will preserve both environment and human capital. Sustainability issues affect businesses in many ways. While they may provide a new market niche or a product category for some, they may destroy a firm’s brand value and reputation. Therefore, it is vital for companies to understand the paradigm shift, adapt and develop winning marketing strategies that will enable them to stay competitive in the marketplace.

Sophomore Cohort Core Courses

These courses are only open to Sophomores enrolled in the Gabelli School of Business in London program for the Spring term.

  • ACBU 2223 - Principles of Managerial Accounting
  • CMBU 2666 - Business Communications 2
  • FNBU 3221 - Financial Management
  • INSY 2301 - Information Systems 2
  • MGBU 4441 - Strategy

Liberal Arts Courses


ANTH 3725 – Culture and Culture Change
4 credits
Selected issues in the relationship of human behavior and culture. Issues dealt with in this course include the concept of culture, culture and the individual, culture contact, and culture change.

This course satisfies the Globalism core requirement and is an American Studies and International Political Economy Major or Minor course at Fordham University.

Art History

ARHI 3480 – Art and Architecture in London
4 credits
London is one of the most exciting cultural capitals of the world. This course will take advantage of London’s museums, galleries and buildings to explore the history of art and architecture, with special emphasis on British art from the 18th century up to and including the current lively London art scene. We will take into consideration the special character of British art along with its major contributions to the larger development of Modern art. Throughout this survey, we will focus on how a changing British national identity has been filtered and shaped via artistic representation over three centuries.

This course satisfies the Fine Arts core requirement and is an Art History Major or Minor course at Fordham University.

ARHI XXXX – The Victorian City: Art and Architecture in 19th Century London
4 credits
Queen Victoria’s long reign, from 1837 to 1901, encompassed a period of unprecedented economic and industrial growth, while global imperial expansion made the British Empire the largest in history. This course explores the social, economic and cultural history of the Victorian city through its flourishing artistic production that ranges from painting and sculpture to architecture and public monuments. Classes will combine visits to major London galleries and museums with walking tours of landmark sites and buildings of architectural significance.

This course satisfies the Fine Arts core requirement and is an Art History Major or Minor course at Fordham University.

Communication and Media Studies

COMC 3247 – Race, Class, and Gender in the Media
4 credits
This class analyzes representations of social class, racial and ethnic identity, and gender and sexuality in media. Students learn to identify central themes and problems in representing differences of race/ethnicity, social class, and sexuality in fiction and nonfiction media. The course is intended as a learning environment where students are able to do more than simply identify stereotypes. Rather, they intervene in these representations, actively critiquing stereotypes and moving past them towards a reflective attitude about the relationship between society as it is lived for people of different racial, sexual, and class groups—and the image of those groups as depicted in media.

This course satisfies the Advanced Social Science and Pluralism core requirements and is an American Studies, Latin American Studies, and Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies Major or Minor course at Fordham University.

COMC 3380 – International Communication
4 credits
Comparative study of media systems of different countries. The role of the media in the formation of the concept of nationality. Theories of communication development and the debate around the international flow of information. How the media informs us about other countries and how, through the media, we form our conception of the world.

This course satisfies the Advanced Social Science and Globalism core requirements and is an International Studies, International Political Economy, Journalism, Latin American Studies, and New Media Digital Design Major or Minor course at Fordham University.


ECON 3245 – International Political Economy
4 credits

This course uses an economic methodology to study the fundamental relationships between wealth and political power in the context of various international economic policies. Contemporary issues covered can include globalization, protectionism, trade wars, foreign assistance and macroeconomic coordination.

ECON 3739 – Financial Markets
4 credits

An introduction to flow of funds analysis and interest rate determination in the money and capital markets; the risk and the term structure of interest rates. An introduction to financial futures, options, and swaps.

English Literature and Writing

ENGL 2000 – Texts and Contexts (Topic: British Writers with Prof. Gearing)
3 credits

This course studies three important British texts from the last four hundred years: Shakespeare'sMacbeth, Charles Dickens's Great Expectations, and George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion. The objective of the course is to impart an in-depth knowledge of these texts, a critical framework within which to discuss them, and a more general knowledge of the historical, cultural and social context from which they emerged.

This course (either section) satisfies the EP2 and Texts and Contexts core requirements at Fordham University.

