Receipt of Deposit From a Money-Changer, 1248
Receipts of this type given by the Italians and merchants of Southern France were
intended to avoid the inconvenience of carrying actual money and were used as a credit
instrument. It is possible that Peter Mazele used his receipt for the purchase of goods in
another city. This is the germ of credit banking.
March twenty-eighth, in the year of the Incarnation of the Lord, 1248.
I, Giraud Alaman, money-changer, citizen of Marseilles, confess and admit to you, Peter
Mazele of Baza, that I have had and received from you by way of deposit ten pounds of
mixed money now current in Marseilles, renouncing, etc.
I have promised to give and pay to you these ten pounds or to a known messenger of
yours or to any one whom you command to receive it, whenever it shall please you. Pledging
all my goods, etc.; renouncing all delays of the law, etc.
From: L. Blancard, ed., Documents Inédits sur le Commerce de Marseille au Moyen Age,
(Marseilles: Barlatier-Feissat, Pere et Fils, 1884), Vol. I, p. 361; reprinted in Roy C.
Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, eds., A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee:
The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), p. 144.
Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by
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© Paul Halsall, October 1998