The London Confession, 1644
A CONFESSION OF FAITH of seven congregations or
churches of Christ in London, which are commonly, but unjustly, called Anabaptists;
published for the vindication of the truth and information of the ignorant; likewise for
the taking off those aspersions which are frequently, both in pulpit and print, unjustly
cast upon them. Printed in London, Anno 1646.
But this I confesse unto thee, that after the way which they call heresie
so worship I the God of my Fathers, beleeving all things that are written in the Law and
the Prophets, and have hope towards God, which they themselves also allow, that there
shall be a resurrection of the dead both of the just and unjust. - Acts xxiv. 14, 15.
For we cannot but speak the things that we have
seen and heard. - Acts iv. 20.
If I have spoken evill, bear witnesse of the evill; but if well,
why smitest thou me? - John xviii. 23.
Blessed are yee when men revile you, and say all manner of evil
against you falsly for my sake. Rejoice, etc. - Matth. v.11, 12. & xix. 29.
That God as He is in Himself, cannot be comprehended of any but himself,
1 dwelling in that inaccessible light, that no eye can attain
unto, whom never man saw, nor can see; that there is but 2 one God, one Christ, one Spirit, one Faith, one Baptism; 3 one rule of holiness and obedience for all Saints, at all
times, in all places to be observed.
1) 1 Tim. 6:16
2) 1 Tim. 2:5; Eph. 4:4-6; 1 Cor. 12: 4-6,13; John 14
3) 1 Tim. 6:3,13,14; Gal. 1:8-9; 2 Tim. 3:15
That God is 1 of Himself, that is, neither from another, nor of another, nor
by another, nor for another: 2 But is a Spirit, who as his being is of Himself, so He gives 3 being, moving, and preservation to all other things, being in
Himself eternal, most holy, every way infinite in 4 greatness, wisdom, power, justice, goodness, truth, etc. In
this Godhead, there is the Father, the Son, and the Spirit; being every on of them one and
the same God; and therefore not divided, but distinguished one from another by their
several properties; the 5 Father being from Himself, the 6 Son of the Father from everlasting, the 7 Holy Spirit proceeding from the Father and the Son.
1) Isa. 43:11; 46:9
2) John 4:24
3) Exod. 3:14
4) Rom. 11:36; Acts 17:28
5) 1 Cor. 8:6
6) Prov. 8:22-23
7) John 15:16; Gal. 4:6
That God has 1 decreed in Himself from everlasting touching all things,
effectually to work and dispose them 2 according to the counsel of His own will, to the glory of His
name; in which decree appears His wisdom, constancy, truth, and faithfulness; 3 Wisdom is that whereby He contrives all things; 4 Constancy is that whereby the decree of God remains always
immutable; 5 Truth is that whereby He declares that alone which He has
decreed, and though His sayings may seem to sound sometimes another thing, yet the sense
of them does always agree with the decree; 6 Faithfulness is that whereby He effects that He has decreed,
as He has decreed. And touching His creature man, 7 God had in Christ before the foundation of the world,
according to the good pleasure of His will, foreordained some men to eternal life through
Jesus Christ, to the praise and glory of His grace, 8 leaving the rest in their sin to their just condemnation, to
the praise of His justice.
1) Isa. 46:10
2) Eph. 1:11
3) Col. 2:3
4) Num. 23:19-20
5) Jer. 10:10; Rom. 3:4
6) Isa. 44:10
7) Eph. 1:3-7; 2 Tim. 1:9; Acts 13:48; Rom. 8:29-30
8) Jude 4,6; Rom. 9:11-13; Prov. 16:4
1 In the beginning God made all things very good, created man
after His own 2 image and likeness, filling him with all perfection of all
natural excellency and uprightness, free from all sin. 3 But long he abode not in this honor, but by the 4 subtlety of the Serpent, which Satan used as his instrument,
himself with his angels having sinned before and not 5 kept their first estate, but left their own habitation; first 6 Eve, then Adam being seduced did wittingly and willingly fall
into disobedience and transgression of the Commandment of their great Creator, for the
which death came upon all, and reigned over all, so that all since the Fall are conceived
in sin, and brought forth in iniquity, and so by nature children of wrath, and servants of
sin, subjects of 7 death, and all other calamities due to sin in this world and
for ever, being considered in the state of nature, without relation to Christ.
1) Gen. 1; Col. 1:16; Heb. 11:3; Isa. 45:12
2) Gen. 1:26; 1 Cor. 15:45-46; Ecc. 7:31
3) Psa. 49:20
4) Gen. 3:1, 4, 5; 2 Cor. 11:3
5) 2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6; John 8:44
6) Gen. 3:1, 2, 6; 1 Tim. 2:14; Ecc. 7:31; Gal. 3:32
7) Rom. 5:12, 18, 19; 6:23; Eph. 2:3
All mankind being thus fallen, and become altogether dead in sins and
trespasses, and subject to the eternal wrath of the great God by transgression; yet the
elect, which God has 1 loved with an everlasting love, are 2 redeemed, quickened, and saved, not by themselves, neither by
their own works, lest any man should boast himself, but wholly and only by God of 3 His free grace and mercy through Jesus Christ, who of God is
made unto us wisdom, righteousness, sanctification and redemption, that as it is written
he that rejoices, let him rejoice in the Lord.
