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Medieval History


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Selected Sources Sections Studying History End of Rome Byzantium Islam Roman Church Early Germans Celtic World Carolingians 10 C Collapse Economic Life Crusades Empire & Papacy France England Celtic States Iberia Italy Intellectual Life Medieval Church Jewish Life Social History Sex & Gender States & Society Renaissance Reformation Exploration
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Internet Medeival Sourcebook

Selected Sources Index


The Selected Sources section works as follows:

  • This Selected Sources Index page shows all sections and sub sections. These have also been regularized in a consistent hierarchy. This should allow rapid review of where texts are.
  • To access the sub-section pages, simply select the highlighted (white text with green background) section title on the left.
  • In addition there are now two navigation bars on the left of each screen in the Selected Sources section.
    • The top - and smaller - navigation bar directs you to the other main parts of the Sourcebook - the overall Introduction page [clicking IMS logo will also take you there if you ever get lost]; the Full Texts page; the Saints' Lives page: the Law Texts page; the Maps page; the Search page; and a new HELP! page, which you should consult if you get lost, or need research assistance.
    • The lower - and larger - navigation bar will take you directly to any of the 26 sections from any of the other sections, each indicated by a short title..
  • If you prefer the old (pre-2000) "all-in-one" format, it is still accessible at Selected Sources: Old Style, but will not be updated with new documents.
Update Information 2006: In 2006 the Internet Medieval Sourcebooks and associated sourcebooks are  undergoing a major overhaul to remove bad links and add more documents.2. This project is both very large and fairly old in Internet terms. At the time it was instigated (1996), it was not clear that web sites [and the documents made available there] would often turn out to be transient. As a result there is a process called "link rot" - which means that a "broken link" is a result of someone having taken down a web page. In some cases some websites have simply reorganized sub-directories without creating forwarding links. Since 2000, very few links to external sites have been made. An effort is under way to remove bad links.2. All links to documents marked [at this Site] should be working. [In the Internet Medieval Sourcebook, but not the other associated sourcebooks, if there is no indication of the file's location then the text is hosted locally and the link should be working.]3. Users may attempt to locate texts not currently available, or where the links have changed via The Internet Archive/Way Back Machine. Alternately, a search via Google may locate another site where the document is available.
Sub-Pages

Subjects covered by the source texts in each sub-section.

