Ancient History Sourcebook:
The Offering of Uha, c. 2400 BCE
Male and Female Circumcision in Egypt
An offering which the king and Anubis, Who is Upon His Mountain, He Who is in Ut, the
Lord of the Holy Land, give: An invocation-offering to the Count, Seal-Bearer of the King
of Rekhyt [Lower Egypt], Sole Companion, and Lector Priest, honored with the great god,
the Lord of Heaven, Uha, who says: I was one beloved of his father, favored of his mother,
whom his brothers and sisters loved. When I was circumcised, together with one hundred and
twenty men, and one hundred and twenty women, there was none thereof who hit out, there
was none thereof who was hit, there was none thereof who scratched, there was none thereof
who was scratched. I was a commoner of repute, who lived on his own property, plowed with
his own span of oxen, and sailed in his own ship, and not through that which I had found
in the possession of my father, honored Uha.
From: D. Dunham, Naga-ed-Der Stelae of the First Intermediate Period, (London,
1917), pp. 102-104.
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© Paul Halsall, Janaury 1999