1) Jer. 31:2
2) Gen 3:15; Eph. 1:3, 7; 2:4, 9; 1 Thes. 5:9; Acts 13:38
3) 1 Cor.5:21; Jer. 9:23, 24
1 This therefore is life eternal, to know the only true
God, and whom He has sent Jesus Christ. 2 And on the contrary, the Lord will render vengeance in flaming
fire to them that know not God, and obey not the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.
1) John 17:3; Heb. 5:9; Jer. 23:5, 6
2) 2 Thes. 1:8; John 3:36
The rule of this knowledge, faith, and obedience, concerning the worship
and service of God, and all other Christian duties, is not mans inventions, opinions,
devices, laws, constitutions, or traditions unwritten whatsoever, but only the word of God
contained in the Canonical Scriptures.
John 5:39; 2 Tim. 3:15-17; Col. 21:18, 23; Mat. 15:9
In this written Word God has plainly revealed whatsoever He
has thought needful for us to know, believe, and acknowledge, touching the nature and
office of Christ, in whom all the promises are Yea and Amen to the praise of God.
Acts 3:22, 23; Heb. 1:1, 2; 2 Tim 3:15-17; 2 Cor. 1:20
Touching the Lord Jesus, of whom 1 Moses and the Prophets wrote, and whom the Apostles preached,
is the 2 Son of God the Father, the brightness of His glory, the
ingrave form of His being, God with Him and with His Holy Spirit, by whom He made the
world, by whom He upholds and governs all the works He has made, who also 3 when the fullness of time was come was, was made man of a 4 woman, of the Tribe of 5 Judah, of the seed of Abraham and David, to wit, of Mary that
blessed Virgin, by the Holy Spirit coming upon her, and the power of the most High
overshadowing her, and was also in 6 all things like unto us, sin only excepted.
1) Gen. 3:15; 22:18; 49:10; Dan. 7:13; 9:24-26
2) Prov. 8:23; John 1:1-3; Col. 1:1, 15-17
3) Gal. 4:4
4) Heb. 7:14; Rev. 5:5 with Gen. 49:9-10
5) Rom. 1:3; 9:5; Mat. 1:16; Luke 3:23, 26; Heb. 2:16
6) Isa.53:3-5; Phil. 2:8
Touching His office, 1 Jesus Christ only is made the Mediator of the New Covenant,
even the everlasting covenant of grace between God and man, to 2 be perfectly and fully the Prophet, Priest and King of the
Church of God for evermore.
1) 2 Tim. 2:15; Heb. 9:15; John 14:6
2) Heb. 1:2; 3:1, 2; 7:24; Acts 5:31
Unto this office He was fore-ordained from everlasting, by
the 1 authority of the Father, and in respect of His manhood, from
the womb called and separated, and 2 anointed also most fully and abundantly with all gifts
necessary, God having without measure poured the Spirit upon Him.
1) Prov. 8:23; Isa. 42:6; 49:1,5
2) Isa. 11:2-5; 61:1-3 with Luke 4:17, 22; John1:14,16; 3:34
In this call the Scripture hold forth two special things
considerable; first, the call to the office; secondly the office its self. First, that 1 none takes this honor but he that is called of God, as was
Aaron, so also Christ, it being an action especially of God the Father, whereby a special
covenant being made, He ordains His Son to this office: which Covenant is, that 2 Christ should be made a sacrifice for sin, that He shall see
His seed, and prolong His days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand;
which calling therefore contains in it self 3 choosing, 4 for-ordaining, 5 sending. choosing respects the end, foreordaining the means,
sending the execution it self, 6 all of mere grace, without any condition fore-seen wither in
men, on in Christ Himself.
1) Heb. 5:4-6
2) Isa. 53:10
3) Isa. 42:13
4)1 Peter 1:20
5) John 3:17; 9:27; 10:36
6) John 8:32
So that this office to be Mediator, that is, to be Prophet,
Priest, and King of the Church of God, is so proper to Christ, as neither in the whole,
not in any part thereof, it can be transferred from Him to any other.
1 Tim. 2:15; Heb. 7:24; Dan. 5:14; Acts 4:12; Luke 1:23; John 14:6
This office it self to which Christ was called, is three fold, of 1 a Prophet, of 2 Priest, and of 3 King: this number and order of offices is showed; first by
mens necessities grievously laboring 4 under ignorance, by reason whereof they stand in infinite
necessity of the Prophetical office of Christ to relieve them. Secondly, 5 alienation from God, wherein they stand in need of the
Priestly office to reconcile them. Thirdly, our 6 utter disability to return to Him, by which they stand in need
of the power of Christ in His Kingly office to assist and govern them.