ENGL 2000- Texts and Contexts (Topic: Adaptations with Prof. Panjwani)

This module offers an opportunity to study adaptation/remediation in diverse forms, genres, and styles across stage, page, and screen. First, we analyze the language, structure, and politics of specific texts from the sixteenth- to the twenty-first centuries. Then, we investigate how these texts change as they transition from one form to another and/or from one context to another, and to what effect. The works selected have a clear relationship with Britain and students are guided towards ways to explore these connections in London. 

This course (either section) satisfies the EP2 and Texts and Contexts core requirements at Fordham University.

ENGL 3000- The Phenomenon of Oprah's Book Club (English Edition) (Offered in Summer Session Only)
Dennis Tyler
4 Credits

Before announcing the first selection for Oprah’s Book Club 2.0, Oprah chose the popular English writer and social critic Charles Dickens as the last selected author of the original OBC. Oprah chose his work because several of her viewers are “Dickens lovers,” and she wanted to learn why this English author is beloved by so many; why his work has left such a lasting impression on the American public; and, most importantly, how literature could be used as a catalyst for social change. Focusing on works that depict England as a site of tourism, imperialism, and/or the transatlantic slave trade, this course will explore the phenomenon of Oprah’s Book Club (OBC), thinking through its formation and rise as well as its strategies and approaches to OBC-selected texts. We will read the work of Charles Dickens alongside Maya Angelou’s The Heart of a Woman (an autobiography that charts Angelou’s move with her son from California to New York and later to London and Cairo with her new love) and Colson Whitehead’s The Underground Railroad (a novel in which Whitehead comments on Britain’s role in the transatlantic slave trade and reimagines the Underground Railroad as a literal one, complete with engineers, conductors, and a secret network of tracks and tunnels). At times, we will read like Oprah: embracing innovative, multimedia approaches to reading and traveling to key sites mentioned in our selected texts. At other times, we will deviate from Oprah’s approach and focus more on genre, form, theory, and literary and historical critism. 

This course satisfies the EP3 core requirement at Fordham University.

ENGL 3068 – Writing London
4 credits
By studying classical Greek and other myths, Joseph Campbell’s ideas on universal story structures, superhero and Bible stories, we will learn how stories are built. We will then analyze great literature and ‘Harry Potter’ to see how other people employ these ideas. Throughout, we will practice how to observe, listen and analyze better as a first step to writing better, all the while using London as our sensory playground. Field trips include a Harry Potter walk, a film, a play, a museum and a gallery visit.

ENGL 3206 – Shakespeare
4 credits
This course has a two-pronged focus; on the one hand, it is an opportunity to undertake a detailed study of Shakespeare’s verbal and theatrical languages, and on the other hand, it equips you to investigate Renaissance London’s importance in shaping Shakespeare’s plays and Shakespeare’s importance in shaping some of the fiercest debates about agency and government, family, and national identity in London and the world today. The two concerns are tightly interlaced and demonstrate how Shakespeare continues to occupy a dominant status in English literature and culture today.

This course satisfies the Advanced Literature core requirement and is a Comparative Literature Major or Minor course at Fordham University.

ENGL 4015 – London Modernisms (Open only to Juniors enrolled in the London Liberal Arts program)
4 Credits
Literary modernism a century ago developed in the context of social conditions that resemble our own: migrations and immigrations; tensions between Global and Local orientations; consciousness of society under siege by anarchy; and the increasing influence of technology. This course focuses on the nature of literary modernism in the early 20th century and connect it to modernism in the early 21st century, our contemporary.

This course satisfies the ICC core requirement at Fordham University.

Film and TV

FITV 3638 – British Film and TV
4 credits
British Heritage Cinema, arguably the most identifiable and lucrative form of British national cinema, emerged in the 1980s and continues to define “Britishness” through its nostalgic and individualized view of the past. In looking at costume dramas, literary adaptations, and biographical films, this course explores Heritage Cinema through its key themes and aesthetics, the cultural context in which it gained and retains popularity, and its material and ideological consequences.

FITV 3565 – The Documentary Idea
4 credits
The history of documentary and the analysis of contemporary works. An examination of the variety of documentary language formats and visual styles and their meaning and impact. Credit will not be given for both this course and FITV 3566

This course is a Journalism Major or Minor course at Fordham University.

