Pleas at Northampton in the Fourth Year of the Reign of King John.
1 The market of Oundle is removed from Sunday to Saturday. The market
belongs to the Abbot of Peterborough. Therefore he is in mercy.
The jurors say that the market of Rothwell is removed from Sunday to Saturday.
The market belongs to the Earl of Clare. Therefore he is in mercy. And let
the market be on Monday.
Hundred of Wymersley.
2 The jurors say that Andrew, sureman's son, appealed Peter, Leofwin's
son, Thomas Squire and William Oildene of robbery. And he does not prosecute.
So he and Stephen Despine and Baldwin Long are in mercy, and the appellees go
Afterwards comes Andrew and says that [the appellees] imprisoned him by the
order of William Malesoures in the said William's house, so that he sent to the
sheriff that the sheriff might deliver him, whereupon the sheriff sent his
serjeant and others thither, who on coming there found him imprisoned and
delivered himand he produces witnesses, to wit, Nicholas Portehors and Hugh,
Thurkill's son, who testify that they found him imprisoned, and he vouches the
sheriff to warrant this. And the sheriff, on being questioned, says that in
truth he sent thither four lawful men with the serjeant on a complaint made by
Nicholas Portehors on Andrew's behalf. And those who were sent thither by the
sheriff testify that they found him at liberty and disporting himself in
William's house. Therefore it is considered that the appeal is null [and
Andrew is in mercy] for his false complaint and Nicholas Portehors and Hugh,
Thurkill's son, are in mercy for false testimony. Andrew and Hugh are to be in
custody until they have found pledges [for their amercement].
Hundred of Higham
3 The jurors say that Geoffrey Cardun has levied new customs other
than he ought and other than have been usual, to wit, in taking from every cart
crossing his land at Winwick with eels, one stick of eels, and froma a cart
with greenfish, one greenfish, and from a cart with salmon, half a salmon, and
from a cart with herrings, five herrings, whereas he ought to take no custom
for anything save for salt crossing his land, to wit, for a cart-load, one bole
of salt, and in that case the salter ought to have a loaf in return for the
salt, and also if the salter's cart breaks down, the salter's horses ought to
have pasture on Geoffrey's land without challenge while he repairs his cart.
And Geoffrey comes and confesses that he takes the said customs, and ought to
take them, for he and his ancestors have taken them from the conquest of
England, and he puts himself on the grand assize of our lord the king, and
craves that a recognition be made whether he ought to take those customs or no.
And afterwards he offers the king twenty shillings that this action may be put
before Sir Geoffrey FitzPeter [the Justiciar]. Pledge for the twenty
shillings, Richard of Hinton.
Hundred of Cleley
4 The jurors say that Hugh, son of Walter Priest, was outlawed for the
death of Roger Rombald at the suit of Robert Rombald, and afterwards returned
under the [protection of the] king's writ, and afterwards was outlawed for the
same death on the appeal of Geoffrey, Thurstan's son. The county therefore is
asked by what warrant they outlawed the same man twice for the same death, and
says that of a truth in King Richard's time the said Hugh was outlawed at the
suit of one Lucy, sister of the said Roger, so that for a long time afterwards
he hid himself; and at length he came into the county [court] and produced
letters of Sir Geoffrey FitzPeter in the form follwoing: "G. FitzPeter etc. to
the sheriff of Northamptonshire, greeting, Know thou that the king hath
pardoned to Hugh, son of the priest of Grafton, his flight and the outlawry
adjudged to him for the death of a certain slain man, and hath signified to us
by his letters that we be aiding to the said Hugh in re-establishing the peace
between him and the kinsfolk of the slain; wherefore we command thee that thou
be aiding to the said Hugh in making the peace aforesaid, and do us to wit by
thy letters under seal what thou hast done in this matter, since we are bound
to signify the same to the king. In witness etc. by the king's writ from
beyond seas." And the said letters being read in full county [court] the
county told the said Hugh that he must find pledges that he would be in the
king's peace, and he went away to find pledges, and afterwards did not appear.
But the kinsfolk of the slain, having heard that Hugh had returned after his
outlawry, came to the next county [court] and Robert Rombald produced Geoffrey,
Thurstan's son, who said that if he saw the said Hugh he would sue against him
the death of the said Roger, who was [his kinsman]. And the county showed him
how Hugh had brought the Justiciar's letters pardoning him the flight and
outlawry, and that he was to find pledges to stand to the king's peace, but had
not returned. Whereupon the king's serjeant was ordered to seek Hugh and bring
him to a later county [court]. And at a later county [court] Geoffrey offered
himself against Hugh, and Hugh did not appear; whereupon the king's serjeant
being questioned said that he had not found him, and the county advised
[Geoffrey] to come to another county [court], because if in the meantime Hugh
could be found, he would be brought to the county [court]. Then at the third
county [court] the said Geoffrey offered himself, and it was testified by the
serjeant that Hugh had not yet been found, wherefore the county said that as
Hugh would not appear to the king's peace, he must bear the wolf's head as he
had done before.
To judgment against the coroners and the twelve jurors.
This text was taken from:
Maitland, F.W., ed. Select Pleas of the Crown: Volume 1--A.D.
1200-1225. London: Bernard Quaritch, 1888.