1) Deut. 18:15 with Acts 3:22-23
2) Psal. 110:3; Heb. 3:1; 4:14-15; 5:6
3) Psal. 2:6
4) Acts 26:18; Col. 1:3
5) Col. 1:21; Eph. 2:12
6) Song of Sol. 1:3; John 6:44
Touching the Prophesy of Christ, it is that whereby He has 1 perfectly revealed the whole will of God out of the bosom of
the Father, that is needful for His servants to know, believe, and obey; and therefore is
called not only a Prophet and a 2 Doctor, and the 3 Apostle of our profession, and the 4 Angel of the Covenant; but also the very 5 wisdom of God, and the 6 treasures of wisdom and understanding.
1) John 1:18; 12:49-50; 15; 17:8; Deut. 18:15
2) Mat. 23:10
3) Heb. 3:1
4) Mal. 3:1
5) 1 Cor. 1:24
6) Col. 2:3
That He might be such a Prophet as thereby to every way complete, it was
necessary that He should be 1 God, and withall also that He should be man; for unless He had
been God, He could have never perfectly understood the will of God, 2 neither had He have been able to reveal it throughout all
ages; and unless He had been man, He could not fitly have unfolded it in His 3 own person to man.
1) John 1:18; 3:13
2) 1 Cor. 2:11, 16
3) Acts 3:22 with Deut. 18:15; Heb. 1:1
Touching His Priesthood, Christ 1 being consecrated, has appeared once to put away sin by the
offering and sacrifice of Himself, and to this end has fully performed and suffered all
those things by which God, through the blood of that His Cross in an acceptable sacrifice,
might reconcile His elect only; 2 and having broken down the partition wall, and therewith
finished and removed all the rites, shadows, and ceremonies, is now entered within the
vail, into the Holy of Holiest, that is, to the very Heavens, and presence of God, where
He for ever lives and sits at the right hand of Majesty, appearing before the face of His
Father to make intercession for such as come to the Throne of Grace by that new and living
way; and not that only, but 3 makes His people a spiritual House, an holy Priesthood, to
offer up spiritual sacrifice acceptable to God through Him; neither does the Father
accept, or Christ offer to the Father any other worship or worshipers.
1) John 17:19; Heb. 5:7-9; 9:26; Rom. 5:19; Eph. 5:12; Col. 1:20
2) Eph. 2:14-16; Rom. 8:34
3) 1 Peter 2:5; John 4:23, 24
This Priesthood was not legal, or temporary, but according to the order
1 of Melchisecdec; 2 not by a carnal commandment, but by the power of endless life;
3 not by an order that is weak and lame, but stable and perfect,
not for a 4 time, but for ever, admitting no successor, but perpetual and
proper to Christ, and of Him that ever lives. Christ Himself was the Priest, Sacrifice and
Alter: He was 5 Priest, according to both natures, He was a sacrifice most
properly according to His human nature: 6 where in Scripture it is wont to be attributed to His body, to
His blood; yet the chief force whereby this sacrifice was made effectual, did depend upon
His 7 divine nature, namely, that the Son of God did offer Himself
for us: He was the alter properly according to His divine nature, it belonging to the 8 Alter to sacrifice that which is offered upon it, and so it
ought to be of greater dignity then the Sacrifice itself.
1) Heb. 7:17
2) Heb. 7:16
3) Heb. 7:18-21
4) Heb. 7:24-25
5) Heb. 5:6
6) Heb. 10:10; 1 Peter 1:18-19; Col. 1:20-21; Isa. 53: 10; Mat. 20:28
7) Acts 20:28; Rom. 8:3
8) Heb. 9:14; 13:10, 12, 15; Mat. 23:17; John 17:19
Touching His Kingdom, 1 Christ being risen from the dead, ascended into Heaven, sat on
the right hand of God the Father, having all power in Heaven and earth, given unto Him, He
does spiritually govern His Church, exercising His power 2 over all angels and men, good and bad, to the preservation and
salvation of the elect, to the over-ruling and destruction of His enemies, which are
reprobates, 3 communicating and applying the benefits, virtue, and fruit of
His Prophecy and Priesthood to His elect, namely, to the subduing and taking away of their
sins, to their justification and adoption of Sons, regeneration, sanctification,
preservation and strengthening in all their conflicts against Satan, the World, the Flesh,
and the temptations of them, continually dwelling in, governing and keeping their hearts
in faith and filial fear by His Spirit, which having 4 given it, He never takes it away from them, but by it still
begets and nourishes in them faith, repentance, love, joy, hope, and all heavenly light in
the soul unto immortality, notwithstanding through our own unbelief, and the temptations
of Satan, the sensible sight of this light and love be clouded and overwhelmed for the
time. 5 And on the contrary, ruling in the world over His enemies,
Satan, and all the vessels of wrath, limiting, using, restraining them by His mighty
power, as seems good in His divine wisdom and justice to the execution of His determinate
counsel, delivering them up to a reprobate mind, to be kept through their own deserts, in
darkness and sensuality unto judgment.
