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Modern History Sourcebook:
Program of the Pan-German League, 1890-1898

Germany Awake!

(Newspaper Advertisement), June 24, 1890:

The diplomacy of the English works swiftly and secretly. What they created burst in the face of the astonished world on June 18th like a bomb---the German-English African Treaty. With one stroke of the pen---the hope of a great German colonial empire was ruined! Shall this treaty really be? No, no and again no! The German people must arise as one and declare that this treaty is unacceptable! . . .The treaty with England harms our interests and wounds our honor; this time it dares not become a reality! We are ready at the call of our Kaiser to step into the ranks and allow ourselves dumbly and obediently to be led against the enemy's shots, but we may also demand in exchange that the reward come to us which is worth the sacrifice, and this reward is: that we shall be a conquering people which takes its portion of the world itself! Deutschland wach auf!

 

Letter of Dr. Hugenberg, August 1, 1890

There are also still larger territories---one need only think of Central Sudan, the natural hinterland of the Cameroons, the fate of which has not as yet been settled by any treaty. He who seizes these territories quickest and holds fast the most tenaciously will possess them. Does not everything, and especially the slowness with which the German government moves to assert itself in colonial affairs, point to the fact that our fatherland, be it from one side or the other, will not be spared a new war if it wishes only to maintain the position which it won in 1870? The official memoir which has just appeared concerning the motives of the Anglo-German treaty, leaves no doubt but that a certain indifference to colonial expansion exists in official places. In a tone of contempt it has been said that "the period of hissing the flag and shooting at the treaty must now be ended!" Similar reverses can be prevented in the future only if foreign countries deal with a sensitive German nationalism!

Policies of the Pan-German League, 1898: 2.

Laying of a cable from Kiachow [China] to Port Arthur [Dairen, in Manchuria], with connection with the Russian-Siberian cable.

3. Strengthening of the German foothold in Kiaochow.

4. German coaling and cable stations in the Red Sea, the West Indies, and near Singapore.

5. Complete possession of Samoa.

6. More subsidized German steamship lines to Kiaochow and Korea.

7. Understanding with France, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherlands about the laying of an independent cable from West Africa through the Congo to German East Africa, Madagascar, Batavia, and Tongkin to Kiaochow.

8. Development of harbor of Swakopmund [in German Southwest Africa] and railroads to Windhoek [the capital of the territory].

9. Securing of concessions for commerce and industry in Asia Minor. . .

22. Increase in the number of German consulates in the Levant, Far East, South Africa, Central & South America. . .

 


Source:

From: Mildred S. Wertheimer, ed., The Pan-German League, (New York: Columbia University Press, 1923), pp. 31-34, 106-108.

Scanned by: J. S. Arkenberg, Dept. of History, Cal. State Fullerton. Prof. Arkenberg has modernized the text.


This text is part of the Internet Modern History Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts for introductory level classes in modern European and World history.

Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use of the Sourcebook.

© Paul Halsall, July 1998
halsall@murray.fordham.edu