Studying History
  • Using Primary Sources
  • Medieval Documents
  • Accessing Medieval Documents
  • The Uses of History
The End of Rome & the Three Successor Civilizations
End of the Classical World
  • Pagan Late Antiquity
    • Late Antique Government and Culture
    • The "Fall" of the Roman Empire
  • Christian Late Antiquity
    • Early Christianity After 100
    • Persecution of Christians
    • The "Triumph" of the Church
    • Persecution by Christians/The End of Paganism
    • Early Dogmatic Disputes
      • Disputes over the Trinity: Arianism
      • Disputes over Christology: Nestorianism and Monophysitism
    • The World of the Church Fathers
      • Eastern Fathers
      • Western Fathers
    • Christianity and Classical Learning
  • The German Impact
    • Early Germans
    • Invading Germans/Other "Barbarians"
Byzantium
  • General
  • Foundations
  • Justinian (b.483- r.527-d.565)
    • Justinian and Theodora
    • Government
    • Society and Economy
    • Church Policy
    • Wars
    • Buildings
    • Laws
  • After Justinian
  • Iconoclasm
  • Byzantine Imperial Centuries (843-1204)
    • Macedonian Dynasty
    • Eleventh Century Conflicts
    • The Komnenoi
  • The Final Centuries
    • The Nicean Period
    • The Palaiologoi
    • The Peloponnese and Mistra
    • Trebizond
    • The Fall of Constantinople and Aftermath
    • After Byzantium
  • Byzantine Religion
    • General Religion
    • Ecclesiastical Organization
    • Theology
    • Spirituality
    • Liturgy
    • Sanctity
    • Monasticism
    • Heresy and Dissent
  • The Byzantine Commonwealth
    • Syria
    • Armenia
    • Bulgaria
    • Serbia/Montenegro
    • Vikings
    • Inner Asia
  • The Byzantine Commonwealth: Russia
  • Accounts of Byzantium by Others
Islam
  • General
  • Pre-Islamic Arabia
  • Muhammad and Foundations - to 632 CE
  • Islamic Expansion and Empire - to 750 CE
  • The Abbasid Caliphate - after 750 CE
    • Politics
    • Philosophy
    • Science
    • Literature
    • Crusades
  • Al-Andalus: Muslim Spain
  • Muslim Persia
  • Egypt and North Africa
  • Muslim Religious Development
    • Sufism
    • The Sunni Tradition
    • The Shia Tradition
    • Relations with Other Religions
  • The Turks
The Formation of Latin Christendom
The Church
  • The Rise of the Church of Rome
  • Monasticism to A.D. 900
    • Eastern Origins
    • Celtic Monasticism
    • The Benedictine Movement
  • The Conversion of Europe
    • Franks
    • Celtic Missions
    • England
    • Germany
    • Scandinavia
    • The Slavs
    • Rus
    • Other Missionary Areas
Early Germanic States
  • Romanized (Christian) Goths
    • Ostrogoths
    • Visgoths
    • Lombards
  • Non-Christian Germans
    • Franks
    • Anglo-Saxons
  • Germanic Culture
Celtic World
  • The Celtic Loss of Britain
  • Celtic Christianity
  • Celtic Literature
Carolingians and After
  • The Rise of the Carolingian Dynasty and Papal Support
    • Charles Martel
    • Pepin
  • Charlemagne
    • Personality
    • Wars
  • Legal and Social Documents
  • Carolingian Culture
  • Carolingian Decline and Division
Western Collapse and Recovery
Crisis, Recovery, Feudalism?
  • External Attacks: Vikings: Magyars: Arabs
    • The Collapse of Security
    • A Castellan Revolution
    • Viking Adventures
  • Feudalism?
    • Essay on the Problem
    • Online Reviews of Fiefs and Vassals
    • Oaths and Contracts
    • Methods of  Land Transfer
      • Inheritance
      • Grants
      • Fiefs
    • Methods of Government
    • Methods of Supporting an Army
    • Development of the Later Legal Terminology of "Feudalism"
    • A Militarized Society
    • Monetization of Military Activity
  • The Ottonian Dynasty and After
  • The Y1K Problem: The Year 1000
Economic Life
  • Economic Life Before the 11th Century
    • Late Antique Italy
    • The Merovingian Era
    • The Carolingian Economy
    • Anglo-Saxon England
    • Celtic World
  • Roots of the Commercial Revolution
    • Population Growth
    • Attitude Towards Work
    • The Control and Granting of Rights
  • Trade and Commerce
    • Money and Coinage
    • Credit
    • Fairs and Markets
    • State Interference in Trade
    • Sea Trade
    • Long Distance Trade
    • Mid-Distance Trade
    • The Slave Trade
    • The Hanse
    • Book-Keeping
    • Business Contracts
    • Tolls/Taxes
    • Prices
  • The Rise of Towns
    • The Communal Movement
    • Bourgeois Institutions: Gilds
      • Craft Gilds
      • Gild Merchants
    • Legal Controls
    • Urban Cultures
  • Industries
    • General
    • Mining
    • Tanning
    • Cloth Manufacture
    • Masonry
  • The State and the Economy
    • Taxation
  • The Church and the Economy
    • General
    • Tithes
    • Tax Exemptions
    • Monastic Property
      • Cartulary of Saint Trond
    • Slavery and Serfdom
  • Economic Thought
  • Rural Life
    • The Peasantry
      • Farming Activity
      • Legal Position
      • Peasant Customary Obligations
      • Peasant Revolts
    • Manorialism
    • Archeology of Medieval Villages
Crusades
  • General
  • Background
  • The First Crusade
    • Urban II's Speech, 1095
    • Attacks on the Jews
    • The Journeys and Battles of the Crusade
    • The Historians of the First Crusade
  • The Kingdom of Jerusalem
    • Government
    • Economics
    • Cultures
    • Christian Muslim Interaction
  • The Crusader Orders
    • General
    • Templars
    • Hospitallers
    • Teutonic Knights
  • The Second Crusade and Aftermath
    • Calling the Crusade
    • Successes and Failures
    • Criticism of the Crusade
  • The Third Crusade
    • Latin Problems
    • The Loss of Jerusalem
    • The Failure of Europe's Monarchs
    • The German Crusade of 1197
  • The Fourth Crusade
  • The Fifth and Later Crusades
    • St Louis' Crusades
    • The Fall of the Latin East
  • The Effects of the Crusade Ideal in the West
Varieties of Medieval States
Empire and Papacy
  • Introductory Essay
  • Phase I: The Invesituture Controversy
    • Emergence of Reform Ideology
    • The Conflict over Invesitures