1) 1 Cor. 15:4; 1 Peter 3:21-22; Mat. 28:18-20; Luke 24:51; Acts 1:11;
5:30-31; John 19:36; Rom. 14:17
2) Mark 1:27; Heb. 1:14; John 16:7,15
3) John 5:26-27; Rom. 5:5-7; 14:17; Gal. 5:22,23; John 1:4,13
4) John 13:1; 10:28-29; 14:16-17; Rom. 11:29; Psal. 51:10-11; Job 33:29-30; 2 Cor. 12:7, 9
5) Job 1, 2; Rom. 1:21; 2:4-6; 9:17-18; 2 Peter 2
This Kingdom shall be then fully perfected when He shall the second time
come in glory to reign among His saints, and to be admired of all them which do believe,
when He shall put down all rule and authority under His feet, that the glory of the Father
my be full and perfectly manifested in His Son, and the glory of the Father and the Son in
all His members.
1 Cor. 15:24,28; Heb. 9:28; 2 Thes. 1:9, 10; 1 Thes. 4:15-17; John
That Christ Jesus by His death did bring fourth salvation and
reconciliation only for the 1 elect, which were those which 2 God the Father gave Him; and that the Gospel which is to be
preached to all men as the ground of faith, is, that 3 Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the ever blessed God, filled
with the perfection of all heavenly and spiritual excellencies, and that salvation is only
and alone to be had through the believing in His name.
1) John 15:13; Rom. 8:32-34; 5:11; 3:25
2) Job 17:2 with 6:37
3) Mat. 16:16; Luke 2:26; John 6:9; 7:3; 20:31; 1 John 5:11
That faith is the 1 gift of God wrought in the hearts of the elect by the Spirit
of God, whereby they come to see, know, and believe the truth of the 2 Scriptures, and not only so, but the excellency of them above
all other writing and things in the world, as they hold forth the glory of God in His
attributes, the excellency of Christ in His nature and offices, and the power of the
fullness of the Spirit in His workings and operations; and thereupon are enabled to cast
the weight of their souls upon this truth thus believed.
1) Eph. 2:8; John 6:29; 4:10; Phil. 1:29; Gal. 5:22
2) John 17:17; Heb. 4:11-12; John 6:63
Those that have this precious faith wrought in them by the Spirit, can
never finally nor totally fall away; and though many storms and floods do arise and beat
against them, yet they shall never be able to take them off that foundation and rock which
by faith they are fastened upon, but shall be kept by the power of God to salvation, where
they shall enjoy their purchased possession, they being formerly engraven upon the palms
of God's hands.
Mat. 7:24, 25; John 13:1; 1 Peter 1:4-6; Isa. 49:13-16
That faith is ordinarily 1 begot by the preaching of the Gospel, or word of Christ,
without respect to 2 any power or capacity in the creature, but it is wholly 3 passive, being dead in sins and trespasses, does believe, and
is converted by no less power, 4 then that which raised Christ from the dead.
1) Rom. 10:17; 1 Cor. 1:21
2) Rom. 9:16
3) Rom. 2:1, 2; Ezek. 16:6; Rom 3:12
4) Rom. 1:16; Eph. 1:19; Col 2:12
That the tenders of the Gospel to the conversion of sinners, 1 is absolutely free, no way requiring, as absolutely necessary,
any qualifications, preparations, terrors of the Law, or preceding ministry of the Law,
but only and alone the naked soul, as a 2 sinner and ungodly to receive Christ, as Christ, as crucified,
dead, and buried, and risen again, being made 3 a Prince and a Savior for such sinners.
1) John 3:14, 15; 1:12; Isa. 55:1; John 7:37
2) 1 Tim. 1:15; Rom. 4:5; 5:8
3) Acts 5:30-31; 2:36; 1 Cor. 1:22-24
That the same power that converts to faith in Christ, the same power
carries on the 1 soul still through all duties, temptations, conflicts,
sufferings, and continually what ever a Christian is, he is by 2 grace, and by a constant renewed 3 operation from God, without which he cannot perform any duty
to God, or undergo any temptations from Satan, the world, or men.
1) 1 Peter 1:5; 2 Cor. 12:9
2) 1 Cor. 15:10
3) Phil. 2:12, 13; John 15:5; Gal. 2:19-20
That God the Father, and Son, and Spirit, is one with 1 all believers, in their 2 fullness, in 3 relations, 4 as head and members, 5 as house and inhabitants, as 6 husband and wife, one with Him, as 7 light and love, and one with Him in His inheritance, and
in all His 8 glory; and that all believers by virtue of this union and
oneness with God, are the adopted sons of God, and heirs of Christ, co-heirs and joint
heirs with Him of the inheritance of all the promises of this life, and that which is to
1) 1 Thes. 1:1; John 14:10, 20; 17:21
2) Col. 2:9, 10; 1:19; John 1:17
3) John 20:17; Heb. 2:11
4) Col. 1:18; Eph. 5:30
5) Eph. 2:22; 1Cor. 3:16-17
6) Isa. 16:5; 2 Cor. 11:3
7) Gal. 3:26
8) John 17:24
That those which have union with Christ, are justified from all their
sins, past, 1 present, and to come, by the blood of Christ; which
justification we conceive to be a gracious and free 2 acquittance of a guilty, sinful creature, from all sin by God,
through the satisfaction that Christ has made by His death; and this applied in the
manifestation of it through faith.