FITV 3534: Fashion in British Film and TV (Offered in Summer Session Only)
Jennifer Clark
4 Credits
This course considers the historical and contemporary co-constitution of British fashion, cinema, and television. As a city that generates and is defined by formative industries, cultural institutions, and socio-political movements associated with fashion and media, London plays a crucial role in our explorations.
We will analyze historically specific and culturally significant moments when fashion coincided with television and/or film to express the anxieties, pleasures, and investments of British culture(s) on a regional, national, and international scale. To do this, we will study film and television texts that utilize fashion; consider issues of identity politics that include class, sexuality, race, and gender; and explore the industrial and cultural contexts that gave rise to fashion-driven films and television programs. Significant course themes include war, the monarchy, countercultural movements, empire and imperialism, and the city. Film and television texts are both historical and contemporary and include a wide range of genres and styles. 


HIST 3620 – 20th Century Europe
4 credits
World War I and peace settlement; postwar problems; communism, fascism, Nazism; totalitarian aggression and World War II; international cooperation and reconstruction; the cold war and the collapse of communism. (Alternate years).

This course is an International Studies and International Political Economy Major or Minor course at Fordham University.

Internship Seminar

ISAP 4800: Internship Seminar (Open only to students enrolled in the London Internship Program)
1 Credit
The internship work-based education gives students the opportunity to discuss and analyze theories and models of work and organizations in a cross‐cultural context. It also creates a framework for personal reflection on issues related to professional development. The syllabus and course content are a blend of theory and concepts, application and reflection. The practical activities, discussions, and assessment mechanisms are all designed to support learning, using the internship experience as a vehicle.


MUSC 2031 – Rock and Pop Music since World War II
4 credits
The Beatles. The Rolling Stones. Dusty Springfield. Led Zeppelin. Tom Jones. Shirley Bassey. David Bowie. Elton John. Deep Purple. Black Sabbath. Sheena Easton. Judas Priest. Soul II Soul. Sade. Loose Ends. Slick Rick. Floetry. Joss Stone. Duffy. Estelle. M.I.A. Amy Winehouse. One Direction. Adele. Sam Smith. These are just some of the British bands, singers and rappers who have ‘… broken America’ – the much prized term used to describe the feat of commercially (and in some cases, culturally) succeeding in the largest music market in the west. Utilizing key theories from the social sciences and musicology, ‘Breaking America: Exploring the value of British music, national identity & culture via international success,’ will examine why the measure of domestic musical accomplishment is so couched in another country.

This course is an American Studies Major or Minor course at Fordham University.


PHIL 3000 – Philosophical Ethics
3 credits
This course involves philosophical reflection on the major normative ethical theories underlying moral decision making in our everyday lives. The principal focus of the course is a systematic introduction to the main normative ethical theories, i.e., eudaimonism, natural law ethics, deontological ethics, utilitarianism, virtue ethics, and feminism. The differences among these approaches are illuminated by studying various moral issues. In each section of the course, at least half the readings will be selected from Aristotle and Kant. Each section will include writings by at least one contemporary figure.

Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 - Philosophy of Human Nature.

This course satisfies the Philosophical Ethics core requirement at Fordham University.

PHIL 4422: Kings Cross Station: Harry Potter and Philosophy in London (Offered in Summer Session Only)
Judith Jones
4 Credits
In the Harry Potter series, King’s Cross Station (London) symbolizes the intersection of magical and muggle reality, as well as the transition between life and death and the relationship between mind and nature. This course will take an interdisciplinary approach to understanding these intersections, unpacking Philosophical and Literary interpretations of the series with a particular focus on fantasy literature as a tension between worlds or among aspects of worlds. London and its environs will be the venue for several excursions to explore the status of magic in the UK as well as the location for immersion in Potter-relevant activities to explore the intersection of fantasy and reality in the lives of fans of the series. The hypothesis behind this course is that what readers encounter in the Potter series is nothing less than a symbolization of the fundamental human need to embrace 'agency' in the development of identity and in the relationships that define our place in the world. The two dominant themes of ‘Love’ and ‘Power’ in the series will be studied through a variety of philosophical texts, and linked to related philosophical issues concerning identity and selfhood, choice and the will, death and the soul.

This course satisfies the Interdisciplinary Capstone Course core requirement at Fordham University.

Political Science

POSC 3621 – European Politics
4 credits
This course focuses on the main features of contemporary political systems in Europe, with special emphasis on Western Europe. The course provides an introduction to European electoral and party politics, political behavior, and the theoretical foundations of different types of government. Case studies will be used to highlight the functioning of different political systems across the continent such as the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, Southern Europe and France.

This course satisfies the Advanced Social Science core requirement and is an International Political Economy Major or Minor course at Fordham University.


