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Medieval Sourcebook:
Alwalton Manor, 1279


This is an account of the manor of Alwalton, Huntingdonshire from theHundred Rolls of 1279.

The abbot of Peterborough holds the manor of Alwalton and vill from the lord king directly; which manor and vill with its appurtenances the lord Edward, formerly king of England gave to the said abbot and convent of that place in free, pure, and perpetual alms. And the court of the said manor with its garden contains one half an acre. And to the whole of the said vill Alwalton belong 5 hides and a half and I virgate of land and a half-, of which each hide contains 5 virgates of land and each virgate contains 25 acres. Of these hides the said abbot has in demesne I hide and a half of land and half a virgate, which contain as above. Likewise he has there 8 acres of meadow. Also he has there separable pasture which contains I acre. Likewise he has there three water mills. Likewise he has there a common fish pond with a fish-weir on the bank of the Nene, which begins at Wildlake and extends to the mill of Newton and contains in length 2 leagues. Likewise he has there a ferry with a boat.

Free tenants. Thomas le Boteler holds a messuage with a court yard which contains I rood, and 3 acres of land, by charter, paying thence yearly to the said abbot 14s.

Likewise the rector of the church of Alwalton holds I virgate of land with its appurtenances, with which the said church was anciently endowed. Likewise the said rector has a holding the tenant of which holds I rood of ground by paying to the said rector yearly 12d.

And the abbot of Peterboro is patron of the church.

Villeins. Hugh Miller holds 1 virgate of land in villenage by paying thence to the said abbot 3s. Id. Likewise the same Hugh works through the whole year except I week at Christmas, I week at Easter, and I at Whitsuntide, that is in each week 3 days, each with I man, and in autumn each day with 2 men, performing the said works at the will of the said abbot as in plowing and other work. Likewise he gives I bushel of wheat for benseed and 18 sheaves of oats for foddercorn. Likewise he gives 3 hens and I cock yearly and 5 eggs at Easter. Likewise he does carrying to Peterborough and to Jakele and no where else, at the will of the said abbot. Likewise if he sells a brood mare in his court yard for 10s. or more, he shall give to the said abbot 4d., and if for less he shall give nothing to the aforesaid. He gives also merchet and heriot, and is tallaged at the feast of St. Michael, at the will of the said abbot. There are also there 17 other villeins, viz. John of Ganesoupe, Robert son of Walter, Ralph son of the reeve, Emma ate Pertre, William son of Reginald, Thomas son of Gunnilda, Eda widow of Ralph, Ralph Reeve, William Reeve, William son of William Reeve, Thomas Flegg, Henry Abbott, William Hereward, Serle son of William Reeve, Walter Palmer, William Abbot, Henry Serle; each of whom holds I virgate of land in villenage, paying and doing in all things, each for himself, to the said abbot yearly just as the said Hugh Miller. There are also 5 other villeins, viz. Simon Mariot, Robert of Hastone, Thomas Smith,john Mustard, and William Carter, each of whom holds half a virgate of land by paying and doing in all things half of the whole service which Hugh Miller pays and does.

Cotters. Henry, son of the miller, holds a cottage with a croft which contains 1 rood, paying thence yearly to the said abbot 2s. Likewise he works for 3 days in carrying hay and in other works at the will of the said abbot, each day with I man and in autumn I day in cutting grain with I man.

Likewise Ralph Miller holds a cottage with a croft which contains a rood, paying to the said abbot 2s.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise William Arnold holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, paying to the abbot 2d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Hugh Day holds a cottage with a croft which contains I rood, paying to the abbot 8d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Sara, widow of Matthew Miller, holds a cottage and a croft which contains half a rood, paying to the said abbot 4d.; and she works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Sara, widow of William Miller, holds a cottage and a croft which contains half a rood, paying to the abbot 4d; and she works just as the said Henry.

Likewise William Kendale holds a cottage and a croft which contains I rood, paying to the abbot 8d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Agnes the widow holds a cottage with a croft which contains I rood, paying thence yearly 12d.; and she works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Geoffrey Note holds a cottage and croft which contains half a rood; paying yearly 8d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Beatrice the widow holds a cottage and croft which contains half a rood, paying to the abbot 8d.; and she works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Henry of Aylingtone holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, and I acre of land, paying to the abbot 2s. 8d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Benedict Atelane holds a cottage with a croft which contains a half rood, paying to the abbot 8d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Geoffrey Baker holds a toft and croft, and it contains half a rood, paying to the abbot 4d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Robert Prenk holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, paying to the said abbot 4d.; and he works just as the said Hen

Likewise Roger Doket holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, paying to the abbot 4d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Geoffrey Drake holds a cottage with a croft and which contains half a rood, paying to the abbot 4d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Sara the widow holds a cottage with a croft which contains a rood, and a half acre of land, paying to the abbot 8d.; and she works just as the said Henry.

Likewise William Drake holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, paying to the abbot 6d.; and he works just as the said Henry.

There are there also 6 other cotters, viz. William Drakejr., Amycia the widow, Alice the widow, Robert son of Eda, Willam Pepper, William Coleman, each of whom holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, paying and doing in all things, each for himself, just as the said William Drake.

Likewise William Russel holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, paying to the abbot 8d.; and he works in all things just as the said Henry Miller.

There are moreover there 5 other cotters, viz. Walter Pestel, Ralph Shepherd, Henry Abbot, Matilda Tut,jordan Mustard, each of whom holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, paying thence and doing in all things to the said abbot just as the said William Russel.

Likewise Beatrice of Hampton holds a cottage and croft which contains 1 rood, paying to the abbot 12d.; and she works in all things just as the said Henry.

Likewise Hugh Miller holds 3 acres of land paying to the abbot 42d.

Likewise Thomas, son of Richard, holds a cottage with a croft which contains half a rood, and 3 acres of land, paying to the abbot 4s. and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise Ralph Reeve holds a cottage with a croft which contains I rood, and I acre of land, paying to the abbot 2s.; and he works just as the said Henry.

Likewise each of the said cottages, except the widows, gives yearly after Christmas a penny which is called head-penny.

from J.H. Robinson, trans, University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of History: Translations and Reprints from the Original Sources of European history, published for the Dept. of History of the University of Pennsylvania., Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press [1897]. Vol III: 5, 4-8

 


This text is part of the Internet Medieval Source Book. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.

Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use.

(c)Paul Halsall Feb 1996
halsall@murray.fordham.edu