1) John 1:7; Heb 10:14; 9:26; 2 Cor. 5:19; Rom. 3:23
2) Acts 13:38, 39; Rom. 5:1; 3:25, 30
That all believers are a holy and 1 sanctified people, and that sanctification is a spiritual
grace of the 2 New Covenant, and effect of the 3 love of God, manifested to the soul, whereby the believer is
in 4 truth and reality separated, both in soul and body, from all
sin and dead works, through the 5 blood of the everlasting Covenant, whereby he also presents
after a heavenly and evangelical perfection, in obedience to all the commands, 6 which Christ as Head and King in this New Covenant has
prescribed to him.
1) 1 Cor. 1:1; 1 Peter 2:9
2) Eph. 1:4
3) 1 John 4:16
4) Eph. 4:24
5) Phil. 3:15
6) Mat. 28:20
All believers through the knowledge of 1 that justification of life given by the Father, and brought
forth by the blood of Christ, have this as their great privilege of that New 2 Covenant, peace with God, and reconciliation, whereby they
that were afar off, were brought nigh by 3 that blood, and have (as the Scripture speaks) peace 4 passing all understanding, yes, joy in God, through our Lord
Jesus Christ, by 5 whom we have received the Atonement.
1) 2 Cor. 5:19
2) Isa. 54:10; 26:12
3) Eph. 2:13-14
4) Phil. 4:7
5) Rom. 5:10-11
That all believers in the time of this life, are in a continual warfare,
combat, and opposition against sin, self, the world, and the Devil, and liable to all
manner of afflictions, tribulations, and persecutions, and so shall continue until Christ
comes in His Kingdom, being predestined and appointed there unto; and whatsoever the
saints, any of them do possess or enjoy of God in this life, is only by faith.
Eph. 6:10-13; 2 Cor. 10:3; Rev. 2:9, 10
That the only strength by which the saints are enabled to encounter with
all opposition, and to overcome all afflictions, temptations, persecutions, and trails, is
only by Jesus Christ, who is the Captain of their salvation, being made perfect through
sufferings, who has engaged His strength to assist them in all their afflictions, and to
uphold them under all their temptations, and to preserve them by His power to His
John 16:33; Heb. 2:9, 10; John 15:5
That Christ has here on earth a spiritual Kingdom, which is the Church,
which He has purchased and redeemed to Himself, as a particular inheritance: which Church,
as it is visible to us, is a company of visible 1 saints, 2 called and separated from the world, by the Word and the 3 Spirit of God, to the visible profession of the faith of the
Gospel, being baptized into the faith, and joined to the Lord, and each other, by mutual
agreement, in the practical enjoyment of the 4 ordinances, commanded by Christ their head and King.
1) 1 Cor. 1:1; Eph. 1:1
2) Rom. 1:1; Acts 26:18; 1 Thes. 1:9; 2 Cor. 6:17; Rev. 18:18
3) Acts 2:37 with Acts 10:37
4) Rom. 10:10; Acts 2:42; 20:21; Mat. 18:19, 20; 1 Peter 2:5
To this Church He has 1 made His promises, and given the signs of His Covenant,
presence, love, blessing, and protection: here are the fountains and springs of His
heavenly grace continually flowing forth; 2 thither ought all men to come, of all estates, that
acknowledge Him to be their Prophet, Priest, and King, to be enrolled amongst His
household servants, to under His heavenly conduct and government, to lead their lives in
His walled sheepfold, and watered garden, to have communion here with the saints, that
they may be made to be partakers of their inheritance in the Kingdom of God.
1) Mat. 28:18-20; 2 Cor. 6:18
2) Isa. 8:16; 1 Tim. 3:15; 4:16; 6:3, 5; Acts 2:41,47; Song of Sol. 4:12; Gal. 6:10; Eph.
And all His servants are called thither, to present their bodies and
souls, and to bring their gifts God has given them; so being come, they are here by
Himself bestowed in their several order, peculiar place, due use, being fitly compact and
knit together, according to the effectual working of every part, to the edification of
itself in love.
1 Cor. 12:6, 7, 12, 18; Rom. 12:4-6; 1 Peter 4:10;Eph. 4:16; Col. 2:5, 6,
19; 1 Cor. 12:12ff
That being thus joined, every Church has 1 power given them from Christ for their better well-being, to
choose to themselves fitting persons into the office of 2 Pastors, Teachers, Elders, Deacons, being qualified according
to the Word, as those which Christ has appointed in His Testament, for the feeding,
governing, serving, and building up of His Church, and that none other have to power to
impose them, either these or any other.
