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Ancient History


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Studying History Human Origins Mesopotamia Egypt Persia Israel Greece Hellenistic World Rome Late Antiquity Christian Origins
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Internet Ancient History Sourcebook:
Mesopotamia


See Main Page for a guide to all contents of all sections.

Contents
Ancient Near East

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Sumeria (c. 3100-c. 2000 BCE)

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Akkadia (c.2350-2200 BCE)

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Babylonia (c.2000-1600 BCE)

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Kassites and Hittites (c.1600-717 BCE)

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Assyria (c.1350- 612 BCE)

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Chaldea/Neo-Babylonia (612-539 BCE)

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Syrian Cities: Ebla, Ugarit, Emar

Ebla was an ancient city in Syria at Tell Mardikh. The palace library, with thousands of tablets, was excavated by an Italian expedition in1975. These showed that Ebla had been a major commercial center. The tablets, written in a Canaanite language (Eblaite), date from c.2500 BCE. Exacavations over the past century have revealed more and more about Syrian cities.

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Phoenicia 950 BCE on

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Carthage: The Punic Empire

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ANE Arts and Architecture

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ANE Mathematics and Astronomy

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Gender and Sexuality

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Common Issues: Mesopotamian/Egyptian/Hebrew/Greek History

There are a number of problems in the various proposed chronologies of ancient Mediterranean cultures. One that most students might notice is a diversity in the dates given for Egyptian and Mesopotamian states, periods, and monarchs. The variety of methods used to ascertain dates leads to rival schemes with dates which vary by nearly a century. There is also a much large inconsistency claimed by credentialed scholars whose motives seem, however, to derive from Biblical literalism.

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NOTES:

Dates of accession of material added since July 1998 can be seen in the New Additions page..

The date of inception was 4/8/1998.

Links to files at other site are indicated by [At some indication of the site name or location].

Locally available texts are marked by [At this Site].

WEB indicates a link to one of small number of high quality web sites which provide either more texts or an especially valuable overview.


The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook is part of the
Internet History Sourcebooks Project