PSYC 2600 - Social Psychology

4 credits

An examination of how others shape an individual's behavior. A review of selected topics of interpersonal behavior, including antisocial and prosocial behavior, prejudice, attraction, social influence, attitudes and persuasion, research methods.

This course is an Urban Studies major or minor course and satisfies the Social Science core requirement at Fordham University.


THEA 1100 – Invitation to Theatre
3 credits
This course provides an introduction to Theatre through an examination of a variety of its aspects; historical, practical and theoretical. Based in London, the course concentrates mainly on British Theatre from Shakespeare’s time to the present. During several theatre visits in London and elsewhere students learn to express a lively critical response to performances: they also develop an understanding of theatre’s relationship to society together with a wide range of other art forms.

This course satisfies the Fine Arts core requirement at Fordham University.

LODA 3010 - Acting (Open to students enrolled in the London Dramatic Academy only)
6 credits
This course is designed to give students a strong, dynamic, practical approach to acting Shakespeare, enabling them to grow in confidence, openness, precision, understanding and skill. Students will work as a group on exercises which reveal ways of responding to Shakespeare’s verse, and by doing both speeches and scene work will have ample opportunity to explore, in both verse and prose, the rhetorical devices, imagery, and muscularity of language which make Shakespeare so satisfying and rewarding to act. (Classes include: Acting; Acting Shakespeare; Audition Tutorials)

This course satisfies an Advanced Acting for Theatre Majors course requirement at Fordham University.

LODA 3020 - Theatre History, Literature, and Criticism (Open to students enrolled in the London Dramatic Academy only)
3 credits
In this course, students study a range of European plays from the sixteenth to the twenty-first century in search of the big answers about Theatre’s evolution and habitat. By the end of this course, students will have developed an understanding of the creation of different stage worlds and performance modes in past and present European drama, and formed an idea of the cultural background against which these developments have taken place.(Classes include: Space, Place, and Text; Dramatic Criticism)

This course satisfies one semester of Theatre History for Theatre Majors requirement at Fordham University.

LODA 3030 - Physical Training for Actors (Open to students enrolled in the London Dramatic Academy only)
4 credits
This course will give an overview of the different styles of dance that developed through Europe and later worldwide using the earliest written dance notation from the Renaissance to the early 20th century with a view to building the background knowledge needed by an actor in approaching the drama of different periods and placing dance in context. Learning key dances from the Renaissance to the early 20th century, students will develop greater musicality, bodily awareness, and improved posture. Through these dances, students are put in touch with period style in a practical way. The students will also explore how dance and movement style was embedded in the drama and social interaction of each period widening their understanding of the texts. (Classes include: Movement; Physical Theatre; Stage Combat; Period Dance; Alexander Technique)

LODA 3040 - Voice Training for Actors (Open to students enrolled in the London Dramatic Academy only)
3 credits
In this course, students will develop speech articulation in their own voice as well as investigate a British voice for performance through the nuance of Received Pronunciation (RP). RP is an accent historically referred to as ‘Queen’s English’ or ‘BBC English’, and has long been studied in drama schools for its clear, dexterous, and precise quality of articulation. Students will build their facility in RP through practical exercises, the application of the International Phonetic Alphabet as well as discuss how the cultural aspects of Britain influence vocabulary, rhythm and intonation and other elements of speech. (Classes include: Voice; Speech/Dialects)

This course satisfies one semester of Vocal Technique for Theatre Majors requirement at Fordham University.


THEO 3200 – Introduction to New Testament
3 credits
The New Testament texts are ancient texts, but also sacred texts being used, applied and called upon every-day in political and ethical discourse. How then should one read and understand these documents? The aim of this module is to show how an understanding of the New Testament has developed over time; to teach skills of critical engagement with the texts as both ancient and modern documents, and to engage with sacred texts as academic and cultural documents.

This course satisfies the Sacred Texts and Traditions core requirements and is an American Catholic Studies, Classical Languages, Medieval Studies, and Religious Studies Major or Minor course at Fordham University.

THEO 3610 – Christ in World Cultures
3 credits
At the center of the Christian tradition stands the person of Jesus Christ. Yet from a global perspective, Christianity takes many forms in its many contexts. This course examines the ways in which the Christian faith interacts with diverse world cultures and asks the central question, how do cultural differences shape contemporary interpretations of Jesus as the Christ?.

This course satisfies the Sacred Texts and Traditions core requirements and is an American Catholic Studies, Classical Languages, Medieval Studies, and Religious Studies Major or Minor course at Fordham University.