1) Acts 1:2; 6:3; 15:22, 25; 1 Cor. 16:3
2) Rom. 12:7, 8; 16:1; 1 Cor. 12:8, 28; 1 Tim. 3 chapt.; Heb. 13:7; 1 Peter 5:1-3
That the Ministers aforesaid, lawfully called by the Church, where they
are to administer, ought to continue is their calling, according to God's ordinance, and
carefully to feed the flock of Christ committed to them, nor for filthy lucre, but of a
Heb. 5:4; Acts 4:23; 1 Tim. 4:14; John 10:3, 4; Acts 20:28; Rom. 12:7, 8;
Heb. 13:7, 17
That the due maintenance of the officers aforesaid, should be the free
and voluntary communication of the Church, that according to Christ's ordinance, they that
preach the Gospel, should live on the Gospel and not by constraint to be compelled from
the people by a forced law.
1 Cor. 9:7,14; Gal. 6:6; 1 Thes. 5:13; 1 Tim. 5:17-18; Phil. 4:15-16
That Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament, given by Christ, to
be dispensed only upon persons professing faith, or that are Disciples, or taught, who
upon a profession of faith, ought to be baptized (Added later: "...and after to
partake of the Lord's Supper.")
Acts 2:37, 38; 8:36-38; 18:8
The way and manner of the 1 dispensing of this ordinance the Scripture holds out to be
dipping or plunging the whole body under water: it being a sign, must answer the thing
signified, which are these: first, the 2 washing the whole soul in the blood of Christ; secondly, that
interest the saints have in 3 death, burial, and resurrection (of Christ) ; thirdly,
together with a 4 confirmation of out faith, that as certainly as the body
is buried under water, and rises again, so certainly shall the bodies of the saints by
raised by the power of Christ, in the day of the resurrection, to reign with Christ.
1) Mat. 3:16; John 3:23; Acts 8:38
2) Rev. 1:5; 7:14; Heb. 10:22
3) Rom. 6:3-5
4) 1 Cor. 15:28, 29
The persons designed by Christ, to dispense this ordinance, the
Scriptures hold forth to a preaching Disciple, it being no where tied to a particular
church, officer, or person extraordinarily sent, the commission enjoining the
administration, being given to them under no other consideration, but as considered
Isa. 8:16; Mat. 28:16-19; John 4:1-2; Acts 20:7; Mat. 26:26
Christ has likewise given power to His whole church to receive in and
cast out, by way of Excommunication, any member; and this power is given to every
particular congregation, and not one particular person, either member or officer, but the
Acts 2:47; Rom. 16:2; Mat. 18:17; 1 Cor. 5:4; 2 Cor. 2:6-8
And every particular member of each Church how excellent, great, or
learned soever, ought to be subject to this censor and judgment of Christ; and the church
ought with great care and tenderness, with due advise to proceed against her members.
18:16-18; Acts 11:2. 3; 1 Tim. 5:19-21
And as Christ for the 1 keeping of this church in holy and orderly communion, places
some special men over the church, who by their office are to govern, oversee, visit,
watch; so likewise for the better keeping thereof in all places, by the members, He has
given 2 authority, and laid duty upon all, to watch over one another.
1) Acts. 20:27, 28; Heb. 13:17, 24; Mat. 24:25; 1 Thes. 5:14
2) Mark 13:34, 37; Gal. 6:1; 1 Thes. 5:11; Jude 3, 20; Heb. 10:34-35; 12:15.
That also such to whom God has given gifts, being tried in the church,
may and ought by the appointment of the congregation, to prophesy, according to the
proportion of faith, and so teach publicly the Word of God, for the edification,
exhortation, and comfort of the Church.
1 Cor. 14 chapter; Rom. 12:6; 1 Peter 4:10-11; 1 Cor. 12:7; 1 Thes.
Thus being rightly gathered, established, and still proceeding in
Christian communion, and obedience of the Gospel of Christ, none ought to separate for
faults and corruptions, which may, and as long as the church consists of men subject to
failings, will fall out and arise amongst them, even in true constituted churches, until
they have in due order sought redress thereof.
Rev. 2, 3 chapters; Acts 15:12; 1 Cor. 1:10; Eph. 2:16; 3:15-16; Heb.
10:25; Jude 15; Mat. 18:17; 1 Cor. 5:4, 5
And although the particular congregation be distinct and several bodies,
every one a compact and knit city in itself; yet are they all to walk by one and the same
Rule, and by all means convenient to have the counsel and help one of another in all
needful affairs of the church, as members of one body in the common faith under Christ
their only Head.