    • Solutions
  • Phase II: Barbarossa: The Empire at its Height
    • General
    • The Besançon Episode 1157
    • Barbarossa and Alexander III
    • Barbarossa in Italy
    • Canonical Response
  • Innocent III: The Papacy at its Height
  • The Holy Roman Empire: Frederick II and After
    • Frederick II
    • The Empire's Regions
  • The Papacy Overreaches
    • Papal Claims
    • Reaction: Political
    • Reaction: Intellectual and Theological
France
  • General
  • The Regions of the Kingdom of France
  • The Rise of Capetian France
    • Louis VI
  • The France of Philip II Augustus
  • St. Louis (King Louis IX)
  • Philip IV
  • The Hundred Years War
    • Joan of Arc
England
  • Arthuriana
  • Anglo-Saxon Britain
    • General
    • The Saxon Invasions
    • The Age of Bede
    • The Age of Alfred
    • Law and Government
    • Later Anglo-Saxon England
    • Ango-Saxon Literature
  • Norman England
    • The Conquest 1066
    • William I: Administration & the Domesday Book
    • William II
    • Henry I and the Norman Regnum
  • Angevin England
    • Henry II
      • The Man and His Family
      • Thomas Becket
      • Wars
      • Administration & Origins of Common Law
    • Richard I Lionheart
    • England under Angevin Rule
  • Parliamentary Origins in England
    • Common Law: A Law of Real Property
    • The Barons Revolt and Magna Carta
    • The Struggle of Henry III and His Barons
    • Parliament Coalesces
  • Later Medieval England
    • Government
    • Henry III
    • Edward I
    • Legal Texts
      • Select Pleas
    • Yorkists and Lancastrians
    • The Tudor Victory
Celtic States
  • Scotland
  • Ireland
Iberia
  • General
  • Visigothic Spain
  • Al-Andulus: Moorish Spain
  • The "Reconquista"
  • Leon and Castile
  • Aragon
  • Portugal
  • The Life of Christian Spain
  • Seferad: Jewish Spain
Italy
  • General
  • Florence
  • Milan
  • Venice
  • Other Cities
The Flowering of Western Medieval Civilization
Intellectual Life
  • General
  • Carolingian Thought
  • 11th-12th Century Thought
    • Legal Studies
    • Philosophy: The Emergence of the Scholastic Approach
    • Jewish Thinkers
    • Intuitive Theology
    • Abelard and Heloise
    • The Discovery of the Individual?
  • 13th-14th Century Scholasticism
    • Educational Institutions
    • Theology and Philosophy
    • Aquinas
    • Bonaventure
    • Averroëists
    • Nominalists
  • Rhetoric
  • Medieval Political Thought
  • Science and Technology
  • Western European Literature
    • General
    • Epic
    • Lyric
    • Romance
    • Drama
High Medieval Church
  • Western Monasticism - After A.D. 900
    • Benedictines
    • Cluny
    • Cistercians
    • Carthusians
    • Other Orders
    • Women's Monasticism
  • The Mendicant Orders
    • Franciscans
    • Dominicans
    • Other Orders
  • The Secular Clergy
    • Cathedral Chapters
    • Parish Pastoral Clergy
  • Medieval Heresy
    • General
    • Waldensianism
    • Catharism
    • The Inquisition
    • Lollardy
    • Hussites
  • Christian Spirituality
    • The Life of Christ
    • The Cultus of the Virgin Mary
    • Saints and Relics
    • Pilgrimage
    • The Sacramental System
      • The Eucharist
      • Penance
      • Confirmation
      • Heaven, Hell, and In Between
    • Aspects of Popular Beliefs
Jewish Life
  • General
  • Jewish Communities and Individuals
    • Khazaria
    • In Islam
    • In Christian Iberia
    • In France/Germany
    • Relations Between Christians and Jews
  • Jewish Economic Activity
  • Jews and the State
    • Roman Empire
    • Islam
    • Christian Iberia
    • France/Germany
    • England
  • Jewish Intellectual and Religious Life
  • Anti-Semitism
Social History
  • General
  • Social Classes
    • Slaves
      • The Slave Trade
      • The Church and Slavery
    • Peasants
    • Aristocracies
  • Medieval People Reflected in Literature
    • Langland
    • Chaucer
    • Villon
  • Law: Theory and Practice
Sex and Gender
  • Women's Roles
    • General
    • Women in Religion
    • Women as Writers
    • Women in Politics
    • Noblewomen
    • "Middle" Class Women
    • Towns Women
    • Peasant Women
    • Jewish Women
    • Women at Home
    • Women at Work Outside the Home
    • Women in Business Activities
    • Woman and Misogyny
  • Men's Roles
  • Constructions of Sexuality and Gender
    • General
    • Legal Control of Sexualuty
    • Theological Norms
    • Homoerotic/Transgendered Subcultures
  • Marriage
    • General
    • Theology
    • Law and Marriage
    • Married Lives
Transformations
States and Society
  • The "Calamitous" 14th Century
    • A Malthusian Crisis?
    • The Black Death
    • Warfare
  • Ecclesiastical Disarray
    • The Great Schism
    • Conciliarism
    • The Papal Response
  • Late Medieval Governments
    • The Empire
    • Italy
    • France
      • Joan of Arc
    • England
Renaissance
  • Early Italian Humanism
    • Dante
    • Petrarch
  • Artists
  • Politics and Politicians
  • The Arts of Civilization
Reformation
  • General
  • Protestant Reformation
    • Luther
    • Calvin
    • Radicals
    • England
  • Catholic Reformation
Exploration and Expansion
  • General
    • Drang Nach Osten
  • Western Orientalism
  • Maritime Exploration and Conquest
    • Portuguese Exploration
    • Columbus

NOTES: copyrighted means the text is not available for free distribution. In some cases alternate versions are available, and are working through the pipeline. Dates of accession of material can be seen in the New Accessions Page. The date of inception was 1/20/1996. Links to files at other site are indicated by [At some indication of the site name or location]. No indication means that the text file is local. WEB indicates a link to one of small number of high quality web sites which provide either more texts or an especially valuable overview.
The Internet Medieval Sourcebook participates in
ORB, the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies.
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created 1996: last revised 7/24/2006