1 Cor. 4:17; 14:33, 36; 16:1; Mat. 28:20; 1 Tim.3:15; 6:13-14; Rev.
22:18-19; Col. 2:6, 19; 4:16
That a civil magistrate is an ordinance of God set up by God for the
punishment of evil doers, and for the praise of them that do well; and that all lawful
things commanded by them, subjection ought to be given by us in the Lord: and that we are
to make supplication and prayer for Kings, and all that are in authority, that under them
we may live a peaceable and quiet life in all godliness and honesty.
Rom. 13:1-4; 1 Peter 2:13, 14; 1 Tim. 2:2
The supreme Magistrate of this Kingdom we believe to be the King and
Parliament freely chosen by the Kingdom, and that in all those civil laws which have been
acted by them, or for the present is or shall by ordained, we are bound to yield
subjection and obedience unto in the Lord, as conceiving our selves bound to defend both
the persons of those chosen, and all civil laws made by them, with our persons, liberties,
and estates, with all that is called ours, although we should suffer never so much from
them in not actively submitting to some ecclesiastical laws, which might be conceived by
them to be their duties to establish which we for the present could not see, nor our
consciences could submit unto; yet are we bound to yield our persons to their pleasures.
And if God should provide such a mercy for us, as to incline the
magistrates hearts so far to tender our consciences, as that we might be protected by them
from wrong, injury, oppression and molestation, which long we formerly have groaned under
by the tyranny and oppression of the Prelatical Hierarchy, which God through mercy has
made this present King and Parliament wonderful honorable; as an instrument is His hand,
to throw down; and we thereby have had some breathing time, we shall, we hope, look at it
as a mercy beyond our expectation, and conceive ourselves further engaged for ever to
bless God for it.
1 Tim. 1:2-4; Psal. 126:1; Acts 9:31
But if God with hold the magistrates allowance and furtherance herein; 1 yet we must not withstanding proceed together in Christian
communion, not daring to give place to suspend our practice, but to walk in obedience to
Christ in the profession and holding forth this faith before mentioned, even in the midst
of all trails and afflictions, not accounting out goods, lands, wives, husbands, children,
fathers, mothers, brethren, sisters, yea, and our own lives dear unto us, so we may finish
our course with joy: remembering always we ought to 2 obey God rather then men, and grounding upon the commandment,
commission, and promise of our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, who as He has power in heaven
and earth, so also has promised, if we keep His commandments which He has given us, to be
with us to the end of the world: and when we have finished our course, and kept the faith,
to give us the crown of righteousness, which is laid up for all that love His appearing,
and to whom we must give an account of all our actions, no man being able to discharge us
of the same.
1) Acts 2:40,41; 4:19; 5:28,29,41; 20:23; 1 Thes. 3:3; Phil. 1:27-29;
Dan. 3:16,17; 6:7, 10, 22, 23.
2) Matth. 28:18-20; 1 Tim. 6:13-15; Rom. 12:1.8; 1 Cor. 14:37; 2 Tim. 4:7,8; Rev. 2:10;
And likewise unto all men is to be given whatsoever is their due;
tributes, customs, and all such lawful duties, ought willingly to be by us paid and
performed, our lands, goods, and bodies, to submit to the magistrate in the Lord, and the
magistrate every way to be acknowledged, reverenced, and obeyed, according to godliness;
not because of wrath only but for conscience sake. And finally, all men so to be esteemed
and regarded, as is due and appropriate for their place, age, estate, and condition.
Rom. 13:5-7; Mat. 22:21; Titus 3; 1 Peter 3:13; 5:5; Eph. 5:21, 22; 6:1, 9
And thus we desire to give God that which is God's, and unto Ceasor that
which is Ceasor's, and unto all men that which belongs unto them, endeavoring ourselves to
have always a clear conscience void of offense towards God, and towards man. And if they
take this that we have said, to be heresy, then do we with the Apostle freely confess,
that after the way which they call heresy, worship we the God of our Fathers, believing
all things which are written in the Law and in the Prophets and Apostles, desiring from
our souls to disclaim all heresies and opinions which are not after Christ, and to be
steadfast, unmovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, as knowing our labor shall
not be in vain in the Lord.
Mat. 22:21; Acts 24:14-16; John 5:28; 2 Cor. 4:17; 1 Tim. 6:3-5; 1 Cor.
Thus we desire to give unto Christ that which is His, and unto all
lawful Authority that which is their due, and to owe nothing to any many but love, to live
quietly and peaceably, at is becometh saints, endeavoring in all things to keep a good
conscience, and to do unto every man (of what judgment soever) as we would they should do
unto us, that as our practice is, so it may prove us to a conscionable, quiet, and
harmless people, (no ways dangerous or troublesome to human Society) and to labor and work
with our hands, that we may not be chargeable to any, but to give to him that needeth both
friends and enemies, accounting it more excellent to give than to receive. Also we confess
that we know but in part, and that we are ignorant of many things which we desire and seek
to know: and if any do show us that friendly part to show us from the Word of God that we
see not, we shall have cause to be thankful to God and them. But if any man shall impose
upon us anything that we see not to be commanded by out Lord Jesus Christ, we should in
His strength, rather embrace all reproaches and tortures of men, to be stript of all
outward comforts, and if it were possible, to die a thousand deaths, rather than to do
anything against the least tittle of the truth of God, or against the light of our own
consciences. And if any shall call what we have said heresy, then do we with the Apostle
acknowledge, that after the way they call heresy, worship we the God of our Fathers,
disclaiming all heresy (rightly so called) because they are against Christ, and to be
steadfast and immovable, always abounding in obedience to Christ, as knowing our labor
shall not be in vain in the Lord.
1 Corinthians 1:24
Not that we have dominion over your faith,but
are helpers of your joy: for by faith we stand.
Psalm 74:21, 22
Arise, O God, plead mine own cause. Remember how the foolish man blasphemeth Thee daily. O
let not the oppressed return ashamed, but let the poor and needy praise Thy name.
Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly.
1655 Midland Confession of Faith
(Various Churches of the Midlands in England)
1st. We believe and profess, that there is only one true God, who is our God, who is
eternal, almighty, unchangeable, infinite, and incomprehensible; who is a Spirit, having
His being in Himself, and giveth being to all creatures; He doth what He will, in heaven
and earth; working all things according to the counsel of His own will.
2nd. That this infinite Being is set forth to be the Father, the Word, and the Holy
Spirit; and these three agree in one. I John v.7.
3rd. We profess and believe the Holy Scriptures, the Old and New Testament, to be the
word and revealed mind of God, which are able to make men wise unto Salvation, through
faith and love which is in Christ Jesus; and that they are given by inspiration of God,
serving to furnish the man of God for every good work; and by them we are (in the strength
of Christ) to try all things whatsoever are brought to us, under the pretence of truth. II
Timothy iii.15-17; Isaiah viii.20.
4th. That though Adam was created righteous, yet he fell through the temptations of
Satan; and his fall overthrew, not only himself, but his posterity, making them sinners by
his disobedience; so that we are by nature children of wrath, and defiled from the womb,
being shapen in iniquity and conceived in sin. Psalm ii.13; Romans v.12-15.
5th. That God elected and chose, in His Eternal counsel, some persons to life and
salvation, before the foundation of the world, whom accordingly He doth and will
effectually call, and whom He doth so call, He will certainly keep by His power, through
faith to salvation. Acts xiii.48; Ephesians i.2-4; II Thessalonians ii.13; I Peter i.2,
6th. That election was free in God, of His own pleasure, and not at all for, or with
reference to , any foreseen works of faith in the creature, as the motive thereunto.
Ephesians i.4, Romans xi.5,6.
7th. That Jesus Christ was, in the fulness of time, manifested in the flesh; being born
of a woman; being perfectly righteous, gave himself for the elect to redeem them to God by
his blood. John x.15; Ephesians v. 25-27; Rev. v.9.
8th. That all men until they be quickened by Christ are dead in trespasses -- Ephesians
ii.1; and therefore have no power of themselves to believe savingly -- John xv.5. But
faith is the free gift of God, and the mighty work of God in the soul, even like the
rising of Christ from the dead -- Ephesians 1.19. Therefore consent not with those who
hold that God hath given power to all men to believe to salvation.
9th. That Christ is the only true King, Priest, and Prophet of the Church. Acts
ii.22-23; Hebrews iv.14, etc; viii.1, etc.
10th. That every man is justified by Christ -- Romans; viii.33; I Cor. vi.11;
apprehended by faith; and that no man is justified in the sight of God partly by Christ
and partly by works. Romans iii.20,28,30; Gal. v.4.
11th. That Jesus of Nazareth, of whom the scriptures of the Old Testament prophesied,
is the true Messiah and Saviour of men; and that He died on the cross, was buried, rose
again in the same body in which He suffered and ascended to the right hand of the majesty
on high, and appeareth in the presence of God, making intercession for us.
12th That all those who have faith wrought in their hearts by the power of God,
according to his good pleasure, should be careful to maintain good works, and to abound in
them, acting from principles of true faith and unfeigned love, looking to God's glory as
their main end. Titus iii.8; Heb. xi.6; I Cor. vi.10 and 31.
13th. That those who profess faith in Christ, and make the same appear by their fruits,
are the proper subjects of Baptism. Matthew xxviii.18,19.
14th. That this baptizing is not by sprinkling, but dipping of the persons in the
water, representing the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ. Romans vi.3,4;
Colossians ii.12; Acts viii.38,39.
15th. That persons so baptized ought, by free consent, to walk together, as God shall
give opportunity in distinct churches, or assemblies of Zion, continuing in the Apostles'
doctrine and fellowship, breaking of bread and prayers, as fellow-men caring for one
another, according to the will of God. All these ordinances of Christ are enjoined in His
Church, being to be observed till his Second Coming, which we all ought diligently to wait
16th. That at the time appointed of the Lord, the dead bodies of all men, just and
unjust, shall rise again out of their graves, that all may receive according to what they
have done in their bodies, be it good or evil.